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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 40683x 55%
ActRaiser 1990 19575x 70%
ActRaiser 2 1993 6257x 77%
Addams Family, The 1991 59774x 61%
Alien 3 1992 41393x 68%
Another World 1991 13906x 77%
Art of Fighting 1992 17269x 61%
Astérix 1993 17580x 73%
Batman & Robin 1994 55498x 73%
Batman Returns 1992 27841x 77%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 5793x 47%
BlackThorne 1994 17718x 76%
Boogerman 1994 3264x 87%
Breath of Fire 1993 25330x 78%
Bust-A-Move 1994 34465x 74%
California Games II 1990 12610x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 14774x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 47033x 69%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 2283x 70%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 36763x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 27575x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 13526x 75%
Choplifter III 1994 15089x 70%
Chrono Trigger 1995 89915x 86%
Civilization 1991 23112x 79%
Cliffhanger 1993 23997x 59%
Columns 1990 10282x 79%
Contra III 1992 154355x 71%
Cool Spot 1993 13923x 64%
Demolition Man 1995 9279x 86%
Demon’s Crest 1994 19738x 79%
Desert Strike 1992 11241x 80%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 16474x 67%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 53066x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 0x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 0x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 0x 73%
Doom 1993 33471x 72%
Double Dragon V 1994 2135x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 13332x 67%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 24630x 80%
Dungeon Master 1987 13972x 78%
EarthBound 1994 132496x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 22643x 69%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 12225x 77%
F-Zero 1990 75253x 81%
F1 Pole Position 1992 7536x 77%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 3232x 73%
Fatal Fury 1991 12829x 69%
Fighter's History 1993 10949x 65%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 29510x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 23154x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 49602x 83%
Final Fight 1990 224550x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 61268x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 70008x 75%
First Samurai 1991 11495x 71%
Flashback 1992 8830x 80%
Frogger 1981 18407x 72%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 41731x 82%
Gods 1991 11549x 74%
Gradius III 1989 1820x 73%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 14585x 76%
Indiana Jones 1994 27524x 76%
Ironman 1989 14166x 61%
Joe & Mac 1991 1120x 70%
Judge Dredd 1995 13847x 73%
Jurassic Park 1993 24478x 74%
Killer Instinct 1994 85235x 74%
King of the Monsters 1991 2615x 83%
Kirby Super Star 1996 117987x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 25468x 65%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 4691x 83%
Lemmings 1991 20588x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 45140x 74%
Lord of the Rings 1994 20496x 71%
Lufia 1993 1826x 50%
Magical Drop 1995 2041x 76%
Magical Quest 1992 22007x 70%
Mario is Missing! 1992 36906x 66%
Mega Man 7 1995 59122x 80%
Mega Man X 1993 144386x 79%
Mega Man X2 1994 63159x 81%
Mega Man X3 1995 66656x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 10942x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 11896x 76%
Might and Magic II 1988 11439x 68%
Might and Magic III 1991 16150x 61%
Mortal Kombat 1993 83055x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 32176x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 31966x 73%
Mr. Do! 1982 57925x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 23997x 78%
NBA Jam 1993 32859x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 20186x 73%
NHL ’94 1993 20741x 75%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 816x 90%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 12501x 60%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 10882x 77%
Pac-in-Time 1995 1361x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 11026x 59%
Pilotwings 1990 30050x 75%
Pinball Dreams 1992 14457x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 13738x 74%
Pitfall IV 1994 40952x 76%
Power Rangers 1994 47489x 68%
Prehistorik Man 1995 32555x 74%
Prince of Persia 1989 36426x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 64222x 70%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 6293x 58%
Pushover 1992 9055x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 18224x 58%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 4573x 63%
RoboCop 3 1992 9172x 59%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 25271x 79%
Samurai Shodown 1993 5156x 77%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 4210x 75%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 22861x 67%
Secret of Evermore 1995 5375x 81%
Secret of Mana 1993 27693x 83%
Sengoku 1991 7604x 74%
Shadowrun 1993 16276x 78%
Shanghai II 1990 1540x 80%
Side Pocket 1987 16337x 76%
SimAnt 1991 420x 70%
SimCity 1989 42663x 82%
SimCity 2000 1993 14516x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 16802x 77%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 27633x 65%
Spider-Man 1994 27154x 73%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 8557x 73%
Star Fox 1993 46826x 79%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 1372x 66%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 76631x 75%
Street Fighter II 1992 726879x 70%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 120912x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 74091x 71%
Super Adventure Island 1992 27806x 73%
Super Bomberman 1993 103694x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 21715x 77%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 8145x 76%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 56837x 81%
Super Double Dragon 1992 31129x 73%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 39566x 80%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 82%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 163568x 79%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 13660x 62%
Super Star Wars 1992 35827x 82%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 33764x 68%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 14250x 75%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 147503x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 35800x 77%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 10260x 58%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 78401x 76%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 24085x 72%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 22451x 78%
Terminator 2 1991 5064x 70%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 33261x 76%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 78%
Tetris 2 1993 30820x 64%
The Humans 1992 7126x 65%
The Jungle Book 1994 36419x 63%
The Lost Vikings 1992 18761x 72%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 35717x 83%
The Mask 1995 11619x 79%
The Terminator 1993 9343x 59%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 4886x 77%
Top Gear 1992 89460x 73%
Top Gear 2 1993 31174x 73%
Total Carnage 1992 10973x 71%
True Lies 1994 14021x 83%
Virtual Bart 1994 17344x 68%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 55254x 71%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 678x 60%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 11120x 78%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 23966x 77%
World Heroes 1992 2839x 70%
Worms 1995 36763x 67%
Young Merlin 1993 12656x 54%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 72406x 77%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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