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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 9133x 64%
Adventure 1980 16797x 79%
Adventures of TRON 1982 11156x 67%
Air Raiders 1982 13869x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 9059x 54%
Alien 1982 7982x 71%
Amidar 1983 10901x 75%
Artillery Duel 1983 9693x 53%
Assault 1983 4900x 48%
Asteroids 1979 14758x 71%
Atlantis 1982 8672x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 7251x 78%
Backgammon 1979 6021x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 8280x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 7112x 58%
Basic Math 1977 5116x 54%
Basketball 1978 10996x 76%
Battlezone 1980 12457x 74%
Beamrider 1983 7401x 65%
Beany Bopper 1982 2248x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 16575x 60%
Berzerk 1982 8486x 82%
Blackjack 1977 3689x 68%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 6651x 80%
Bowling 1979 8044x 61%
Boxing 1980 18224x 71%
Breakout 1978 13779x 72%
Bridge 1980 2235x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 7446x 89%
BurgerTime 1982 6282x 74%
California Games 1987 5140x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 6476x 51%
Carnival 1982 10270x 77%
Casino 1978 3680x 48%
Centipede 1980 12280x 81%
Checkers 1980 5087x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 8071x 66%
Circus Atari 1980 8986x 69%
CocoNuts 1982 1833x 60%
Combat 1977 11826x 74%
Combat Two 1982 4583x 68%
Commando 1985 4449x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 5340x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 2526x 82%
Condor Attack 1983 5516x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 4913x 80%
Cosmic Ark 1982 4878x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 3745x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 1848x 30%
Crackpots 1983 5328x 82%
Crazy Climber 1980 519x 70%
Crossbow 1983 1844x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 6031x 71%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 54810x 65%
Dark Cavern 1982 7654x 59%
Dark Chambers 1988 1657x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 3288x 63%
Decathlon 1983 13526x 63%
Defender 1980 8569x 74%
Defender II 1981 6957x 86%
Demolition Herby 1982 2336x 60%
Demon Attack 1982 11272x 81%
Dig Dug 1982 7302x 66%
Dishaster 1983 1360x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 9984x 59%
Dolphin 1983 2343x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 16729x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 8487x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 5821x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 1242x 50%
DragonStomper 1982 4602x 72%
Dragonfire 1982 5940x 78%
Dragster 1980 3922x 68%
E.T. 1982 29748x 47%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 2744x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 6647x 58%
Enduro 1983 23649x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 3821x 66%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 3051x 53%
Fast Eddie 1982 7628x 73%
Fast Food 1982 6579x 86%
Fatal Run 1989 5845x 87%
Fire Fighter 1982 6012x 76%
Fishing Derby 1980 6630x 74%
Flag Capture 1978 2564x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 1844x 66%
Football 1978 3581x 73%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 1643x 58%
Freeway 1981 8279x 82%
Frogger 1981 12001x 62%
Frogger 2 1984 6144x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 7264x 76%
Front Line 1982 3928x 86%
Frostbite 1983 14162x 76%
Galaxian 1979 33869x 71%
Gangster Alley 1982 4632x 68%
Gas Hog 1983 1242x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 2282x 57%
Golf 1980 2320x 56%
Gopher 1982 4880x 83%
Gorf 1981 6417x 71%
Grand Prix 1982 8322x 65%
Gravitar 1982 3715x 74%
Gyruss 1983 3037x 57%
H.E.R.O. 1984 14994x 81%
Hangman 1978 7914x 59%
Haunted House 1981 8405x 67%
Human Cannonball 1978 5779x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 7617x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 5469x 74%
International Soccer 1982 5429x 84%
Jawbreaker 1982 11468x 75%
Joust 1982 5133x 67%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 16676x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 17532x 76%
Kaboom! 1981 7385x 65%
Kangaroo 1983 11241x 61%
Karate 1982 7949x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 16716x 68%
King Kong 1982 13116x 58%
Klax 1989 3920x 75%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 6751x 83%
Lady Bug 1981 7399x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 4366x 65%
Laser Gates 1983 5703x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 2438x 70%
M*A*S*H 1982 4793x 65%
Mario Bros. 1983 16920x 67%
Master Builder 1983 3968x 74%
Maze Craze 1980 8735x 76%
Mega Force 1982 3977x 66%
Megamania 1982 18944x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 7322x 84%
Millipede 1982 5212x 86%
Miner 2049er 1982 5109x 79%
Miner 2049er II 1983 1600x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 3571x 70%
Missile Command 1981 7431x 69%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 32583x 69%
Moon Patrol 1982 11516x 82%
Motocross 1983 4608x 78%
Mouse Trap 1981 2509x 67%
Mr. Do! 1982 6016x 91%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 5488x 73%
Name This Game 1982 5426x 64%
Nuts 1983 1795x 30%
Oink! 1983 5335x 61%
Othello 1980 3512x 65%
Outlaw 1977 8281x 66%
Pac Kong 1983 7384x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 51460x 65%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 8029x 55%
Pengo 1983 6035x 72%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 5105x 80%
Phoenix 1980 16455x 75%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 12906x 77%
Pitfall! 1982 57529x 78%
Planet Patrol 1982 4659x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 6606x 66%
Pole Position 1982 23307x 75%
Pooyan 1982 5599x 89%
Popeye 1982 6434x 86%
Pressure Cooker 1983 5514x 72%
Private Eye 1983 967x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 2857x 51%
Q*bert 1982 5328x 70%
Racquetball 1981 3376x 65%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 11681x 58%
Rampage 1986 4664x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 3552x 80%
RealSports Soccer 1982 4449x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 1815x 59%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 5329x 75%
River Raid 1982 106839x 67%
River Raid II 1988 10183x 68%
Road Runner 1985 6480x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 1894x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 6069x 80%
Room of Doom 1982 4429x 66%
Save Mary 1990 6122x 61%
Save Our Ship 1983 2560x 56%
Sea Hawk 1982 5502x 67%
Seaquest 1983 17029x 73%
Secret Quest 1989 5509x 79%
Skiing 1980 6011x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 3514x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 3461x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 1359x 43%
Slot Racers 1978 2165x 53%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 8276x 76%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 11141x 71%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 5233x 80%
Solar Fox 1983 6514x 80%
Solaris 1986 6257x 71%
Space Cavern 1982 1583x 23%
Space Invaders 1978 16795x 73%
Space Jockey 1982 1566x 53%
Space War 1978 4001x 53%
Spider Fighter 1982 6594x 74%
Spider-Man 1982 11746x 73%
Sprint Master 1988 4523x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 4379x 87%
Squeeze Box 1982 1385x 86%
Stampede 1981 6979x 66%
Star Fox 1983 2612x 35%
Star Raiders 1982 5610x 50%
Star Ship 1977 1433x 70%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 3534x 83%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 6026x 79%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 5045x 64%
Starmaster 1982 4930x 61%
Strategy X 1981 4913x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 5729x 58%
Subterranea 1983 3738x 86%
Super Breakout 1979 12187x 59%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 2582x 24%
Super Challenge Football 1982 2337x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 7034x 63%
Superman 1978 8512x 68%
Surround 1977 6695x 70%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 2642x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 2602x 75%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 1207x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 4209x 74%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 7745x 70%
Tapper 1984 8839x 76%
Taz 1983 6719x 62%
Tennis 1981 7980x 76%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 7744x 80%
The Official Frogger 1984 6365x 85%
Thunderground 1983 4896x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 3566x 78%
Tom Boy 1982 7683x 67%
Towering Inferno 1982 1855x 40%
Track & Field 1984 4181x 80%
Trick Shot 1982 4808x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 5864x 85%
Turmoil 1982 5347x 76%
Universal Chaos 1983 4568x 60%
Vanguard 1982 7583x 72%
Venture 1981 2530x 55%
Video Checkers 1980 3071x 59%
Video Chess 1979 3814x 71%
Video Pinball 1980 7654x 66%
Wabbit 1982 4767x 64%
Walker 1983 894x 13%
Wall-Defender 1983 2028x 55%
Warlords 1981 7528x 63%
Winter Games 1985 9334x 77%
Worm War I 1982 4961x 77%
X-Man 1983 23059x 59%
Xenophobe 1988 4155x 66%
Xevious 1982 4557x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 6849x 70%
Zaxxon 1982 7320x 71%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing


 

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