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Video game console - Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)

   The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo. The best-selling gaming console of its time, the NES helped revitalize the US video game industry following the video game crash of 1983. With the NES, Nintendo introduced a now-standard business model of licensing third-party developers, authorizing them to produce and distribute titles for Nintendo's platform. It was initially released in Japan as the Family Computer (also known by the portmanteau abbreviation Famicom) on July 15, 1983, and was later released in North America during 1985, in Europe during 1986, and Australia in 1987.
    Following a series of arcade game successes in the early 1980s, Nintendo made plans to create a cartridge-based console called the Famicom, which is short for Family Computer. Masayuki Uemura designed the system. Original plans called for an advanced 16-bit system which would function as a full-fledged computer with a keyboard and floppy disk drive, but Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi rejected this and instead decided to go for a cheaper, more conventional cartridge-based game console as he felt that features such as keyboards and disks were intimidating to non-technophiles. A test model was constructed in October 1982 to verify the functionality of the hardware, after which work began on programming tools. Because 65xx CPUs had not been manufactured or sold in Japan up to that time, no cross-development software was available and it had to be produced from scratch. Early Famicom games were written on a system that ran on an NEC PC-8001 computer and LEDs on a grid were used with a digitizer to design graphics as no software design tools for this purpose existed at that time.
    The console was released on July 15, 1983 as the Family Computer (or Famicom for short) for ¥14,800 alongside three ports of Nintendo's successful arcade games Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr. and Popeye. The Famicom was slow to gather momentum; a bad chip set caused the initial release of the system to crash. Following a product recall and a reissue with a new motherboard, the Famicom’s popularity soared, becoming the best-selling game console in Japan by the end of 1984.
    Encouraged by this success, Nintendo turned its attention to the North American market, entering into negotiations with Atari to release the Famicom under Atari’s name as the Nintendo Advanced Video Gaming System. The deal was set to be finalized and signed at the Summer Consumer Electronics Show in June 1983. However, Atari discovered at that show that its competitor Coleco was illegally demonstrating its Coleco Adam computer with Nintendo's Donkey Kong game. This violation of Atari's exclusive license with Nintendo to publish the game for its own computer systems delayed the implementation of Nintendo's game console marketing contract with Atari. Atari's CEO Ray Kassar was fired the next month, so the deal went nowhere, and Nintendo decided to market its system on its own.
    Subsequent plans to market a Famicom console in North America featuring a keyboard, cassette data recorder, wireless joystick controller and a special BASIC cartridge under the name 'Nintendo Advanced Video System' likewise never materialized. By the beginning of 1985, the Famicom had sold more than 2.5 million units in Japan and Nintendo soon announced plans to release it in North America as the Advanced Video Entertainment System (AVS) that same year. The American video game press was skeptical that the console could have any success in the region, with the March 1985 issue of Electronic Games magazine stating that 'the videogame market in America has virtually disappeared' and that 'this could be a miscalculation on Nintendo's part.'
    At June 1985's Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Nintendo unveiled the American version of its Famicom, with a new case redesigned by Lance Barr and featuring a 'zero insertion force' cartridge slot. This is the system which would eventually be officially deployed as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or the colloquial 'NES'. Nintendo seeded these first systems to limited American test markets starting in New York City on October 18, 1985, and following up with a full-fledged North American release in February of the following year. The nationwide release was in September 1986. Nintendo released 17 launch titles: 10-Yard Fight, Baseball, Clu Clu Land, Duck Hunt, Excitebike, Golf, Gyromite, Hogan’s Alley, Ice Climber, Kung Fu, Pinball, Soccer, Stack-Up, Tennis, Wild Gunman, Wrecking Crew, and Super Mario Bros. Some varieties of these launch games contained Famicom chips with an adapter inside the cartridge so they would play on North American consoles, which is why the title screen of Gyromite has the Famicom title 'Robot Gyro' and the title screen of Stack-Up has the Famicom title 'Robot Block'.
    By 1988, industry observers stated that the NES's popularity had grown so quickly that the market for Nintendo cartridges was larger than that for all home computer software. Compute! reported in 1989 that Nintendo had sold seven million NES systems in 1988, almost as many as the number of Commodore 64s sold in its first five years. 'Computer game makers [are] scared stiff', the magazine said, stating that Nintendo's popularity caused most competitors to have poor sales during the previous Christmas and resulted in serious financial problems for some.
    The NES was released after the 'video game crash' of the early 1980s, when many retailers and adults regarded electronic games as a passing fad, so many believed at first that the NES would soon fade. Before the NES/Famicom, Nintendo was known as a moderately successful Japanese toy and playing card manufacturer, but the popularity of the NES/Famicom helped the company grow into an internationally recognized name almost synonymous with video games and set the stage for Japanese dominance of the video game industry. With the NES, Nintendo also changed the relationship between console manufacturers and third-party software developers by restricting developers from publishing and distributing software without licensed approval. This led to higher quality software titles, which helped change the attitude of a public that had grown weary from poorly produced titles for earlier game systems.
    On August 14, 1995, Nintendo discontinued the Nintendo Entertainment System in both North America and Europe.The Famicom was originally discontinued in September 2003. Nintendo offered repair service for the Famicom in Japan until 2007.

Alphabetical list of the games for NES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
10-Yard Fight 1985 48428x 67%
11 in 1 Ball Series 1993 14835x 53%
115 in 1 1992 60620x 66%
12 in 1 1994 5875x 81%
1942 1984 130201x 71%
1943 1987 87921x 70%
20 in 1 1991 17647x 66%
22 + 1 in 1 1991 20800x 64%
31 in 1 1991 26084x 73%
42 in 1 1991 30262x 57%
45 in 1 1998 5470x 67%
58 in 1 1993 9551x 51%
64 in 1 1991 119267x 67%
76 in 1 1990 5637x 84%
8 Eyes 1988 56463x 56%
Action 52 1991 5376x 56%
Addams Family, The 1991 33610x 70%
Adventure Island 1986 229035x 71%
Adventure Island II 1991 76344x 71%
Adventure Island III 1992 91281x 74%
Adventures of Bayou Billy 1988 16082x 56%
Adventures of Lolo 1987 83679x 65%
Adventures of Lolo 2 1990 34646x 66%
Adventures of Lolo 3 1991 35600x 69%
After Burner II 1987 402x 60%
Airwolf 1988 25794x 62%
Alien 3 1992 17782x 65%
All Night Nippon SMB 1986 0x 69%
Alpha Mission 1985 3317x 75%
Altered Beast 1988 15995x 57%
Antarctic Adventure 1983 48669x 72%
Archon 1983 32273x 70%
Argus 1986 15385x 65%
Arkanoid 1986 134602x 70%
Arkanoid II 1987 29363x 69%
Astyanax 1989 2242x 77%
Athena 1986 8220x 67%
B-Wings 1984 42482x 64%
Back to the Future 1989 30240x 48%
Bad Dudes 1988 32987x 64%
Badminton 1988 11894x 66%
Ballblazer 1985 5380x 52%
Balloon Fight 1984 101139x 74%
Banana 1986 1762x 57%
Bard’s Tale 1 1985 1566x 40%
Baseball 1983 143222x 71%
Baseball Stars 1989 64767x 71%
Batman 1989 78025x 78%
Batman Returns 1992 6622x 47%
Battle Chess 1988 37654x 65%
Battle City 1985 1033805x 74%
Battleship 1993 34758x 70%
Battletoads 1991 87942x 74%
Battletoads & Double Dragon 1993 36762x 76%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 2838x 51%
Binary Land 1985 35547x 70%
Bionic Commando 1987 25321x 78%
Bird Week 1986 5147x 39%
Blades of Steel 1988 78113x 79%
Blaster Master 1988 27637x 69%
Block Force 1990 2863x 63%
Bokosuka Wars 1983 17081x 52%
Bomberman 1985 1648128x 66%
Bomberman II 1991 191080x 73%
Boulder Dash 1984 67562x 64%
Bubble Bath Babes 1991 55677x 55%
Bubble Bobble 1986 192924x 69%
Bugs Bunny 1989 54080x 72%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 71356x 63%
BurgerTime 1982 92769x 74%
Caesars Palace 1992 14129x 49%
California Games 1987 19066x 60%
Captain Comic 1988 6431x 64%
Captain Skyhawk 1989 7436x 71%
Casino Kid 1989 3079x 72%
Castelian 1987 16406x 61%
Castlequest 1985 16018x 76%
Castlevania 1986 176334x 80%
Castlevania II 1987 58393x 72%
Castlevania III 1989 53051x 83%
Chack’n Pop 1983 19717x 58%
Challenger 1985 15852x 72%
Championship Bowling 1989 22638x 72%
Championship Karate 1992 8528x 55%
Championship Lode Runner 1984 58745x 78%
Chase H.Q. 1988 43501x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 19595x 72%
Chiller 1986 18264x 51%
Chip ’N Dale 1990 106518x 74%
Chip ’N Dale 2 1993 55660x 76%
Choplifter 1982 17906x 65%
Chubby Cherub 1985 8220x 66%
Circus Charlie 1984 305513x 71%
City Connection 1985 34429x 70%
Cliffhanger 1993 12692x 68%
Clu Clu Land 1984 26688x 73%
Commando 1985 34782x 59%
Contra 1987 1336342x 73%
Contra Force 1992 91742x 73%
Crazy Climber 1980 12465x 54%
Crystalis 1990 34286x 68%
Darkwing Duck 1992 32978x 77%
Defender II 1981 26614x 81%
Devil World 1984 19343x 62%
Die Hard 1991 19626x 73%
Dig Dug 1982 614798x 75%
Dig Dug II 1985 45532x 79%
Dirty Harry 1990 5115x 71%
Disney's DuckTales 1989 89636x 69%
Disney's DuckTales 2 1993 11372x 72%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 88765x 71%
Dizzy: Prince of the Yolkfolk 1991 2010x 50%
Dokidoki Panic 1987 2572x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 0x 66%
Donkey Kong 3 1983 0x 72%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 0x 68%
Donkey Kong Jr. Math 1985 0x 69%
Door Door 1985 18921x 68%
Double Dragon 1987 162069x 64%
Double Dragon II 1990 100906x 72%
Double Dragon III 1990 57111x 71%
Double Dribble 1987 64763x 71%
Dough Boy 1984 10251x 53%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 19005x 66%
Dragon Ball 1986 11588x 71%
Dragon Spirit 1987 17895x 77%
Dragon Warrior 1986 68994x 81%
Dragon Warrior II 1987 19590x 76%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 13795x 83%
Dragon Warrior IV 1990 576x 80%
Dragon’s Lair 1989 29625x 61%
Duck Hunt 1984 121305x 80%
Egypt 1991 5979x 46%
Elevator Action 1983 60636x 71%
Eliminator Boat Duel 1991 11156x 71%
Elite 1984 11439x 79%
Esper Dream 1987 6880x 71%
Excitebike 1984 212213x 77%
Exed Exes 1985 1288x 62%
Exerion 1983 22946x 65%
F-1 Race 1984 0x 54%
F-15 Strike Eagle 1985 25550x 72%
Fantastic Dizzy 1993 23613x 72%
Fantasy Zone 1986 3735x 74%
Faxanadu 1987 21243x 73%
Felix the Cat 1992 124902x 72%
Fester’s Quest 1989 13494x 63%
Field Combat 1985 22716x 83%
Final Fantasy 1987 96582x 80%
Final Fantasy II 1988 45900x 80%
Final Fantasy III 1990 34536x 80%
Final Lap 1987 16126x 61%
Flappy 1983 21931x 78%
Flipull 1989 6270x 63%
Formation Z 1984 17477x 71%
Formula One: Built to Win 1990 4815x 71%
Friday the 13th 1989 56209x 66%
Front Line 1982 33850x 70%
Galaga 1981 553535x 75%
Galaxian 1979 176855x 69%
Galivan 1988 1242x 73%
Ganbare Goemon! 1986 5644x 70%
Gargoyle's Quest II 1992 9910x 60%
Gauntlet 1985 21004x 71%
Gauntlet II 1986 15863x 70%
Geimos 1985 11463x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 24602x 59%
Ghosts ’N Goblins 1985 87771x 70%
Goal! 1988 34162x 76%
Gold Medal Challenge 1992 25760x 77%
Golf 1984 44466x 79%
Gomoku Narabe Renju 1983 15373x 71%
Gotcha! The Sport! 1987 1813x 70%
Gradius 1985 62204x 76%
Gradius II 1988 14762x 72%
Gremlins 2 1990 6148x 65%
Guerrilla War 1987 26643x 79%
Gun.Smoke 1987 43551x 76%
Gyromite 1985 22626x 67%
Gyruss 1983 29307x 72%
Hello Kitty World 1992 7729x 66%
Hogan's Alley 1984 11499x 62%
Hokuto no Ken 1986 5232x 65%
Home Alone 1991 24628x 74%
Honey Peach 1990 23424x 44%
Hot Slots 1991 32642x 38%
Hudson Hawk 1991 15034x 66%
Hyper Sports 1984 2917x 70%
Ice Climber 1985 168042x 71%
Ice Hockey 1988 52049x 71%
Igo 1987 12738x 56%
Ikari Warriors 1986 32671x 62%
Ikki 1985 16294x 66%
Indiana Jones 1987 16826x 61%
Indiana Jones and ... 1989 19573x 60%
Indy Heat 1991 28075x 75%
Ironman 1989 17783x 60%
Jackal 1986 63435x 78%
Jackie Chan 1990 10792x 74%
Jaws 1987 35682x 68%
Jeopardy! 1988 17763x 57%
Jeopardy! Junior Edition 1989 12760x 63%
Joe & Mac 1991 1659x 53%
Journey to Silius 1990 15638x 70%
Joust 1982 56202x 77%
Jurassic Park 1993 31313x 79%
Kabuki 1990 12865x 64%
Karate Champ 1984 40940x 60%
Karateka 1984 55463x 67%
Kick Master 1992 6550x 81%
Kickle Cubicle 1988 9150x 71%
Kid Icarus 1986 54734x 80%
Kid Niki 1986 2315x 82%
King Kong 2 1986 2707x 52%
Kings of the Beach 1988 25358x 82%
King’s Quest V 1990 22251x 74%
Kirby’s Adventure 1993 129346x 79%
Knight Move 1990 8953x 73%
Knight Rider 1988 17502x 51%
Knightmare II 1987 10544x 79%
Krion Conquest 1990 15948x 72%
Kung Fu 2 1991 25346x 75%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 138283x 74%
Last Ninja 2 1988 979x 75%
Legend of Kage, The 1986 78158x 77%
Lemmings 1991 33779x 58%
Life Force 1986 31770x 81%
Lion King, The 1994 22995x 76%
Little Nemo 1990 30244x 75%
Little Samson 1992 2760x 72%
Lode Runner 1983 286618x 75%
Lunar Ball 1985 47674x 70%
M.U.L.E. 1983 9495x 67%
M.U.S.C.L.E. 1985 34297x 71%
Mach Rider 1985 30933x 77%
Macross 1985 20990x 74%
MagMax 1985 3391x 70%
Magic Jewelry 1990 183104x 76%
Magic of Scheherazade 1987 16845x 61%
Mahjong 1983 16321x 53%
Maniac Mansion 1987 29872x 81%
Mappy 1983 336660x 79%
Mappy Kids 1989 8168x 70%
Mappy Land 1986 30594x 79%
Marble Madness 1984 30662x 76%
Mario & Yoshi 1991 33622x 73%
Mario Bros. 1983 0x 70%
Mario is Missing! 1992 24509x 67%
Maxi-15 Pack 1992 8642x 57%
Mega Man 1987 196109x 73%
Mega Man 2 1988 156691x 80%
Mega Man 3 1990 85108x 82%
Mega Man 4 1991 59117x 80%
Mega Man 5 1992 55975x 79%
Mega Man 6 1993 54670x 78%
Metal Gear 1987 49199x 71%
Metroid 1986 0x 75%
Mickey Mousecapade 1987 28070x 68%
Micro Machines 1991 44647x 72%
Might and Magic: Book I 1986 18424x 72%
Mighty Bomb Jack 1986 3826x 60%
Mighty Final Fight 1993 45668x 80%
Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! 1987 717628x 83%
Millipede 1982 22340x 74%
Milon's Secret Castle 1986 2956x 57%
Mission: Impossible 1990 20120x 67%
Monopoly 1987 68448x 79%
Monster Party 1989 11614x 76%
Monster in My Pocket 1992 30684x 81%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 69898x 70%
NARC 1988 19378x 58%
New Zealand Story 1989 24446x 69%
Nightmare on Elm Street 1989 36596x 64%
Nightshade 1992 5936x 49%
Ninja Gaiden 1988 103139x 78%
Ninja Gaiden II 1990 32433x 80%
Ninja Gaiden III 1991 37040x 81%
Ninja Jajamaru-kun 1985 4094x 81%
Ninja Kid 1986 5351x 77%
Ninja-Kun 1984 20377x 70%
North & South 1989 32033x 70%
Nuts & Milk 1984 59095x 74%
Operation Wolf 1987 17540x 60%
Othello 1988 22323x 71%
P.O.W.: Prisoners of War 1988 26634x 62%
Pac-Land 1985 69419x 63%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 71%
Pac-Mania 1988 36302x 74%
Pachicom 1985 3043x 54%
Palamedes 1990 17212x 61%
Paperboy 1984 94268x 72%
Paperboy 2 1991 13027x 61%
Peek-A-Boo Poker 1990 25348x 69%
Penguin Wars 1985 18305x 79%
Pinball 1984 46040x 71%
Pipe Mania 1988 20227x 73%
Pirates! 1984 20112x 75%
Pooyan 1982 50396x 77%
Popeye 1982 124489x 71%
Predator 1987 17443x 54%
Prince of Persia 1989 35197x 68%
Pro Wrestling 1986 36085x 61%
Q*bert 1982 67410x 62%
Qix 1981 22098x 60%
R.B.I. Baseball 1988 89382x 80%
R.C. Pro-Am 1988 36533x 78%
Rad Action 1987 1687x 63%
Rad Racer 1987 48727x 68%
Raid on Bungeling Bay 1984 15895x 54%
Rainbow Islands 1987 19744x 69%
Rambo 1988 18284x 47%
Rampage 1986 47716x 75%
Renegade 1986 23962x 68%
River City Ransom 1989 34231x 81%
Road Fighter 1984 238536x 69%
Road Runner 1985 30358x 66%
Robin Hood 1991 18493x 73%
RoboCop 1988 36742x 71%
RoboCop 2 1991 19567x 64%
RoboCop 3 1992 12307x 68%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 9103x 53%
RoboWarrior 1987 16904x 64%
Rockin’ Kats 1991 14411x 74%
Route-16 Turbo 1985 9723x 61%
Rush’n Attack 1986 43719x 73%
Rygar 1986 31085x 63%
SMB: Lost Levels 1986 0x 70%
Sasa 1984 9639x 65%
Section-Z 1985 13865x 64%
Shadow of the Ninja 1990 26612x 72%
Shadowgate 1987 23174x 73%
Shanghai 1986 13453x 53%
Side Pocket 1987 24140x 70%
SilkWorm 1988 4796x 63%
Simpsons: Bart vs. ... 1991 47611x 66%
Simpsons: Bart vs. World 1991 25189x 52%
Simpsons: Bartman ... 1992 17605x 63%
Skate or Die 1988 29561x 67%
Ski or Die 1990 24776x 66%
Sky Destroyer 1985 40379x 86%
Sky Kid 1985 16628x 82%
Slalom 1987 14380x 60%
Snake Rattle N Roll 1990 15325x 73%
Snake's Revenge 1990 8383x 69%
Snow Brothers 1990 111238x 68%
Soccer 1985 48817x 70%
Solitaire 1992 7436x 63%
Solomon’s Key 1986 44914x 80%
Solomon’s Key 2 1992 17368x 78%
Sonic the Hedgehog 1991 47691x 60%
Space Invaders 1978 48371x 62%
Spelunker 1983 33478x 69%
Spider-Man: Return of ... 1992 41515x 72%
Splatterhouse 1989 14957x 60%
Spy Hunter 1983 38977x 73%
Spy vs Spy 1984 42996x 72%
Sqoon 1986 1706x 75%
Star Force 1984 51047x 77%
Star Luster 1985 13576x 72%
Star Soldier 1986 16022x 77%
Star Trek: 25th Anniversary 1991 1864x 62%
Star Wars 1987 20608x 66%
Star Wars 1991 28499x 75%
StarTropics 1990 17775x 72%
Stinger 1987 14149x 60%
Strider 1989 14271x 69%
Super Arabian 1983 27539x 72%
Super Big 7 in 1 1993 1848x 77%
Super C 1990 167889x 77%
Super Lode Runner 1987 7087x 57%
Super Mario Bros. 1985 0x 70%
Super Mario Bros. 2 1988 0x 66%
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 0x 70%
Super Mario Bros. Sp. 1986 0x 67%
Super Pitfall 1987 29449x 58%
Super Robin Hood 1986 28343x 74%
Super Sprint 1986 29999x 67%
Super Turrican 1992 1784x 55%
Superman 1987 11751x 60%
Sweet Home 1989 24835x 66%
Sword Master 1992 13615x 65%
TMNT II: The Arcade Game 1990 71106x 71%
TMNT III: The Manhattan ... 1991 69778x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 73492x 77%
Tag Team Wrestling 1983 6617x 55%
Tank 1990 1990 30436x 75%
Tecmo Bowl 1987 93124x 79%
Tecmo NBA Basketball 1992 8672x 83%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 81509x 82%
Tecmo World Wrestling 1990 3144x 73%
Teenage Mutant Ninja ... 1989 119753x 67%
Tennis 1983 106208x 75%
Terminator 2 1991 27797x 71%
Tetris 1989 1133067x 81%
Tetris 1988 84566x 79%
Tetris 1986 59335x 66%
Tetris 2 1993 18006x 59%
Tetris Zero 2012 4294x 73%
The Battle of Olympus 1988 22511x 63%
The Black Onyx 1984 9791x 59%
The Flintstones 1991 45666x 69%
The Goonies 1986 47599x 70%
The Goonies II 1987 11095x 56%
The Jungle Book 1994 28730x 70%
The Karate Kid 1987 34040x 70%
The Legend of Zelda 1986 0x 78%
The Lone Ranger 1991 2510x 63%
The Terminator 1992 24087x 71%
The Tower of Druaga 1984 23908x 79%
The Transformers 1986 6510x 69%
Thexder 1985 6482x 65%
Tiny Toon Adventures 1991 105927x 70%
Toobin’ 1988 12812x 76%
Top Gun 1987 27785x 79%
Total Recall 1990 11464x 64%
Track & Field 1984 138432x 67%
Tsuppari Oozumou 1987 1501x 60%
TwinBee 1985 61042x 73%
Urban Champion 1984 38554x 72%
Valkyrie no Bōken 1986 3684x 73%
Vindicators 1988 16851x 61%
Volguard II 1985 10450x 64%
Volleyball 1986 29117x 71%
Vs. Excitebike 1988 19569x 76%
Wacky Races 1992 21702x 65%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 71%
Warpman 1985 19543x 65%
Wheel of Fortune 1988 17379x 70%
Wild Ball 1988 45937x 50%
Wild Gunman 1984 18323x 71%
Willow 1989 21550x 69%
Winter Games 1985 17594x 53%
Wizardry 1981 21384x 70%
Wizards & Warriors 1987 26818x 79%
Wrecking Crew 1985 51520x 71%
Xenophobe 1988 17222x 63%
Xevious 1982 53253x 79%
Yie Ar Kung-Fu 1985 89530x 71%
Yo! Noid 1990 30941x 70%
Young Indiana Jones ... 1992 7411x 66%
Zelda II 1987 0x 72%
Zippy Race 1985 43461x 67%
Zoda’s Revenge 1994 7676x 64%

Text of this article is almost verbatim copy from www.wikipedia.org.


Nintendo Entertainment System (left) and
Nintendo Family Computer (right)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Third (8-bit era)
Retail availability: July 1983 (Japan)
October 1985 (USA)
September 1986 (Europe)
January 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: August 1995 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 62 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 2A03 8-bit
(MOS Technology 6502 core)
Screen resolution: 256 x 240
Colors: 48 (max 25 simultaneously)
Controller input: gamepad (cross + 2 buttons)
zapper (light gun)
power glove, ...
Manual: Nintendo_NES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario Bros. (40 million)
Predecessor: Color TV Game (1977)
Successor: Super Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)


The most common NES game controller. It utilized the cross-shaped joypad, two round buttons
labeled 'A' and 'B', a 'START' button
and a 'SELECT' button.


The NES Zapper, a light gun accessory.


ROM cartridge for the NES console
with the game The Legend of Zelda.

 

Most popular NES games:

NES: Super Mario Bros. Super Mario Bros.

NES: Super Mario Bros. 2 Super Mario Bros. 2

NES: Super Mario Bros. 3 Super Mario Bros. 3

NES: Bomberman Bomberman

NES: Battle City Battle City

NES: Contra Contra

NES: Dig Dug Dig Dug

NES: Mappy Mappy

NES: Lode Runner Lode Runner

NES: Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!! Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!

NES: Galaga Galaga

NES: Donkey Kong Donkey Kong

NES: The Legend of Zelda The Legend of Zelda

NES: Circus Charlie Circus Charlie

NES: Mario Bros. Mario Bros.

NES: Road Fighter Road Fighter

NES: Excitebike Excitebike

NES: Arkanoid Arkanoid

NES: Kung-Fu Master Kung-Fu Master

NES: Hudson's Adventure Island Hudson's Adventure Island


 

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