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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 21227x 52%
ActRaiser 1990 5994x 77%
Addams Family, The 1991 39151x 57%
Alien 3 1992 28735x 66%
Another World 1991 9153x 78%
Astérix 1993 8317x 75%
Batman & Robin 1994 31647x 69%
Batman Returns 1992 6293x 84%
BlackThorne 1994 9912x 83%
Breath of Fire 1993 14221x 74%
Bust-A-Move 1994 18921x 75%
California Games II 1990 8542x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 9985x 63%
Captain Commando 1991 17221x 65%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 19783x 81%
Championship Karate 1992 14544x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 9002x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 6931x 85%
Chrono Trigger 1995 45864x 84%
Civilization 1991 15083x 77%
Cliffhanger 1993 17276x 67%
Columns 1990 6906x 80%
Contra III 1992 75969x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 8497x 54%
Demolition Man 1995 3347x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 9177x 79%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 20273x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 78565x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 71634x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 21654x 72%
Doom 1993 17629x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 27460x 69%
Dracula 1993 9204x 70%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 9208x 71%
Dungeon Master 1987 7672x 60%
EarthBound 1994 41231x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 12661x 64%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 8393x 68%
F-Zero 1990 38880x 79%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 12775x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 7266x 80%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 20392x 79%
Final Fight 1990 142734x 68%
Final Fight 2 1993 35718x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 39360x 71%
First Samurai 1991 7700x 73%
Flashback 1992 5495x 80%
Frogger 1981 10521x 66%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 7445x 79%
Gods 1991 7940x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 6837x 68%
Indiana Jones 1994 16641x 77%
Ironman 1989 8335x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 9930x 80%
Jurassic Park 1993 9436x 73%
Killer Instinct 1994 37335x 72%
Kirby Super Star 1996 54887x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 16737x 64%
Lemmings 1991 15530x 76%
Lion King, The 1994 22411x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 13111x 65%
Magical Quest 1992 5479x 63%
Mario is Missing! 1992 19518x 74%
Mega Man 7 1995 25832x 76%
Mega Man X 1993 48463x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 25434x 83%
Mega Man X3 1995 25791x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 7359x 71%
Micro Machines 1991 7715x 60%
Might and Magic II 1988 7969x 72%
Might and Magic III 1991 10999x 61%
Mortal Kombat 1993 36425x 73%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 17703x 75%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 14175x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 29995x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 15036x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 13404x 73%
NBA Live 95 1994 6666x 67%
NHL ’94 1993 10149x 72%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 7802x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 7350x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 6105x 64%
Pilotwings 1990 16478x 72%
Pinball Dreams 1992 10497x 82%
Pipe Mania 1988 10200x 77%
Pitfall IV 1994 22679x 76%
Power Rangers 1994 23391x 73%
Prehistorik Man 1995 18192x 79%
Prince of Persia 1989 20488x 79%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 32003x 73%
Pushover 1992 5815x 48%
Q*Bert 3 1992 10340x 54%
RoboCop 3 1992 5096x 30%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 6273x 73%
Samurai Shodown 1993 184x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 12819x 58%
Secret of Mana 1993 13040x 81%
Sengoku 1991 1059x 74%
Shadowrun 1993 10498x 74%
Side Pocket 1987 9762x 75%
SimCity 1989 21586x 77%
SimCity 2000 1993 8979x 69%
Space Invaders 1978 12181x 77%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 16950x 66%
Spider-Man 1994 15243x 74%
Star Fox 1993 24449x 78%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 21248x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 203625x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 31811x 72%
Sunset Riders 1993 29532x 66%
Super Adventure Island 1992 15454x 73%
Super Bomberman 1993 40299x 72%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 31038x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 15710x 67%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 13808x 79%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 369412x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 105455x 72%
Super Mario RPG 1996 37860x 77%
Super Mario World 1990 980514x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 148327x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 48141x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 69529x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 6017x 74%
Super Star Wars 1992 18443x 80%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 11705x 72%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 3962x 47%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 63871x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 21788x 74%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 4366x 55%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 37048x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 14716x 70%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 13380x 72%
Terminator 2 1991 454x 70%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 23251x 74%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 16473x 79%
Tetris 2 1993 12178x 71%
The Humans 1992 4044x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 23833x 66%
The Lost Vikings 1992 9802x 65%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 18756x 80%
The Terminator 1993 2630x 58%
Top Gear 1992 29554x 77%
Top Gear 2 1993 5684x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 6214x 60%
True Lies 1994 6280x 80%
Virtual Bart 1994 10395x 76%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 24604x 72%
Wario’s Woods 1994 11575x 63%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 5001x 69%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 15167x 75%
Worms 1995 22153x 66%
Young Merlin 1993 7439x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 111249x 83%
Zombies 1993 24756x 72%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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