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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 31948x 55%
ActRaiser 1990 13211x 71%
ActRaiser 2 1993 173x 73%
Addams Family, The 1991 51097x 59%
Alien 3 1992 35813x 66%
Another World 1991 11643x 79%
Art of Fighting 1992 4784x 60%
Astérix 1993 13346x 75%
Batman & Robin 1994 45871x 72%
Batman Returns 1992 18205x 79%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 2523x 48%
BlackThorne 1994 14279x 75%
Boogerman 1994 1115x 70%
Breath of Fire 1993 20225x 78%
Bust-A-Move 1994 27730x 74%
California Games II 1990 10654x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 12579x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 35224x 67%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 721x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 29755x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 22101x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 11342x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 11913x 70%
Chrono Trigger 1995 71312x 84%
Civilization 1991 19423x 78%
Cliffhanger 1993 20739x 64%
Columns 1990 8555x 80%
Contra III 1992 115203x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 10984x 56%
Demolition Man 1995 5190x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 15133x 76%
Desert Strike 1992 6753x 79%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 8001x 65%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 39030x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 119011x 70%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 125625x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 44770x 73%
Doom 1993 25772x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 36098x 69%
Dracula 1993 11306x 68%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 18682x 76%
Dungeon Master 1987 9721x 71%
EarthBound 1994 94568x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 18497x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 10444x 77%
F-Zero 1990 59281x 79%
F1 Pole Position 1992 1840x 78%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 1357x 72%
Fatal Fury 1991 4469x 62%
Fighter's History 1993 6862x 63%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 21198x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 16570x 83%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 35958x 83%
Final Fight 1990 185561x 70%
Final Fight 2 1993 50611x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 56303x 74%
First Samurai 1991 9713x 71%
Flashback 1992 7207x 80%
Frogger 1981 14397x 68%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 14472x 82%
Gods 1991 9815x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 11203x 71%
Indiana Jones 1994 22363x 76%
Ironman 1989 11549x 52%
Judge Dredd 1995 12073x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 15837x 75%
Killer Instinct 1994 63438x 72%
Kirby Super Star 1996 93443x 78%
Lamborghini 1992 21386x 66%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 1933x 76%
Lemmings 1991 18176x 77%
Lion King, The 1994 36545x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 16751x 65%
Magical Quest 1992 14743x 68%
Mario is Missing! 1992 30236x 67%
Mega Man 7 1995 43842x 78%
Mega Man X 1993 95930x 78%
Mega Man X2 1994 44775x 80%
Mega Man X3 1995 45214x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 8933x 73%
Micro Machines 1991 9973x 68%
Might and Magic II 1988 9762x 69%
Might and Magic III 1991 13732x 58%
Mortal Kombat 1993 66450x 67%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 26886x 73%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 24861x 74%
Mr. Do! 1982 43998x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 20043x 77%
NBA Jam 1993 25457x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 13814x 71%
NHL ’94 1993 14382x 73%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 10245x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 9046x 75%
Paperboy 2 1991 8547x 57%
Pilotwings 1990 24238x 73%
Pinball Dreams 1992 12581x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 11958x 73%
Pitfall IV 1994 32587x 75%
Power Rangers 1994 37982x 67%
Prehistorik Man 1995 25899x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 28787x 76%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 48270x 70%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 3665x 60%
Pushover 1992 7520x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 13667x 58%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 1749x 67%
RoboCop 3 1992 7231x 51%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 9201x 77%
Samurai Shodown 1993 2757x 74%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 18149x 64%
Secret of Evermore 1995 2290x 77%
Secret of Mana 1993 21613x 84%
Sengoku 1991 4557x 71%
Shadowrun 1993 13318x 77%
Shanghai II 1990 78x 80%
Side Pocket 1987 13546x 74%
SimCity 1989 32333x 80%
SimCity 2000 1993 11811x 77%
Space Invaders 1978 14530x 73%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 22739x 64%
Spider-Man 1994 21643x 72%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 2525x 66%
Star Fox 1993 37025x 78%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 54410x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 496720x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 84519x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 54154x 69%
Super Adventure Island 1992 21716x 71%
Super Bomberman 1993 79194x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 5203x 77%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 45343x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 24042x 71%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 27492x 79%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 537601x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 254900x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 63439x 82%
Super Mario World 1990 1574316x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 231467x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 83467x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 112560x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 9619x 58%
Super Star Wars 1992 28580x 80%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 20578x 70%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 9731x 71%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 110833x 75%
Super Tennis 1991 29597x 75%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 7581x 54%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 60532x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 19384x 71%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 18258x 76%
Terminator 2 1991 3322x 63%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 28493x 74%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 29370x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 22161x 62%
The Humans 1992 5551x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 31177x 63%
The Lost Vikings 1992 14444x 71%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 25649x 83%
The Mask 1995 6240x 82%
The Terminator 1993 6426x 58%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 1842x 70%
Top Gear 1992 63715x 72%
Top Gear 2 1993 18949x 74%
Total Carnage 1992 8549x 69%
True Lies 1994 10215x 81%
Virtual Bart 1994 14415x 73%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 40807x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 14607x 65%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 8050x 75%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 19410x 76%
Worms 1995 30084x 66%
Young Merlin 1993 10237x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 184683x 84%
Zombies 1993 51634x 75%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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