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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 10030x 66%
Adventure 1980 18608x 80%
Adventures of TRON 1982 11925x 68%
Air Raiders 1982 14891x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 9717x 52%
Alien 1982 8559x 68%
Amidar 1983 11615x 75%
Artillery Duel 1983 10372x 52%
Assault 1983 5642x 44%
Asteroids 1979 16163x 73%
Atlantis 1982 9219x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 8014x 75%
Backgammon 1979 6509x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 8840x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 7549x 58%
Basic Math 1977 5648x 54%
Basketball 1978 11816x 78%
Battlezone 1980 13260x 74%
Beamrider 1983 7873x 67%
Beany Bopper 1982 2562x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 17623x 61%
Berzerk 1982 9229x 80%
Blackjack 1977 4083x 68%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 7206x 81%
Bowling 1979 8599x 61%
Boxing 1980 19837x 71%
Breakout 1978 15112x 72%
Bridge 1980 2582x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 8073x 89%
BurgerTime 1982 6838x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 768x 30%
California Games 1987 5508x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 7038x 53%
Carnival 1982 10801x 77%
Casino 1978 4122x 48%
Centipede 1980 13375x 80%
Checkers 1980 5541x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 8583x 64%
Circus Atari 1980 9732x 68%
CocoNuts 1982 2174x 60%
Combat 1977 12917x 75%
Combat Two 1982 4951x 71%
Commando 1985 4761x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 5752x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 2961x 82%
Condor Attack 1983 5889x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 5264x 82%
Cosmic Ark 1982 5222x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 4082x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 2160x 30%
Crackpots 1983 5686x 82%
Crazy Climber 1980 885x 70%
Crossbow 1983 2186x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 6480x 71%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 58094x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 8215x 60%
Dark Chambers 1988 1999x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 3692x 62%
Decathlon 1983 14766x 63%
Defender 1980 9182x 72%
Defender II 1981 7441x 87%
Demolition Herby 1982 2661x 60%
Demon Attack 1982 11896x 81%
Dig Dug 1982 7870x 66%
Dishaster 1983 1714x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 10823x 59%
Dolphin 1983 2744x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 17709x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 8989x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 6196x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 1561x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 5244x 72%
Dragonfire 1982 6366x 78%
Dragster 1980 4844x 80%
E.T. 1982 33104x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 3067x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 7062x 57%
Enduro 1983 25461x 72%
Escape from the M... 1982 4229x 68%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 3522x 53%
Fast Eddie 1982 8146x 73%
Fast Food 1982 7051x 86%
Fatal Run 1989 6278x 84%
Fire Fighter 1982 6401x 76%
Fishing Derby 1980 7139x 74%
Flag Capture 1978 2908x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 2189x 66%
Football 1978 4109x 73%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 2010x 58%
Freeway 1981 8956x 82%
Frogger 1981 13067x 62%
Frogger 2 1984 6574x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 7849x 77%
Front Line 1982 4283x 86%
Frostbite 1983 15328x 76%
Galaxian 1979 36739x 70%
Gangster Alley 1982 5020x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 1623x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 2708x 63%
Golf 1980 2726x 50%
Gopher 1982 5249x 83%
Gorf 1981 6836x 71%
Grand Prix 1982 8855x 64%
Gravitar 1982 4050x 74%
Gyruss 1983 3357x 57%
H.E.R.O. 1984 16122x 82%
Hangman 1978 8463x 59%
Haunted House 1981 9065x 66%
Human Cannonball 1978 6166x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 8107x 72%
Ikari Warriors 1986 5793x 74%
International Soccer 1982 5886x 84%
Jawbreaker 1982 12179x 75%
Joust 1982 5505x 67%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 18052x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 18866x 75%
Kaboom! 1981 7944x 67%
Kangaroo 1983 11904x 61%
Karate 1982 8523x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 17901x 68%
King Kong 1982 14092x 60%
Klax 1989 4177x 75%
Krull 1983 377x 30%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 7159x 80%
Lady Bug 1981 7996x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 4730x 65%
Laser Gates 1983 6087x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 3018x 70%
M*A*S*H 1982 5269x 65%
Mario Bros. 1983 18004x 66%
Master Builder 1983 4347x 66%
Maze Craze 1980 9302x 78%
Mega Force 1982 4280x 66%
Megamania 1982 20599x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 7846x 84%
Millipede 1982 5590x 86%
Miner 2049er 1982 5431x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 1920x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 3960x 70%
Missile Command 1981 8034x 69%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 35424x 70%
Moon Patrol 1982 12213x 80%
Motocross 1983 4967x 78%
Mountain King 1983 289x 87%
Mouse Trap 1981 2990x 75%
Mr. Do! 1982 6549x 86%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 6073x 74%
Name This Game 1982 5803x 64%
Nuts 1983 2102x 30%
Oink! 1983 5675x 61%
Othello 1980 3964x 65%
Outlaw 1977 8847x 66%
Pac Kong 1983 8038x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 56456x 65%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 8652x 55%
Pengo 1983 6476x 72%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 5694x 80%
Phoenix 1980 17489x 76%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 14043x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 64241x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 5001x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 7177x 67%
Pole Position 1982 25210x 74%
Pooyan 1982 6053x 89%
Popeye 1982 7014x 86%
Pressure Cooker 1983 5919x 74%
Private Eye 1983 1214x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 3235x 51%
Q*bert 1982 5775x 70%
Racquetball 1981 3750x 65%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 12442x 58%
Rampage 1986 4993x 30%
RealSports Boxing 1987 4015x 80%
RealSports Soccer 1982 4827x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 2173x 53%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 5750x 77%
River Raid 1982 116791x 67%
River Raid II 1988 10973x 69%
Road Runner 1985 7026x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 2257x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 6526x 80%
Room of Doom 1982 4738x 66%
Save Mary 1990 6525x 61%
Save Our Ship 1983 2920x 56%
Sea Hawk 1982 5899x 67%
Seaquest 1983 18301x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 5916x 83%
Skiing 1980 6478x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 3864x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 3760x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 1691x 43%
Slot Racers 1978 2488x 53%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 8989x 76%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 11627x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 5640x 80%
Solar Fox 1983 6919x 77%
Solaris 1986 6658x 71%
Space Cavern 1982 1957x 23%
Space Invaders 1978 18463x 75%
Space Jockey 1982 1926x 53%
Space War 1978 4451x 53%
Spider Fighter 1982 7134x 74%
Spider-Man 1982 12734x 73%
Sprint Master 1988 4880x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 4894x 90%
Squeeze Box 1982 1706x 86%
Stampede 1981 7835x 63%
Star Fox 1983 3052x 30%
Star Raiders 1982 6070x 47%
Star Ship 1977 1764x 70%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 4035x 83%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 6724x 79%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 5566x 66%
Starmaster 1982 5351x 61%
Steeplechase 1975 518x 50%
Strategy X 1981 5324x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 6164x 58%
Subterranea 1983 4101x 86%
Super Breakout 1979 13145x 56%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 2993x 37%
Super Challenge Football 1982 2728x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 7558x 60%
Superman 1978 9160x 68%
Surround 1977 7188x 70%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 3013x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 2936x 75%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 1522x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 4738x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 8342x 68%
Tapper 1984 9410x 76%
Taz 1983 7186x 62%
Tennis 1981 8713x 75%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 8491x 80%
The Official Frogger 1984 7027x 86%
Thunderground 1983 5252x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 3921x 78%
Tom Boy 1982 8302x 67%
Towering Inferno 1982 2201x 40%
Track & Field 1984 4522x 80%
Trick Shot 1982 5172x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 6266x 85%
Turmoil 1982 5758x 76%
Universal Chaos 1983 4900x 60%
Vanguard 1982 8138x 70%
Venture 1981 2874x 55%
Video Checkers 1980 3417x 59%
Video Chess 1979 4222x 71%
Video Olympics 1977 790x 23%
Video Pinball 1980 8216x 66%
Wabbit 1982 5081x 64%
Walker 1983 1199x 13%
Wall-Defender 1983 2344x 55%
Warlords 1981 8087x 63%
Winter Games 1985 9808x 77%
Worm War I 1982 5356x 77%
X-Man 1983 24708x 60%
Xenophobe 1988 4462x 66%
Xevious 1982 4891x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 7395x 70%
Zaxxon 1982 7782x 71%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing


 

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