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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 23492x 53%
ActRaiser 1990 7470x 75%
Addams Family, The 1991 41694x 58%
Alien 3 1992 30295x 67%
Another World 1991 9678x 78%
Astérix 1993 9298x 76%
Batman & Robin 1994 35171x 70%
Batman Returns 1992 9274x 83%
BlackThorne 1994 11099x 83%
Breath of Fire 1993 15355x 76%
Bust-A-Move 1994 20759x 73%
California Games II 1990 9007x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 10518x 63%
Captain Commando 1991 20698x 64%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 22061x 81%
Championship Karate 1992 16058x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 9555x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 8385x 84%
Chrono Trigger 1995 50776x 85%
Civilization 1991 16017x 76%
Cliffhanger 1993 18084x 68%
Columns 1990 7248x 80%
Contra III 1992 83822x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 9032x 61%
Demolition Man 1995 3715x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 10681x 78%
Desert Strike 1992 1505x 72%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 1345x 56%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 24049x 70%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 84997x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 81296x 75%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 25755x 73%
Doom 1993 19465x 73%
Dr. Mario 1990 29632x 69%
Dracula 1993 9726x 70%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 11811x 68%
Dungeon Master 1987 8133x 60%
EarthBound 1994 50247x 88%
Earthworm Jim 1994 14026x 65%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 8831x 71%
F-Zero 1990 43602x 80%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 14520x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 8790x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 23117x 80%
Final Fight 1990 150730x 68%
Final Fight 2 1993 39015x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 42752x 72%
First Samurai 1991 8172x 73%
Flashback 1992 5931x 80%
Frogger 1981 11386x 66%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 8057x 79%
Gods 1991 8387x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 7877x 69%
Indiana Jones 1994 17741x 78%
Ironman 1989 9126x 52%
Judge Dredd 1995 10379x 77%
Jurassic Park 1993 10648x 74%
Killer Instinct 1994 42715x 71%
Kirby Super Star 1996 62082x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 17717x 65%
Lemmings 1991 16156x 76%
Lion King, The 1994 26257x 73%
Lord of the Rings 1994 13800x 65%
Magical Quest 1992 7224x 64%
Mario is Missing! 1992 21835x 70%
Mega Man 7 1995 29698x 78%
Mega Man X 1993 58267x 79%
Mega Man X2 1994 29685x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 29753x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 7729x 71%
Micro Machines 1991 8189x 67%
Might and Magic II 1988 8369x 72%
Might and Magic III 1991 11571x 58%
Mortal Kombat 1993 41851x 71%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 20023x 75%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 16508x 67%
Mr. Do! 1982 33047x 82%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 16055x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 15505x 71%
NBA Live 95 1994 7957x 66%
NHL ’94 1993 11040x 72%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 8320x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 7719x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 6615x 57%
Pilotwings 1990 18312x 72%
Pinball Dreams 1992 11068x 78%
Pipe Mania 1988 10546x 77%
Pitfall IV 1994 24552x 77%
Power Rangers 1994 26462x 69%
Prehistorik Man 1995 20077x 80%
Prince of Persia 1989 22152x 78%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 34637x 72%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 1372x 54%
Pushover 1992 6185x 48%
Q*Bert 3 1992 11038x 56%
RoboCop 3 1992 5549x 30%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 6823x 77%
Samurai Shodown 1993 659x 53%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 13935x 60%
Secret of Mana 1993 15154x 79%
Sengoku 1991 2124x 74%
Shadowrun 1993 11180x 75%
Side Pocket 1987 10450x 74%
SimCity 1989 23477x 78%
SimCity 2000 1993 9553x 69%
Space Invaders 1978 12754x 75%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 18230x 64%
Spider-Man 1994 16748x 72%
Star Fox 1993 27210x 79%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 27998x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 250294x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 42385x 73%
Sunset Riders 1993 34153x 68%
Super Adventure Island 1992 16657x 73%
Super Bomberman 1993 48270x 72%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 34358x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 17284x 68%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 16593x 80%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 398154x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 134839x 69%
Super Mario RPG 1996 42602x 78%
Super Mario World 1990 1093217x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 165337x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 54308x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 77587x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 6802x 66%
Super Star Wars 1992 20045x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 12667x 73%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 4931x 51%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 73194x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 23551x 73%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 5060x 55%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 41722x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 15544x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 14422x 72%
Terminator 2 1991 1210x 53%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 24294x 73%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 19431x 80%
Tetris 2 1993 14239x 62%
The Humans 1992 4369x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 25375x 65%
The Lost Vikings 1992 11051x 66%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 20273x 80%
The Terminator 1993 3282x 57%
Top Gear 1992 35193x 76%
Top Gear 2 1993 7962x 75%
Total Carnage 1992 6715x 60%
True Lies 1994 7044x 81%
Virtual Bart 1994 11278x 76%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 28150x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 12207x 64%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 5594x 69%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 16041x 74%
Worms 1995 23562x 67%
Young Merlin 1993 8058x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 126710x 84%
Zombies 1993 29692x 74%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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