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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 36470x 54%
ActRaiser 1990 16350x 71%
ActRaiser 2 1993 4133x 74%
Addams Family, The 1991 55832x 60%
Alien 3 1992 38633x 68%
Another World 1991 12752x 76%
Art of Fighting 1992 11459x 59%
Astérix 1993 15458x 75%
Batman & Robin 1994 51029x 73%
Batman Returns 1992 23825x 80%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 4162x 50%
BlackThorne 1994 16076x 78%
Boogerman 1994 1850x 70%
Breath of Fire 1993 22755x 77%
Bust-A-Move 1994 31585x 74%
California Games II 1990 11593x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 13711x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 41409x 68%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 1552x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 33363x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 24774x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 12393x 73%
Choplifter III 1994 13534x 69%
Chrono Trigger 1995 81523x 85%
Civilization 1991 21209x 79%
Cliffhanger 1993 22316x 60%
Columns 1990 9560x 79%
Contra III 1992 135445x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 12349x 64%
Demolition Man 1995 6570x 85%
Demon’s Crest 1994 17346x 78%
Desert Strike 1992 9020x 81%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 12323x 67%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 46301x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 0x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 0x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 0x 73%
Doom 1993 30670x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 70%
Dracula 1993 12348x 66%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 21613x 78%
Dungeon Master 1987 10785x 78%
EarthBound 1994 112282x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 20324x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 11300x 77%
F-Zero 1990 67418x 80%
F1 Pole Position 1992 4954x 83%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 2333x 73%
Fatal Fury 1991 8785x 70%
Fighter's History 1993 8855x 64%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 25804x 82%
Final Fantasy V 1992 19865x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 42764x 83%
Final Fight 1990 205380x 70%
Final Fight 2 1993 56092x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 62973x 75%
First Samurai 1991 10609x 71%
Flashback 1992 7992x 80%
Frogger 1981 16768x 72%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 21233x 83%
Gods 1991 10713x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 12922x 71%
Indiana Jones 1994 24958x 76%
Ironman 1989 12921x 61%
Joe & Mac 1991 461x 70%
Judge Dredd 1995 13034x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 18865x 76%
Killer Instinct 1994 75278x 73%
King of the Monsters 1991 1094x 76%
Kirby Super Star 1996 108444x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 23373x 65%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 3275x 79%
Lemmings 1991 19555x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 41146x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 18630x 68%
Magical Quest 1992 18728x 72%
Mario is Missing! 1992 34334x 67%
Mega Man 7 1995 52252x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 125784x 79%
Mega Man X2 1994 55285x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 56774x 81%
Mega lo Mania 1991 9909x 73%
Micro Machines 1991 10960x 74%
Might and Magic II 1988 10672x 68%
Might and Magic III 1991 14949x 60%
Mortal Kombat 1993 76316x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 29449x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 28933x 73%
Mr. Do! 1982 50919x 77%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 22129x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 29304x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 16803x 71%
NHL ’94 1993 16016x 75%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 11330x 59%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 9952x 76%
Paperboy 2 1991 9857x 59%
Pilotwings 1990 27266x 74%
Pinball Dreams 1992 13657x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 12890x 73%
Pitfall IV 1994 37011x 75%
Power Rangers 1994 43309x 68%
Prehistorik Man 1995 29080x 73%
Prince of Persia 1989 32527x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 56365x 69%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 4998x 60%
Pushover 1992 8334x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 16671x 59%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 3212x 63%
RoboCop 3 1992 8200x 57%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 11041x 78%
Samurai Shodown 1993 3962x 77%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 1784x 44%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 20654x 67%
Secret of Evermore 1995 3896x 85%
Secret of Mana 1993 25092x 83%
Sengoku 1991 6037x 75%
Shadowrun 1993 14776x 79%
Shanghai II 1990 898x 80%
Side Pocket 1987 14987x 75%
SimCity 1989 38234x 81%
SimCity 2000 1993 13124x 78%
Space Invaders 1978 15672x 77%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 25199x 63%
Spider-Man 1994 24414x 73%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 5602x 70%
Star Fox 1993 42297x 79%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 65913x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 622883x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 103018x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 65499x 70%
Super Adventure Island 1992 24936x 74%
Super Bomberman 1993 93594x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 15442x 74%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 2396x 75%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 50843x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 27838x 71%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 33380x 80%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 82%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 133592x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 11424x 60%
Super Star Wars 1992 32458x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 27747x 69%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 12055x 72%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 130486x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 32883x 76%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 8880x 54%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 69422x 76%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 21813x 71%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 20269x 77%
Terminator 2 1991 4171x 67%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 30789x 74%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 79%
Tetris 2 1993 26581x 63%
The Humans 1992 6323x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 33916x 64%
The Lost Vikings 1992 16638x 72%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 29243x 83%
The Mask 1995 9135x 79%
The Terminator 1993 7853x 59%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 3583x 77%
Top Gear 1992 77686x 73%
Top Gear 2 1993 25777x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 9797x 70%
True Lies 1994 11835x 82%
Virtual Bart 1994 15955x 68%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 47756x 72%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 9457x 73%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 21799x 77%
World Heroes 1992 449x 90%
Worms 1995 33492x 66%
Young Merlin 1993 11380x 55%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 62531x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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