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Video game console - Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)

   The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo. The best-selling gaming console of its time, the NES helped revitalize the US video game industry following the video game crash of 1983. With the NES, Nintendo introduced a now-standard business model of licensing third-party developers, authorizing them to produce and distribute titles for Nintendo's platform. It was initially released in Japan as the Family Computer (also known by the portmanteau abbreviation Famicom) on July 15, 1983, and was later released in North America during 1985, in Europe during 1986, and Australia in 1987.
    Following a series of arcade game successes in the early 1980s, Nintendo made plans to create a cartridge-based console called the Famicom, which is short for Family Computer. Masayuki Uemura designed the system. Original plans called for an advanced 16-bit system which would function as a full-fledged computer with a keyboard and floppy disk drive, but Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi rejected this and instead decided to go for a cheaper, more conventional cartridge-based game console as he felt that features such as keyboards and disks were intimidating to non-technophiles. A test model was constructed in October 1982 to verify the functionality of the hardware, after which work began on programming tools. Because 65xx CPUs had not been manufactured or sold in Japan up to that time, no cross-development software was available and it had to be produced from scratch. Early Famicom games were written on a system that ran on an NEC PC-8001 computer and LEDs on a grid were used with a digitizer to design graphics as no software design tools for this purpose existed at that time.
    The console was released on July 15, 1983 as the Family Computer (or Famicom for short) for ¥14,800 alongside three ports of Nintendo's successful arcade games Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr. and Popeye. The Famicom was slow to gather momentum; a bad chip set caused the initial release of the system to crash. Following a product recall and a reissue with a new motherboard, the Famicom’s popularity soared, becoming the best-selling game console in Japan by the end of 1984.
    Encouraged by this success, Nintendo turned its attention to the North American market, entering into negotiations with Atari to release the Famicom under Atari’s name as the Nintendo Advanced Video Gaming System. The deal was set to be finalized and signed at the Summer Consumer Electronics Show in June 1983. However, Atari discovered at that show that its competitor Coleco was illegally demonstrating its Coleco Adam computer with Nintendo's Donkey Kong game. This violation of Atari's exclusive license with Nintendo to publish the game for its own computer systems delayed the implementation of Nintendo's game console marketing contract with Atari. Atari's CEO Ray Kassar was fired the next month, so the deal went nowhere, and Nintendo decided to market its system on its own.
    Subsequent plans to market a Famicom console in North America featuring a keyboard, cassette data recorder, wireless joystick controller and a special BASIC cartridge under the name 'Nintendo Advanced Video System' likewise never materialized. By the beginning of 1985, the Famicom had sold more than 2.5 million units in Japan and Nintendo soon announced plans to release it in North America as the Advanced Video Entertainment System (AVS) that same year. The American video game press was skeptical that the console could have any success in the region, with the March 1985 issue of Electronic Games magazine stating that 'the videogame market in America has virtually disappeared' and that 'this could be a miscalculation on Nintendo's part.'
    At June 1985's Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Nintendo unveiled the American version of its Famicom, with a new case redesigned by Lance Barr and featuring a 'zero insertion force' cartridge slot. This is the system which would eventually be officially deployed as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or the colloquial 'NES'. Nintendo seeded these first systems to limited American test markets starting in New York City on October 18, 1985, and following up with a full-fledged North American release in February of the following year. The nationwide release was in September 1986. Nintendo released 17 launch titles: 10-Yard Fight, Baseball, Clu Clu Land, Duck Hunt, Excitebike, Golf, Gyromite, Hogan’s Alley, Ice Climber, Kung Fu, Pinball, Soccer, Stack-Up, Tennis, Wild Gunman, Wrecking Crew, and Super Mario Bros. Some varieties of these launch games contained Famicom chips with an adapter inside the cartridge so they would play on North American consoles, which is why the title screen of Gyromite has the Famicom title 'Robot Gyro' and the title screen of Stack-Up has the Famicom title 'Robot Block'.
    By 1988, industry observers stated that the NES's popularity had grown so quickly that the market for Nintendo cartridges was larger than that for all home computer software. Compute! reported in 1989 that Nintendo had sold seven million NES systems in 1988, almost as many as the number of Commodore 64s sold in its first five years. 'Computer game makers [are] scared stiff', the magazine said, stating that Nintendo's popularity caused most competitors to have poor sales during the previous Christmas and resulted in serious financial problems for some.
    The NES was released after the 'video game crash' of the early 1980s, when many retailers and adults regarded electronic games as a passing fad, so many believed at first that the NES would soon fade. Before the NES/Famicom, Nintendo was known as a moderately successful Japanese toy and playing card manufacturer, but the popularity of the NES/Famicom helped the company grow into an internationally recognized name almost synonymous with video games and set the stage for Japanese dominance of the video game industry. With the NES, Nintendo also changed the relationship between console manufacturers and third-party software developers by restricting developers from publishing and distributing software without licensed approval. This led to higher quality software titles, which helped change the attitude of a public that had grown weary from poorly produced titles for earlier game systems.
    On August 14, 1995, Nintendo discontinued the Nintendo Entertainment System in both North America and Europe.The Famicom was originally discontinued in September 2003. Nintendo offered repair service for the Famicom in Japan until 2007.

Alphabetical list of the games for NES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
10-Yard Fight 1985 50564x 67%
11 in 1 Ball Series 1993 15767x 55%
115 in 1 1992 65424x 66%
12 in 1 1994 7739x 76%
1942 1984 135650x 71%
1943 1987 90928x 70%
20 in 1 1991 18571x 66%
22 + 1 in 1 1991 21956x 63%
31 in 1 1991 27420x 73%
42 in 1 1991 32093x 57%
45 in 1 1998 7132x 66%
58 in 1 1993 10722x 51%
64 in 1 1991 125736x 67%
720º 1986 1030x 63%
76 in 1 1990 7276x 80%
8 Eyes 1988 59164x 57%
Action 52 1991 6610x 55%
Addams Family, The 1991 34935x 70%
Adventure Island 1986 237047x 70%
Adventure Island II 1991 79542x 72%
Adventure Island III 1992 109751x 74%
Adventures of Bayou Billy 1988 17641x 56%
Adventures of Lolo 1987 86777x 66%
Adventures of Lolo 2 1990 35782x 66%
Adventures of Lolo 3 1991 36893x 71%
After Burner II 1987 926x 60%
Airwolf 1988 27592x 61%
Alien 3 1992 18412x 65%
All Night Nippon SMB 1986 0x 68%
Alpha Mission 1985 3981x 75%
Altered Beast 1988 16819x 57%
Antarctic Adventure 1983 50371x 72%
Archon 1983 33837x 72%
Argus 1986 16063x 65%
Arkanoid 1986 139964x 71%
Arkanoid II 1987 31172x 69%
Astyanax 1989 2967x 77%
Athena 1986 9075x 67%
B-Wings 1984 44050x 64%
Back to the Future 1989 31694x 49%
Bad Dudes 1988 34533x 64%
Badminton 1988 12496x 69%
Ballblazer 1985 5820x 49%
Balloon Fight 1984 104648x 74%
Banana 1986 2444x 61%
Bard’s Tale 1 1985 2178x 60%
Baseball 1983 149733x 71%
Baseball Stars 1989 68996x 71%
Batman 1989 81134x 78%
Batman Returns 1992 7327x 54%
Battle Chess 1988 39344x 65%
Battle City 1985 1086244x 75%
Battleship 1993 36205x 69%
Battletoads 1991 91526x 73%
Battletoads & Double Dragon 1993 38460x 75%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 3351x 51%
Binary Land 1985 36644x 70%
Bionic Commando 1987 26458x 79%
Bird Week 1986 5796x 39%
Blades of Steel 1988 80341x 79%
Blaster Master 1988 28881x 70%
Block Force 1990 3605x 63%
Bokosuka Wars 1983 17896x 55%
Bomberman 1985 1705431x 66%
Bomberman II 1991 195759x 73%
Boulder Dash 1984 69399x 65%
Bubble Bath Babes 1991 57519x 56%
Bubble Bobble 1986 203791x 69%
Bugs Bunny 1989 57075x 72%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 73353x 63%
BurgerTime 1982 97450x 75%
Caesars Palace 1992 16075x 51%
California Games 1987 19835x 62%
Captain Comic 1988 7335x 62%
Captain Skyhawk 1989 8019x 71%
Casino Kid 1989 3804x 72%
Castelian 1987 16972x 61%
Castlequest 1985 17043x 76%
Castlevania 1986 199108x 80%
Castlevania II 1987 69358x 72%
Castlevania III 1989 55631x 82%
Chack’n Pop 1983 20309x 56%
Challenger 1985 16493x 72%
Championship Bowling 1989 23561x 71%
Championship Karate 1992 9096x 55%
Championship Lode Runner 1984 60302x 77%
Chase H.Q. 1988 44976x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 20380x 73%
Chiller 1986 19299x 50%
Chip ’N Dale 1990 110867x 75%
Chip ’N Dale 2 1993 57709x 76%
Choplifter 1982 18724x 63%
Chubby Cherub 1985 8775x 66%
Circus Charlie 1984 317833x 71%
City Connection 1985 35875x 69%
Cliffhanger 1993 13262x 68%
Clu Clu Land 1984 27498x 73%
Commando 1985 36155x 59%
Contra 1987 1427563x 72%
Contra Force 1992 96463x 73%
Crazy Climber 1980 13381x 56%
Crystalis 1990 35532x 68%
Darkwing Duck 1992 35012x 78%
Defender II 1981 27754x 81%
Devil World 1984 20108x 63%
Die Hard 1991 20580x 63%
Dig Dug 1982 635911x 75%
Dig Dug II 1985 47139x 79%
Dirty Harry 1990 5672x 71%
Disney's DuckTales 1989 92906x 69%
Disney's DuckTales 2 1993 12837x 73%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 92438x 71%
Dizzy: Prince of the Yolkfolk 1991 2325x 50%
Dokidoki Panic 1987 3773x 74%
Donkey Kong 1981 0x 66%
Donkey Kong 3 1983 0x 72%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 0x 68%
Donkey Kong Jr. Math 1985 0x 69%
Door Door 1985 19614x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 179039x 65%
Double Dragon II 1990 105529x 73%
Double Dragon III 1990 59398x 71%
Double Dribble 1987 67040x 71%
Dough Boy 1984 10737x 53%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 19638x 66%
Dragon Ball 1986 12707x 70%
Dragon Spirit 1987 18578x 78%
Dragon Warrior 1986 72742x 81%
Dragon Warrior II 1987 20713x 75%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 14840x 82%
Dragon Warrior IV 1990 1618x 70%
Dragon’s Lair 1989 31032x 61%
Duck Hunt 1984 129850x 80%
Egypt 1991 6519x 46%
Elevator Action 1983 62902x 71%
Eliminator Boat Duel 1991 11843x 67%
Elite 1984 12546x 78%
Esper Dream 1987 7396x 71%
Excitebike 1984 220558x 76%
Exed Exes 1985 1721x 62%
Exerion 1983 23760x 66%
F-1 Race 1984 0x 54%
F-15 Strike Eagle 1985 26477x 72%
Fantastic Dizzy 1993 24371x 72%
Fantasy Zone 1986 4137x 74%
Faxanadu 1987 22397x 76%
Felix the Cat 1992 128372x 72%
Fester’s Quest 1989 14292x 64%
Field Combat 1985 23779x 83%
Final Fantasy 1987 102114x 80%
Final Fantasy II 1988 47813x 80%
Final Fantasy III 1990 36460x 82%
Final Lap 1987 16862x 63%
Flappy 1983 22912x 79%
Flipull 1989 6893x 64%
Formation Z 1984 18077x 70%
Formula One: Built to Win 1990 5447x 73%
Friday the 13th 1989 58734x 65%
Front Line 1982 34859x 68%
Galaga 1981 575839x 75%
Galaxian 1979 182372x 69%
Galivan 1988 1645x 73%
Ganbare Goemon! 1986 6285x 60%
Gargoyle's Quest II 1992 10658x 60%
Gauntlet 1985 22004x 71%
Gauntlet II 1986 16673x 70%
Geimos 1985 12034x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 25820x 58%
Ghosts ’N Goblins 1985 91255x 70%
Goal! 1988 36302x 76%
Gold Medal Challenge 1992 26976x 77%
Golf 1984 47035x 79%
Gomoku Narabe Renju 1983 15888x 71%
Gotcha! The Sport! 1987 2372x 70%
Gradius 1985 64193x 77%
Gradius II 1988 15449x 72%
Gremlins 2 1990 6912x 67%
Guerrilla War 1987 27846x 79%
Gun.Smoke 1987 45460x 76%
Gyromite 1985 23414x 67%
Gyruss 1983 30627x 74%
Hello Kitty World 1992 8463x 65%
Hogan's Alley 1984 12556x 63%
Hokuto no Ken 1986 5996x 60%
Home Alone 1991 25488x 74%
Honey Peach 1990 24485x 45%
Hot Slots 1991 33636x 38%
Hudson Hawk 1991 15588x 66%
Hyper Sports 1984 3648x 76%
Ice Climber 1985 172964x 71%
Ice Hockey 1988 53640x 71%
Igo 1987 13284x 56%
Ikari Warriors 1986 33791x 62%
Ikki 1985 16969x 66%
Indiana Jones 1987 17501x 61%
Indiana Jones and ... 1989 20276x 60%
Indy Heat 1991 29052x 76%
Ironman 1989 18494x 60%
Jackal 1986 67762x 78%
Jackie Chan 1990 11943x 74%
Jaws 1987 37469x 69%
Jeopardy! 1988 18848x 60%
Jeopardy! Junior Edition 1989 13412x 63%
Joe & Mac 1991 2244x 58%
Journey to Silius 1990 16295x 70%
Joust 1982 59337x 76%
Jurassic Park 1993 32443x 79%
Kabuki 1990 13464x 65%
Karate Champ 1984 42188x 61%
Karateka 1984 57584x 66%
Kick Master 1992 8643x 81%
Kickle Cubicle 1988 9891x 71%
Kid Icarus 1986 56574x 79%
Kid Niki 1986 2934x 82%
King Kong 2 1986 3160x 52%
Kings of the Beach 1988 26689x 81%
King’s Quest V 1990 23074x 74%
Kirby’s Adventure 1993 138092x 79%
Knight Move 1990 9487x 73%
Knight Rider 1988 18533x 50%
Knightmare II 1987 11186x 76%
Krion Conquest 1990 16414x 72%
Kung Fu 2 1991 26484x 76%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 143387x 73%
Last Ninja 2 1988 1416x 75%
Legend of Kage, The 1986 81565x 77%
Lemmings 1991 35226x 57%
Life Force 1986 33349x 82%
Lion King, The 1994 23735x 76%
Little Nemo 1990 31719x 75%
Little Samson 1992 3498x 76%
Lode Runner 1983 296891x 75%
Lunar Ball 1985 49054x 70%
M.U.L.E. 1983 10653x 66%
M.U.S.C.L.E. 1985 35450x 71%
Mach Rider 1985 32233x 77%
Macross 1985 21916x 72%
MagMax 1985 4022x 70%
Magic Jewelry 1990 201585x 76%
Magic of Scheherazade 1987 17499x 61%
Mahjong 1983 17269x 54%
Maniac Mansion 1987 31230x 80%
Mappy 1983 347324x 80%
Mappy Kids 1989 8874x 70%
Mappy Land 1986 31506x 78%
Marble Madness 1984 32968x 77%
Mario & Yoshi 1991 34869x 73%
Mario Bros. 1983 0x 70%
Mario is Missing! 1992 32578x 67%
Maxi-15 Pack 1992 9570x 57%
Mega Man 1987 205022x 73%
Mega Man 2 1988 164723x 80%
Mega Man 3 1990 89327x 82%
Mega Man 4 1991 62164x 80%
Mega Man 5 1992 58453x 80%
Mega Man 6 1993 57361x 77%
Metal Gear 1987 51538x 70%
Metroid 1986 0x 75%
Mickey Mousecapade 1987 29178x 68%
Micro Machines 1991 46937x 72%
Might and Magic: Book I 1986 19268x 69%
Mighty Bomb Jack 1986 4687x 66%
Mighty Final Fight 1993 47756x 81%
Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! 1987 764287x 84%
Millipede 1982 23447x 72%
Milon's Secret Castle 1986 3627x 57%
Mission: Impossible 1990 21041x 66%
Monopoly 1987 71431x 79%
Monster Party 1989 12468x 76%
Monster in My Pocket 1992 32183x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 72631x 71%
NARC 1988 20421x 59%
New Zealand Story 1989 25484x 70%
Nightmare on Elm Street 1989 37748x 64%
Nightshade 1992 6433x 49%
Ninja Gaiden 1988 107785x 79%
Ninja Gaiden II 1990 33637x 80%
Ninja Gaiden III 1991 38401x 81%
Ninja Jajamaru-kun 1985 4899x 83%
Ninja Kid 1986 5966x 77%
Ninja-Kun 1984 21424x 71%
North & South 1989 33148x 70%
Nuts & Milk 1984 60870x 76%
Operation Wolf 1987 18330x 64%
Othello 1988 23080x 71%
P.O.W.: Prisoners of War 1988 27764x 62%
Pac-Land 1985 71420x 63%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 71%
Pac-Mania 1988 37433x 75%
Pachicom 1985 3676x 54%
Palamedes 1990 17726x 61%
Paperboy 1984 99514x 71%
Paperboy 2 1991 13656x 62%
Peek-A-Boo Poker 1990 26332x 68%
Penguin Wars 1985 19057x 79%
Pinball 1984 47798x 72%
Pipe Mania 1988 21110x 73%
Pirates! 1984 21903x 75%
Pooyan 1982 52058x 77%
Popeye 1982 128016x 70%
Predator 1987 18126x 55%
Prince of Persia 1989 36425x 69%
Pro Wrestling 1986 37545x 60%
Q*bert 1982 70709x 63%
Qix 1981 23456x 60%
R.B.I. Baseball 1988 94638x 80%
R.C. Pro-Am 1988 38234x 79%
Rad Action 1987 2161x 63%
Rad Racer 1987 51253x 68%
Raid on Bungeling Bay 1984 16735x 56%
Rainbow Islands 1987 21857x 69%
Rambo 1988 19474x 47%
Rampage 1986 50532x 75%
Renegade 1986 25090x 65%
River City Ransom 1989 36058x 80%
Road Fighter 1984 248090x 69%
Road Runner 1985 32203x 68%
Robin Hood 1991 19283x 73%
RoboCop 1988 38216x 71%
RoboCop 2 1991 20520x 64%
RoboCop 3 1992 13007x 69%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 9675x 53%
RoboWarrior 1987 17443x 64%
Rockin’ Kats 1991 15034x 73%
Route-16 Turbo 1985 10368x 44%
Rush’n Attack 1986 45781x 73%
Rygar 1986 32416x 64%
SMB: Lost Levels 1986 0x 70%
Sasa 1984 10236x 65%
Section-Z 1985 14497x 64%
Shadow of the Ninja 1990 27845x 73%
Shadowgate 1987 24237x 73%
Shanghai 1986 14146x 59%
Side Pocket 1987 24962x 70%
SilkWorm 1988 5580x 58%
Simpsons: Bart vs. ... 1991 49069x 67%
Simpsons: Bart vs. World 1991 27286x 52%
Simpsons: Bartman ... 1992 19093x 63%
Skate or Die 1988 30818x 67%
Ski or Die 1990 25725x 69%
Sky Destroyer 1985 42657x 86%
Sky Kid 1985 17520x 82%
Slalom 1987 14996x 60%
Snake Rattle N Roll 1990 16265x 74%
Snake's Revenge 1990 9074x 61%
Snow Brothers 1990 119061x 68%
Soccer 1985 50586x 69%
Solitaire 1992 8031x 63%
Solomon’s Key 1986 46587x 80%
Solomon’s Key 2 1992 17938x 78%
Sonic the Hedgehog 1991 49580x 61%
Space Harrier 1985 412x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 50720x 63%
Spelunker 1983 34571x 69%
Spider-Man: Return of ... 1992 43864x 73%
Splatterhouse 1989 15632x 65%
Spy Hunter 1983 40910x 73%
Spy vs Spy 1984 44885x 73%
Sqoon 1986 2280x 53%
Star Force 1984 52695x 77%
Star Luster 1985 14250x 72%
Star Soldier 1986 16817x 77%
Star Trek: 25th Anniversary 1991 2647x 57%
Star Wars 1987 21557x 66%
Star Wars 1991 29669x 74%
StarTropics 1990 18508x 71%
Stinger 1987 14757x 60%
Street Fighter 2010 1990 2308x 68%
Strider 1989 14818x 69%
Super Arabian 1983 28401x 72%
Super Big 7 in 1 1993 2458x 77%
Super C 1990 178364x 77%
Super Lode Runner 1987 8065x 57%
Super Mario Bros. 1985 0x 70%
Super Mario Bros. 2 1988 0x 66%
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 0x 70%
Super Mario Bros. Sp. 1986 0x 67%
Super Pitfall 1987 30562x 56%
Super Robin Hood 1986 29454x 74%
Super Sprint 1986 31255x 67%
Super Turrican 1992 2309x 55%
Superman 1987 12623x 58%
Sweet Home 1989 25933x 66%
Sword Master 1992 14337x 65%
TMNT II: The Arcade Game 1990 74360x 72%
TMNT III: The Manhattan ... 1991 72702x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 76973x 76%
Tag Team Wrestling 1983 7366x 53%
Tank 1990 1990 47030x 75%
Tecmo Bowl 1987 103829x 78%
Tecmo NBA Basketball 1992 10059x 78%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 88680x 83%
Tecmo World Wrestling 1990 3864x 73%
Teenage Mutant Ninja ... 1989 125869x 67%
Tennis 1983 110608x 75%
Terminator 2 1991 28956x 71%
Tetris 1989 1231112x 81%
Tetris 1988 89865x 79%
Tetris 1986 60648x 66%
Tetris 2 1993 19017x 58%
Tetris Zero 2012 5624x 72%
The Battle of Olympus 1988 24710x 61%
The Black Onyx 1984 10442x 59%
The Flintstones 1991 47285x 69%
The Goonies 1986 49594x 70%
The Goonies II 1987 12004x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 30018x 70%
The Karate Kid 1987 35155x 70%
The Legend of Zelda 1986 0x 77%
The Lone Ranger 1991 3153x 63%
The Terminator 1992 24983x 69%
The Tower of Druaga 1984 24861x 79%
The Transformers 1986 7348x 69%
Thexder 1985 7097x 68%
Tiny Toon Adventures 1991 110928x 70%
Toobin’ 1988 13524x 76%
Top Gun 1987 29741x 80%
Total Recall 1990 12265x 65%
Track & Field 1984 145649x 67%
Tsuppari Oozumou 1987 2208x 60%
TwinBee 1985 63685x 73%
Uninvited 1986 834x 50%
Urban Champion 1984 39970x 72%
Valkyrie no Bōken 1986 4235x 73%
Vindicators 1988 17623x 61%
Volguard II 1985 10952x 64%
Volleyball 1986 30355x 71%
Vs. Excitebike 1988 20471x 74%
Wacky Races 1992 22758x 67%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 71%
Warpman 1985 20333x 65%
Wheel of Fortune 1988 18542x 70%
Wild Ball 1988 47726x 51%
Wild Gunman 1984 20088x 68%
Willow 1989 22476x 69%
Winter Games 1985 18372x 52%
Wizardry 1981 22492x 72%
Wizards & Warriors 1987 28082x 79%
Wrecking Crew 1985 53139x 70%
Xenophobe 1988 18078x 63%
Xevious 1982 55667x 79%
Yie Ar Kung-Fu 1985 92605x 71%
Yo! Noid 1990 32224x 70%
Young Indiana Jones ... 1992 8049x 66%
Zelda II 1987 0x 72%
Zippy Race 1985 44855x 68%
Zoda’s Revenge 1994 8389x 66%

Text of this article is almost verbatim copy from www.wikipedia.org.


Nintendo Entertainment System (left) and
Nintendo Family Computer (right)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Third (8-bit era)
Retail availability: July 1983 (Japan)
October 1985 (USA)
September 1986 (Europe)
January 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: August 1995 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 62 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 2A03 8-bit
(MOS Technology 6502 core)
Screen resolution: 256 x 240
Colors: 48 (max 25 simultaneously)
Controller input: gamepad (cross + 2 buttons)
zapper (light gun)
power glove, ...
Manual: Nintendo_NES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario Bros. (40 million)
Predecessor: Color TV Game (1977)
Successor: Super Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)


The most common NES game controller. It utilized the cross-shaped joypad, two round buttons
labeled 'A' and 'B', a 'START' button
and a 'SELECT' button.


The NES Zapper, a light gun accessory.


ROM cartridge for the NES console
with the game The Legend of Zelda.

 

Most popular NES games:

NES: Super Mario Bros. Super Mario Bros.

NES: Super Mario Bros. 2 Super Mario Bros. 2

NES: Super Mario Bros. 3 Super Mario Bros. 3

NES: Bomberman Bomberman

NES: Battle City Battle City

NES: Contra Contra

NES: Dig Dug Dig Dug

NES: Mappy Mappy

NES: Lode Runner Lode Runner

NES: Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!

NES: Galaga Galaga

NES: Donkey Kong Donkey Kong

NES: The Legend of Zelda The Legend of Zelda

NES: Circus Charlie Circus Charlie

NES: Mario Bros. Mario Bros.

NES: Road Fighter Road Fighter

NES: Excitebike Excitebike

NES: Arkanoid Arkanoid

NES: Kung-Fu Master Kung-Fu Master

NES: Hudson's Adventure Island Hudson's Adventure Island


 

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