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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 16661x 52%
ActRaiser 1990 2316x 87%
Addams Family, The 1991 33977x 58%
Alien 3 1992 25246x 63%
Another World 1991 7490x 83%
Astérix 1993 5955x 68%
Batman & Robin 1994 24414x 72%
Batman Returns 1992 1571x 79%
BlackThorne 1994 7964x 83%
Breath of Fire 1993 11515x 84%
Bust-A-Move 1994 14778x 86%
California Games II 1990 7428x 71%
Cannon Fodder 1993 8777x 62%
Captain Commando 1991 10115x 62%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 13794x 80%
Championship Karate 1992 11189x 65%
Chessmaster 1989 7938x 80%
Choplifter III 1994 4384x 83%
Chrono Trigger 1995 23617x 88%
Civilization 1991 13259x 85%
Cliffhanger 1993 15316x 71%
Columns 1990 5998x 83%
Contra III 1992 57600x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 7168x 54%
Demolition Man 1995 2381x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 6531x 81%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 13081x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 63540x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 49182x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 13621x 69%
Doom 1993 13770x 74%
Dr. Mario 1990 22409x 70%
Dracula 1993 8135x 84%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 4121x 60%
Dungeon Master 1987 6411x 60%
EarthBound 1994 25565x 89%
Earthworm Jim 1994 9645x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 7437x 75%
F-Zero 1990 29296x 79%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 8513x 84%
Final Fantasy V 1992 3771x 81%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 13742x 78%
Final Fight 1990 121097x 68%
Final Fight 2 1993 28605x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 30427x 70%
First Samurai 1991 6557x 68%
Flashback 1992 4382x 80%
Frogger 1981 8896x 76%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 5952x 72%
Gods 1991 6815x 70%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 4737x 67%
Indiana Jones 1994 14388x 73%
Ironman 1989 6755x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 8562x 87%
Jurassic Park 1993 6380x 80%
Killer Instinct 1994 24421x 67%
Kirby Super Star 1996 38090x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 14591x 66%
Lemmings 1991 13888x 77%
Lion King, The 1994 13421x 79%
Lord of the Rings 1994 11272x 64%
Magical Quest 1992 2001x 65%
Mario is Missing! 1992 15357x 81%
Mega Man 7 1995 16941x 76%
Mega Man X 1993 29088x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 16754x 80%
Mega Man X3 1995 16796x 85%
Mega lo Mania 1991 6404x 85%
Micro Machines 1991 6703x 60%
Might and Magic II 1988 6672x 74%
Might and Magic III 1991 9462x 64%
Mortal Kombat 1993 22486x 81%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 11848x 76%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 9226x 72%
Mr. Do! 1982 24279x 79%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 12496x 82%
NBA Jam 1993 8920x 70%
NBA Live 95 1994 3368x 69%
NHL ’94 1993 7855x 75%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 6600x 58%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 6427x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 5066x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 12637x 72%
Pinball Dreams 1992 9041x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 9085x 88%
Pitfall IV 1994 18637x 79%
Power Rangers 1994 16930x 73%
Prehistorik Man 1995 15061x 76%
Prince of Persia 1989 16488x 79%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 25574x 74%
Pushover 1992 4751x 85%
Q*Bert 3 1992 8713x 51%
RoboCop 3 1992 3957x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 4559x 85%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 9694x 54%
Secret of Mana 1993 8958x 84%
Shadowrun 1993 8969x 78%
Side Pocket 1987 8024x 78%
SimCity 1989 17314x 75%
SimCity 2000 1993 7516x 69%
Space Invaders 1978 10725x 81%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 13586x 67%
Spider-Man 1994 12035x 70%
Star Fox 1993 17429x 76%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 6787x 69%
Street Fighter II 1992 112761x 68%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 9941x 68%
Sunset Riders 1993 17547x 67%
Super Adventure Island 1992 12610x 75%
Super Bomberman 1993 22925x 68%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 21954x 84%
Super Double Dragon 1992 11954x 66%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 7590x 81%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 298231x 72%
Super Mario Kart 1992 76018x 73%
Super Mario RPG 1996 28979x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 699636x 74%
Super Mario World 2 1995 106402x 71%
Super Metroid 1994 33317x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 50124x 78%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 4087x 80%
Super Star Wars 1992 14633x 80%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 9249x 66%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 1555x 51%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 43007x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 17879x 72%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 2939x 62%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 26914x 73%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 12385x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 10484x 73%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 20714x 72%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 9044x 84%
Tetris 2 1993 7402x 70%
The Humans 1992 3326x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 20168x 68%
The Lost Vikings 1992 7768x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 15767x 76%
Top Gear 1992 19286x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 4953x 62%
True Lies 1994 4469x 68%
Virtual Bart 1994 8345x 76%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 17573x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 10018x 65%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 3556x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 12740x 85%
Worms 1995 19126x 71%
Young Merlin 1993 5962x 28%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 79068x 83%
Zombies 1993 15449x 74%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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