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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 79832x 60%
ActRaiser 1990 42184x 69%
ActRaiser 2 1993 21966x 68%
Addams Family, The 1991 93246x 65%
Alien 3 1992 66708x 70%
Another World 1991 26605x 78%
Arcade's Greatest Hits 1996 11445x 82%
Art of Fighting 1992 75263x 66%
Astérix 1993 35650x 73%
Axelay 1992 8730x 64%
Batman & Robin 1994 121195x 76%
Batman Returns 1992 63249x 77%
Battletoads in Battlemaniacs 1993 5180x 78%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 20388x 60%
BlackThorne 1994 32769x 79%
Boogerman 1994 39203x 54%
Breath of Fire 1993 46467x 80%
Bust-A-Move 1994 57596x 77%
California Games II 1990 19673x 66%
Cannon Fodder 1993 24173x 65%
Captain Commando 1991 90057x 69%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 11596x 78%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 66720x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 44838x 61%
Chessmaster 1989 25775x 73%
Choplifter III 1994 31114x 74%
Chrono Trigger 1995 190832x 87%
Civilization 1991 45682x 81%
Cliffhanger 1993 36338x 61%
Columns 1990 16434x 74%
Contra III 1992 325045x 76%
Cool Spot 1993 27736x 74%
Cybernator 1992 11617x 78%
Demolition Man 1995 20224x 81%
Demon’s Crest 1994 42994x 80%
Desert Strike 1992 31646x 82%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 63086x 71%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 114833x 75%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 200704x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 223717x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 87342x 75%
Doom 1993 57610x 77%
Double Dragon V 1994 20820x 63%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 72%
Dracula 1993 20627x 66%
Dragon Quest I & II 1993 21415x 80%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 50763x 81%
Dungeon Master 1987 21624x 80%
EarthBound 1994 289091x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 61921x 72%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 18598x 77%
F-Zero 1990 141840x 85%
F1 Pole Position 1992 25186x 71%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 14744x 68%
Fatal Fury 1991 43442x 72%
Fighter's History 1993 29704x 71%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 100780x 85%
Final Fantasy V 1992 50905x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 107288x 83%
Final Fight 1990 373785x 72%
Final Fight 2 1993 108994x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 139856x 79%
First Samurai 1991 20056x 67%
Flashback 1992 20421x 80%
Frogger 1981 32537x 76%
GP-1 1993 14380x 74%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 163126x 80%
Gods 1991 19027x 79%
Gradius III 1989 19806x 77%
Harvest Moon 1996 21233x 63%
Heartthrob Memorial 1996 1115x 90%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 30031x 78%
Indiana Jones 1994 50839x 79%
Ironman 1989 24493x 65%
Joe & Mac 1991 12787x 69%
Judge Dredd 1995 23226x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 48767x 78%
Killer Instinct 1994 185053x 77%
King of the Monsters 1991 15973x 70%
Kirby Super Star 1996 181650x 81%
Krusty's Fun House 1992 3045x 60%
Lamborghini 1992 43584x 67%
Last Action Hero 1993 9660x 51%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 20154x 83%
Lemmings 1991 32091x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 108691x 76%
Lord of the Rings 1994 34585x 70%
Lufia 1993 11786x 62%
Lufia II 1995 8434x 73%
Magical Drop 1995 12578x 82%
Magical Quest 1992 56726x 73%
Mario is Missing! 1992 76020x 68%
Mega Man 7 1995 111692x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 286417x 82%
Mega Man X2 1994 127633x 83%
Mega Man X3 1995 132418x 81%
Mega lo Mania 1991 16742x 75%
Micro Machines 1991 21636x 81%
Micro Machines 2 1994 8107x 78%
Might and Magic II 1988 18101x 69%
Might and Magic III 1991 58851x 70%
Mortal Kombat 1993 133633x 70%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 50938x 75%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 57641x 78%
Mr. Do! 1982 111435x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 41580x 79%
NBA Hangtime 1996 4212x 77%
NBA Jam 1993 68733x 78%
NBA Jam T.E. 1994 5349x 70%
NBA Live 95 1994 46716x 76%
NHL 96 1995 14181x 83%
NHL ’94 1993 37205x 79%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 22381x 82%
Nosferatu 1994 12381x 59%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 21340x 59%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 20534x 77%
Pac-Attack 1993 6909x 70%
Pac-in-Time 1995 15103x 72%
Paperboy 2 1991 24863x 71%
Pilotwings 1990 52046x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 24214x 73%
Pipe Mania 1988 22280x 75%
Pit-Fighter 1990 6388x 15%
Pitfall IV 1994 70860x 77%
Plok 1993 22448x 73%
Power Rangers 1994 90667x 72%
Prehistorik Man 1995 61558x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 68138x 74%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 96128x 70%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 16119x 59%
Pushover 1992 15018x 60%
Q*Bert 3 1992 32002x 63%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 20818x 72%
RoboCop 3 1992 19308x 59%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 921826x 79%
Samurai Shodown 1993 15597x 80%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 27601x 76%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 41706x 68%
Secret of Evermore 1995 23200x 85%
Secret of Mana 1993 53455x 84%
Sengoku 1991 22420x 76%
Shadowrun 1993 32189x 84%
Shanghai II 1990 6690x 73%
Shin Megami Tensei 1992 2827x 76%
Side Pocket 1987 37146x 79%
SimAnt 1991 9791x 79%
SimCity 1989 97905x 83%
SimCity 2000 1993 26954x 77%
Space Invaders 1978 25468x 79%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 56437x 67%
Spider-Man 1994 51894x 71%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 43796x 77%
Spindizzy Worlds 1990 6510x 50%
Star Fox 1993 81613x 80%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 13807x 68%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 162716x 78%
Street Fighter II 1992 1741958x 72%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 263118x 76%
Sunset Riders 1993 127786x 75%
Super 3D Noah's Ark 1994 2824x 40%
Super Adventure Island 1992 55883x 71%
Super Bomberman 1993 215376x 76%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 112667x 83%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 88451x 80%
Super Bomberman 4 1996 63357x 77%
Super Bomberman 5 1997 62811x 85%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 100694x 83%
Super Double Dragon 1992 61027x 76%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 86026x 82%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 81%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 979641x 82%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 34735x 62%
Super Star Wars 1992 65590x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 135205x 74%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 34078x 72%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 281763x 79%
Super Tennis 1991 62913x 80%
Super Turrican 1993 17070x 85%
Super Turrican 2 1995 7559x 74%
Syndicate 1993 6782x 63%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 23388x 66%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 146455x 80%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 42937x 74%
Tales of Phantasia 1995 14067x 64%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 44842x 80%
Terminator 2 1991 15070x 68%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 56464x 78%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 75%
Tetris 2 1993 69796x 69%
Tetris Attack 1996 23757x 81%
The Chaos Engine 1993 6590x 81%
The Humans 1992 13317x 72%
The Jungle Book 1994 84570x 68%
The Lost Vikings 1992 36729x 77%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 64212x 84%
The Mask 1995 41775x 76%
The Smurfs 1993 13197x 59%
The Terminator 1993 22204x 66%
Theme Park 1994 9124x 73%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 19940x 75%
Tintin: Prisoners of the Sun 1996 13124x 68%
Top Gear 1992 208077x 77%
Top Gear 2 1993 107842x 77%
Total Carnage 1992 23311x 68%
True Lies 1994 30425x 84%
Ultimate MK3 1996 17984x 78%
Uniracers 1994 8273x 86%
Virtual Bart 1994 32578x 72%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 97375x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 10586x 63%
Wing Commander 1990 2346x 70%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 24376x 79%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 44199x 75%
World Heroes 1992 16714x 77%
Worms 1995 60867x 67%
X-Men: Mutant Apocalypse 1994 17937x 73%
Yoshi's Cookie 1992 9283x 74%
Young Merlin 1993 22339x 58%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 143123x 77%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star

SNES: Super Punch-Out!! Super Punch-Out!!

SNES: Contra III: The Alien Wars Contra III: The Alien Wars

SNES: EarthBound EarthBound


 

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