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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 9838x 42%
Addams Family, The 1991 26328x 60%
Alien 3 1992 20033x 62%
Another World 1991 4751x 83%
Astérix 1993 2224x 53%
Batman & Robin 1994 14379x 70%
BlackThorne 1994 4935x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 7361x 84%
Bust-A-Move 1994 8831x 85%
California Games II 1990 5299x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 6556x 66%
Captain Commando 1991 1327x 59%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 6985x 83%
Championship Karate 1992 5778x 57%
Chessmaster 1989 5853x 86%
Chrono Trigger 1995 15579x 85%
Civilization 1991 9189x 81%
Cliffhanger 1993 10398x 75%
Columns 1990 4127x 83%
Contra III 1992 32884x 74%
Cool Spot 1993 5246x 53%
Demolition Man 1995 593x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 2646x 88%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 7691x 75%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 45813x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 29008x 78%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 5640x 59%
Doom 1993 8723x 77%
Dr. Mario 1990 14497x 73%
Dracula 1993 5829x 83%
Dungeon Master 1987 4173x 80%
EarthBound 1994 13132x 88%
Earthworm Jim 1994 5781x 66%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 5659x 75%
F-Zero 1990 17049x 77%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 3154x 86%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 8551x 75%
Final Fight 1990 84360x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 17800x 68%
Final Fight 3 1995 18223x 73%
First Samurai 1991 4626x 78%
Flashback 1992 2562x 80%
Frogger 1981 6257x 73%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 3275x 85%
Gods 1991 4898x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 2109x 58%
Indiana Jones 1994 10663x 71%
Ironman 1989 4426x 62%
Judge Dredd 1995 5874x 85%
Jurassic Park 1993 2016x 85%
Killer Instinct 1994 11822x 67%
Kirby Super Star 1996 20534x 78%
Lamborghini 1992 10746x 62%
Lemmings 1991 10700x 89%
Lion King, The 1994 7053x 83%
Lord of the Rings 1994 8361x 64%
Mario is Missing! 1992 10123x 80%
Mega Man 7 1995 10124x 82%
Mega Man X 1993 15941x 80%
Mega Man X2 1994 9150x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 8387x 77%
Mega lo Mania 1991 4314x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 4931x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 4551x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 6740x 62%
Mortal Kombat 1993 12743x 80%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 7777x 68%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 5639x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 15923x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 7668x 86%
NBA Jam 1993 5055x 77%
NHL ’94 1993 4625x 66%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 4270x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 4563x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 3040x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 7906x 73%
Pinball Dreams 1992 7084x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 6485x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 12713x 86%
Power Rangers 1994 9840x 85%
Prehistorik Man 1995 9713x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 10433x 80%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 17701x 75%
Pushover 1992 2738x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 5945x 57%
RoboCop 3 1992 1896x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 2207x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 5750x 55%
Secret of Mana 1993 5193x 82%
Shadowrun 1993 6468x 84%
Side Pocket 1987 5537x 75%
SimCity 1989 11839x 76%
SimCity 2000 1993 5006x 68%
Space Invaders 1978 8098x 89%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 7556x 62%
Spider-Man 1994 7157x 73%
Star Fox 1993 10489x 78%
Street Fighter II 1992 61063x 70%
Sunset Riders 1993 7216x 67%
Super Adventure Island 1992 8237x 74%
Super Bomberman 1993 5960x 68%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 12757x 85%
Super Double Dragon 1992 7005x 67%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 1476x 61%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 205355x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 47159x 73%
Super Mario RPG 1996 20029x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 450829x 73%
Super Mario World 2 1995 60100x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 17739x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 24853x 72%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 764x 87%
Super Star Wars 1992 10264x 81%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 5837x 71%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 21633x 79%
Super Tennis 1991 10800x 67%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 219x 75%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 16345x 76%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 8564x 68%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 7160x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 16671x 71%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 2855x 76%
Tetris 2 1993 1856x 60%
The Humans 1992 1801x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 14957x 73%
The Lost Vikings 1992 4737x 74%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 10156x 77%
Top Gear 1992 9506x 70%
Total Carnage 1992 2737x 53%
True Lies 1994 1848x 78%
Virtual Bart 1994 5250x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 10327x 74%
Wario’s Woods 1994 7165x 61%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 396x 56%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 8914x 84%
Worms 1995 14672x 75%
Young Merlin 1993 3637x 45%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 51567x 81%
Zombies 1993 8449x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior


 

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