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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 46297x 55%
ActRaiser 1990 23581x 69%
ActRaiser 2 1993 8847x 72%
Addams Family, The 1991 64907x 61%
Alien 3 1992 45262x 69%
Another World 1991 15682x 80%
Art of Fighting 1992 26830x 61%
Astérix 1993 20192x 70%
Axelay 1992 1245x 50%
Batman & Robin 1994 61721x 74%
Batman Returns 1992 33187x 77%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 7887x 51%
BlackThorne 1994 19844x 77%
Boogerman 1994 4560x 56%
Breath of Fire 1993 28913x 78%
Bust-A-Move 1994 38261x 74%
California Games II 1990 13785x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 16267x 65%
Captain Commando 1991 55055x 69%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 3315x 80%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 41650x 78%
Championship Karate 1992 30797x 62%
Chessmaster 1989 15118x 78%
Choplifter III 1994 17130x 71%
Chrono Trigger 1995 108082x 86%
Civilization 1991 26799x 80%
Cliffhanger 1993 25949x 60%
Columns 1990 11301x 79%
Contra III 1992 183138x 72%
Cool Spot 1993 17292x 63%
Cybernator 1992 1502x 65%
Demolition Man 1995 11332x 82%
Demon’s Crest 1994 22824x 79%
Desert Strike 1992 13920x 81%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 22654x 67%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 64440x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 0x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 0x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 0x 73%
Doom 1993 37257x 75%
Double Dragon V 1994 4811x 64%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 14505x 67%
Dragon Quest I & II 1993 2396x 85%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 28955x 82%
Dungeon Master 1987 15334x 78%
EarthBound 1994 163344x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 25108x 68%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 13432x 77%
F-Zero 1990 85230x 82%
F1 Pole Position 1992 9952x 75%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 4841x 61%
Fatal Fury 1991 17693x 69%
Fighter's History 1993 13816x 65%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 43613x 83%
Final Fantasy V 1992 27896x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 58931x 83%
Final Fight 1990 250572x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 68319x 73%
Final Fight 3 1995 79493x 76%
First Samurai 1991 12675x 72%
Flashback 1992 10064x 81%
Frogger 1981 20642x 74%
GP-1 1993 2649x 65%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 63499x 79%
Gods 1991 12684x 74%
Gradius III 1989 3909x 69%
Harvest Moon 1996 2973x 74%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 16621x 77%
Indiana Jones 1994 30690x 76%
Ironman 1989 15753x 62%
Joe & Mac 1991 2898x 75%
Judge Dredd 1995 15059x 72%
Jurassic Park 1993 28097x 74%
Killer Instinct 1994 100308x 75%
King of the Monsters 1991 4592x 74%
Kirby Super Star 1996 130466x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 27753x 67%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 6893x 82%
Lemmings 1991 22212x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 53551x 74%
Lord of the Rings 1994 22783x 73%
Lufia 1993 3139x 50%
Magical Drop 1995 3896x 76%
Magical Quest 1992 26780x 73%
Mario is Missing! 1992 44487x 68%
Mega Man 7 1995 67911x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 169145x 80%
Mega Man X2 1994 72912x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 78360x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 12110x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 13060x 77%
Micro Machines 2 1994 435x 83%
Might and Magic II 1988 12496x 68%
Might and Magic III 1991 24479x 66%
Mortal Kombat 1993 90895x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 35589x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 37296x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 67098x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 26980x 79%
NBA Jam 1993 37861x 75%
NBA Live 95 1994 24216x 75%
NHL 96 1995 1163x 80%
NHL ’94 1993 23052x 75%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 7844x 85%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 13980x 60%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 12175x 75%
Pac-in-Time 1995 3052x 68%
Paperboy 2 1991 12492x 61%
Pilotwings 1990 33780x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 15653x 74%
Pipe Mania 1988 15066x 75%
Pitfall IV 1994 45646x 77%
Plok 1993 2766x 58%
Power Rangers 1994 54639x 69%
Prehistorik Man 1995 36562x 74%
Prince of Persia 1989 40879x 75%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 73473x 71%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 8027x 58%
Pushover 1992 10075x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 20212x 58%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 7301x 72%
RoboCop 3 1992 10605x 59%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 35087x 80%
Samurai Shodown 1993 6790x 81%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 7105x 69%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 25675x 66%
Secret of Evermore 1995 7440x 79%
Secret of Mana 1993 31392x 84%
Sengoku 1991 9911x 77%
Shadowrun 1993 18456x 81%
Shanghai II 1990 2584x 73%
Side Pocket 1987 18257x 75%
SimAnt 1991 1390x 70%
SimCity 1989 52321x 81%
SimCity 2000 1993 16098x 76%
Space Invaders 1978 18241x 78%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 30948x 66%
Spider-Man 1994 30633x 73%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 14953x 74%
Star Fox 1993 52589x 78%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 2919x 57%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 90878x 76%
Street Fighter II 1992 883003x 71%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 144847x 74%
Sunset Riders 1993 84365x 73%
Super Adventure Island 1992 33517x 73%
Super Bomberman 1993 118144x 73%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 31273x 78%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 17679x 76%
Super Bomberman 4 1996 5177x 82%
Super Bomberman 5 1997 6072x 72%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 65059x 82%
Super Double Dragon 1992 35238x 72%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 46533x 81%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 81%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 208205x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 16749x 60%
Super Star Wars 1992 40368x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 47815x 69%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 17044x 74%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 168720x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 39918x 77%
Super Turrican 1993 3009x 84%
Syndicate 1993 425x 80%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 12319x 59%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 91058x 77%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 27135x 71%
Tales of Phantasia 1995 2073x 56%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 24961x 78%
Terminator 2 1991 6501x 65%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 36789x 77%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 77%
Tetris 2 1993 37568x 66%
The Humans 1992 8270x 65%
The Jungle Book 1994 39768x 65%
The Lost Vikings 1992 21237x 74%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 40042x 85%
The Mask 1995 15980x 76%
The Terminator 1993 11285x 58%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 6720x 70%
Top Gear 1992 105492x 75%
Top Gear 2 1993 38934x 75%
Total Carnage 1992 12723x 65%
True Lies 1994 16547x 82%
Virtual Bart 1994 19516x 69%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 61269x 71%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 1795x 80%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 12923x 76%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 27479x 75%
World Heroes 1992 4913x 72%
Worms 1995 40465x 68%
Young Merlin 1993 14162x 54%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 84634x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star

SNES: Super Punch-Out!! Super Punch-Out!!

SNES: Contra III: The Alien Wars Contra III: The Alien Wars

SNES: EarthBound EarthBound


 

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