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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 58123x 57%
ActRaiser 1990 31891x 69%
ActRaiser 2 1993 14830x 68%
Addams Family, The 1991 76294x 63%
Alien 3 1992 53940x 69%
Another World 1991 19621x 75%
Arcade's Greatest Hits 1996 1596x 84%
Art of Fighting 1992 46021x 63%
Astérix 1993 25512x 72%
Axelay 1992 4347x 65%
Batman & Robin 1994 101105x 75%
Batman Returns 1992 45973x 78%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 12323x 52%
BlackThorne 1994 24808x 78%
Boogerman 1994 33902x 43%
Breath of Fire 1993 35449x 80%
Bust-A-Move 1994 45537x 75%
California Games II 1990 16686x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 19191x 65%
Captain Commando 1991 69944x 69%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 6510x 68%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 51584x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 37013x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 18882x 71%
Choplifter III 1994 22753x 70%
Chrono Trigger 1995 139544x 85%
Civilization 1991 34244x 82%
Cliffhanger 1993 30871x 60%
Columns 1990 13800x 71%
Contra III 1992 238781x 74%
Cool Spot 1993 20488x 68%
Cybernator 1992 5528x 75%
Demolition Man 1995 14870x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 30482x 79%
Desert Strike 1992 20911x 80%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 38095x 68%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 83829x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 161075x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 160465x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 67503x 73%
Doom 1993 44991x 76%
Double Dragon V 1994 11066x 63%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 17224x 66%
Dragon Quest I & II 1993 9952x 84%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 38040x 81%
Dungeon Master 1987 18215x 78%
EarthBound 1994 218081x 86%
Earthworm Jim 1994 53733x 71%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 15857x 77%
F-Zero 1990 106536x 83%
F1 Pole Position 1992 15453x 71%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 7952x 60%
Fatal Fury 1991 27498x 70%
Fighter's History 1993 19807x 69%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 60727x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 37003x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 77925x 82%
Final Fight 1990 300500x 72%
Final Fight 2 1993 83012x 72%
Final Fight 3 1995 100046x 77%
First Samurai 1991 15305x 67%
Flashback 1992 13579x 83%
Frogger 1981 25373x 76%
GP-1 1993 6802x 64%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 100090x 81%
Gods 1991 15335x 77%
Gradius III 1989 9481x 74%
Harvest Moon 1996 9977x 55%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 21453x 77%
Indiana Jones 1994 38141x 78%
Ironman 1989 19081x 61%
Joe & Mac 1991 6440x 64%
Judge Dredd 1995 17506x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 35951x 75%
Killer Instinct 1994 134526x 76%
King of the Monsters 1991 8797x 71%
Kirby Super Star 1996 152559x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 33269x 66%
Last Action Hero 1993 4295x 37%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 12058x 79%
Lemmings 1991 25853x 79%
Lion King, The 1994 88993x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 27484x 70%
Lufia 1993 5929x 50%
Lufia II 1995 2695x 54%
Magical Drop 1995 7664x 75%
Magical Quest 1992 36497x 71%
Mario is Missing! 1992 54990x 67%
Mega Man 7 1995 85208x 80%
Mega Man X 1993 214576x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 93595x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 100410x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 14226x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 16243x 77%
Micro Machines 2 1994 2631x 80%
Might and Magic II 1988 15198x 67%
Might and Magic III 1991 35911x 68%
Mortal Kombat 1993 104556x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 41465x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 44887x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 84346x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 32947x 78%
NBA Hangtime 1996 1336x 70%
NBA Jam 1993 50328x 75%
NBA Live 95 1994 33806x 76%
NHL 96 1995 5765x 84%
NHL ’94 1993 28554x 78%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 13668x 81%
Nosferatu 1994 4923x 61%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 17219x 59%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 15295x 75%
Pac-in-Time 1995 7175x 73%
Paperboy 2 1991 16674x 70%
Pilotwings 1990 42017x 75%
Pinball Dreams 1992 18652x 77%
Pipe Mania 1988 17431x 75%
Pit-Fighter 1990 1672x 20%
Pitfall IV 1994 54932x 77%
Plok 1993 9795x 63%
Power Rangers 1994 69576x 71%
Prehistorik Man 1995 46183x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 50972x 74%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 87628x 71%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 11533x 56%
Pushover 1992 12464x 60%
Q*Bert 3 1992 24699x 62%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 12067x 69%
RoboCop 3 1992 13386x 59%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 75523x 78%
Samurai Shodown 1993 9827x 77%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 13926x 67%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 32175x 67%
Secret of Evermore 1995 13455x 85%
Secret of Mana 1993 40014x 84%
Sengoku 1991 14793x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 23461x 83%
Shanghai II 1990 4359x 73%
Side Pocket 1987 23268x 77%
SimAnt 1991 4010x 70%
SimCity 1989 70679x 83%
SimCity 2000 1993 19932x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 21668x 79%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 39526x 67%
Spider-Man 1994 39253x 70%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 26791x 74%
Spindizzy Worlds 1990 3293x 45%
Star Fox 1993 64754x 78%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 6762x 63%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 121308x 77%
Street Fighter II 1992 1217389x 71%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 192033x 75%
Sunset Riders 1993 102731x 74%
Super Adventure Island 1992 41013x 70%
Super Bomberman 1993 152717x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 77271x 80%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 38723x 76%
Super Bomberman 4 1996 19801x 83%
Super Bomberman 5 1997 21473x 79%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 80371x 82%
Super Double Dragon 1992 45002x 73%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 62354x 81%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 81%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 328938x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 24558x 60%
Super Star Wars 1992 50747x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 83566x 71%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 23827x 71%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 209402x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 48670x 79%
Super Turrican 1993 7477x 84%
Super Turrican 2 1995 1135x 71%
Syndicate 1993 2371x 80%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 16576x 65%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 117286x 79%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 34265x 73%
Tales of Phantasia 1995 5719x 61%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 32120x 78%
Terminator 2 1991 9528x 62%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 44382x 76%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 77%
Tetris 2 1993 50303x 70%
Tetris Attack 1996 2929x 66%
The Chaos Engine 1993 2124x 80%
The Humans 1992 10713x 72%
The Jungle Book 1994 70008x 66%
The Lost Vikings 1992 26848x 76%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 49200x 84%
The Mask 1995 24895x 74%
The Smurfs 1993 3866x 51%
The Terminator 1993 15046x 64%
Theme Park 1994 3821x 82%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 11548x 72%
Tintin: Prisoners of the Sun 1996 5112x 62%
Top Gear 1992 139776x 75%
Top Gear 2 1993 59296x 76%
Total Carnage 1992 16715x 69%
True Lies 1994 21808x 82%
Ultimate MK3 1996 5147x 66%
Uniracers 1994 3850x 78%
Virtual Bart 1994 24015x 73%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 74828x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 4380x 57%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 16772x 74%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 33108x 75%
World Heroes 1992 9604x 75%
Worms 1995 48981x 68%
X-Men: Mutant Apocalypse 1994 4359x 67%
Yoshi's Cookie 1992 1392x 66%
Young Merlin 1993 17963x 57%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 108336x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star

SNES: Super Punch-Out!! Super Punch-Out!!

SNES: Contra III: The Alien Wars Contra III: The Alien Wars

SNES: EarthBound EarthBound


 

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