RetroGames.cz - staré hry ONLINE



English EN       Czech CZ            

   
 Menu
 Games
 Others
 Search

 

   
 

Video game console - Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)

   The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo. The best-selling gaming console of its time, the NES helped revitalize the US video game industry following the video game crash of 1983. With the NES, Nintendo introduced a now-standard business model of licensing third-party developers, authorizing them to produce and distribute titles for Nintendo's platform. It was initially released in Japan as the Family Computer (also known by the portmanteau abbreviation Famicom) on July 15, 1983, and was later released in North America during 1985, in Europe during 1986, and Australia in 1987.
    Following a series of arcade game successes in the early 1980s, Nintendo made plans to create a cartridge-based console called the Famicom, which is short for Family Computer. Masayuki Uemura designed the system. Original plans called for an advanced 16-bit system which would function as a full-fledged computer with a keyboard and floppy disk drive, but Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi rejected this and instead decided to go for a cheaper, more conventional cartridge-based game console as he felt that features such as keyboards and disks were intimidating to non-technophiles. A test model was constructed in October 1982 to verify the functionality of the hardware, after which work began on programming tools. Because 65xx CPUs had not been manufactured or sold in Japan up to that time, no cross-development software was available and it had to be produced from scratch. Early Famicom games were written on a system that ran on an NEC PC-8001 computer and LEDs on a grid were used with a digitizer to design graphics as no software design tools for this purpose existed at that time.
    The console was released on July 15, 1983 as the Family Computer (or Famicom for short) for ¥14,800 alongside three ports of Nintendo's successful arcade games Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr. and Popeye. The Famicom was slow to gather momentum; a bad chip set caused the initial release of the system to crash. Following a product recall and a reissue with a new motherboard, the Famicom’s popularity soared, becoming the best-selling game console in Japan by the end of 1984.
    Encouraged by this success, Nintendo turned its attention to the North American market, entering into negotiations with Atari to release the Famicom under Atari’s name as the Nintendo Advanced Video Gaming System. The deal was set to be finalized and signed at the Summer Consumer Electronics Show in June 1983. However, Atari discovered at that show that its competitor Coleco was illegally demonstrating its Coleco Adam computer with Nintendo's Donkey Kong game. This violation of Atari's exclusive license with Nintendo to publish the game for its own computer systems delayed the implementation of Nintendo's game console marketing contract with Atari. Atari's CEO Ray Kassar was fired the next month, so the deal went nowhere, and Nintendo decided to market its system on its own.
    Subsequent plans to market a Famicom console in North America featuring a keyboard, cassette data recorder, wireless joystick controller and a special BASIC cartridge under the name 'Nintendo Advanced Video System' likewise never materialized. By the beginning of 1985, the Famicom had sold more than 2.5 million units in Japan and Nintendo soon announced plans to release it in North America as the Advanced Video Entertainment System (AVS) that same year. The American video game press was skeptical that the console could have any success in the region, with the March 1985 issue of Electronic Games magazine stating that 'the videogame market in America has virtually disappeared' and that 'this could be a miscalculation on Nintendo's part.'
    At June 1985's Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Nintendo unveiled the American version of its Famicom, with a new case redesigned by Lance Barr and featuring a 'zero insertion force' cartridge slot. This is the system which would eventually be officially deployed as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or the colloquial 'NES'. Nintendo seeded these first systems to limited American test markets starting in New York City on October 18, 1985, and following up with a full-fledged North American release in February of the following year. The nationwide release was in September 1986. Nintendo released 17 launch titles: 10-Yard Fight, Baseball, Clu Clu Land, Duck Hunt, Excitebike, Golf, Gyromite, Hogan’s Alley, Ice Climber, Kung Fu, Pinball, Soccer, Stack-Up, Tennis, Wild Gunman, Wrecking Crew, and Super Mario Bros. Some varieties of these launch games contained Famicom chips with an adapter inside the cartridge so they would play on North American consoles, which is why the title screen of Gyromite has the Famicom title 'Robot Gyro' and the title screen of Stack-Up has the Famicom title 'Robot Block'.
    By 1988, industry observers stated that the NES's popularity had grown so quickly that the market for Nintendo cartridges was larger than that for all home computer software. Compute! reported in 1989 that Nintendo had sold seven million NES systems in 1988, almost as many as the number of Commodore 64s sold in its first five years. 'Computer game makers [are] scared stiff', the magazine said, stating that Nintendo's popularity caused most competitors to have poor sales during the previous Christmas and resulted in serious financial problems for some.
    The NES was released after the 'video game crash' of the early 1980s, when many retailers and adults regarded electronic games as a passing fad, so many believed at first that the NES would soon fade. Before the NES/Famicom, Nintendo was known as a moderately successful Japanese toy and playing card manufacturer, but the popularity of the NES/Famicom helped the company grow into an internationally recognized name almost synonymous with video games and set the stage for Japanese dominance of the video game industry. With the NES, Nintendo also changed the relationship between console manufacturers and third-party software developers by restricting developers from publishing and distributing software without licensed approval. This led to higher quality software titles, which helped change the attitude of a public that had grown weary from poorly produced titles for earlier game systems.
    On August 14, 1995, Nintendo discontinued the Nintendo Entertainment System in both North America and Europe.The Famicom was originally discontinued in September 2003. Nintendo offered repair service for the Famicom in Japan until 2007.

Alphabetical list of the games for NES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
10-Yard Fight 1985 11146x 59%
1942 1984 26989x 75%
1943 1987 19350x 70%
8 Eyes 1988 14842x 64%
Addams Family, The 1991 8105x 70%
Adventure Island 1986 39055x 84%
Adventure Island II 1991 20072x 76%
Adventure Island III 1992 10657x 77%
Adventures of Lolo 1987 22399x 72%
Adventures of Lolo 2 1990 8993x 64%
Adventures of Lolo 3 1991 10407x 76%
Alien 3 1992 5424x 53%
Altered Beast 1988 3375x 66%
Antarctic Adventure 1983 14238x 69%
Archon 1983 5100x 68%
Argus 1986 837x 67%
Arkanoid 1986 44151x 75%
Arkanoid II 1987 6943x 81%
B-Wings 1984 10412x 69%
Back to the Future 1989 5188x 53%
Bad Dudes 1988 2369x 40%
Badminton 1988 1618x 80%
Balloon Fight 1984 26185x 76%
Baseball 1983 34455x 74%
Baseball Stars 1989 5309x 82%
Batman 1989 22091x 82%
Battle Chess 1988 10731x 63%
Battle City 1985 217985x 81%
Battleship 1993 10010x 87%
Battletoads 1991 14601x 76%
Battletoads & Double Dragon 1993 5485x 78%
Binary Land 1985 12547x 75%
Bionic Commando 1987 6851x 68%
Blades of Steel 1988 23543x 90%
Blaster Master 1988 3305x 62%
Bokosuka Wars 1983 2441x 63%
Bomberman 1985 369281x 69%
Bomberman II 1991 99526x 74%
Boulder Dash 1984 18114x 65%
Bubble Bath Babes 1991 13759x 58%
Bubble Bobble 1986 19020x 80%
Bugs Bunny 1989 4248x 58%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 20606x 77%
BurgerTime 1982 15029x 64%
California Games 1987 4769x 51%
Castelian 1987 5503x 67%
Castlevania 1986 19839x 80%
Castlevania II 1987 15946x 73%
Castlevania III 1989 9644x 88%
Chack’n Pop 1983 6815x 63%
Challenger 1985 3927x 68%
Championship Bowling 1989 6713x 69%
Championship Karate 1992 143x 60%
Championship Lode Runner 1984 22515x 85%
Chase H.Q. 1988 13054x 66%
Chessmaster 1989 4779x 72%
Chiller 1986 2910x 46%
Chip ’N Dale 1990 30098x 79%
Chip ’N Dale 2 1993 15618x 79%
Choplifter 1982 4680x 71%
Circus Charlie 1984 69062x 79%
City Connection 1985 7414x 83%
Cliffhanger 1993 2298x 50%
Clu Clu Land 1984 8535x 65%
Commando 1985 9512x 62%
Contra 1987 187717x 80%
Contra Force 1992 22545x 79%
Crystalis 1990 9509x 64%
Defender II 1981 6726x 85%
Devil World 1984 5431x 63%
Die Hard 1991 3543x 83%
Dig Dug 1982 144618x 79%
Dig Dug II 1985 10194x 82%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 28247x 81%
Donkey Kong 1981 75045x 78%
Donkey Kong 3 1983 18976x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 45772x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. Math 1985 13702x 68%
Door Door 1985 4708x 80%
Double Dragon 1987 32352x 67%
Double Dragon II 1990 18041x 75%
Double Dragon III 1990 14132x 78%
Double Dribble 1987 19687x 77%
Dough Boy 1984 1343x 54%
Dr. Mario 1990 450293x 72%
Dracula 1993 5921x 55%
Dragon Spirit 1987 861x 93%
Dragon Warrior 1986 13571x 81%
Dragon Warrior II 1987 1758x 48%
Dragon’s Lair 1989 5936x 83%
Duck Tales 1989 20414x 57%
Elevator Action 1983 11571x 64%
Excitebike 1984 58094x 79%
Exerion 1983 6188x 86%
F-1 Race 1984 16081x 54%
F-15 Strike Eagle 1985 8428x 76%
Fantastic Dizzy 1993 5792x 72%
Faxanadu 1987 4777x 71%
Felix the Cat 1992 44136x 75%
Field Combat 1985 6772x 75%
Final Fantasy 1987 16786x 80%
Final Fantasy II 1988 6328x 80%
Final Fantasy III 1990 3879x 84%
Final Lap 1987 2188x 40%
Flappy 1983 3603x 62%
Formation Z 1984 5607x 75%
Friday the 13th 1989 4775x 38%
Front Line 1982 8968x 84%
Galaga 1981 128056x 78%
Galaxian 1979 44293x 74%
Gauntlet 1985 1101x 64%
Gauntlet II 1986 1786x 56%
Geimos 1985 2141x 47%
Ghostbusters 1984 3799x 77%
Ghosts ’N Goblins 1985 13330x 78%
Goal! 1988 9206x 88%
Gold Medal Challenge 1992 8216x 76%
Golf 1984 8755x 64%
Gomoku Narabe Renju 1983 5234x 68%
Gradius 1985 13407x 83%
Gradius II 1988 1157x 72%
Guerrilla War 1987 4023x 86%
Gun.Smoke 1987 8423x 75%
Gyromite 1985 6117x 81%
Gyruss 1983 6804x 78%
Home Alone 1991 6220x 88%
Honey Peach 1990 5723x 40%
Hot Slots 1991 11842x 47%
Hudson Hawk 1991 4757x 70%
Ice Climber 1985 42808x 76%
Ice Hockey 1988 16260x 73%
Igo 1987 3828x 64%
Ikari Warriors 1986 7301x 78%
Ikki 1985 5495x 65%
Indiana Jones 1987 4472x 64%
Indiana Jones and ... 1989 5644x 63%
Indy Heat 1991 6955x 75%
Ironman 1989 2980x 30%
Jackal 1986 10940x 79%
Jaws 1987 9019x 66%
Journey to Silius 1990 4458x 67%
Joust 1982 8223x 62%
Jurassic Park 1993 9485x 72%
Kabuki 1990 1606x 62%
Karate Champ 1984 12660x 65%
Karateka 1984 13468x 62%
Kid Icarus 1986 16833x 78%
Kings of the Beach 1988 6560x 77%
King’s Quest V 1990 6499x 92%
Kirby’s Adventure 1993 22506x 84%
Knight Move 1990 550x 60%
Krion Conquest 1990 4556x 90%
Kung Fu 2 1991 5923x 70%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 41009x 82%
Legend of Kage, The 1986 17091x 80%
Lemmings 1991 10039x 64%
Life Force 1986 6920x 77%
Lion King, The 1994 4405x 90%
Little Nemo 1990 4856x 94%
Lode Runner 1983 102582x 80%
Lunar Ball 1985 15777x 68%
M.U.S.C.L.E. 1985 9823x 69%
Mach Rider 1985 8795x 62%
Macross 1985 6391x 70%
Magic Jewelry 1990 54014x 79%
Magic of Scheherazade 1987 5504x 62%
Mahjong 1983 3473x 42%
Maniac Mansion 1987 6989x 65%
Mappy 1983 106894x 83%
Mappy Land 1986 11954x 83%
Marble Madness 1984 4153x 90%
Mario & Yoshi 1991 10439x 71%
Mario Bros. 1983 60292x 78%
Mario is Missing! 1992 5443x 70%
Mega Man 1987 22963x 78%
Mega Man 2 1988 19825x 79%
Mega Man 3 1990 13318x 79%
Mega Man 4 1991 8895x 82%
Mega Man 5 1992 7292x 63%
Mega Man 6 1993 7377x 69%
Metal Gear 1987 8297x 85%
Metroid 1986 17338x 81%
Mickey Mousecapade 1987 5327x 83%
Micro Machines 1991 9292x 84%
Might and Magic: Book I 1986 5361x 80%
Mighty Final Fight 1993 11297x 79%
Millipede 1982 5683x 63%
Mission: Impossible 1990 5620x 77%
Monopoly 1987 20351x 90%
Monster in My Pocket 1992 6494x 81%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 20137x 73%
NARC 1988 2651x 50%
New Zealand Story 1989 5934x 52%
Nightmare on Elm Street 1989 8425x 58%
Ninja Gaiden 1988 18532x 80%
Ninja Gaiden II 1990 8599x 85%
Ninja Gaiden III 1991 9640x 88%
Ninja-Kun 1984 5516x 71%
North & South 1989 7758x 84%
Nuts & Milk 1984 22149x 78%
Operation Wolf 1989 4445x 58%
Othello 1988 7351x 73%
P.O.W.: Prisoners of War 1988 4918x 61%
Pac-Land 1985 19276x 66%
Pac-Man 1980 19490x 82%
Pac-Mania 1988 10648x 71%
Palamedes 1990 4094x 63%
Paperboy 1984 17709x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 1500x 58%
Peek-A-Boo Poker 1990 8652x 72%
Penguin Wars 1985 5548x 83%
Pinball 1984 13063x 67%
Pipe Mania 1988 5345x 92%
Pooyan 1982 17196x 82%
Popeye 1982 43275x 78%
Predator 1987 5723x 41%
Prince of Persia 1989 10217x 75%
Pro Wrestling 1986 6462x 56%
Punch-Out!! 1987 111428x 87%
Q*bert 1982 10101x 66%
Qix 1981 2604x 51%
R.B.I. Baseball 1988 15199x 73%
R.C. Pro-Am 1988 7754x 73%
Rad Racer 1987 12851x 66%
Raid on Bungeling Bay 1984 3116x 66%
Rampage 1986 6595x 75%
Renegade 1986 7636x 83%
River City Ransom 1989 6209x 90%
Road Fighter 1984 60577x 73%
Road Runner 1985 6253x 71%
Robin Hood 1991 6402x 84%
RoboCop 1988 10108x 71%
RoboCop 2 1991 2461x 79%
RoboCop 3 1992 605x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 887x 50%
RoboWarrior 1987 6123x 63%
Rockin’ Kats 1991 3347x 76%
Rush’n Attack 1986 9903x 76%
Rygar 1986 7133x 66%
SMB: Lost Levels 1986 165700x 72%
Section-Z 1985 3872x 73%
Shadow of the Ninja 1990 2299x 85%
Shadowgate 1987 6054x 76%
Shanghai 1986 4539x 67%
Side Pocket 1987 4405x 40%
Simpsons: Bart vs. ... 1991 13322x 72%
Simpsons: Bart vs. World 1991 5888x 42%
Simpsons: Bartman ... 1992 3016x 62%
Skate or Die 1988 7341x 92%
Ski or Die 1990 8252x 78%
Sky Destroyer 1985 11291x 83%
Sky Kid 1985 2552x 68%
Slalom 1987 2838x 52%
Snow Brothers 1990 10930x 89%
Soccer 1985 10072x 76%
Solomon’s Key 1986 10214x 83%
Solomon’s Key 2 1992 4666x 78%
Sonic the Hedgehog 1991 12106x 64%
Space Invaders 1978 6629x 68%
Spelunker 1983 10416x 74%
Spider-Man: Return of ... 1992 8893x 82%
Splatterhouse 1989 2665x 80%
Spy Hunter 1983 7576x 84%
Spy vs Spy 1984 8286x 77%
Star Force 1984 16084x 83%
Star Luster 1985 1781x 58%
Star Soldier 1986 2839x 66%
Star Wars 1987 3440x 78%
Star Wars 1991 5364x 75%
StarTropics 1990 2255x 93%
Stinger 1987 4189x 85%
Strider 1989 4304x 89%
Super Arabian 1983 8751x 66%
Super C 1990 28351x 82%
Super Mario Bros. 1985 1010842x 76%
Super Mario Bros. 2 1988 139957x 67%
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 358116x 71%
Super Mario Bros. Sp. 1986 97267x 71%
Super Pitfall 1987 9185x 60%
Super Robin Hood 1986 10500x 88%
Super Sprint 1986 7776x 66%
Sweet Home 1989 6191x 74%
Sword Master 1992 1652x 70%
TMNT II: The Arcade Game 1990 14816x 75%
TMNT III: The Manhattan ... 1991 13962x 67%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 15587x 87%
Tecmo Bowl 1987 9822x 77%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 11040x 82%
Teenage Mutant Ninja ... 1989 31925x 74%
Tennis 1983 25889x 84%
Terminator 2 1991 7475x 53%
Tetris 1986 20694x 73%
The Flintstones 1991 12837x 77%
The Goonies 1986 9029x 81%
The Jungle Book 1994 5782x 66%
The Karate Kid 1987 9721x 75%
The Legend of Zelda 1986 92791x 85%
The Terminator 1992 7050x 68%
The Tower of Druaga 1984 7097x 83%
Tiny Toon Adventures 1991 15101x 80%
Toobin’ 1988 1431x 70%
Track & Field 1984 32767x 72%
TwinBee 1985 13224x 85%
Urban Champion 1984 11908x 74%
Vindicators 1988 5109x 65%
Volguard II 1985 2348x 62%
Volleyball 1986 8407x 65%
Vs. Excitebike 1988 1585x 65%
Wario’s Woods 1994 9762x 66%
Warpman 1985 5728x 64%
Wild Ball 1988 1851x 63%
Willow 1989 5081x 64%
Winter Games 1985 5017x 71%
Wizardry 1981 4947x 60%
Wizards & Warriors 1987 5874x 77%
Wrecking Crew 1985 15752x 72%
Xenophobe 1988 5094x 65%
Xevious 1982 10855x 78%
Yie Ar Kung-Fu 1985 24236x 72%
Yo! Noid 1990 6863x 62%
Zelda II 1987 21932x 70%
Zippy Race 1985 14915x 61%

Text of this article is almost verbatim copy from www.wikipedia.org.


Nintendo Entertainment System (left) and
Nintendo Family Computer (right)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Third (8-bit era)
Retail availability: July 1983 (Japan)
October 1985 (USA)
September 1986 (Europe)
January 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: August 1995 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 62 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 2A03 8-bit
(MOS Technology 6502 core)
Screen resolution: 256 x 240
Colors: 48 (max 25 simultaneously)
Controller input: gamepad (cross + 2 buttons)
zapper (light gun)
power glove, ...
Best-selling game: Super Mario Bros. (40 million)
Predecessor: Color TV Game (1977)
Successor: Super Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)


The most common NES game controller. It utilized the cross-shaped joypad, two round buttons
labeled 'A' and 'B', a 'START' button
and a 'SELECT' button.


The NES Zapper, a light gun accessory.


ROM cartridge for the NES console
with the game The Legend of Zelda.

 

Most popular NES games:

NES: Super Mario Bros. Super Mario Bros.

NES: Super Mario Bros. 2 Super Mario Bros. 2

NES: Super Mario Bros. 3 Super Mario Bros. 3

NES: Bomberman Bomberman

NES: Battle City Battle City

NES: Contra Contra

NES: Dig Dug Dig Dug

NES: Mappy Mappy

NES: Lode Runner Lode Runner

NES: Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!

NES: Galaga Galaga

NES: Donkey Kong Donkey Kong

NES: The Legend of Zelda The Legend of Zelda

NES: Circus Charlie Circus Charlie

NES: Mario Bros. Mario Bros.

NES: Road Fighter Road Fighter

NES: Excitebike Excitebike

NES: Arkanoid Arkanoid

NES: Kung-Fu Master Kung-Fu Master


 

Text of the website RetroGames.cz is available under the Creative Commons 3.0 License.