RetroGames.cz - staré hry ONLINE



English EN       Czech CZ            

   
 Menu
 Games
 Others
 Search

 

   
 

Video game console - Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)

   The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo. The best-selling gaming console of its time, the NES helped revitalize the US video game industry following the video game crash of 1983. With the NES, Nintendo introduced a now-standard business model of licensing third-party developers, authorizing them to produce and distribute titles for Nintendo's platform. It was initially released in Japan as the Family Computer (also known by the portmanteau abbreviation Famicom) on July 15, 1983, and was later released in North America during 1985, in Europe during 1986, and Australia in 1987.
    Following a series of arcade game successes in the early 1980s, Nintendo made plans to create a cartridge-based console called the Famicom, which is short for Family Computer. Masayuki Uemura designed the system. Original plans called for an advanced 16-bit system which would function as a full-fledged computer with a keyboard and floppy disk drive, but Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi rejected this and instead decided to go for a cheaper, more conventional cartridge-based game console as he felt that features such as keyboards and disks were intimidating to non-technophiles. A test model was constructed in October 1982 to verify the functionality of the hardware, after which work began on programming tools. Because 65xx CPUs had not been manufactured or sold in Japan up to that time, no cross-development software was available and it had to be produced from scratch. Early Famicom games were written on a system that ran on an NEC PC-8001 computer and LEDs on a grid were used with a digitizer to design graphics as no software design tools for this purpose existed at that time.
    The console was released on July 15, 1983 as the Family Computer (or Famicom for short) for ¥14,800 alongside three ports of Nintendo's successful arcade games Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr. and Popeye. The Famicom was slow to gather momentum; a bad chip set caused the initial release of the system to crash. Following a product recall and a reissue with a new motherboard, the Famicom’s popularity soared, becoming the best-selling game console in Japan by the end of 1984.
    Encouraged by this success, Nintendo turned its attention to the North American market, entering into negotiations with Atari to release the Famicom under Atari’s name as the Nintendo Advanced Video Gaming System. The deal was set to be finalized and signed at the Summer Consumer Electronics Show in June 1983. However, Atari discovered at that show that its competitor Coleco was illegally demonstrating its Coleco Adam computer with Nintendo's Donkey Kong game. This violation of Atari's exclusive license with Nintendo to publish the game for its own computer systems delayed the implementation of Nintendo's game console marketing contract with Atari. Atari's CEO Ray Kassar was fired the next month, so the deal went nowhere, and Nintendo decided to market its system on its own.
    Subsequent plans to market a Famicom console in North America featuring a keyboard, cassette data recorder, wireless joystick controller and a special BASIC cartridge under the name 'Nintendo Advanced Video System' likewise never materialized. By the beginning of 1985, the Famicom had sold more than 2.5 million units in Japan and Nintendo soon announced plans to release it in North America as the Advanced Video Entertainment System (AVS) that same year. The American video game press was skeptical that the console could have any success in the region, with the March 1985 issue of Electronic Games magazine stating that 'the videogame market in America has virtually disappeared' and that 'this could be a miscalculation on Nintendo's part.'
    At June 1985's Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Nintendo unveiled the American version of its Famicom, with a new case redesigned by Lance Barr and featuring a 'zero insertion force' cartridge slot. This is the system which would eventually be officially deployed as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or the colloquial 'NES'. Nintendo seeded these first systems to limited American test markets starting in New York City on October 18, 1985, and following up with a full-fledged North American release in February of the following year. The nationwide release was in September 1986. Nintendo released 17 launch titles: 10-Yard Fight, Baseball, Clu Clu Land, Duck Hunt, Excitebike, Golf, Gyromite, Hogan’s Alley, Ice Climber, Kung Fu, Pinball, Soccer, Stack-Up, Tennis, Wild Gunman, Wrecking Crew, and Super Mario Bros. Some varieties of these launch games contained Famicom chips with an adapter inside the cartridge so they would play on North American consoles, which is why the title screen of Gyromite has the Famicom title 'Robot Gyro' and the title screen of Stack-Up has the Famicom title 'Robot Block'.
    By 1988, industry observers stated that the NES's popularity had grown so quickly that the market for Nintendo cartridges was larger than that for all home computer software. Compute! reported in 1989 that Nintendo had sold seven million NES systems in 1988, almost as many as the number of Commodore 64s sold in its first five years. 'Computer game makers [are] scared stiff', the magazine said, stating that Nintendo's popularity caused most competitors to have poor sales during the previous Christmas and resulted in serious financial problems for some.
    The NES was released after the 'video game crash' of the early 1980s, when many retailers and adults regarded electronic games as a passing fad, so many believed at first that the NES would soon fade. Before the NES/Famicom, Nintendo was known as a moderately successful Japanese toy and playing card manufacturer, but the popularity of the NES/Famicom helped the company grow into an internationally recognized name almost synonymous with video games and set the stage for Japanese dominance of the video game industry. With the NES, Nintendo also changed the relationship between console manufacturers and third-party software developers by restricting developers from publishing and distributing software without licensed approval. This led to higher quality software titles, which helped change the attitude of a public that had grown weary from poorly produced titles for earlier game systems.
    On August 14, 1995, Nintendo discontinued the Nintendo Entertainment System in both North America and Europe.The Famicom was originally discontinued in September 2003. Nintendo offered repair service for the Famicom in Japan until 2007.

Alphabetical list of the games for NES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
10-Yard Fight 1985 14410x 61%
11 in 1 Ball Series 1993 969x 20%
1942 1984 36042x 72%
1943 1987 25775x 68%
20 in 1 1991 1243x 60%
22 + 1 in 1 1991 1925x 77%
31 in 1 1991 1218x 76%
42 in 1 1991 970x 64%
64 in 1 1991 4645x 71%
8 Eyes 1988 18661x 65%
Addams Family, The 1991 10606x 71%
Adventure Island 1986 58148x 80%
Adventure Island II 1991 26727x 74%
Adventure Island III 1992 16798x 75%
Adventures of Lolo 1987 29519x 72%
Adventures of Lolo 2 1990 12164x 68%
Adventures of Lolo 3 1991 13576x 77%
Alien 3 1992 6784x 65%
Altered Beast 1988 4758x 66%
Antarctic Adventure 1983 18127x 73%
Archon 1983 7143x 64%
Argus 1986 2609x 67%
Arkanoid 1986 53613x 75%
Arkanoid II 1987 9388x 78%
B-Wings 1984 14944x 66%
Back to the Future 1989 7845x 51%
Bad Dudes 1988 5477x 52%
Badminton 1988 2865x 80%
Balloon Fight 1984 35048x 77%
Baseball 1983 46653x 75%
Baseball Stars 1989 9374x 82%
Batman 1989 28309x 81%
Battle Chess 1988 13481x 62%
Battle City 1985 296547x 80%
Battleship 1993 12558x 82%
Battletoads 1991 20233x 76%
Battletoads & Double Dragon 1993 7194x 79%
Binary Land 1985 15339x 74%
Bionic Commando 1987 8555x 74%
Blades of Steel 1988 29539x 88%
Blaster Master 1988 5415x 79%
Bokosuka Wars 1983 4230x 41%
Bomberman 1985 531244x 67%
Bomberman II 1991 118620x 74%
Boulder Dash 1984 22264x 66%
Bubble Bath Babes 1991 17617x 58%
Bubble Bobble 1986 28070x 76%
Bugs Bunny 1989 8408x 68%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 27243x 74%
BurgerTime 1982 20128x 70%
California Games 1987 5970x 51%
Castelian 1987 6882x 66%
Castlevania 1986 27728x 83%
Castlevania II 1987 20550x 71%
Castlevania III 1989 13675x 82%
Chack’n Pop 1983 8328x 63%
Challenger 1985 5443x 60%
Championship Bowling 1989 8362x 68%
Championship Karate 1992 1324x 60%
Championship Lode Runner 1984 27783x 82%
Chase H.Q. 1988 17105x 68%
Chessmaster 1989 6259x 75%
Chiller 1986 4733x 62%
Chip ’N Dale 1990 36542x 78%
Chip ’N Dale 2 1993 19686x 80%
Choplifter 1982 5963x 69%
Circus Charlie 1984 98354x 77%
City Connection 1985 10262x 83%
Cliffhanger 1993 3465x 50%
Clu Clu Land 1984 11000x 70%
Commando 1985 11994x 64%
Contra 1987 269731x 78%
Contra Force 1992 29163x 78%
Crazy Climber 1980 1012x 35%
Crystalis 1990 12554x 63%
Darkwing Duck 1992 2519x 79%
Defender II 1981 8449x 85%
Devil World 1984 6999x 66%
Die Hard 1991 5646x 88%
Dig Dug 1982 214649x 79%
Dig Dug II 1985 13962x 85%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 33164x 81%
Donkey Kong 1981 101654x 78%
Donkey Kong 3 1983 24137x 70%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 60682x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. Math 1985 17143x 68%
Door Door 1985 6548x 81%
Double Dragon 1987 42108x 69%
Double Dragon II 1990 26110x 78%
Double Dragon III 1990 18890x 74%
Double Dribble 1987 25272x 78%
Dough Boy 1984 2342x 54%
Dr. Mario 1990 575801x 71%
Dracula 1993 7400x 60%
Dragon Spirit 1987 4274x 88%
Dragon Warrior 1986 17840x 82%
Dragon Warrior II 1987 3742x 70%
Dragon’s Lair 1989 7956x 80%
Duck Tales 1989 27152x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 15640x 66%
Excitebike 1984 79443x 78%
Exerion 1983 7797x 59%
F-1 Race 1984 20463x 57%
F-15 Strike Eagle 1985 10461x 71%
Fantastic Dizzy 1993 7493x 71%
Faxanadu 1987 6197x 73%
Felix the Cat 1992 56771x 74%
Fester’s Quest 1989 1236x 57%
Field Combat 1985 8475x 77%
Final Fantasy 1987 23602x 80%
Final Fantasy II 1988 9175x 76%
Final Fantasy III 1990 7129x 83%
Final Lap 1987 3770x 48%
Flappy 1983 5820x 66%
Formation Z 1984 6857x 75%
Friday the 13th 1989 14884x 49%
Front Line 1982 11648x 86%
Galaga 1981 178447x 77%
Galaxian 1979 64483x 73%
Gauntlet 1985 2481x 67%
Gauntlet II 1986 3082x 59%
Geimos 1985 3316x 40%
Ghostbusters 1984 5802x 70%
Ghosts ’N Goblins 1985 16983x 76%
Goal! 1988 12232x 86%
Gold Medal Challenge 1992 10249x 80%
Golf 1984 11652x 65%
Gomoku Narabe Renju 1983 6410x 68%
Gradius 1985 18118x 77%
Gradius II 1988 2816x 74%
Guerrilla War 1987 6255x 88%
Gun.Smoke 1987 11290x 75%
Gyromite 1985 7568x 81%
Gyruss 1983 8950x 77%
Home Alone 1991 8736x 89%
Honey Peach 1990 7999x 48%
Hot Slots 1991 14930x 41%
Hudson Hawk 1991 5916x 70%
Ice Climber 1985 59414x 75%
Ice Hockey 1988 19982x 75%
Igo 1987 4781x 64%
Ikari Warriors 1986 9366x 83%
Ikki 1985 6778x 67%
Indiana Jones 1987 5707x 64%
Indiana Jones and ... 1989 7069x 63%
Indy Heat 1991 9346x 75%
Ironman 1989 4374x 30%
Jackal 1986 14744x 80%
Jaws 1987 11364x 66%
Journey to Silius 1990 5740x 67%
Joust 1982 10552x 61%
Jurassic Park 1993 11587x 66%
Kabuki 1990 2711x 59%
Karate Champ 1984 15852x 68%
Karateka 1984 17263x 66%
Kid Icarus 1986 21726x 81%
Kings of the Beach 1988 8377x 80%
King’s Quest V 1990 8104x 84%
Kirby’s Adventure 1993 30124x 83%
Knight Move 1990 1488x 60%
Knight Rider 1988 1984x 51%
Krion Conquest 1990 5941x 90%
Kung Fu 2 1991 8163x 70%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 50928x 82%
Legend of Kage, The 1986 22744x 81%
Lemmings 1991 12024x 67%
Life Force 1986 9067x 76%
Lion King, The 1994 7405x 83%
Little Nemo 1990 7113x 87%
Lode Runner 1983 130642x 79%
Lunar Ball 1985 20246x 71%
M.U.S.C.L.E. 1985 12494x 71%
Mach Rider 1985 11205x 53%
Macross 1985 8011x 67%
Magic Jewelry 1990 65601x 78%
Magic of Scheherazade 1987 6840x 61%
Mahjong 1983 4943x 48%
Maniac Mansion 1987 8849x 63%
Mappy 1983 140275x 82%
Mappy Land 1986 14890x 81%
Marble Madness 1984 5691x 73%
Mario & Yoshi 1991 13133x 75%
Mario Bros. 1983 82142x 77%
Mario is Missing! 1992 8140x 73%
Mega Man 1987 33952x 75%
Mega Man 2 1988 27135x 80%
Mega Man 3 1990 17696x 76%
Mega Man 4 1991 12165x 77%
Mega Man 5 1992 10727x 70%
Mega Man 6 1993 10813x 74%
Metal Gear 1987 11505x 84%
Metroid 1986 23886x 80%
Mickey Mousecapade 1987 7677x 76%
Micro Machines 1991 12199x 91%
Might and Magic: Book I 1986 6816x 77%
Mighty Final Fight 1993 14618x 81%
Millipede 1982 7194x 62%
Mission: Impossible 1990 7175x 77%
Monopoly 1987 25597x 87%
Monster in My Pocket 1992 8254x 82%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 25945x 75%
NARC 1988 4046x 50%
New Zealand Story 1989 7422x 53%
Nightmare on Elm Street 1989 11023x 57%
Ninja Gaiden 1988 23899x 82%
Ninja Gaiden II 1990 10764x 83%
Ninja Gaiden III 1991 12378x 89%
Ninja-Kun 1984 7468x 73%
North & South 1989 9818x 85%
Nuts & Milk 1984 27171x 80%
Operation Wolf 1989 5650x 62%
Othello 1988 8921x 69%
P.O.W.: Prisoners of War 1988 7194x 64%
Pac-Land 1985 25768x 66%
Pac-Man 1980 26372x 80%
Pac-Mania 1988 14440x 74%
Palamedes 1990 5343x 63%
Paperboy 1984 23292x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 2666x 58%
Peek-A-Boo Poker 1990 10624x 78%
Penguin Wars 1985 7231x 83%
Pinball 1984 16899x 71%
Pipe Mania 1988 7750x 92%
Pooyan 1982 21350x 82%
Popeye 1982 54660x 78%
Predator 1987 7177x 47%
Prince of Persia 1989 12713x 72%
Pro Wrestling 1986 9065x 62%
Punch-Out!! 1987 157429x 86%
Q*bert 1982 12985x 68%
Qix 1981 4083x 57%
R.B.I. Baseball 1988 21549x 75%
R.C. Pro-Am 1988 9948x 76%
Rad Racer 1987 16765x 69%
Raid on Bungeling Bay 1984 4358x 66%
Rampage 1986 8833x 78%
Renegade 1986 9403x 83%
River City Ransom 1989 8768x 91%
Road Fighter 1984 83160x 72%
Road Runner 1985 8793x 76%
Robin Hood 1991 7691x 85%
RoboCop 1988 12725x 77%
RoboCop 2 1991 4195x 70%
RoboCop 3 1992 1571x 83%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 1844x 50%
RoboWarrior 1987 7873x 63%
Rockin’ Kats 1991 4665x 72%
Route-16 Turbo 1985 704x 55%
Rush’n Attack 1986 13100x 75%
Rygar 1986 9205x 66%
SMB: Lost Levels 1986 211206x 71%
Sasa 1984 801x 58%
Section-Z 1985 4998x 73%
Shadow of the Ninja 1990 4085x 85%
Shadowgate 1987 7537x 80%
Shanghai 1986 5614x 67%
Side Pocket 1987 5844x 31%
Simpsons: Bart vs. ... 1991 16770x 72%
Simpsons: Bart vs. World 1991 7988x 43%
Simpsons: Bartman ... 1992 4451x 61%
Skate or Die 1988 9686x 86%
Ski or Die 1990 9858x 78%
Sky Destroyer 1985 14146x 81%
Sky Kid 1985 3894x 66%
Slalom 1987 4069x 52%
Snake Rattle N Roll 1990 770x 80%
Snow Brothers 1990 14947x 84%
Soccer 1985 13762x 77%
Solomon’s Key 1986 13952x 83%
Solomon’s Key 2 1992 6060x 78%
Sonic the Hedgehog 1991 16078x 67%
Space Invaders 1978 8237x 66%
Spelunker 1983 13413x 73%
Spider-Man: Return of ... 1992 11796x 83%
Splatterhouse 1989 4048x 73%
Spy Hunter 1983 9842x 84%
Spy vs Spy 1984 11042x 75%
Star Force 1984 20876x 83%
Star Luster 1985 3163x 58%
Star Soldier 1986 4246x 69%
Star Wars 1987 5244x 68%
Star Wars 1991 7441x 75%
StarTropics 1990 3662x 60%
Stinger 1987 5335x 85%
Strider 1989 5676x 89%
Super Arabian 1983 11015x 70%
Super C 1990 38911x 82%
Super Mario Bros. 1985 1510504x 75%
Super Mario Bros. 2 1988 189830x 66%
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 476419x 71%
Super Mario Bros. Sp. 1986 136202x 70%
Super Pitfall 1987 11717x 57%
Super Robin Hood 1986 12866x 82%
Super Sprint 1986 10091x 69%
Sweet Home 1989 7717x 65%
Sword Master 1992 2897x 80%
TMNT II: The Arcade Game 1990 18924x 79%
TMNT III: The Manhattan ... 1991 20064x 69%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 20791x 82%
Tecmo Bowl 1987 13990x 75%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 14983x 83%
Teenage Mutant Ninja ... 1989 40405x 74%
Tennis 1983 36151x 83%
Terminator 2 1991 9614x 55%
Tetris 1989 4505x 84%
Tetris 1988 3372x 70%
Tetris 1986 28204x 69%
Tetris 2 1993 420x 60%
The Flintstones 1991 16223x 77%
The Goonies 1986 13960x 79%
The Jungle Book 1994 7707x 60%
The Karate Kid 1987 12056x 76%
The Legend of Zelda 1986 143626x 83%
The Terminator 1992 9090x 73%
The Tower of Druaga 1984 9011x 81%
Tiny Toon Adventures 1991 20881x 81%
Toobin’ 1988 2504x 70%
Total Recall 1990 435x 80%
Track & Field 1984 43569x 74%
TwinBee 1985 18069x 87%
Urban Champion 1984 15700x 75%
Vindicators 1988 6455x 66%
Volguard II 1985 3305x 62%
Volleyball 1986 10853x 65%
Vs. Excitebike 1988 3921x 69%
Wacky Races 1992 3200x 60%
Wario’s Woods 1994 12597x 67%
Warpman 1985 7109x 64%
Wild Ball 1988 6359x 55%
Willow 1989 6935x 68%
Winter Games 1985 6226x 64%
Wizardry 1981 6338x 54%
Wizards & Warriors 1987 7673x 78%
Wrecking Crew 1985 20795x 71%
Xenophobe 1988 6320x 65%
Xevious 1982 14407x 80%
Yie Ar Kung-Fu 1985 31551x 72%
Yo! Noid 1990 8688x 66%
Zelda II 1987 29021x 69%
Zippy Race 1985 18431x 60%

Text of this article is almost verbatim copy from www.wikipedia.org.


Nintendo Entertainment System (left) and
Nintendo Family Computer (right)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Third (8-bit era)
Retail availability: July 1983 (Japan)
October 1985 (USA)
September 1986 (Europe)
January 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: August 1995 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 62 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 2A03 8-bit
(MOS Technology 6502 core)
Screen resolution: 256 x 240
Colors: 48 (max 25 simultaneously)
Controller input: gamepad (cross + 2 buttons)
zapper (light gun)
power glove, ...
Best-selling game: Super Mario Bros. (40 million)
Predecessor: Color TV Game (1977)
Successor: Super Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)


The most common NES game controller. It utilized the cross-shaped joypad, two round buttons
labeled 'A' and 'B', a 'START' button
and a 'SELECT' button.


The NES Zapper, a light gun accessory.


ROM cartridge for the NES console
with the game The Legend of Zelda.

 

Most popular NES games:

NES: Super Mario Bros. Super Mario Bros.

NES: Super Mario Bros. 2 Super Mario Bros. 2

NES: Super Mario Bros. 3 Super Mario Bros. 3

NES: Bomberman Bomberman

NES: Battle City Battle City

NES: Contra Contra

NES: Dig Dug Dig Dug

NES: Mappy Mappy

NES: Lode Runner Lode Runner

NES: Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!

NES: Galaga Galaga

NES: Donkey Kong Donkey Kong

NES: The Legend of Zelda The Legend of Zelda

NES: Circus Charlie Circus Charlie

NES: Mario Bros. Mario Bros.

NES: Road Fighter Road Fighter

NES: Excitebike Excitebike

NES: Arkanoid Arkanoid

NES: Kung-Fu Master Kung-Fu Master


 

Text of the website RetroGames.cz is available under the Creative Commons 3.0 License.