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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 6518x 50%
Addams Family, The 1991 22980x 65%
Alien 3 1992 17690x 62%
Another World 1991 3780x 88%
Astérix 1993 911x 70%
Batman & Robin 1994 10419x 75%
BlackThorne 1994 3777x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 5551x 84%
Bust-A-Move 1994 6638x 85%
California Games II 1990 4463x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 5662x 66%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 4694x 84%
Championship Karate 1992 3501x 64%
Chessmaster 1989 4909x 86%
Chrono Trigger 1995 12436x 84%
Civilization 1991 7594x 78%
Cliffhanger 1993 8242x 79%
Columns 1990 3421x 83%
Contra III 1992 24450x 74%
Cool Spot 1993 4461x 53%
Demon’s Crest 1994 984x 83%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 6487x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 37159x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 22762x 81%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 2143x 63%
Doom 1993 6970x 79%
Dr. Mario 1990 11835x 75%
Dracula 1993 5044x 83%
Dungeon Master 1987 3296x 80%
EarthBound 1994 9847x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 4544x 69%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 4881x 75%
F-Zero 1990 12198x 74%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 1253x 90%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 6617x 76%
Final Fight 1990 69640x 70%
Final Fight 2 1993 14018x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 13933x 74%
First Samurai 1991 3876x 78%
Flashback 1992 1882x 80%
Frogger 1981 5210x 73%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 2215x 80%
Gods 1991 4079x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 1138x 58%
Indiana Jones 1994 9247x 70%
Ironman 1989 3577x 53%
Judge Dredd 1995 4823x 85%
Killer Instinct 1994 8845x 74%
Kirby Super Star 1996 15389x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 9315x 62%
Lemmings 1991 8082x 92%
Lion King, The 1994 5797x 83%
Lord of the Rings 1994 7088x 70%
Mario is Missing! 1992 8346x 81%
Mega Man 7 1995 7577x 82%
Mega Man X 1993 11704x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 6877x 83%
Mega Man X3 1995 5984x 78%
Mega lo Mania 1991 3631x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 4151x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 3823x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 5814x 62%
Mortal Kombat 1993 10305x 83%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 6266x 69%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 4407x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 12387x 76%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 6107x 86%
NBA Jam 1993 3580x 74%
NHL ’94 1993 3630x 66%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 3311x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 3933x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 2158x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 5963x 74%
Pinball Dreams 1992 5967x 88%
Pipe Mania 1988 5495x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 10589x 89%
Power Rangers 1994 7563x 84%
Prehistorik Man 1995 7776x 77%
Prince of Persia 1989 8413x 82%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 15125x 74%
Pushover 1992 1993x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 4781x 57%
RoboCop 3 1992 1058x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 1436x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 3977x 50%
Secret of Mana 1993 3485x 86%
Shadowrun 1993 5232x 83%
Side Pocket 1987 4733x 75%
SimCity 1989 9797x 79%
SimCity 2000 1993 3978x 71%
Space Invaders 1978 6695x 87%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 5548x 60%
Spider-Man 1994 5161x 78%
Star Fox 1993 7792x 86%
Street Fighter II 1992 45818x 75%
Sunset Riders 1993 5559x 68%
Super Adventure Island 1992 6405x 71%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 10158x 84%
Super Double Dragon 1992 5055x 68%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 156514x 72%
Super Mario Kart 1992 34202x 82%
Super Mario RPG 1996 15465x 77%
Super Mario World 1990 307080x 76%
Super Mario World 2 1995 44089x 76%
Super Metroid 1994 13549x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 17213x 72%
Super Star Wars 1992 7767x 90%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 4238x 83%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 14201x 85%
Super Tennis 1991 8582x 74%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 12420x 84%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 7171x 83%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 5745x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 14949x 73%
Tetris 2 1993 74x 80%
The Humans 1992 1137x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 12981x 77%
The Lost Vikings 1992 3858x 79%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 8439x 79%
Top Gear 1992 6817x 81%
Total Carnage 1992 1893x 53%
True Lies 1994 973x 73%
Virtual Bart 1994 3995x 77%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 7906x 77%
Wario’s Woods 1994 5997x 59%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 6918x 89%
Worms 1995 12717x 78%
Young Merlin 1993 2629x 45%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 38986x 84%
Zombies 1993 6312x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior


 

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