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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 42904x 56%
ActRaiser 1990 21082x 70%
ActRaiser 2 1993 7289x 74%
Addams Family, The 1991 61818x 61%
Alien 3 1992 42937x 68%
Another World 1991 14652x 78%
Art of Fighting 1992 20492x 61%
Astérix 1993 18694x 73%
Batman & Robin 1994 58108x 74%
Batman Returns 1992 30012x 77%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 6675x 49%
BlackThorne 1994 18630x 75%
Boogerman 1994 3791x 56%
Breath of Fire 1993 26858x 78%
Bust-A-Move 1994 36079x 74%
California Games II 1990 13116x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 15400x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 50300x 68%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 2717x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 38754x 77%
Championship Karate 1992 29004x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 14187x 78%
Choplifter III 1994 15888x 71%
Chrono Trigger 1995 98465x 86%
Civilization 1991 24590x 79%
Cliffhanger 1993 24772x 59%
Columns 1990 10763x 79%
Contra III 1992 165712x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 15233x 61%
Demolition Man 1995 10392x 86%
Demon’s Crest 1994 20963x 79%
Desert Strike 1992 12369x 80%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 19062x 68%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 57518x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 0x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 0x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 0x 73%
Doom 1993 34977x 74%
Double Dragon V 1994 3307x 69%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 13812x 67%
Dragon Quest I & II 1993 826x 68%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 26408x 81%
Dungeon Master 1987 14572x 78%
EarthBound 1994 144422x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 23669x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 12730x 77%
F-Zero 1990 79007x 81%
F1 Pole Position 1992 8574x 74%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 3880x 61%
Fatal Fury 1991 14707x 70%
Fighter's History 1993 12205x 65%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 38139x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 25187x 83%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 53642x 83%
Final Fight 1990 234217x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 64140x 74%
Final Fight 3 1995 73890x 75%
First Samurai 1991 12020x 72%
Flashback 1992 9338x 83%
Frogger 1981 19311x 74%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 48567x 79%
Gods 1991 12018x 74%
Gradius III 1989 2733x 73%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 15464x 76%
Indiana Jones 1994 28919x 75%
Ironman 1989 14864x 60%
Joe & Mac 1991 1669x 85%
Judge Dredd 1995 14361x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 26029x 74%
Killer Instinct 1994 91101x 74%
King of the Monsters 1991 3454x 74%
Kirby Super Star 1996 123147x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 26459x 66%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 5644x 80%
Lemmings 1991 21264x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 49437x 74%
Lord of the Rings 1994 21457x 72%
Lufia 1993 2405x 50%
Magical Drop 1995 2822x 76%
Magical Quest 1992 24020x 71%
Mario is Missing! 1992 41050x 67%
Mega Man 7 1995 62763x 80%
Mega Man X 1993 154445x 80%
Mega Man X2 1994 66960x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 71317x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 11454x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 12376x 77%
Might and Magic II 1988 11877x 68%
Might and Magic III 1991 20828x 65%
Mortal Kombat 1993 86523x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 33635x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 34398x 74%
Mr. Do! 1982 61796x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 25203x 79%
NBA Jam 1993 34734x 75%
NBA Live 95 1994 21877x 73%
NHL 96 1995 550x 80%
NHL ’94 1993 21636x 75%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 4066x 86%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 13098x 60%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 11467x 77%
Pac-in-Time 1995 2091x 71%
Paperboy 2 1991 11562x 59%
Pilotwings 1990 31611x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 14933x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 14330x 74%
Pitfall IV 1994 42950x 77%
Power Rangers 1994 50228x 68%
Prehistorik Man 1995 34200x 74%
Prince of Persia 1989 38369x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 68146x 70%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 7051x 58%
Pushover 1992 9481x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 19074x 57%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 5558x 69%
RoboCop 3 1992 9757x 59%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 29210x 80%
Samurai Shodown 1993 5895x 81%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 5537x 74%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 23975x 67%
Secret of Evermore 1995 6289x 81%
Secret of Mana 1993 29204x 84%
Sengoku 1991 8505x 74%
Shadowrun 1993 17281x 80%
Shanghai II 1990 1958x 80%
Side Pocket 1987 17107x 75%
SimAnt 1991 873x 70%
SimCity 1989 45772x 82%
SimCity 2000 1993 15124x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 17462x 78%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 28930x 66%
Spider-Man 1994 28426x 72%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 10500x 72%
Star Fox 1993 48959x 78%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 1995x 57%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 82303x 76%
Street Fighter II 1992 785171x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 130260x 73%
Sunset Riders 1993 78823x 72%
Super Adventure Island 1992 30069x 72%
Super Bomberman 1993 109481x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 25268x 76%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 12155x 77%
Super Bomberman 4 1996 2123x 78%
Super Bomberman 5 1997 2150x 66%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 60260x 81%
Super Double Dragon 1992 32861x 73%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 42639x 81%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 82%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 175516x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 14941x 63%
Super Star Wars 1992 37645x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 36703x 68%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 15473x 74%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 156715x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 37643x 77%
Super Turrican 1993 1924x 84%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 11096x 58%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 83296x 77%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 25342x 72%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 23306x 77%
Terminator 2 1991 5668x 65%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 34649x 76%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 33374x 65%
The Humans 1992 7640x 65%
The Jungle Book 1994 37839x 63%
The Lost Vikings 1992 19857x 72%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 37387x 83%
The Mask 1995 13399x 79%
The Terminator 1993 10203x 58%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 5612x 74%
Top Gear 1992 95851x 74%
Top Gear 2 1993 34153x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 11694x 71%
True Lies 1994 15164x 81%
Virtual Bart 1994 18348x 69%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 57667x 71%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 1160x 60%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 11853x 76%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 25374x 75%
World Heroes 1992 3677x 69%
Worms 1995 38235x 67%
Young Merlin 1993 13287x 54%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 77846x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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