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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 19415x 52%
ActRaiser 1990 4624x 79%
Addams Family, The 1991 37124x 58%
Alien 3 1992 27511x 65%
Another World 1991 8640x 78%
Astérix 1993 7505x 74%
Batman & Robin 1994 29032x 71%
Batman Returns 1992 4221x 82%
BlackThorne 1994 9176x 83%
Breath of Fire 1993 13182x 73%
Bust-A-Move 1994 17501x 74%
California Games II 1990 8200x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 9551x 63%
Captain Commando 1991 14400x 65%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 17665x 84%
Championship Karate 1992 13312x 65%
Chessmaster 1989 8640x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 5925x 84%
Chrono Trigger 1995 30135x 86%
Civilization 1991 14460x 78%
Cliffhanger 1993 16623x 70%
Columns 1990 6610x 80%
Contra III 1992 69230x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 8033x 54%
Demolition Man 1995 3031x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 8176x 77%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 16938x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 73167x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 62984x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 18444x 71%
Doom 1993 16097x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 25579x 70%
Dracula 1993 8861x 70%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 6780x 63%
Dungeon Master 1987 7281x 60%
EarthBound 1994 35386x 86%
Earthworm Jim 1994 11607x 62%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 8065x 75%
F-Zero 1990 35759x 79%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 11094x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 6013x 79%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 17732x 77%
Final Fight 1990 135283x 68%
Final Fight 2 1993 32952x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 36213x 71%
First Samurai 1991 7319x 73%
Flashback 1992 5129x 80%
Frogger 1981 9992x 71%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 6928x 83%
Gods 1991 7589x 70%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 5970x 67%
Indiana Jones 1994 15803x 75%
Ironman 1989 7759x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 9492x 80%
Jurassic Park 1993 8364x 76%
Killer Instinct 1994 32571x 71%
Kirby Super Star 1996 49354x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 15962x 63%
Lemmings 1991 14998x 77%
Lion King, The 1994 17700x 77%
Lord of the Rings 1994 12473x 65%
Magical Quest 1992 4014x 61%
Mario is Missing! 1992 17701x 74%
Mega Man 7 1995 22455x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 40892x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 21969x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 22413x 82%
Mega lo Mania 1991 7073x 71%
Micro Machines 1991 7370x 60%
Might and Magic II 1988 7561x 72%
Might and Magic III 1991 10473x 61%
Mortal Kombat 1993 32520x 74%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 15843x 77%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 12302x 70%
Mr. Do! 1982 27912x 81%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 14173x 79%
NBA Jam 1993 11744x 71%
NBA Live 95 1994 5545x 68%
NHL ’94 1993 9353x 71%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 7400x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 7032x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 5757x 61%
Pilotwings 1990 14951x 71%
Pinball Dreams 1992 10039x 82%
Pipe Mania 1988 9877x 77%
Pitfall IV 1994 21110x 78%
Power Rangers 1994 21016x 72%
Prehistorik Man 1995 17085x 78%
Prince of Persia 1989 19112x 78%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 29728x 72%
Pushover 1992 5473x 48%
Q*Bert 3 1992 9817x 54%
RoboCop 3 1992 4713x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 5742x 86%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 11949x 57%
Secret of Mana 1993 11274x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 9921x 74%
Side Pocket 1987 9155x 75%
SimCity 1989 19930x 76%
SimCity 2000 1993 8453x 69%
Space Invaders 1978 11674x 80%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 15869x 67%
Spider-Man 1994 13995x 72%
Star Fox 1993 22030x 77%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 15798x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 168829x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 23693x 71%
Sunset Riders 1993 25216x 69%
Super Adventure Island 1992 14470x 75%
Super Bomberman 1993 33934x 71%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 28060x 81%
Super Double Dragon 1992 14251x 68%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 11391x 83%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 341099x 72%
Super Mario Kart 1992 94271x 71%
Super Mario RPG 1996 34162x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 870371x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 132358x 73%
Super Metroid 1994 42873x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 63021x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 5360x 79%
Super Star Wars 1992 17017x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 10825x 70%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 3132x 47%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 56421x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 20321x 75%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 3868x 55%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 33071x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 13908x 70%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 12615x 71%
Terminator 2 1991 148x 70%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 22423x 73%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 13690x 83%
Tetris 2 1993 10724x 75%
The Humans 1992 3812x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 22308x 69%
The Lost Vikings 1992 9057x 65%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 17686x 79%
The Terminator 1993 1903x 58%
Top Gear 1992 25508x 77%
Top Gear 2 1993 4174x 69%
Total Carnage 1992 5781x 60%
True Lies 1994 5678x 77%
Virtual Bart 1994 9652x 76%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 21773x 72%
Wario’s Woods 1994 10930x 63%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 4522x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 14378x 75%
Worms 1995 21018x 67%
Young Merlin 1993 6910x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 98601x 84%
Zombies 1993 21005x 72%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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