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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 1589x 43%
Addams Family, The 1991 17367x 65%
Alien 3 1992 13731x 62%
Another World 1991 2215x 85%
Batman & Robin 1994 4871x 71%
BlackThorne 1994 2456x 83%
Breath of Fire 1993 2752x 66%
Bust-A-Move 1994 2859x 86%
California Games II 1990 3166x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 4299x 65%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 1304x 65%
Chessmaster 1989 3666x 93%
Chrono Trigger 1995 7388x 87%
Civilization 1991 5150x 82%
Cliffhanger 1993 4412x 75%
Columns 1990 2490x 83%
Contra III 1992 13235x 78%
Cool Spot 1993 3278x 53%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 4806x 70%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 21350x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 13181x 82%
Doom 1993 4279x 80%
Dr. Mario 1990 7691x 73%
Dracula 1993 3596x 91%
Dungeon Master 1987 1880x 85%
EarthBound 1994 4656x 85%
Earthworm Jim 1994 2967x 64%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 3831x 71%
F-Zero 1990 6641x 68%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 3032x 73%
Final Fight 1990 43782x 70%
Final Fight 2 1993 8084x 79%
Final Fight 3 1995 7513x 72%
First Samurai 1991 2803x 78%
Flashback 1992 1012x 80%
Frogger 1981 3786x 77%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 780x 80%
Gods 1991 3007x 75%
Indiana Jones 1994 7024x 68%
Ironman 1989 2327x 30%
Judge Dredd 1995 3138x 89%
Killer Instinct 1994 4580x 76%
Kirby Super Star 1996 8408x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 7078x 61%
Lemmings 1991 4452x 93%
Lion King, The 1994 3826x 88%
Lord of the Rings 1994 5288x 73%
Mario is Missing! 1992 5796x 85%
Mega Man 7 1995 3561x 93%
Mega Man X 1993 5768x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 3526x 79%
Mega Man X3 1995 1940x 70%
Mega lo Mania 1991 2682x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 3127x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 2886x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 4299x 62%
Mortal Kombat 1993 6157x 84%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 3827x 78%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 2784x 64%
Mr. Do! 1982 7857x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 3647x 84%
NBA Jam 1993 1693x 71%
NHL ’94 1993 2238x 62%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 1880x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 2908x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 929x 55%
Pilotwings 1990 2839x 80%
Pinball Dreams 1992 3910x 90%
Pipe Mania 1988 4176x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 7685x 85%
Power Rangers 1994 3577x 89%
Prehistorik Man 1995 4967x 72%
Prince of Persia 1989 5337x 83%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 11242x 74%
Pushover 1992 1140x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 3036x 56%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 288x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 1285x 60%
Secret of Mana 1993 1225x 75%
Shadowrun 1993 3248x 81%
Side Pocket 1987 3352x 74%
SimCity 1989 6837x 80%
SimCity 2000 1993 2377x 76%
Space Invaders 1978 4648x 91%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 2370x 77%
Spider-Man 1994 2174x 82%
Star Fox 1993 3886x 82%
Street Fighter II 1992 24648x 73%
Sunset Riders 1993 3604x 76%
Super Adventure Island 1992 3655x 71%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 6508x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 1748x 84%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 78153x 70%
Super Mario Kart 1992 16883x 85%
Super Mario RPG 1996 8593x 73%
Super Mario World 1990 144217x 76%
Super Mario World 2 1995 23336x 80%
Super Metroid 1994 7669x 89%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 7855x 79%
Super Star Wars 1992 4539x 88%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 1805x 80%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 4866x 75%
Super Tennis 1991 4490x 50%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 7091x 83%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 5051x 89%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 4161x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 12015x 72%
The Humans 1992 202x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 9685x 78%
The Legend of Zelda 3 1991 22654x 86%
The Lost Vikings 1992 2596x 86%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 5521x 85%
Top Gear 1992 3049x 84%
Virtual Bart 1994 981x 52%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 3362x 74%
Wario’s Woods 1994 4337x 61%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 4151x 87%
Worms 1995 9709x 85%
Young Merlin 1993 995x 45%
Zombies 1993 3351x 73%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior


 

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