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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 7404x 63%
Adventure 1980 13589x 80%
Adventures of TRON 1982 9639x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 12135x 70%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 7906x 55%
Alien 1982 6901x 69%
Amidar 1983 9689x 77%
Artillery Duel 1983 8614x 54%
Assault 1983 3694x 42%
Asteroids 1979 12559x 70%
Atlantis 1982 7777x 75%
BMX Air Master 1989 6028x 78%
Backgammon 1979 5304x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 7350x 68%
Barnstorming 1982 6273x 61%
Basic Math 1977 4378x 58%
Basketball 1978 9568x 74%
Battlezone 1980 11050x 77%
Beamrider 1983 6501x 66%
Beany Bopper 1982 1743x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 14370x 65%
Berzerk 1982 7209x 81%
Blackjack 1977 3120x 68%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 5751x 79%
Bowling 1979 7023x 61%
Boxing 1980 15614x 70%
Breakout 1978 11332x 76%
Bridge 1980 1663x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 6528x 89%
BurgerTime 1982 5410x 74%
California Games 1987 4609x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 5617x 53%
Carnival 1982 8995x 77%
Casino 1978 2995x 49%
Centipede 1980 10637x 82%
Checkers 1980 4481x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 7197x 66%
Circus Atari 1980 7688x 70%
CocoNuts 1982 1289x 60%
Combat 1977 9165x 75%
Combat Two 1982 3983x 68%
Commando 1985 3968x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 4670x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 1666x 78%
Condor Attack 1983 4919x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 4361x 80%
Cosmic Ark 1982 4344x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 3274x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 1391x 30%
Crackpots 1983 4697x 78%
Crossbow 1983 1299x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 5426x 73%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 48851x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 6868x 59%
Dark Chambers 1988 1052x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 2559x 64%
Decathlon 1983 11046x 65%
Defender 1980 7580x 74%
Defender II 1981 6162x 86%
Demolition Herby 1982 1811x 85%
Demon Attack 1982 10170x 80%
Dig Dug 1982 6535x 65%
Dishaster 1983 809x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 8740x 58%
Dolphin 1983 1781x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 14924x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 7627x 68%
Double Dragon 1987 5235x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 756x 50%
DragonStomper 1982 3689x 68%
Dragonfire 1982 5308x 77%
Dragster 1980 2716x 68%
E.T. 1982 23837x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 2207x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 6036x 60%
Enduro 1983 20203x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 3089x 63%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 2314x 53%
Fast Eddie 1982 6666x 71%
Fast Food 1982 5863x 85%
Fatal Run 1989 5129x 88%
Fire Fighter 1982 5347x 74%
Fishing Derby 1980 5879x 78%
Flag Capture 1978 2069x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 1175x 77%
Football 1978 2856x 72%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 1074x 45%
Freeway 1981 7286x 79%
Frogger 1981 10198x 64%
Frogger 2 1984 5490x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 6362x 77%
Front Line 1982 3355x 86%
Frostbite 1983 12435x 78%
Galaxian 1979 28802x 71%
Gangster Alley 1982 3987x 68%
Gas Hog 1983 757x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 1643x 80%
Golf 1980 1703x 56%
Gopher 1982 4338x 80%
Gorf 1981 5728x 69%
Grand Prix 1982 7350x 66%
Gravitar 1982 3230x 69%
Gyruss 1983 2632x 57%
H.E.R.O. 1984 13041x 84%
Hangman 1978 6937x 59%
Haunted House 1981 7330x 65%
Human Cannonball 1978 5180x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 6841x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 5024x 74%
International Soccer 1982 4754x 80%
Jawbreaker 1982 9942x 76%
Joust 1982 4569x 67%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 13946x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 14908x 76%
Kaboom! 1981 6430x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 10014x 61%
Karate 1982 7042x 49%
Keystone Kapers 1983 14583x 70%
King Kong 1982 11307x 55%
Klax 1989 3496x 75%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 6147x 83%
Lady Bug 1981 6426x 70%
Laser Blast 1981 3685x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 5034x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 1600x 60%
M*A*S*H 1982 4062x 63%
Mario Bros. 1983 14741x 66%
Master Builder 1983 3302x 74%
Maze Craze 1980 7822x 76%
Mega Force 1982 3534x 66%
Megamania 1982 16219x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 6420x 84%
Millipede 1982 4655x 93%
Miner 2049er 1982 4617x 78%
Miner 2049er II 1983 1105x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 3004x 70%
Missile Command 1981 6435x 75%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 27495x 69%
Moon Patrol 1982 10377x 82%
Motocross 1983 4062x 78%
Mouse Trap 1981 1717x 85%
Mr. Do! 1982 5065x 91%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 4601x 71%
Name This Game 1982 4791x 63%
Nuts 1983 1225x 40%
Oink! 1983 4819x 61%
Othello 1980 2909x 65%
Outlaw 1977 7264x 64%
Pac Kong 1983 6210x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 42392x 64%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 6936x 52%
Pengo 1983 5307x 73%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 4357x 80%
Phoenix 1980 14410x 73%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 10849x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 46122x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 4184x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 5945x 66%
Pole Position 1982 20127x 74%
Pooyan 1982 4976x 89%
Popeye 1982 5466x 86%
Pressure Cooker 1983 4875x 82%
Private Eye 1983 602x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 2276x 51%
Q*bert 1982 4689x 71%
Racquetball 1981 2768x 65%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 10324x 59%
Rampage 1986 4152x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 2709x 80%
RealSports Soccer 1982 3930x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 1255x 42%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 4730x 75%
River Raid 1982 88144x 68%
River Raid II 1988 8793x 69%
Road Runner 1985 5630x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 1396x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 5286x 80%
Room of Doom 1982 3859x 66%
Save Mary 1990 5378x 61%
Save Our Ship 1983 2015x 56%
Sea Hawk 1982 4749x 66%
Seaquest 1983 14354x 73%
Secret Quest 1989 4825x 79%
Skiing 1980 5311x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 3065x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 2989x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 927x 43%
Slot Racers 1978 1598x 40%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 7211x 80%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 10299x 71%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 4577x 80%
Solar Fox 1983 5851x 78%
Solaris 1986 5579x 69%
Space Cavern 1982 1028x 23%
Space Invaders 1978 14059x 72%
Space Jockey 1982 1012x 53%
Space War 1978 3346x 53%
Spider Fighter 1982 5771x 73%
Spider-Man 1982 10056x 74%
Sprint Master 1988 3954x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 3790x 87%
Squeeze Box 1982 766x 91%
Stampede 1981 6028x 66%
Star Fox 1983 1947x 35%
Star Raiders 1982 4617x 53%
Star Ship 1977 893x 70%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 2740x 75%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 4703x 85%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 4153x 68%
Starmaster 1982 4233x 61%
Strategy X 1981 4276x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 5103x 58%
Subterranea 1983 3186x 86%
Super Breakout 1979 10542x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 2013x 24%
Super Challenge Football 1982 1783x 49%
Super Cobra 1981 6165x 63%
Superman 1978 7359x 65%
Surround 1977 5985x 69%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 2055x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 2058x 75%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 3407x 67%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 6694x 70%
Tapper 1984 7833x 76%
Taz 1983 5975x 61%
Tennis 1981 6785x 76%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 6664x 81%
The Official Frogger 1984 5150x 86%
Thunderground 1983 4335x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 2998x 78%
Tom Boy 1982 6744x 65%
Towering Inferno 1982 1359x 40%
Track & Field 1984 3678x 80%
Trick Shot 1982 4249x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 5168x 85%
Turmoil 1982 4754x 76%
Universal Chaos 1983 4031x 60%
Vanguard 1982 6756x 72%
Venture 1981 1895x 55%
Video Checkers 1980 2572x 59%
Video Chess 1979 3257x 71%
Video Pinball 1980 6742x 65%
Wabbit 1982 4267x 64%
Wall-Defender 1983 1513x 55%
Warlords 1981 6577x 60%
Winter Games 1985 8507x 81%
Worm War I 1982 4389x 77%
X-Man 1983 19941x 59%
Xenophobe 1988 3764x 66%
Xevious 1982 4051x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 5858x 70%
Zaxxon 1982 6444x 71%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing


 

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