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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 6854x 60%
Adventure 1980 12675x 80%
Adventures of TRON 1982 9206x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 11632x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 7609x 58%
Alien 1982 6640x 71%
Amidar 1983 9297x 78%
Artillery Duel 1983 8310x 56%
Assault 1983 3360x 46%
Asteroids 1979 11940x 71%
Atlantis 1982 7534x 75%
BMX Air Master 1989 5691x 80%
Backgammon 1979 5082x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 7080x 68%
Barnstorming 1982 6064x 61%
Basic Math 1977 4146x 58%
Basketball 1978 9135x 74%
Battlezone 1980 10609x 77%
Beamrider 1983 6188x 64%
Beany Bopper 1982 1601x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 13719x 64%
Berzerk 1982 6819x 78%
Blackjack 1977 2972x 68%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 5524x 79%
Bowling 1979 6687x 61%
Boxing 1980 14927x 71%
Breakout 1978 10559x 79%
Bridge 1980 1530x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 6284x 89%
BurgerTime 1982 5189x 74%
California Games 1987 4468x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 5410x 53%
Carnival 1982 8621x 77%
Casino 1978 2799x 53%
Centipede 1980 10146x 82%
Checkers 1980 4295x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 6975x 66%
Circus Atari 1980 7286x 72%
CocoNuts 1982 1141x 60%
Combat 1977 8717x 75%
Combat Two 1982 3847x 68%
Commando 1985 3826x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 4486x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 1419x 78%
Condor Attack 1983 4772x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 4217x 80%
Cosmic Ark 1982 4180x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 3141x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 1263x 30%
Crackpots 1983 4511x 75%
Crossbow 1983 1157x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 5243x 72%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 47013x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 6665x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 899x 56%
Deadly Duck 1982 2356x 64%
Decathlon 1983 10395x 65%
Defender 1980 7237x 74%
Defender II 1981 5944x 85%
Demolition Herby 1982 1662x 85%
Demon Attack 1982 9897x 80%
Dig Dug 1982 6300x 65%
Dishaster 1983 674x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 8411x 58%
Dolphin 1983 1593x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 14415x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 7370x 67%
Double Dragon 1987 5032x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 638x 50%
DragonStomper 1982 3421x 68%
Dragonfire 1982 5125x 76%
Dragster 1980 2459x 68%
E.T. 1982 22149x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 2050x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 5877x 60%
Enduro 1983 19135x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 2911x 62%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 2126x 52%
Fast Eddie 1982 6399x 71%
Fast Food 1982 5706x 85%
Fatal Run 1989 4884x 88%
Fire Fighter 1982 5165x 75%
Fishing Derby 1980 5678x 78%
Flag Capture 1978 1925x 55%
Flash Gordon 1983 934x 77%
Football 1978 2677x 72%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 944x 52%
Freeway 1981 7023x 79%
Frogger 1981 9629x 64%
Frogger 2 1984 5292x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 6121x 77%
Front Line 1982 3209x 86%
Frostbite 1983 11908x 78%
Galaxian 1979 27322x 72%
Gangster Alley 1982 3835x 68%
Gas Hog 1983 642x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 1512x 80%
Golf 1980 1565x 56%
Gopher 1982 4188x 80%
Gorf 1981 5487x 69%
Grand Prix 1982 7097x 66%
Gravitar 1982 3073x 69%
Gyruss 1983 2529x 57%
H.E.R.O. 1984 12376x 84%
Hangman 1978 6638x 61%
Haunted House 1981 7102x 67%
Human Cannonball 1978 4996x 63%
Ice Hockey 1981 6590x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 4911x 74%
International Soccer 1982 4596x 80%
Jawbreaker 1982 9553x 75%
Joust 1982 4428x 65%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 13226x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 14119x 74%
Kaboom! 1981 6148x 62%
Kangaroo 1983 9687x 61%
Karate 1982 6807x 49%
Keystone Kapers 1983 13888x 69%
King Kong 1982 10703x 55%
Klax 1989 3372x 75%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 5959x 83%
Lady Bug 1981 6147x 70%
Laser Blast 1981 3458x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 4870x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 1416x 60%
M*A*S*H 1982 3872x 63%
Mario Bros. 1983 14148x 63%
Master Builder 1983 3094x 74%
Maze Craze 1980 7554x 76%
Mega Force 1982 3429x 66%
Megamania 1982 15343x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 6135x 82%
Millipede 1982 4275x 92%
Miner 2049er 1982 4494x 78%
Miner 2049er II 1983 955x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 2847x 70%
Missile Command 1981 6148x 79%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 26120x 68%
Moon Patrol 1982 9998x 82%
Motocross 1983 3915x 78%
Mouse Trap 1981 1468x 85%
Mr. Do! 1982 4797x 91%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 4396x 73%
Name This Game 1982 4612x 63%
Nuts 1983 1085x 40%
Oink! 1983 4695x 61%
Othello 1980 2761x 65%
Outlaw 1977 6980x 70%
Pac Kong 1983 5831x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 39822x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 6674x 54%
Pengo 1983 5124x 73%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 4120x 80%
Phoenix 1980 13818x 73%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 10196x 77%
Pitfall! 1982 42529x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 4044x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 5696x 66%
Pole Position 1982 19157x 75%
Pooyan 1982 4816x 89%
Popeye 1982 5231x 86%
Pressure Cooker 1983 4738x 82%
Private Eye 1983 475x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 2119x 51%
Q*bert 1982 4471x 71%
Racquetball 1981 2589x 65%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 9970x 58%
Rampage 1986 4015x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 2472x 80%
RealSports Soccer 1982 3779x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 1103x 42%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 4559x 75%
River Raid 1982 82794x 68%
River Raid II 1988 8388x 70%
Road Runner 1985 5399x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 1253x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 5084x 80%
Room of Doom 1982 3641x 66%
Save Mary 1990 5164x 60%
Save Our Ship 1983 1872x 56%
Sea Hawk 1982 4566x 66%
Seaquest 1983 13698x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 4652x 79%
Skiing 1980 5140x 73%
Sky Diver 1978 2930x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 2860x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 822x 43%
Slot Racers 1978 1457x 40%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 6936x 79%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 10088x 71%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 4376x 80%
Solar Fox 1983 5670x 77%
Solaris 1986 5385x 69%
Space Cavern 1982 848x 23%
Space Invaders 1978 13268x 72%
Space Jockey 1982 895x 53%
Space War 1978 3173x 53%
Spider Fighter 1982 5581x 73%
Spider-Man 1982 9609x 74%
Sprint Master 1988 3816x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 3617x 87%
Squeeze Box 1982 179x 50%
Stampede 1981 5741x 66%
Star Fox 1983 1778x 35%
Star Raiders 1982 4375x 53%
Star Ship 1977 125x 40%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 2514x 75%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 4379x 83%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 3908x 68%
Starmaster 1982 4025x 65%
Strategy X 1981 4084x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 4938x 58%
Subterranea 1983 3018x 86%
Super Breakout 1979 10068x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 1871x 24%
Super Challenge Football 1982 1654x 49%
Super Cobra 1981 5884x 63%
Superman 1978 7064x 65%
Surround 1977 5761x 69%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 1920x 60%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 1911x 75%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 3199x 77%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 6415x 69%
Tapper 1984 7521x 75%
Taz 1983 5788x 61%
Tennis 1981 6457x 74%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 6385x 81%
The Official Frogger 1984 4802x 86%
Thunderground 1983 4151x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 2871x 78%
Tom Boy 1982 6507x 65%
Towering Inferno 1982 1252x 40%
Track & Field 1984 3545x 80%
Trick Shot 1982 4101x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 5008x 84%
Turmoil 1982 4578x 76%
Universal Chaos 1983 3896x 60%
Vanguard 1982 6512x 72%
Venture 1981 1738x 55%
Video Checkers 1980 2433x 59%
Video Chess 1979 3104x 71%
Video Pinball 1980 6460x 62%
Wabbit 1982 4131x 64%
Wall-Defender 1983 1364x 55%
Warlords 1981 6323x 60%
Winter Games 1985 8233x 81%
Worm War I 1982 4199x 81%
X-Man 1983 19038x 58%
Xenophobe 1988 3643x 66%
Xevious 1982 3931x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 5628x 70%
Zaxxon 1982 6151x 71%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing


 

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