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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 8001x 42%
Addams Family, The 1991 24424x 65%
Alien 3 1992 18730x 62%
Another World 1991 4205x 83%
Astérix 1993 1500x 67%
Batman & Robin 1994 12017x 72%
BlackThorne 1994 4264x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 6318x 85%
Bust-A-Move 1994 7531x 85%
California Games II 1990 4806x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 5997x 66%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 5586x 85%
Championship Karate 1992 4491x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 5280x 86%
Chrono Trigger 1995 13724x 85%
Civilization 1991 8319x 80%
Cliffhanger 1993 9120x 81%
Columns 1990 3736x 83%
Contra III 1992 28045x 75%
Cool Spot 1993 4785x 53%
Demolition Man 1995 148x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 1686x 86%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 6941x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 40797x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 25227x 81%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 3495x 63%
Doom 1993 7766x 80%
Dr. Mario 1990 12899x 75%
Dracula 1993 5378x 83%
Dungeon Master 1987 3665x 80%
EarthBound 1994 11215x 88%
Earthworm Jim 1994 5044x 66%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 5199x 75%
F-Zero 1990 14459x 76%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 2236x 83%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 7424x 76%
Final Fight 1990 76178x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 15596x 72%
Final Fight 3 1995 15699x 76%
First Samurai 1991 4196x 78%
Flashback 1992 2163x 80%
Frogger 1981 5644x 73%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 2644x 80%
Gods 1991 4406x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 1552x 64%
Indiana Jones 1994 9833x 71%
Ironman 1989 3929x 53%
Judge Dredd 1995 5280x 85%
Jurassic Park 1993 352x 75%
Killer Instinct 1994 10052x 76%
Kirby Super Star 1996 17360x 81%
Lamborghini 1992 9919x 62%
Lemmings 1991 9179x 93%
Lion King, The 1994 6296x 83%
Lord of the Rings 1994 7636x 67%
Mario is Missing! 1992 9026x 82%
Mega Man 7 1995 8620x 81%
Mega Man X 1993 13638x 83%
Mega Man X2 1994 7829x 83%
Mega Man X3 1995 7069x 78%
Mega lo Mania 1991 3927x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 4447x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 4143x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 6211x 62%
Mortal Kombat 1993 11301x 84%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 6891x 68%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 4887x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 13809x 75%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 6706x 85%
NBA Jam 1993 4191x 73%
NHL ’94 1993 4019x 66%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 3723x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 4186x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 2501x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 6730x 74%
Pinball Dreams 1992 6464x 85%
Pipe Mania 1988 5897x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 11507x 89%
Power Rangers 1994 8477x 83%
Prehistorik Man 1995 8516x 79%
Prince of Persia 1989 9236x 82%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 16091x 75%
Pushover 1992 2283x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 5301x 57%
RoboCop 3 1992 1388x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 1821x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 4687x 62%
Secret of Mana 1993 4140x 88%
Shadowrun 1993 5943x 83%
Side Pocket 1987 5063x 77%
SimCity 1989 10595x 79%
SimCity 2000 1993 4407x 71%
Space Invaders 1978 7219x 88%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 6423x 60%
Spider-Man 1994 5992x 80%
Star Fox 1993 9008x 87%
Street Fighter II 1992 51764x 76%
Sunset Riders 1993 6243x 70%
Super Adventure Island 1992 7163x 72%
Super Bomberman 1993 2519x 78%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 11257x 84%
Super Double Dragon 1992 5892x 70%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 176959x 72%
Super Mario Kart 1992 38521x 81%
Super Mario RPG 1996 17378x 77%
Super Mario World 1990 362996x 76%
Super Mario World 2 1995 49989x 76%
Super Metroid 1994 15374x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 20184x 75%
Super Star Wars 1992 8950x 88%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 4926x 83%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 17175x 82%
Super Tennis 1991 9441x 77%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 13934x 80%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 7755x 83%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 6297x 73%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 15679x 73%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 1707x 69%
Tetris 2 1993 1006x 65%
The Humans 1992 1422x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 13879x 77%
The Lost Vikings 1992 4232x 79%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 9204x 80%
Top Gear 1992 7903x 72%
Total Carnage 1992 2254x 53%
True Lies 1994 1331x 73%
Virtual Bart 1994 4512x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 8927x 75%
Wario’s Woods 1994 6489x 59%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 7862x 89%
Worms 1995 13501x 80%
Young Merlin 1993 3071x 45%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 44026x 84%
Zombies 1993 7208x 77%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior


 

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