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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 8312x 64%
Adventure 1980 15132x 80%
Adventures of TRON 1982 10368x 67%
Air Raiders 1982 13006x 70%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 8459x 56%
Alien 1982 7579x 71%
Amidar 1983 10277x 75%
Artillery Duel 1983 9151x 53%
Assault 1983 4284x 51%
Asteroids 1979 13630x 70%
Atlantis 1982 8229x 75%
BMX Air Master 1989 6633x 78%
Backgammon 1979 5668x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 7816x 69%
Barnstorming 1982 6736x 59%
Basic Math 1977 4722x 54%
Basketball 1978 10307x 74%
Battlezone 1980 11749x 76%
Beamrider 1983 7019x 67%
Beany Bopper 1982 2000x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 15500x 61%
Berzerk 1982 7806x 82%
Blackjack 1977 3401x 68%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 6160x 80%
Bowling 1979 7579x 61%
Boxing 1980 16849x 71%
Breakout 1978 12730x 71%
Bridge 1980 1919x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 6962x 89%
BurgerTime 1982 5807x 74%
California Games 1987 4847x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 6029x 51%
Carnival 1982 9602x 77%
Casino 1978 3327x 52%
Centipede 1980 11506x 83%
Checkers 1980 4799x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 7665x 66%
Circus Atari 1980 8317x 71%
CocoNuts 1982 1598x 60%
Combat 1977 9993x 75%
Combat Two 1982 4268x 68%
Commando 1985 4229x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 5028x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 2062x 78%
Condor Attack 1983 5205x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 4629x 80%
Cosmic Ark 1982 4616x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 3501x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 1625x 30%
Crackpots 1983 5000x 82%
Crossbow 1983 1577x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 5712x 71%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 51784x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 7228x 59%
Dark Chambers 1988 1325x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 2905x 64%
Decathlon 1983 12230x 64%
Defender 1980 8065x 74%
Defender II 1981 6496x 86%
Demolition Herby 1982 2078x 60%
Demon Attack 1982 10732x 81%
Dig Dug 1982 6896x 65%
Dishaster 1983 1067x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 9350x 59%
Dolphin 1983 2048x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 15812x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 8027x 66%
Double Dragon 1987 5536x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 980x 50%
DragonStomper 1982 4151x 70%
Dragonfire 1982 5608x 78%
Dragster 1980 3253x 68%
E.T. 1982 27006x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 2459x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 6335x 58%
Enduro 1983 21865x 74%
Escape from the M... 1982 3408x 63%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 2653x 53%
Fast Eddie 1982 7144x 72%
Fast Food 1982 6189x 86%
Fatal Run 1989 5472x 87%
Fire Fighter 1982 5675x 77%
Fishing Derby 1980 6248x 78%
Flag Capture 1978 2292x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 1522x 80%
Football 1978 3213x 73%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 1329x 51%
Freeway 1981 7740x 82%
Frogger 1981 11098x 59%
Frogger 2 1984 5797x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 6721x 76%
Front Line 1982 3643x 86%
Frostbite 1983 13341x 76%
Galaxian 1979 31338x 70%
Gangster Alley 1982 4309x 68%
Gas Hog 1983 980x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 1907x 80%
Golf 1980 1982x 56%
Gopher 1982 4578x 83%
Gorf 1981 6050x 69%
Grand Prix 1982 7802x 67%
Gravitar 1982 3459x 74%
Gyruss 1983 2820x 57%
H.E.R.O. 1984 13911x 82%
Hangman 1978 7454x 59%
Haunted House 1981 7855x 66%
Human Cannonball 1978 5496x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 7225x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 5232x 74%
International Soccer 1982 5082x 83%
Jawbreaker 1982 10694x 76%
Joust 1982 4869x 67%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 15257x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 16188x 77%
Kaboom! 1981 6918x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 10575x 61%
Karate 1982 7454x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 15603x 69%
King Kong 1982 12180x 59%
Klax 1989 3708x 75%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 6456x 83%
Lady Bug 1981 6930x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 4004x 65%
Laser Gates 1983 5391x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 1998x 70%
M*A*S*H 1982 4416x 65%
Mario Bros. 1983 15787x 66%
Master Builder 1983 3617x 74%
Maze Craze 1980 8240x 76%
Mega Force 1982 3744x 66%
Megamania 1982 17494x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 6884x 84%
Millipede 1982 4940x 86%
Miner 2049er 1982 4832x 79%
Miner 2049er II 1983 1337x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 3275x 70%
Missile Command 1981 6879x 73%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 29887x 70%
Moon Patrol 1982 10957x 82%
Motocross 1983 4316x 78%
Mouse Trap 1981 2069x 85%
Mr. Do! 1982 5495x 91%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 5008x 73%
Name This Game 1982 5123x 64%
Nuts 1983 1500x 40%
Oink! 1983 5077x 61%
Othello 1980 3170x 65%
Outlaw 1977 7739x 64%
Pac Kong 1983 6772x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 46982x 64%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 7542x 55%
Pengo 1983 5668x 73%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 4741x 80%
Phoenix 1980 15345x 74%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 11884x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 51797x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 4412x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 6238x 66%
Pole Position 1982 21769x 74%
Pooyan 1982 5275x 89%
Popeye 1982 5939x 86%
Pressure Cooker 1983 5204x 76%
Private Eye 1983 798x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 2558x 51%
Q*bert 1982 4987x 70%
Racquetball 1981 3056x 65%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 10953x 59%
Rampage 1986 4412x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 3121x 80%
RealSports Soccer 1982 4179x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 1496x 52%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 4999x 75%
River Raid 1982 96763x 68%
River Raid II 1988 9435x 66%
Road Runner 1985 6020x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 1634x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 5665x 80%
Room of Doom 1982 4142x 66%
Save Mary 1990 5741x 61%
Save Our Ship 1983 2274x 56%
Sea Hawk 1982 5120x 66%
Seaquest 1983 15676x 73%
Secret Quest 1989 5152x 79%
Skiing 1980 5637x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 3291x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 3183x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 1134x 43%
Slot Racers 1978 1838x 53%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 7668x 76%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 10695x 71%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 4876x 80%
Solar Fox 1983 6169x 80%
Solaris 1986 5919x 71%
Space Cavern 1982 1294x 23%
Space Invaders 1978 15463x 74%
Space Jockey 1982 1280x 53%
Space War 1978 3696x 53%
Spider Fighter 1982 6155x 75%
Spider-Man 1982 10759x 75%
Sprint Master 1988 4218x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 4027x 87%
Squeeze Box 1982 1114x 91%
Stampede 1981 6530x 66%
Star Fox 1983 2280x 35%
Star Raiders 1982 5026x 50%
Star Ship 1977 1191x 70%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 3105x 83%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 5393x 87%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 4572x 68%
Starmaster 1982 4595x 61%
Strategy X 1981 4611x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 5395x 58%
Subterranea 1983 3440x 86%
Super Breakout 1979 11414x 56%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 2294x 24%
Super Challenge Football 1982 2037x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 6603x 63%
Superman 1978 7880x 65%
Surround 1977 6344x 69%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 2336x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 2294x 75%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 677x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 3771x 71%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 7194x 70%
Tapper 1984 8335x 76%
Taz 1983 6334x 61%
Tennis 1981 7323x 74%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 7157x 79%
The Official Frogger 1984 5710x 86%
Thunderground 1983 4595x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 3253x 78%
Tom Boy 1982 7190x 67%
Towering Inferno 1982 1592x 40%
Track & Field 1984 3903x 80%
Trick Shot 1982 4524x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 5491x 85%
Turmoil 1982 5056x 76%
Universal Chaos 1983 4304x 60%
Vanguard 1982 7149x 72%
Venture 1981 2210x 55%
Video Checkers 1980 2806x 59%
Video Chess 1979 3503x 71%
Video Pinball 1980 7199x 65%
Wabbit 1982 4509x 64%
Walker 1983 637x 15%
Wall-Defender 1983 1763x 55%
Warlords 1981 7019x 61%
Winter Games 1985 8925x 77%
Worm War I 1982 4651x 77%
X-Man 1983 21366x 60%
Xenophobe 1988 3949x 66%
Xevious 1982 4299x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 6320x 70%
Zaxxon 1982 6886x 71%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing


 

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