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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 26498x 53%
ActRaiser 1990 9653x 74%
Addams Family, The 1991 45614x 57%
Alien 3 1992 32485x 66%
Another World 1991 10493x 78%
Astérix 1993 10654x 78%
Batman & Robin 1994 39422x 71%
Batman Returns 1992 12778x 83%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 849x 53%
BlackThorne 1994 12554x 78%
Boogerman 1994 363x 70%
Breath of Fire 1993 17071x 75%
Bust-A-Move 1994 23392x 74%
California Games II 1990 9582x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 11287x 63%
Captain Commando 1991 25849x 66%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 25318x 81%
Championship Karate 1992 18182x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 10161x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 9839x 81%
Chrono Trigger 1995 57428x 85%
Civilization 1991 17430x 78%
Cliffhanger 1993 19102x 67%
Columns 1990 7682x 80%
Contra III 1992 95030x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 9757x 61%
Demolition Man 1995 4285x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 12485x 74%
Desert Strike 1992 3858x 84%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 3878x 72%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 29476x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 96125x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 97715x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 33095x 74%
Doom 1993 21756x 74%
Dr. Mario 1990 32226x 68%
Dracula 1993 10378x 68%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 14569x 72%
Dungeon Master 1987 8706x 60%
EarthBound 1994 66886x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 15927x 69%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 9401x 73%
F-Zero 1990 50254x 79%
Fighter's History 1993 3817x 59%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 16678x 84%
Final Fantasy V 1992 11708x 85%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 27395x 80%
Final Fight 1990 162100x 68%
Final Fight 2 1993 42963x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 47748x 75%
First Samurai 1991 8807x 73%
Flashback 1992 6498x 80%
Frogger 1981 12617x 65%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 9085x 83%
Gods 1991 8937x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 9240x 69%
Indiana Jones 1994 19539x 78%
Ironman 1989 10129x 52%
Judge Dredd 1995 11085x 77%
Jurassic Park 1993 12607x 74%
Killer Instinct 1994 50443x 71%
Kirby Super Star 1996 74233x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 19086x 66%
Lemmings 1991 16880x 76%
Lion King, The 1994 30228x 73%
Lord of the Rings 1994 14786x 65%
Magical Quest 1992 9883x 65%
Mario is Missing! 1992 25194x 68%
Mega Man 7 1995 34881x 77%
Mega Man X 1993 71591x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 34852x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 35330x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 8157x 71%
Micro Machines 1991 8884x 67%
Might and Magic II 1988 8929x 66%
Might and Magic III 1991 12396x 59%
Mortal Kombat 1993 53659x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 22899x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 19645x 71%
Mr. Do! 1982 37494x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 17520x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 19175x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 9771x 66%
NHL ’94 1993 12265x 74%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 9043x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 8173x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 7308x 56%
Pilotwings 1990 20664x 74%
Pinball Dreams 1992 11616x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 11103x 77%
Pitfall IV 1994 27322x 76%
Power Rangers 1994 30650x 70%
Prehistorik Man 1995 22434x 78%
Prince of Persia 1989 24668x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 38921x 71%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 2094x 45%
Pushover 1992 6618x 44%
Q*Bert 3 1992 12005x 58%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 19x 70%
RoboCop 3 1992 6171x 37%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 7613x 80%
Samurai Shodown 1993 1451x 62%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 15434x 60%
Secret of Evermore 1995 1181x 63%
Secret of Mana 1993 17467x 81%
Sengoku 1991 3009x 77%
Shadowrun 1993 11998x 75%
Side Pocket 1987 11777x 75%
SimCity 1989 26550x 78%
SimCity 2000 1993 10412x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 13405x 75%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 19891x 65%
Spider-Man 1994 18628x 69%
Star Fox 1993 31083x 80%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 37919x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 336988x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 57389x 75%
Sunset Riders 1993 41068x 69%
Super Adventure Island 1992 18391x 73%
Super Bomberman 1993 59754x 73%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 38747x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 19899x 68%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 20612x 80%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 440412x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 178740x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 49908x 80%
Super Mario World 1990 1265273x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 189701x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 64211x 85%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 90950x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 7908x 62%
Super Star Wars 1992 23828x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 14993x 71%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 6915x 65%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 88033x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 25713x 74%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 6039x 55%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 48483x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 16985x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 15821x 73%
Terminator 2 1991 2490x 61%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 25784x 74%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 23063x 79%
Tetris 2 1993 17411x 63%
The Humans 1992 4804x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 27325x 65%
The Lost Vikings 1992 12466x 71%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 22028x 79%
The Mask 1995 2251x 66%
The Terminator 1993 4585x 59%
Top Gear 1992 43707x 73%
Top Gear 2 1993 11308x 73%
Total Carnage 1992 7445x 60%
True Lies 1994 8177x 84%
Virtual Bart 1994 12525x 75%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 32571x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 13150x 65%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 6417x 77%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 17203x 75%
Worms 1995 26148x 66%
Young Merlin 1993 8894x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 147798x 84%
Zombies 1993 36993x 74%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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