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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 11206x 44%
Addams Family, The 1991 27720x 60%
Alien 3 1992 20950x 61%
Another World 1991 5178x 83%
Astérix 1993 2844x 52%
Batman & Robin 1994 16237x 71%
BlackThorne 1994 5446x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 8075x 86%
Bust-A-Move 1994 9798x 81%
California Games II 1990 5718x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 7027x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 2876x 61%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 7828x 83%
Championship Karate 1992 6734x 56%
Chessmaster 1989 6260x 80%
Chrono Trigger 1995 17042x 87%
Civilization 1991 9851x 83%
Cliffhanger 1993 11316x 72%
Columns 1990 4430x 83%
Contra III 1992 36661x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 5591x 50%
Demolition Man 1995 883x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 3535x 89%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 8397x 75%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 48754x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 32076x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 7034x 60%
Doom 1993 9644x 76%
Dr. Mario 1990 15774x 74%
Dracula 1993 6219x 83%
Dungeon Master 1987 4575x 80%
EarthBound 1994 14824x 89%
Earthworm Jim 1994 6393x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 6000x 75%
F-Zero 1990 18859x 77%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 4118x 84%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 9472x 76%
Final Fight 1990 90356x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 19461x 68%
Final Fight 3 1995 19978x 71%
First Samurai 1991 5072x 78%
Flashback 1992 2894x 80%
Frogger 1981 6747x 76%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 3806x 85%
Gods 1991 5252x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 2596x 58%
Indiana Jones 1994 11271x 71%
Ironman 1989 4836x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 6402x 85%
Jurassic Park 1993 2765x 86%
Killer Instinct 1994 13239x 67%
Kirby Super Star 1996 23961x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 11396x 62%
Lemmings 1991 11439x 85%
Lion King, The 1994 7688x 86%
Lord of the Rings 1994 8918x 64%
Mario is Missing! 1992 10881x 80%
Mega Man 7 1995 11169x 80%
Mega Man X 1993 17741x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 10224x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 9596x 78%
Mega lo Mania 1991 4703x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 5221x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 4888x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 7190x 65%
Mortal Kombat 1993 14018x 80%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 8412x 70%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 6244x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 17277x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 8404x 86%
NBA Jam 1993 5733x 77%
NHL ’94 1993 5149x 68%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 4732x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 4974x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 3479x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 8756x 75%
Pinball Dreams 1992 7429x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 6915x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 13689x 84%
Power Rangers 1994 10983x 85%
Prehistorik Man 1995 10538x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 11345x 81%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 18969x 75%
Pushover 1992 3055x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 6455x 57%
RoboCop 3 1992 2261x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 2561x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 6525x 51%
Secret of Mana 1993 5869x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 6948x 82%
Side Pocket 1987 5919x 75%
SimCity 1989 12679x 77%
SimCity 2000 1993 5452x 68%
Space Invaders 1978 8833x 89%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 8441x 61%
Spider-Man 1994 8005x 69%
Star Fox 1993 11592x 74%
Street Fighter II 1992 68796x 68%
Sunset Riders 1993 7982x 64%
Super Adventure Island 1992 8931x 74%
Super Bomberman 1993 8722x 66%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 13853x 86%
Super Double Dragon 1992 7801x 61%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 2336x 58%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 224505x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 53075x 72%
Super Mario RPG 1996 21765x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 489351x 73%
Super Mario World 2 1995 67516x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 19680x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 29202x 72%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 1422x 80%
Super Star Wars 1992 11080x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 6438x 67%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 24627x 80%
Super Tennis 1991 11995x 69%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 676x 75%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 17862x 73%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 9167x 71%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 7680x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 17376x 69%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 3782x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 2705x 76%
The Humans 1992 2073x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 15748x 72%
The Lost Vikings 1992 5146x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 11060x 74%
Top Gear 1992 10645x 71%
Total Carnage 1992 3152x 65%
True Lies 1994 2255x 78%
Virtual Bart 1994 5783x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 11435x 75%
Wario’s Woods 1994 7743x 61%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 1313x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 9529x 84%
Worms 1995 15440x 73%
Young Merlin 1993 4099x 40%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 56774x 81%
Zombies 1993 9356x 73%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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