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Video game console - Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

    Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) was a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea. In Japan, the system was called the Super Famicom (officially adopting the abbreviated name of its predecessor, the Famicom), or SFC for short. In South Korea, it was known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. Although each version was essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
    The SNES was Nintendo's second home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other consoles at the time. The development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges helped to keep it competitive in the marketplace. The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console. The SNES remained popular well into the 32-bit era, and continues to be popular among fans, collectors, retro gamers, and emulation enthusiasts, some of whom still make homebrew ROM images.
    Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the designer of the original Famicom, the Super Famicom was released in Japan on Wednesday, November 21, 1990 for 25,000 yen ($210). It was an instant success; Nintendo's initial shipment of 300,000 units sold out within hours, and the resulting social disturbance led the Japanese government to ask video game manufacturers to schedule future console releases on weekends. The system's release also gained the attention of the Yakuza, leading to a decision to ship the devices at night to avoid robbery. Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, a redesigned version of the Super Famicom, in North America for $199. It began shipping in limited quantities on August 23, 1991, with an official nationwide release date of September 9, 1991. The SNES was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland in April 1992 for £150, with a German release following a few weeks later.
    The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in what has been described as one of the most notable console wars in video game history, in which Sega positioned the Genesis as the 'cool' console, with more mature titles aimed at older gamers, and edgy advertisements that occasionally attacked the competition. Nintendo however, scored an early public relations advantage by securing the first console conversion of Capcom's arcade classic Street Fighter II for SNES, which took over a year to make the transition to the Genesis. Despite the Genesis's head start, much larger library of games, and lower price point, the Genesis only represented an estimated 60% of the American 16-bit console market in June 1992, and neither console could maintain a definitive lead for several years.
    Nintendo continued to carefully review submitted titles, giving them scores using a 40-point scale and allocating Nintendo's marketing resources accordingly. Each region performed separate evaluations. Nintendo of America also maintained a policy that, among other things, limited the amount of violence in the games on its systems. One game, Mortal Kombat, would challenge this policy. A surprise hit in arcades in 1992, Mortal Kombat features splashes of blood and finishing moves that often depict one character dismembering the other. Because the Genesis version retained the gore while the SNES version did not, it outsold the SNES version by a ratio of three or four-to-one. Game players were not the only ones to notice the violence in this game; U.S. Senators Herb Kohl and Joe Lieberman convened a Congressional hearing on December 9, 1993 to investigate the marketing of violent video games to children. While Nintendo took the high ground with moderate success, the hearings led to the creation of the Interactive Digital Software Association and the Entertainment Software Rating Board, and the inclusion of ratings on all video games. With these ratings in place, Nintendo decided its censorship policies were no longer needed.
    49.10 million SNES units were sold worldwide, with 23.35 million of those units sold in the Americas and 17.17 million in Japan. Although it could not quite repeat the success of the NES, which sold 61.91 million units worldwide, the SNES was the best-selling console of its era.

Alphabetical list of the games for SNES hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3 Ninjas Kick Back 1994 54708x 57%
ActRaiser 1990 29511x 70%
ActRaiser 2 1993 13165x 68%
Addams Family, The 1991 72503x 63%
Alien 3 1992 51540x 69%
Another World 1991 18465x 75%
Art of Fighting 1992 40815x 63%
Astérix 1993 23984x 71%
Axelay 1992 3321x 61%
Batman & Robin 1994 89308x 75%
Batman Returns 1992 42800x 78%
Beauty and the Beast 1994 10948x 51%
BlackThorne 1994 23272x 78%
Boogerman 1994 24573x 43%
Breath of Fire 1993 33452x 79%
Bust-A-Move 1994 43554x 75%
California Games II 1990 15861x 65%
Cannon Fodder 1993 18345x 65%
Captain Commando 1991 65860x 69%
Carmen Sandiego (VGA) 1988 5703x 68%
Castlevania: Dracula X 1995 48726x 77%
Championship Karate 1992 35190x 63%
Chessmaster 1989 17667x 71%
Choplifter III 1994 20836x 69%
Chrono Trigger 1995 130920x 86%
Civilization 1991 31936x 81%
Cliffhanger 1993 29404x 60%
Columns 1990 12999x 71%
Contra III 1992 222879x 74%
Cool Spot 1993 19552x 66%
Cybernator 1992 4150x 65%
Demolition Man 1995 14059x 80%
Demon’s Crest 1994 28252x 80%
Desert Strike 1992 18844x 82%
Disney's Goof Troop 1993 33649x 68%
Disney’s Aladdin 1993 78301x 72%
Donkey Kong Country 1994 156789x 69%
Donkey Kong Country 2 1995 149485x 77%
Donkey Kong Country 3 1996 65479x 73%
Doom 1993 42552x 76%
Double Dragon V 1994 9265x 66%
Dr. Mario 1990 0x 71%
Dracula 1993 16451x 65%
Dragon Quest I & II 1993 7728x 86%
Dragon Warrior III 1988 35707x 81%
Dungeon Master 1987 17354x 78%
EarthBound 1994 206680x 87%
Earthworm Jim 1994 44663x 70%
Eye of the Beholder 1991 15166x 77%
F-Zero 1990 100496x 83%
F1 Pole Position 1992 13996x 72%
FIFA International Soccer 1993 7009x 60%
Fatal Fury 1991 25132x 70%
Fighter's History 1993 18087x 68%
Final Fantasy IV 1991 56001x 84%
Final Fantasy V 1992 34302x 82%
Final Fantasy VI 1994 72824x 82%
Final Fight 1990 286380x 71%
Final Fight 2 1993 78658x 72%
Final Fight 3 1995 94138x 76%
First Samurai 1991 14480x 67%
Flashback 1992 12509x 83%
Frogger 1981 24058x 75%
GP-1 1993 5592x 65%
Ghoul Patrol 1994 90418x 81%
Gods 1991 14468x 75%
Gradius III 1989 7597x 73%
Harvest Moon 1996 8033x 54%
Illusion of Gaia 1993 20078x 77%
Indiana Jones 1994 35895x 77%
Ironman 1989 18140x 62%
Joe & Mac 1991 5402x 60%
Judge Dredd 1995 16734x 72%
Jurassic Park 1993 33759x 76%
Killer Instinct 1994 124918x 75%
King of the Monsters 1991 7594x 71%
Kirby Super Star 1996 147153x 80%
Lamborghini 1992 31411x 66%
Last Action Hero 1993 3088x 34%
Legend of Mystical Ninja 1991 10689x 80%
Lemmings 1991 24798x 78%
Lion King, The 1994 78347x 75%
Lord of the Rings 1994 26174x 71%
Lufia 1993 5083x 49%
Lufia II 1995 1862x 43%
Magical Drop 1995 6566x 73%
Magical Quest 1992 33845x 72%
Mario is Missing! 1992 51873x 68%
Mega Man 7 1995 80502x 79%
Mega Man X 1993 201948x 80%
Mega Man X2 1994 88043x 82%
Mega Man X3 1995 94676x 79%
Mega lo Mania 1991 13515x 74%
Micro Machines 1991 15330x 77%
Micro Machines 2 1994 2024x 80%
Might and Magic II 1988 14404x 67%
Might and Magic III 1991 32394x 67%
Mortal Kombat 1993 101173x 68%
Mortal Kombat 3 1995 39909x 74%
Mortal Kombat II 1994 42949x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 79852x 78%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 31572x 78%
NBA Hangtime 1996 733x 70%
NBA Jam 1993 47017x 75%
NBA Live 95 1994 31059x 77%
NHL 96 1995 4600x 82%
NHL ’94 1993 26889x 78%
Ninja Gaiden Trilogy 1995 12128x 82%
Nosferatu 1994 3752x 60%
Operation Thunderbolt 1994 16174x 59%
PGA Tour Golf 1990 14237x 75%
Pac-in-Time 1995 5956x 74%
Paperboy 2 1991 15357x 65%
Pilotwings 1990 39552x 76%
Pinball Dreams 1992 17663x 77%
Pipe Mania 1988 16692x 75%
Pit-Fighter 1990 1114x 20%
Pitfall IV 1994 52224x 77%
Plok 1993 7774x 62%
Power Rangers 1994 65361x 70%
Prehistorik Man 1995 43059x 76%
Prince of Persia 1989 48084x 74%
Prince of Persia 2 1993 86220x 71%
Pro Tennis Tour 1989 10454x 56%
Pushover 1992 11707x 53%
Q*Bert 3 1992 23210x 62%
Road Runner's Death ... 1992 10714x 69%
RoboCop 3 1992 12516x 59%
RoboCop vs Terminator 1993 65916x 78%
Samurai Shodown 1993 9024x 79%
Saturday Night Slam ... 1993 11943x 66%
Scooby-Doo Mystery 1995 30267x 68%
Secret of Evermore 1995 11565x 84%
Secret of Mana 1993 37688x 84%
Sengoku 1991 13503x 80%
Shadowrun 1993 22069x 83%
Shanghai II 1990 3802x 73%
Side Pocket 1987 21584x 76%
SimAnt 1991 3170x 70%
SimCity 1989 65115x 83%
SimCity 2000 1993 18788x 75%
Space Invaders 1978 20584x 79%
Speedy Gonzales 1995 36539x 66%
Spider-Man 1994 37050x 71%
Spider-Man and Venom 1994 24183x 75%
Spindizzy Worlds 1990 2514x 42%
Star Fox 1993 61313x 78%
Star Trek: The Next Gen... 1994 5697x 57%
Street Fighter Alpha 2 1996 113316x 76%
Street Fighter II 1992 1125792x 71%
Street Fighter II Turbo 1992 179471x 75%
Sunset Riders 1993 97724x 74%
Super Adventure Island 1992 38689x 70%
Super Bomberman 1993 143070x 74%
Super Bomberman 2 1994 63791x 79%
Super Bomberman 3 1995 32551x 75%
Super Bomberman 4 1996 14293x 85%
Super Bomberman 5 1997 16934x 78%
Super Castlevania IV 1991 76015x 83%
Super Double Dragon 1992 42166x 73%
Super Ghouls ’N Ghosts 1991 57738x 82%
Super Mario All-Stars 1993 0x 73%
Super Mario Kart 1992 0x 67%
Super Mario RPG 1996 0x 81%
Super Mario World 1990 0x 75%
Super Mario World 2 1995 0x 75%
Super Metroid 1994 0x 83%
Super Punch-Out!! 1994 287486x 80%
Super R.B.I. Baseball 1995 22367x 59%
Super Star Wars 1992 47949x 83%
Super Star Wars 2 1993 74965x 71%
Super Star Wars 3 1994 22043x 71%
Super Street Fighter II 1993 197276x 77%
Super Tennis 1991 46095x 79%
Super Turrican 1993 6141x 84%
Syndicate 1993 1722x 80%
T2: The Arcade Game 1991 15350x 63%
TMNT IV: Turtles in Time 1991 111370x 79%
TMNT: Tournament ... 1993 32477x 73%
Tales of Phantasia 1995 4566x 62%
Tecmo Super Bowl 1991 29638x 77%
Terminator 2 1991 8701x 62%
Test Drive II: The Duel 1989 42158x 77%
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994 0x 77%
Tetris 2 1993 46734x 69%
Tetris Attack 1996 132x 80%
The Chaos Engine 1993 1280x 60%
The Humans 1992 10011x 65%
The Jungle Book 1994 60362x 66%
The Lost Vikings 1992 25185x 74%
The Lost Vikings II 1997 46762x 83%
The Mask 1995 22132x 74%
The Smurfs 1993 2707x 58%
The Terminator 1993 13927x 63%
Theme Park 1994 2670x 82%
Tintin in Tibet 1995 10276x 70%
Tintin: Prisoners of the Sun 1996 3441x 70%
Top Gear 1992 129591x 76%
Top Gear 2 1993 52966x 76%
Total Carnage 1992 15523x 67%
True Lies 1994 20347x 82%
Ultimate MK3 1996 3529x 67%
Uniracers 1994 2933x 78%
Virtual Bart 1994 22428x 70%
WWF WrestleMania 1995 70706x 72%
Wario’s Woods 1994 0x 65%
Williams Arcade Classics 1995 3558x 57%
Winter Olympics 94 1993 15571x 74%
Wolfenstein 3D 1992 31673x 75%
World Heroes 1992 7912x 72%
Worms 1995 46511x 68%
Young Merlin 1993 16737x 56%
Zelda: A Link to the Past 1991 0x 84%
Zombies 1993 101597x 76%

All information in this article are taken from Wikipedia: http://wikipedia.org/.


North American SNES (circa 1991)
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Generation: Fourth (16-bit era)
Retail availability: November 1990 (Japan)
August 1991 (USA)
April 1992 (Europe)
July 1987 (Australia)
Discontinued: 1999 (USA)
September 2003 (Japan)
Units sold: 49 million (As of 2010)
Media: ROM cartridge
Processor (CPU): Ricoh 5A22 @ 3.58 MHz
Screen resolution: 256 x 224 or 256 x 240
Colors: 32,768
Controller input: gamepad with cross-shaped joypad and 6 action and 2 functional buttons
Manual: Nintendo_SNES.pdf
Best-selling game: Super Mario World
(20 million)
Predecessor: Nintendo Entertainment System (1990)
Successor: Nintendo 64 (1996)




Gamepad for the European and Australian versions of the SNES. It contained cross-shaped joypad, 6 action buttons A, B, X, Y, L and R and the 2 functional buttons Select and Start.

Most popular SNES games:

SNES: Super Mario World Super Mario World

SNES: The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past

SNES: Final Fight Final Fight

SNES: Super Mario Kart Super Mario Kart

SNES: Donkey Kong Country Donkey Kong Country

SNES: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time

SNES: Street Fighter II Street Fighter II: The World Warrior

SNES: Prince of Persia Prince of Persia

SNES: Kirby Super Star Kirby Super Star

SNES: Super Punch-Out!! Super Punch-Out!!

SNES: Contra III: The Alien Wars Contra III: The Alien Wars

SNES: EarthBound EarthBound


 

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