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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 28903x 54%
ActRaiser 1990 11198x 74%
Addams Family, The 1991 48143x 59%
Alien 3 1992 33982x 66%
Another World 1991 10999x 77%
Astérix 1993 11909x 77%
Batman & Robin 1994 42437x 71%
Batman Returns 1992 15396x 81%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 1572x 57%
BlackThorne 1994 13238x 78%
Boogerman 1994 688x 70%
Breath of Fire 1993 18551x 77%
Bust-A-Move 1994 25298x 74%
California Games II 1990 10093x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 11889x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 30475x 67%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 372x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 27617x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 20093x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 10751x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 10812x 75%
Chrono Trigger 1995 63975x 85%
Civilization 1991 18263x 79%
Cliffhanger 1993 19873x 64%
Columns 1990 8082x 80%
Contra III 1992 103947x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 10253x 61%
Demolition Man 1995 4683x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 13764x 75%
Desert Strike 1992 5283x 84%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 5626x 66%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 33817x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 106564x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 110852x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 38135x 73%
Doom 1993 23922x 73%
Dr. Mario 1990 34120x 68%
Dracula 1993 10762x 68%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 16822x 74%
Dungeon Master 1987 9152x 71%
EarthBound 1994 80560x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 17146x 67%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 9846x 73%
F-Zero 1990 54427x 79%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 733x 72%
Fatal Fury 1991 1207x 73%
Fighter's History 1993 5471x 61%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 18843x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 14009x 83%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 30703x 80%
Final Fight 1990 173208x 69%
Final Fight 2 1993 46239x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 51515x 75%
First Samurai 1991 9213x 71%
Flashback 1992 6782x 80%
Frogger 1981 13416x 67%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 10810x 83%
Gods 1991 9334x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 10133x 70%
Indiana Jones 1994 20689x 79%
Ironman 1989 10728x 48%
Judge Dredd 1995 11567x 74%
Jurassic Park 1993 13933x 74%
Killer Instinct 1994 56477x 72%
Kirby Super Star 1996 83178x 79%
Lamborghini 1992 20147x 66%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 1226x 76%
Lemmings 1991 17410x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 33195x 74%
Lord of the Rings 1994 15747x 67%
Magical Quest 1992 12041x 66%
Mario is Missing! 1992 27485x 69%
Mega Man 7 1995 38729x 77%
Mega Man X 1993 82541x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 39347x 79%
Mega Man X3 1995 39789x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 8455x 73%
Micro Machines 1991 9385x 68%
Might and Magic II 1988 9302x 69%
Might and Magic III 1991 12956x 58%
Mortal Kombat 1993 60803x 67%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 24828x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 21792x 72%
Mr. Do! 1982 40318x 79%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 18667x 76%
NBA Jam 1993 22400x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 11620x 70%
NHL ’94 1993 13247x 74%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 9644x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 8514x 75%
Paperboy 2 1991 7854x 54%
Pilotwings 1990 22166x 74%
Pinball Dreams 1992 11974x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 11499x 73%
Pitfall IV 1994 29647x 77%
Power Rangers 1994 33973x 68%
Prehistorik Man 1995 24007x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 26460x 76%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 42836x 71%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 2774x 55%
Pushover 1992 6964x 44%
Q*Bert 3 1992 12748x 58%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 981x 56%
RoboCop 3 1992 6628x 51%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 8171x 75%
Samurai Shodown 1993 2014x 62%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 16666x 62%
Secret of Evermore 1995 1680x 74%
Secret of Mana 1993 19361x 84%
Sengoku 1991 3725x 72%
Shadowrun 1993 12491x 76%
Side Pocket 1987 12702x 75%
SimCity 1989 28992x 80%
SimCity 2000 1993 11047x 77%
Space Invaders 1978 13870x 75%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 21149x 66%
Spider-Man 1994 19851x 70%
Star Fox 1993 33766x 80%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 45453x 76%
Street Fighter II 1992 411637x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 69193x 73%
Sunset Riders 1993 46811x 68%
Super Adventure Island 1992 19821x 71%
Super Bomberman 1993 69067x 73%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 41825x 79%
Super Double Dragon 1992 21691x 69%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 23781x 80%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 480035x 74%
Super Mario Kart 1992 212153x 68%
Super Mario RPG 1996 55481x 79%
Super Mario World 1990 1408368x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 209123x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 73162x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 101538x 79%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 8690x 59%
Super Star Wars 1992 26193x 80%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 17248x 72%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 8107x 71%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 98016x 75%
Super Tennis 1991 27417x 75%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 6751x 54%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 54039x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 18037x 71%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 16936x 74%
Terminator 2 1991 2856x 61%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 27027x 74%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 25856x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 19554x 63%
The Humans 1992 5138x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 29085x 64%
The Lost Vikings 1992 13315x 70%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 23305x 81%
The Mask 1995 4304x 83%
The Terminator 1993 5512x 59%
Top Gear 1992 52664x 73%
Top Gear 2 1993 14363x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 7914x 63%
True Lies 1994 9186x 83%
Virtual Bart 1994 13470x 73%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 36273x 74%
Wario’s Woods 1994 13802x 65%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 7138x 75%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 18164x 74%
Worms 1995 28035x 66%
Young Merlin 1993 9508x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 165496x 84%
Zombies 1993 43339x 74%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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