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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 51189x 56%
ActRaiser 1990 27088x 70%
ActRaiser 2 1993 11458x 69%
Addams Family, The 1991 69395x 62%
Alien 3 1992 49088x 69%
Another World 1991 17303x 75%
Art of Fighting 1992 35214x 63%
Astérix 1993 22547x 70%
Axelay 1992 2407x 51%
Batman & Robin 1994 67612x 75%
Batman Returns 1992 38821x 77%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 9523x 49%
BlackThorne 1994 21727x 77%
Boogerman 1994 5566x 56%
Breath of Fire 1993 31625x 79%
Bust-A-Move 1994 41415x 75%
California Games II 1990 15046x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 17533x 65%
Captain Commando 1991 61606x 69%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 4555x 68%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 45485x 76%
Championship Karate 1992 33319x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 16495x 74%
Choplifter III 1994 19100x 70%
Chrono Trigger 1995 122162x 86%
Civilization 1991 29719x 81%
Cliffhanger 1993 27897x 60%
Columns 1990 12224x 71%
Contra III 1992 206299x 73%
Cool Spot 1993 18640x 66%
Cybernator 1992 3021x 65%
Demolition Man 1995 13077x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 26049x 79%
Desert Strike 1992 16816x 82%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 28796x 67%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 72331x 73%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 152385x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 139739x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 63296x 73%
Doom 1993 40219x 76%
Double Dragon V 1994 7350x 65%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 15687x 65%
Dragon Quest I & II 1993 4827x 85%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 33025x 81%
Dungeon Master 1987 16559x 78%
EarthBound 1994 189949x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 27391x 70%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 14463x 77%
F-Zero 1990 94656x 83%
F1 Pole Position 1992 12304x 71%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 6104x 60%
Fatal Fury 1991 22389x 70%
Fighter's History 1993 16420x 69%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 50683x 82%
Final Fantasy V 1992 31433x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 67068x 82%
Final Fight 1990 272531x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 74365x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 88096x 76%
First Samurai 1991 13668x 67%
Flashback 1992 11182x 83%
Frogger 1981 22648x 75%
GP-1 1993 4294x 65%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 73789x 81%
Gods 1991 13740x 74%
Gradius III 1989 5900x 67%
Harvest Moon 1996 5862x 52%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 18648x 77%
Indiana Jones 1994 33689x 76%
Ironman 1989 17191x 62%
Joe & Mac 1991 4382x 65%
Judge Dredd 1995 16069x 72%
Jurassic Park 1993 31173x 75%
Killer Instinct 1994 114825x 75%
King of the Monsters 1991 6301x 74%
Kirby Super Star 1996 141090x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 29868x 66%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 8943x 83%
Lemmings 1991 23500x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 59456x 74%
Lord of the Rings 1994 24706x 71%
Lufia 1993 4259x 46%
Magical Drop 1995 5476x 74%
Magical Quest 1992 30931x 72%
Mario is Missing! 1992 48853x 68%
Mega Man 7 1995 75622x 80%
Mega Man X 1993 189378x 80%
Mega Man X2 1994 81858x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 88768x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 12974x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 14328x 77%
Micro Machines 2 1994 1495x 80%
Might and Magic II 1988 13622x 68%
Might and Magic III 1991 29161x 68%
Mortal Kombat 1993 97034x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 38062x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 40568x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 74341x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 29748x 79%
NBA Jam 1993 43777x 76%
NBA Live 95 1994 28263x 76%
NHL 96 1995 3484x 84%
NHL ’94 1993 25388x 78%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 10293x 83%
Nosferatu 1994 2786x 59%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 15255x 59%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 13398x 75%
Pac-in-Time 1995 4494x 70%
Paperboy 2 1991 13987x 64%
Pilotwings 1990 37168x 77%
Pinball Dreams 1992 16722x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 16041x 75%
Pit-Fighter 1990 630x 20%
Pitfall IV 1994 49538x 77%
Plok 1993 5654x 58%
Power Rangers 1994 61014x 69%
Prehistorik Man 1995 40318x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 45079x 74%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 81802x 71%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 9419x 58%
Pushover 1992 11101x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 21916x 62%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 9255x 70%
RoboCop 3 1992 11631x 62%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 52788x 80%
Samurai Shodown 1993 8087x 79%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 9959x 66%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 28352x 67%
Secret of Evermore 1995 9719x 83%
Secret of Mana 1993 35076x 84%
Sengoku 1991 12124x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 20623x 82%
Shanghai II 1990 3272x 73%
Side Pocket 1987 20110x 75%
SimAnt 1991 2294x 70%
SimCity 1989 59783x 83%
SimCity 2000 1993 17696x 74%
Space Invaders 1978 19606x 79%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 34008x 65%
Spider-Man 1994 34437x 71%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 20846x 75%
Spindizzy Worlds 1990 1874x 40%
Star Fox 1993 57494x 78%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 4467x 57%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 104639x 76%
Street Fighter II 1992 1032135x 71%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 165863x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 92300x 74%
Super Adventure Island 1992 36310x 70%
Super Bomberman 1993 133214x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 40213x 78%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 26009x 74%
Super Bomberman 4 1996 9756x 83%
Super Bomberman 5 1997 12038x 78%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 71400x 82%
Super Double Dragon 1992 39018x 73%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 52879x 82%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 81%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 257640x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 19824x 59%
Super Star Wars 1992 44730x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 56922x 70%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 19946x 72%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 185214x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 43059x 78%
Super Turrican 1993 4992x 84%
Syndicate 1993 1206x 80%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 14049x 61%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 102764x 78%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 30142x 72%
Tales of Phantasia 1995 3496x 59%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 27920x 77%
Terminator 2 1991 7806x 67%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 39928x 77%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 77%
Tetris 2 1993 42939x 70%
The Chaos Engine 1993 554x 60%
The Humans 1992 9246x 65%
The Jungle Book 1994 42957x 66%
The Lost Vikings 1992 23518x 73%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 44003x 83%
The Mask 1995 19500x 75%
The Smurfs 1993 1558x 55%
The Terminator 1993 12785x 63%
Theme Park 1994 1623x 82%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 8677x 69%
Tintin: Prisoners of the Sun 1996 1766x 64%
Top Gear 1992 119523x 75%
Top Gear 2 1993 46586x 76%
Total Carnage 1992 14268x 71%
True Lies 1994 18850x 81%
Ultimate MK3 1996 1914x 67%
Uniracers 1994 2113x 78%
Virtual Bart 1994 21254x 70%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 66754x 72%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 2885x 80%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 14604x 74%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 29839x 74%
World Heroes 1992 6667x 68%
Worms 1995 44160x 68%
Young Merlin 1993 15641x 54%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 94485x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star

SNES: Super Punch-Out!! Super Punch-Out!!

SNES: Contra III: The Alien Wars Contra III: The Alien Wars

SNES: EarthBound EarthBound


 

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