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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 13964x 51%
Addams Family, The 1991 30829x 60%
Alien 3 1992 23095x 62%
Another World 1991 6322x 83%
Astérix 1993 4422x 74%
Batman & Robin 1994 20109x 71%
BlackThorne 1994 6822x 82%
Breath of Fire 1993 9876x 86%
Bust-A-Move 1994 12197x 85%
California Games II 1990 6667x 70%
Cannon Fodder 1993 7990x 64%
Captain Commando 1991 6462x 67%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 10552x 84%
Championship Karate 1992 9037x 59%
Chessmaster 1989 7151x 80%
Choplifter III 1994 2975x 91%
Chrono Trigger 1995 20256x 87%
Civilization 1991 11677x 82%
Cliffhanger 1993 13526x 70%
Columns 1990 5261x 83%
Contra III 1992 46010x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 6403x 50%
Demolition Man 1995 1715x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 5172x 83%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 10680x 78%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 56178x 71%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 40128x 76%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 10372x 64%
Doom 1993 11698x 72%
Dr. Mario 1990 19509x 71%
Dracula 1993 7251x 84%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 2098x 58%
Dungeon Master 1987 5499x 63%
EarthBound 1994 18968x 89%
Earthworm Jim 1994 8085x 65%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 6860x 75%
F-Zero 1990 23668x 78%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 5897x 86%
Final Fantasy V 1992 2240x 85%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 11560x 78%
Final Fight 1990 106258x 67%
Final Fight 2 1993 24060x 71%
Final Fight 3 1995 24891x 68%
First Samurai 1991 5963x 78%
Flashback 1992 3757x 80%
Frogger 1981 7949x 74%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 4973x 72%
Gods 1991 6113x 75%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 3719x 64%
Indiana Jones 1994 12924x 73%
Ironman 1989 5871x 50%
Judge Dredd 1995 7583x 86%
Jurassic Park 1993 4651x 82%
Killer Instinct 1994 18154x 68%
Kirby Super Star 1996 31274x 76%
Lamborghini 1992 13239x 64%
Lemmings 1991 12727x 80%
Lion King, The 1994 10181x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 10218x 64%
Mario is Missing! 1992 13038x 82%
Mega Man 7 1995 14041x 74%
Mega Man X 1993 22766x 81%
Mega Man X2 1994 13586x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 12701x 81%
Mega lo Mania 1991 5678x 85%
Micro Machines 1991 6089x 60%
Might and Magic II 1988 5784x 70%
Might and Magic III 1991 8471x 67%
Mortal Kombat 1993 17760x 81%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 10275x 72%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 7614x 69%
Mr. Do! 1982 21030x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 10511x 85%
NBA Jam 1993 7274x 74%
NBA Live 95 1994 1427x 82%
NHL ’94 1993 6330x 68%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 5752x 58%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 5773x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 4355x 58%
Pilotwings 1990 10672x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 8286x 83%
Pipe Mania 1988 8108x 87%
Pitfall IV 1994 16330x 85%
Power Rangers 1994 13601x 78%
Prehistorik Man 1995 12878x 78%
Prince of Persia 1989 13923x 82%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 22199x 74%
Pushover 1992 3996x 80%
Q*Bert 3 1992 7596x 55%
RoboCop 3 1992 3197x 50%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 3626x 70%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 8291x 52%
Secret of Mana 1993 7294x 82%
Shadowrun 1993 8077x 82%
Side Pocket 1987 7021x 76%
SimCity 1989 14986x 77%
SimCity 2000 1993 6611x 68%
Space Invaders 1978 9928x 80%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 11099x 62%
Spider-Man 1994 10176x 70%
Star Fox 1993 14398x 72%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 1863x 54%
Street Fighter II 1992 87954x 67%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 4099x 66%
Sunset Riders 1993 11128x 69%
Super Adventure Island 1992 10793x 75%
Super Bomberman 1993 15527x 64%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 17408x 86%
Super Double Dragon 1992 9797x 64%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 4591x 64%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 261409x 71%
Super Mario Kart 1992 63790x 72%
Super Mario RPG 1996 25559x 76%
Super Mario World 1990 575194x 74%
Super Mario World 2 1995 87213x 71%
Super Metroid 1994 25288x 84%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 38526x 76%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 2865x 80%
Super Star Wars 1992 12916x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 7870x 68%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 33685x 76%
Super Tennis 1991 15225x 73%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 1831x 63%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 22234x 74%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 10987x 69%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 8969x 71%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 19165x 70%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 6403x 80%
Tetris 2 1993 4839x 68%
The Humans 1992 2788x 60%
The Jungle Book 1994 17861x 70%
The Lost Vikings 1992 6443x 69%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 13517x 74%
Top Gear 1992 14313x 70%
Total Carnage 1992 4105x 62%
True Lies 1994 3449x 64%
Virtual Bart 1994 7124x 78%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 14105x 77%
Wario’s Woods 1994 9043x 63%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 2454x 63%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 11117x 86%
Worms 1995 17253x 72%
Young Merlin 1993 5128x 40%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 67708x 82%
Zombies 1993 12179x 70%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star


 

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