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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 5219x 38%
Addams Family, The 1991 21600x 64%
Alien 3 1992 16704x 63%
Another World 1991 3300x 88%
Batman & Robin 1994 9088x 73%
BlackThorne 1994 3407x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 4799x 79%
Bust-A-Move 1994 5754x 91%
California Games II 1990 4092x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 5255x 66%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 3861x 83%
Championship Karate 1992 2482x 58%
Chessmaster 1989 4528x 86%
Chrono Trigger 1995 11195x 84%
Civilization 1991 6967x 76%
Cliffhanger 1993 7266x 78%
Columns 1990 3095x 83%
Contra III 1992 21478x 75%
Cool Spot 1993 4102x 53%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 6058x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 33465x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 20179x 80%
Doom 1993 6251x 79%
Dr. Mario 1990 10780x 74%
Dracula 1993 4671x 83%
Dungeon Master 1987 2894x 80%
EarthBound 1994 8482x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 4082x 69%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 4565x 75%
F-Zero 1990 10510x 77%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 478x 80%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 5694x 77%
Final Fight 1990 63569x 70%
Final Fight 2 1993 12507x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 12269x 74%
First Samurai 1991 3554x 78%
Flashback 1992 1631x 80%
Frogger 1981 4786x 77%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 1809x 80%
Gods 1991 3748x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 720x 50%
Indiana Jones 1994 8659x 69%
Ironman 1989 3217x 53%
Judge Dredd 1995 4370x 86%
Killer Instinct 1994 7711x 76%
Kirby Super Star 1996 13498x 78%
Lamborghini 1992 8788x 62%
Lemmings 1991 7314x 91%
Lion King, The 1994 5269x 84%
Lord of the Rings 1994 6540x 70%
Mario is Missing! 1992 7730x 80%
Mega Man 7 1995 6433x 82%
Mega Man X 1993 10046x 80%
Mega Man X2 1994 5963x 84%
Mega Man X3 1995 4894x 73%
Mega lo Mania 1991 3341x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 3850x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 3509x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 5400x 62%
Mortal Kombat 1993 9315x 84%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 5627x 70%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 3973x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 11277x 75%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 5341x 86%
NBA Jam 1993 3123x 74%
NHL ’94 1993 3249x 66%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 2912x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 3619x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 1840x 55%
Pilotwings 1990 5092x 72%
Pinball Dreams 1992 5469x 88%
Pipe Mania 1988 5084x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 9801x 87%
Power Rangers 1994 6693x 85%
Prehistorik Man 1995 7117x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 7646x 85%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 14080x 75%
Pushover 1992 1716x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 4215x 57%
RoboCop 3 1992 754x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 1120x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 3313x 50%
Secret of Mana 1993 2879x 86%
Shadowrun 1993 4277x 83%
Side Pocket 1987 4308x 75%
SimCity 1989 8955x 78%
SimCity 2000 1993 3552x 71%
Space Invaders 1978 6182x 87%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 4676x 66%
Spider-Man 1994 4342x 81%
Star Fox 1993 6700x 86%
Street Fighter II 1992 40437x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 4916x 69%
Super Adventure Island 1992 5699x 71%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 9153x 83%
Super Double Dragon 1992 4228x 68%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 136783x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 29991x 83%
Super Mario RPG 1996 13741x 75%
Super Mario World 1990 258437x 76%
Super Mario World 2 1995 38580x 76%
Super Metroid 1994 11887x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 14403x 72%
Super Star Wars 1992 6869x 89%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 3552x 87%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 11701x 86%
Super Tennis 1991 7478x 74%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 11083x 84%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 6623x 81%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 5297x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 14188x 73%
The Humans 1992 839x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 12155x 77%
The Lost Vikings 1992 3492x 79%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 7759x 82%
Top Gear 1992 5828x 79%
Total Carnage 1992 1542x 53%
True Lies 1994 556x 63%
Virtual Bart 1994 3389x 77%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 6806x 76%
Wario’s Woods 1994 5540x 61%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 6096x 88%
Worms 1995 11880x 81%
Young Merlin 1993 2202x 45%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 34340x 88%
Zombies 1993 5520x 75%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior


 

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