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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 18064x 52%
ActRaiser 1990 3564x 78%
Addams Family, The 1991 35564x 59%
Alien 3 1992 26422x 65%
Another World 1991 8089x 85%
Astérix 1993 6776x 74%
Batman & Robin 1994 26701x 71%
Batman Returns 1992 2833x 80%
BlackThorne 1994 8610x 83%
Breath of Fire 1993 12416x 75%
Bust-A-Move 1994 16280x 76%
California Games II 1990 7843x 66%
Cannon Fodder 1993 9216x 62%
Captain Commando 1991 12214x 63%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 15702x 80%
Championship Karate 1992 12300x 65%
Chessmaster 1989 8289x 80%
Choplifter III 1994 5117x 83%
Chrono Trigger 1995 26441x 85%
Civilization 1991 13867x 78%
Cliffhanger 1993 16003x 70%
Columns 1990 6345x 80%
Contra III 1992 63714x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 7608x 54%
Demolition Man 1995 2719x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 7328x 79%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 14630x 67%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 68316x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 56458x 75%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 15857x 71%
Doom 1993 14933x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 24029x 70%
Dracula 1993 8526x 70%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 5373x 60%
Dungeon Master 1987 6844x 60%
EarthBound 1994 30588x 86%
Earthworm Jim 1994 10648x 64%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 7782x 75%
F-Zero 1990 32696x 78%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 9682x 84%
Final Fantasy V 1992 4892x 78%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 15628x 79%
Final Fight 1990 128360x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 30822x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 33404x 70%
First Samurai 1991 6975x 68%
Flashback 1992 4782x 80%
Frogger 1981 9487x 71%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 6446x 83%
Gods 1991 7252x 70%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 5387x 67%
Indiana Jones 1994 15090x 74%
Ironman 1989 7295x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 9084x 83%
Jurassic Park 1993 7371x 81%
Killer Instinct 1994 28523x 68%
Kirby Super Star 1996 43468x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 15350x 64%
Lemmings 1991 14510x 77%
Lion King, The 1994 15572x 77%
Lord of the Rings 1994 11886x 64%
Magical Quest 1992 2966x 61%
Mario is Missing! 1992 16499x 76%
Mega Man 7 1995 19376x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 34054x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 19172x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 19283x 83%
Mega lo Mania 1991 6767x 71%
Micro Machines 1991 7071x 60%
Might and Magic II 1988 7130x 72%
Might and Magic III 1991 9963x 64%
Mortal Kombat 1993 25935x 78%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 13500x 77%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 10490x 73%
Mr. Do! 1982 26058x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 13421x 81%
NBA Jam 1993 10190x 69%
NBA Live 95 1994 4456x 65%
NHL ’94 1993 8598x 69%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 7045x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 6740x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 5440x 61%
Pilotwings 1990 13880x 73%
Pinball Dreams 1992 9518x 84%
Pipe Mania 1988 9588x 77%
Pitfall IV 1994 19908x 79%
Power Rangers 1994 19085x 71%
Prehistorik Man 1995 16120x 76%
Prince of Persia 1989 17934x 80%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 27827x 72%
Pushover 1992 5141x 48%
Q*Bert 3 1992 9319x 53%
RoboCop 3 1992 4358x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 5122x 77%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 11130x 56%
Secret of Mana 1993 10135x 79%
Shadowrun 1993 9452x 74%
Side Pocket 1987 8574x 74%
SimCity 1989 18629x 77%
SimCity 2000 1993 8035x 69%
Space Invaders 1978 11195x 82%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 14848x 68%
Spider-Man 1994 13004x 72%
Star Fox 1993 19721x 75%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 10614x 69%
Street Fighter II 1992 135139x 69%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 15739x 72%
Sunset Riders 1993 21778x 69%
Super Adventure Island 1992 13536x 77%
Super Bomberman 1993 28661x 71%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 24922x 82%
Super Double Dragon 1992 13141x 68%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 9501x 83%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 319458x 72%
Super Mario Kart 1992 84448x 72%
Super Mario RPG 1996 31497x 77%
Super Mario World 1990 785011x 74%
Super Mario World 2 1995 120040x 72%
Super Metroid 1994 37911x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 56473x 79%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 4745x 84%
Super Star Wars 1992 15787x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 10092x 67%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 2321x 48%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 49098x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 19229x 74%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 3448x 55%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 29768x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 13172x 70%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 11938x 69%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 21595x 73%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 11324x 81%
Tetris 2 1993 9493x 72%
The Humans 1992 3565x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 21262x 68%
The Lost Vikings 1992 8353x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 16725x 77%
Top Gear 1992 22485x 76%
Total Carnage 1992 5408x 60%
True Lies 1994 5084x 73%
Virtual Bart 1994 8954x 76%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 19728x 74%
Wario’s Woods 1994 10479x 62%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 4087x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 13670x 76%
Worms 1995 20152x 68%
Young Merlin 1993 6438x 51%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 88456x 83%
Zombies 1993 18109x 72%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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