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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 12990x 45%
Addams Family, The 1991 29680x 60%
Alien 3 1992 22316x 61%
Another World 1991 5895x 83%
Astérix 1993 3843x 64%
Batman & Robin 1994 18551x 72%
BlackThorne 1994 6335x 84%
Breath of Fire 1993 9294x 84%
Bust-A-Move 1994 11267x 84%
California Games II 1990 6389x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 7691x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 5145x 67%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 9344x 81%
Championship Karate 1992 8259x 58%
Chessmaster 1989 6858x 80%
Choplifter III 1994 1905x 92%
Chrono Trigger 1995 19125x 87%
Civilization 1991 10988x 82%
Cliffhanger 1993 12785x 70%
Columns 1990 5031x 83%
Contra III 1992 42380x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 6129x 50%
Demolition Man 1995 1434x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 4713x 83%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 9764x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 53371x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 36824x 74%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 9262x 61%
Doom 1993 10935x 73%
Dr. Mario 1990 18070x 71%
Dracula 1993 6919x 84%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 1536x 50%
Dungeon Master 1987 5174x 80%
EarthBound 1994 17479x 89%
Earthworm Jim 1994 7510x 65%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 6566x 75%
F-Zero 1990 21829x 77%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 5221x 85%
Final Fantasy V 1992 1657x 87%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 10791x 77%
Final Fight 1990 100160x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 22258x 70%
Final Fight 3 1995 23016x 66%
First Samurai 1991 5664x 78%
Flashback 1992 3464x 80%
Frogger 1981 7570x 76%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 4622x 85%
Gods 1991 5827x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 3374x 64%
Indiana Jones 1994 12302x 71%
Ironman 1989 5571x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 7233x 86%
Jurassic Park 1993 3960x 82%
Killer Instinct 1994 16021x 67%
Kirby Super Star 1996 28724x 77%
Lamborghini 1992 12598x 64%
Lemmings 1991 12335x 85%
Lion King, The 1994 9066x 79%
Lord of the Rings 1994 9800x 64%
Mario is Missing! 1992 12112x 81%
Mega Man 7 1995 13056x 75%
Mega Man X 1993 20642x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 12410x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 11601x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 5397x 85%
Micro Machines 1991 5836x 50%
Might and Magic II 1988 5495x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 7965x 65%
Mortal Kombat 1993 16301x 81%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 9641x 71%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 7154x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 19688x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 9741x 84%
NBA Jam 1993 6760x 77%
NBA Live 95 1994 375x 98%
NHL ’94 1993 5962x 68%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 5412x 61%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 5513x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 4090x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 10059x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 8037x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 7783x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 15320x 84%
Power Rangers 1994 12658x 81%
Prehistorik Man 1995 12008x 78%
Prince of Persia 1989 12805x 82%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 21023x 74%
Pushover 1992 3673x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 7265x 57%
RoboCop 3 1992 2866x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 3270x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 7694x 50%
Secret of Mana 1993 6821x 81%
Shadowrun 1993 7707x 81%
Side Pocket 1987 6571x 76%
SimCity 1989 14054x 78%
SimCity 2000 1993 6268x 68%
Space Invaders 1978 9665x 80%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 9987x 56%
Spider-Man 1994 9418x 71%
Star Fox 1993 13281x 72%
Street Fighter II 1992 80403x 68%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 1478x 75%
Sunset Riders 1993 9516x 64%
Super Adventure Island 1992 10133x 75%
Super Bomberman 1993 12925x 66%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 15965x 85%
Super Double Dragon 1992 9102x 63%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 3695x 59%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 247278x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 59816x 73%
Super Mario RPG 1996 24184x 77%
Super Mario World 1990 544417x 74%
Super Mario World 2 1995 79289x 74%
Super Metroid 1994 22905x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 35155x 74%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 2369x 80%
Super Star Wars 1992 12294x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 7364x 68%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 30177x 78%
Super Tennis 1991 13900x 71%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 1419x 77%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 20258x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 10189x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 8552x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 18556x 69%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 5471x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 4073x 68%
The Humans 1992 2576x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 17060x 71%
The Lost Vikings 1992 5901x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 12513x 72%
Top Gear 1992 12878x 71%
Total Carnage 1992 3774x 62%
True Lies 1994 3001x 67%
Virtual Bart 1994 6660x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 13093x 78%
Wario’s Woods 1994 8654x 63%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 2115x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 10505x 85%
Worms 1995 16644x 74%
Young Merlin 1993 4819x 40%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 63414x 81%
Zombies 1993 10976x 71%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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