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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 34354x 54%
ActRaiser 1990 14885x 71%
ActRaiser 2 1993 3256x 73%
Addams Family, The 1991 53506x 59%
Alien 3 1992 37295x 67%
Another World 1991 12247x 75%
Art of Fighting 1992 8546x 60%
Astérix 1993 14383x 75%
Batman & Robin 1994 48647x 73%
Batman Returns 1992 21879x 78%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 3421x 48%
BlackThorne 1994 15269x 77%
Boogerman 1994 1507x 70%
Breath of Fire 1993 21477x 78%
Bust-A-Move 1994 29918x 74%
California Games II 1990 11170x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 13184x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 38360x 68%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 1162x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 31645x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 23566x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 11881x 68%
Choplifter III 1994 12798x 70%
Chrono Trigger 1995 76692x 84%
Civilization 1991 20360x 79%
Cliffhanger 1993 21562x 64%
Columns 1990 9100x 83%
Contra III 1992 126098x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 11685x 61%
Demolition Man 1995 5735x 82%
Demon’s Crest 1994 16332x 77%
Desert Strike 1992 7857x 80%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 10416x 68%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 43139x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 0x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 0x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 0x 73%
Doom 1993 29255x 71%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 70%
Dracula 1993 11860x 68%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 20280x 77%
Dungeon Master 1987 10330x 78%
EarthBound 1994 104184x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 19536x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 10933x 77%
F-Zero 1990 63576x 80%
F1 Pole Position 1992 3394x 84%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 1839x 73%
Fatal Fury 1991 6753x 69%
Fighter's History 1993 7955x 63%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 24146x 82%
Final Fantasy V 1992 18406x 83%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 39619x 83%
Final Fight 1990 195698x 70%
Final Fight 2 1993 53544x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 59690x 75%
First Samurai 1991 10215x 71%
Flashback 1992 7648x 76%
Frogger 1981 15600x 72%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 17816x 84%
Gods 1991 10291x 72%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 12127x 70%
Indiana Jones 1994 23692x 76%
Ironman 1989 12324x 55%
Judge Dredd 1995 12652x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 17476x 75%
Killer Instinct 1994 70018x 72%
Kirby Super Star 1996 101733x 79%
Lamborghini 1992 22448x 66%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 2639x 79%
Lemmings 1991 18941x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 38917x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 17728x 67%
Magical Quest 1992 16872x 69%
Mario is Missing! 1992 32617x 67%
Mega Man 7 1995 48367x 78%
Mega Man X 1993 113635x 79%
Mega Man X2 1994 50374x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 51372x 80%
Mega lo Mania 1991 9451x 73%
Micro Machines 1991 10536x 74%
Might and Magic II 1988 10266x 69%
Might and Magic III 1991 14366x 58%
Mortal Kombat 1993 73625x 67%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 28348x 73%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 27384x 74%
Mr. Do! 1982 47332x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 21233x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 27509x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 15328x 72%
NHL ’94 1993 15301x 75%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 10806x 57%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 9544x 76%
Paperboy 2 1991 9270x 59%
Pilotwings 1990 25812x 75%
Pinball Dreams 1992 13249x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 12475x 73%
Pitfall IV 1994 34970x 74%
Power Rangers 1994 40854x 67%
Prehistorik Man 1995 27300x 75%
Prince of Persia 1989 30729x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 52361x 70%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 4362x 60%
Pushover 1992 7982x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 16019x 59%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 2408x 74%
RoboCop 3 1992 7764x 57%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 10010x 78%
Samurai Shodown 1993 3384x 74%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 19547x 66%
Secret of Evermore 1995 3032x 84%
Secret of Mana 1993 23407x 84%
Sengoku 1991 5324x 73%
Shadowrun 1993 14120x 78%
Shanghai II 1990 592x 80%
Side Pocket 1987 14285x 74%
SimCity 1989 36151x 81%
SimCity 2000 1993 12550x 78%
Space Invaders 1978 15191x 76%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 24089x 63%
Spider-Man 1994 23104x 73%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 4155x 69%
Star Fox 1993 39837x 78%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 60603x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 565174x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 94570x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 61053x 70%
Super Adventure Island 1992 23420x 70%
Super Bomberman 1993 87500x 75%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 10670x 74%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 48301x 80%
Super Double Dragon 1992 26088x 72%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 30688x 79%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 82%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 123079x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 10636x 60%
Super Star Wars 1992 30501x 81%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 24288x 70%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 11011x 71%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 121875x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 31424x 75%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 8274x 56%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 65557x 75%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 20701x 70%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 19251x 76%
Terminator 2 1991 3770x 67%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 29703x 74%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 79%
Tetris 2 1993 24307x 63%
The Humans 1992 5951x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 32691x 64%
The Lost Vikings 1992 15436x 71%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 27363x 84%
The Mask 1995 7752x 80%
The Terminator 1993 7169x 60%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 2894x 75%
Top Gear 1992 71899x 72%
Top Gear 2 1993 22811x 75%
Total Carnage 1992 9180x 67%
True Lies 1994 11056x 81%
Virtual Bart 1994 15200x 70%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 45284x 73%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 8770x 75%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 20665x 77%
Worms 1995 31647x 65%
Young Merlin 1993 10854x 53%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 57309x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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