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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 15258x 52%
ActRaiser 1990 1043x 88%
Addams Family, The 1991 32437x 59%
Alien 3 1992 24126x 62%
Another World 1991 6959x 83%
Astérix 1993 5130x 73%
Batman & Robin 1994 22349x 71%
BlackThorne 1994 7381x 82%
Breath of Fire 1993 10636x 84%
Bust-A-Move 1994 13500x 85%
California Games II 1990 7063x 71%
Cannon Fodder 1993 8412x 62%
Captain Commando 1991 8240x 65%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 12151x 85%
Championship Karate 1992 10181x 65%
Chessmaster 1989 7585x 80%
Choplifter III 1994 3772x 83%
Chrono Trigger 1995 21792x 88%
Civilization 1991 12545x 83%
Cliffhanger 1993 14486x 70%
Columns 1990 5675x 83%
Contra III 1992 51815x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 6805x 54%
Demolition Man 1995 2028x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 5847x 83%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 11924x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 59682x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 43953x 75%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 11877x 66%
Doom 1993 12747x 73%
Dr. Mario 1990 21140x 72%
Dracula 1993 7726x 84%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 3133x 61%
Dungeon Master 1987 6005x 63%
EarthBound 1994 21319x 89%
Earthworm Jim 1994 8825x 66%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 7169x 75%
F-Zero 1990 26184x 80%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 6872x 86%
Final Fantasy V 1992 3049x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 12568x 77%
Final Fight 1990 113379x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 26252x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 27610x 68%
First Samurai 1991 6274x 78%
Flashback 1992 4041x 80%
Frogger 1981 8419x 76%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 5465x 72%
Gods 1991 6461x 74%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 4231x 64%
Indiana Jones 1994 13683x 73%
Ironman 1989 6318x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 8096x 86%
Jurassic Park 1993 5508x 86%
Killer Instinct 1994 20978x 67%
Kirby Super Star 1996 34084x 76%
Lamborghini 1992 13937x 64%
Lemmings 1991 13292x 77%
Lion King, The 1994 11694x 80%
Lord of the Rings 1994 10766x 62%
Magical Quest 1992 1181x 53%
Mario is Missing! 1992 14296x 80%
Mega Man 7 1995 15476x 75%
Mega Man X 1993 26104x 79%
Mega Man X2 1994 15141x 79%
Mega Man X3 1995 14565x 84%
Mega lo Mania 1991 6086x 85%
Micro Machines 1991 6411x 70%
Might and Magic II 1988 6270x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 9014x 64%
Mortal Kombat 1993 19666x 80%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 11001x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 8368x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 22665x 75%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 11549x 88%
NBA Jam 1993 8045x 70%
NBA Live 95 1994 2364x 71%
NHL ’94 1993 7110x 73%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 6171x 58%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 6110x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 4727x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 11632x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 8674x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 8571x 88%
Pitfall IV 1994 17537x 82%
Power Rangers 1994 15183x 72%
Prehistorik Man 1995 13944x 78%
Prince of Persia 1989 15215x 81%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 23779x 73%
Pushover 1992 4372x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 8137x 52%
RoboCop 3 1992 3580x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 4072x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 9029x 52%
Secret of Mana 1993 8104x 81%
Shadowrun 1993 8582x 82%
Side Pocket 1987 7563x 76%
SimCity 1989 16022x 75%
SimCity 2000 1993 7089x 64%
Space Invaders 1978 10331x 81%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 12364x 65%
Spider-Man 1994 11192x 67%
Star Fox 1993 15859x 74%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 3794x 61%
Street Fighter II 1992 98900x 68%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 6538x 66%
Sunset Riders 1993 14268x 68%
Super Adventure Island 1992 11648x 75%
Super Bomberman 1993 18760x 67%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 19463x 86%
Super Double Dragon 1992 10866x 63%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 5958x 78%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 278701x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 69238x 73%
Super Mario RPG 1996 27135x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 630982x 74%
Super Mario World 2 1995 96679x 71%
Super Metroid 1994 28729x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 43791x 78%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 3514x 78%
Super Star Wars 1992 13797x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 8556x 67%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 969x 47%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 37748x 75%
Super Tennis 1991 16569x 75%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 2376x 70%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 24527x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 11718x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 9748x 74%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 19922x 70%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 7566x 83%
Tetris 2 1993 6002x 68%
The Humans 1992 3095x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 18902x 68%
The Lost Vikings 1992 7059x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 14759x 76%
Top Gear 1992 16635x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 4537x 62%
True Lies 1994 4009x 64%
Virtual Bart 1994 7761x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 15696x 78%
Wario’s Woods 1994 9591x 63%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 3024x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 11907x 85%
Worms 1995 18103x 70%
Young Merlin 1993 5565x 40%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 72805x 82%
Zombies 1993 13687x 72%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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