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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 2957x 30%
Addams Family, The 1991 18986x 65%
Alien 3 1992 14868x 63%
Another World 1991 2606x 86%
Batman & Robin 1994 6433x 73%
BlackThorne 1994 2834x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 3533x 76%
Bust-A-Move 1994 3825x 88%
California Games II 1990 3492x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 4614x 65%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 2120x 68%
Chessmaster 1989 4061x 86%
Chrono Trigger 1995 8758x 86%
Civilization 1991 5877x 82%
Cliffhanger 1993 5473x 78%
Columns 1990 2704x 83%
Contra III 1992 16451x 74%
Cool Spot 1993 3563x 53%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 5257x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 26595x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 15706x 79%
Doom 1993 5016x 78%
Dr. Mario 1990 8832x 74%
Dracula 1993 4040x 91%
Dungeon Master 1987 2218x 85%
EarthBound 1994 6016x 86%
Earthworm Jim 1994 3333x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 4103x 75%
F-Zero 1990 8088x 74%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 3905x 75%
Final Fight 1990 51798x 69%
Final Fight 2 1993 9709x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 9280x 73%
First Samurai 1991 3068x 78%
Flashback 1992 1213x 80%
Frogger 1981 4103x 77%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 1160x 80%
Gods 1991 3293x 75%
Indiana Jones 1994 7617x 68%
Ironman 1989 2646x 53%
Judge Dredd 1995 3635x 89%
Killer Instinct 1994 5711x 75%
Kirby Super Star 1996 10164x 78%
Lamborghini 1992 7731x 63%
Lemmings 1991 5375x 95%
Lion King, The 1994 4346x 82%
Lord of the Rings 1994 5722x 73%
Mario is Missing! 1992 6560x 78%
Mega Man 7 1995 4657x 81%
Mega Man X 1993 7373x 84%
Mega Man X2 1994 4453x 80%
Mega Man X3 1995 3070x 61%
Mega lo Mania 1991 2904x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 3391x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 3097x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 4683x 62%
Mortal Kombat 1993 7312x 88%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 4550x 78%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 3257x 64%
Mr. Do! 1982 9274x 77%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 4176x 84%
NBA Jam 1993 2222x 74%
NHL ’94 1993 2557x 66%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 2239x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 3149x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 1281x 55%
Pilotwings 1990 3669x 80%
Pinball Dreams 1992 4510x 91%
Pipe Mania 1988 4518x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 8463x 86%
Power Rangers 1994 4706x 87%
Prehistorik Man 1995 5756x 73%
Prince of Persia 1989 6354x 84%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 12270x 74%
Pushover 1992 1363x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 3455x 56%
RoboCop 3 1992 331x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 593x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 2096x 70%
Secret of Mana 1993 1819x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 3608x 81%
Side Pocket 1987 3729x 75%
SimCity 1989 7614x 80%
SimCity 2000 1993 2782x 76%
Space Invaders 1978 5373x 87%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 3184x 71%
Spider-Man 1994 2951x 85%
Star Fox 1993 4824x 88%
Street Fighter II 1992 30347x 71%
Sunset Riders 1993 4069x 76%
Super Adventure Island 1992 4379x 64%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 7415x 82%
Super Double Dragon 1992 2666x 70%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 101455x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 21361x 85%
Super Mario RPG 1996 10430x 74%
Super Mario World 1990 187736x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 29737x 77%
Super Metroid 1994 9340x 89%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 10094x 73%
Super Star Wars 1992 5311x 88%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 2452x 85%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 7258x 80%
Super Tennis 1991 5446x 71%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 8561x 83%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 5688x 79%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 4593x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 12826x 72%
The Humans 1992 451x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 10642x 76%
The Legend of Zelda 3 1991 27296x 88%
The Lost Vikings 1992 2976x 79%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 6369x 85%
Top Gear 1992 4205x 87%
Total Carnage 1992 843x 80%
Virtual Bart 1994 2286x 75%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 4762x 76%
Wario’s Woods 1994 4813x 61%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 4926x 87%
Worms 1995 10573x 83%
Young Merlin 1993 1478x 45%
Zombies 1993 4165x 73%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior


 

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