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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 12437x 42%
Addams Family, The 1991 29082x 60%
Alien 3 1992 21941x 61%
Another World 1991 5675x 83%
Astérix 1993 3567x 52%
Batman & Robin 1994 17930x 72%
BlackThorne 1994 6098x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 8991x 85%
Bust-A-Move 1994 10847x 84%
California Games II 1990 6186x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 7521x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 4460x 64%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 8918x 81%
Championship Karate 1992 7794x 58%
Chessmaster 1989 6690x 80%
Choplifter III 1994 1458x 91%
Chrono Trigger 1995 18462x 86%
Civilization 1991 10718x 83%
Cliffhanger 1993 12353x 70%
Columns 1990 4861x 83%
Contra III 1992 40730x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 5982x 50%
Demolition Man 1995 1261x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 4436x 83%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 9296x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 51964x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 35439x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 8618x 60%
Doom 1993 10556x 76%
Dr. Mario 1990 17357x 72%
Dracula 1993 6723x 84%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 1203x 50%
Dungeon Master 1987 5012x 80%
EarthBound 1994 16789x 89%
Earthworm Jim 1994 7249x 65%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 6423x 75%
F-Zero 1990 21014x 77%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 4908x 85%
Final Fantasy V 1992 1351x 87%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 10390x 77%
Final Fight 1990 97140x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 21321x 68%
Final Fight 3 1995 22017x 69%
First Samurai 1991 5478x 78%
Flashback 1992 3302x 80%
Frogger 1981 7320x 78%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 4398x 85%
Gods 1991 5686x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 3168x 60%
Indiana Jones 1994 11984x 71%
Ironman 1989 5373x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 6951x 85%
Jurassic Park 1993 3624x 81%
Killer Instinct 1994 15085x 68%
Kirby Super Star 1996 27587x 76%
Lamborghini 1992 12189x 64%
Lemmings 1991 12080x 85%
Lion King, The 1994 8583x 86%
Lord of the Rings 1994 9560x 64%
Mario is Missing! 1992 11735x 80%
Mega Man 7 1995 12433x 74%
Mega Man X 1993 19770x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 11657x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 10882x 81%
Mega lo Mania 1991 5185x 84%
Micro Machines 1991 5674x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 5309x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 7724x 65%
Mortal Kombat 1993 15707x 81%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 9285x 71%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 6924x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 18941x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 9364x 84%
NBA Jam 1993 6473x 77%
NHL ’94 1993 5748x 68%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 5229x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 5351x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 3889x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 9696x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 7831x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 7542x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 14754x 84%
Power Rangers 1994 12176x 81%
Prehistorik Man 1995 11504x 77%
Prince of Persia 1989 12418x 81%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 20386x 74%
Pushover 1992 3516x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 7056x 59%
RoboCop 3 1992 2673x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 3090x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 7389x 50%
Secret of Mana 1993 6571x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 7466x 81%
Side Pocket 1987 6353x 76%
SimCity 1989 13677x 77%
SimCity 2000 1993 6055x 68%
Space Invaders 1978 9461x 80%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 9523x 54%
Spider-Man 1994 9053x 69%
Star Fox 1993 12777x 73%
Street Fighter II 1992 76988x 68%
Sunset Riders 1993 8983x 62%
Super Adventure Island 1992 9764x 74%
Super Bomberman 1993 11620x 65%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 15332x 86%
Super Double Dragon 1992 8674x 63%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 3307x 59%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 240654x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 58009x 73%
Super Mario RPG 1996 23490x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 526585x 74%
Super Mario World 2 1995 75234x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 21856x 86%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 33651x 73%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 2092x 80%
Super Star Wars 1992 11949x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 7090x 70%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 28431x 78%
Super Tennis 1991 13289x 70%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 1184x 75%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 19505x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 9872x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 8293x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 18220x 69%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 4898x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 3664x 68%
The Humans 1992 2428x 70%
The Jungle Book 1994 16623x 72%
The Lost Vikings 1992 5667x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 12091x 71%
Top Gear 1992 12131x 70%
Total Carnage 1992 3623x 62%
True Lies 1994 2758x 78%
Virtual Bart 1994 6409x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 12633x 78%
Wario’s Woods 1994 8375x 63%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 1892x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 10250x 84%
Worms 1995 16279x 74%
Young Merlin 1993 4597x 40%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 61457x 81%
Zombies 1993 10440x 72%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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