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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 38825x 55%
ActRaiser 1990 18082x 71%
ActRaiser 2 1993 5232x 75%
Addams Family, The 1991 58139x 61%
Alien 3 1992 40183x 68%
Another World 1991 13356x 76%
Art of Fighting 1992 14649x 59%
Astérix 1993 16590x 73%
Batman & Robin 1994 53497x 73%
Batman Returns 1992 26034x 77%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 5035x 50%
BlackThorne 1994 17032x 79%
Boogerman 1994 2316x 70%
Breath of Fire 1993 24161x 77%
Bust-A-Move 1994 33261x 74%
California Games II 1990 12158x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 14278x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 44505x 68%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 1935x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 35211x 79%
Championship Karate 1992 26291x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 13002x 73%
Choplifter III 1994 14364x 70%
Chrono Trigger 1995 86115x 85%
Civilization 1991 22262x 78%
Cliffhanger 1993 23249x 59%
Columns 1990 9949x 79%
Contra III 1992 146050x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 13037x 64%
Demolition Man 1995 8460x 83%
Demon’s Crest 1994 18671x 78%
Desert Strike 1992 10286x 81%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 14549x 67%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 50006x 70%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 0x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 0x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 0x 73%
Doom 1993 32170x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 70%
Dracula 1993 12875x 67%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 23205x 79%
Dungeon Master 1987 13518x 78%
EarthBound 1994 121872x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 21815x 69%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 11826x 77%
F-Zero 1990 71884x 81%
F1 Pole Position 1992 6497x 83%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 2825x 73%
Fatal Fury 1991 11080x 69%
Fighter's History 1993 10035x 65%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 27614x 82%
Final Fantasy V 1992 21515x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 46332x 82%
Final Fight 1990 216282x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 58991x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 66736x 75%
First Samurai 1991 11059x 71%
Flashback 1992 8449x 80%
Frogger 1981 17613x 74%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 36061x 81%
Gods 1991 11198x 74%
Gradius III 1989 1162x 73%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 13875x 73%
Indiana Jones 1994 26346x 76%
Ironman 1989 13618x 61%
Joe & Mac 1991 794x 70%
Judge Dredd 1995 13473x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 23380x 75%
Killer Instinct 1994 80561x 73%
King of the Monsters 1991 1894x 80%
Kirby Super Star 1996 113651x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 24532x 65%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 3941x 83%
Lemmings 1991 20105x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 43079x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 19618x 69%
Lufia 1993 1397x 50%
Magical Drop 1995 776x 70%
Magical Quest 1992 20552x 70%
Mario is Missing! 1992 35715x 67%
Mega Man 7 1995 55870x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 135965x 79%
Mega Man X2 1994 59496x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 61771x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 10473x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 11441x 76%
Might and Magic II 1988 11122x 68%
Might and Magic III 1991 15557x 60%
Mortal Kombat 1993 79141x 67%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 30782x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 30395x 74%
Mr. Do! 1982 55143x 77%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 23217x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 31062x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 18611x 72%
NHL ’94 1993 19889x 75%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 11979x 60%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 10455x 76%
Paperboy 2 1991 10463x 59%
Pilotwings 1990 28729x 74%
Pinball Dreams 1992 14090x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 13362x 73%
Pitfall IV 1994 39232x 76%
Power Rangers 1994 45604x 68%
Prehistorik Man 1995 30969x 74%
Prince of Persia 1989 34955x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 60932x 70%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 5734x 58%
Pushover 1992 8726x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 17524x 58%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 3953x 52%
RoboCop 3 1992 8679x 57%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 12325x 79%
Samurai Shodown 1993 4678x 77%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 3134x 74%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 21911x 66%
Secret of Evermore 1995 4728x 81%
Secret of Mana 1993 26559x 83%
Sengoku 1991 6851x 76%
Shadowrun 1993 15626x 77%
Shanghai II 1990 1233x 80%
Side Pocket 1987 15678x 76%
SimCity 1989 40410x 81%
SimCity 2000 1993 13926x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 16333x 77%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 26466x 65%
Spider-Man 1994 25953x 73%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 7255x 74%
Star Fox 1993 44893x 78%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 793x 66%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 71800x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 678532x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 112907x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 70296x 71%
Super Adventure Island 1992 26489x 73%
Super Bomberman 1993 99295x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 19099x 76%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 5686x 75%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 53755x 81%
Super Double Dragon 1992 29736x 72%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 36481x 80%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 82%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 150790x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 12608x 60%
Super Star Wars 1992 34291x 81%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 30772x 69%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 13330x 74%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 139950x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 34431x 76%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 9650x 56%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 73850x 76%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 22971x 72%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 21523x 77%
Terminator 2 1991 4662x 70%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 32109x 75%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 79%
Tetris 2 1993 29045x 63%
The Humans 1992 6768x 65%
The Jungle Book 1994 35322x 63%
The Lost Vikings 1992 17901x 72%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 34180x 84%
The Mask 1995 10429x 78%
The Terminator 1993 8673x 59%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 4311x 77%
Top Gear 1992 84198x 73%
Top Gear 2 1993 28684x 73%
Total Carnage 1992 10434x 70%
True Lies 1994 12953x 82%
Virtual Bart 1994 16702x 69%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 53250x 72%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 367x 60%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 10334x 76%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 22843x 76%
World Heroes 1992 2146x 70%
Worms 1995 35340x 67%
Young Merlin 1993 12101x 57%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 68105x 77%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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