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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 10965x 67%
Adventure 1980 20451x 80%
Adventures of TRON 1982 12724x 68%
Air Raiders 1982 15998x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 10409x 54%
Alien 1982 9143x 68%
Amidar 1983 12298x 75%
Artillery Duel 1983 11137x 54%
Assault 1983 6453x 42%
Asteroids 1979 17807x 72%
Atlantis 1982 9757x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 8786x 75%
Backgammon 1979 6974x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 9458x 69%
Barnstorming 1982 7989x 58%
Basic Math 1977 6326x 54%
Basketball 1978 12746x 79%
Battlezone 1980 14130x 74%
Beamrider 1983 8329x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 2922x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 18875x 61%
Berzerk 1982 10080x 83%
Blackjack 1977 4501x 68%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 7797x 81%
Bowling 1979 9137x 61%
Boxing 1980 21672x 70%
Breakout 1978 16822x 73%
Bridge 1980 2921x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 8596x 89%
BurgerTime 1982 7336x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 1506x 20%
California Games 1987 5843x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 7532x 53%
Carnival 1982 11342x 75%
Casino 1978 4538x 52%
Centipede 1980 14407x 80%
Checkers 1980 5926x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 9114x 64%
Circus Atari 1980 10522x 69%
CocoNuts 1982 2476x 60%
Combat 1977 13933x 72%
Combat Two 1982 5377x 71%
Commando 1985 5091x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 6155x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 3467x 82%
Condor Attack 1983 6282x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 5650x 85%
Cosmic Ark 1982 5566x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 4427x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 2466x 30%
Crackpots 1983 6082x 82%
Crazy Climber 1980 1263x 70%
Crossbow 1983 2597x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 6913x 71%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 60606x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 8785x 60%
Dark Chambers 1988 2324x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 4080x 62%
Decathlon 1983 16038x 63%
Defender 1980 9815x 72%
Defender II 1981 7959x 87%
Demolition Herby 1982 2977x 60%
Demon Attack 1982 12516x 81%
Dig Dug 1982 8521x 67%
Dishaster 1983 2091x 25%
Dodge ’Em 1980 11540x 59%
Dolphin 1983 3157x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 18736x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 9594x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 6574x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 1875x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 5870x 68%
Dragonfire 1982 6760x 80%
Dragster 1980 5829x 78%
E.T. 1982 36385x 47%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 3416x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 7481x 57%
Enduro 1983 27280x 72%
Entombed 1982 641x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 4639x 71%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 3980x 53%
Fast Eddie 1982 8652x 73%
Fast Food 1982 7556x 86%
Fatal Run 1989 6703x 84%
Fire Fighter 1982 6777x 76%
Fire Fly 1983 738x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 7642x 71%
Flag Capture 1978 3212x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 2536x 66%
Football 1978 4587x 65%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 2396x 62%
Freeway 1981 9573x 78%
Frogger 1981 14280x 60%
Frogger 2 1984 7009x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 8365x 77%
Front Line 1982 4614x 86%
Frostbite 1983 16520x 76%
Galaxian 1979 40004x 71%
Gangster Alley 1982 5398x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 1980x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 3153x 63%
Golf 1980 3132x 53%
Gopher 1982 5620x 85%
Gorf 1981 7312x 73%
Grand Prix 1982 9447x 65%
Gravitar 1982 4369x 74%
Gyruss 1983 3683x 57%
H.E.R.O. 1984 17321x 82%
Hangman 1978 8939x 59%
Haunted House 1981 9696x 66%
Human Cannonball 1978 6570x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 8638x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 6105x 74%
International Soccer 1982 6267x 78%
Jawbreaker 1982 12802x 76%
Joust 1982 5877x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 19386x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 20187x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 8551x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 12574x 59%
Karate 1982 9087x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 18994x 68%
King Kong 1982 15216x 61%
Klax 1989 4460x 75%
Krull 1983 656x 30%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 7590x 81%
Lady Bug 1981 8564x 69%
Laser Blast 1981 5167x 65%
Laser Gates 1983 6466x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 3535x 70%
M*A*S*H 1982 5695x 65%
Mario Bros. 1983 19236x 63%
Master Builder 1983 4709x 70%
Maze Craze 1980 9809x 78%
Mega Force 1982 4575x 65%
Megamania 1982 22529x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 8399x 84%
Millipede 1982 5987x 86%
Miner 2049er 1982 5773x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 2207x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 4348x 70%
Missile Command 1981 8638x 69%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 38166x 69%
Moon Patrol 1982 12897x 80%
Motocross 1983 5295x 78%
Mountain King 1983 877x 87%
Mouse Trap 1981 3502x 80%
Mr. Do! 1982 7025x 85%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 6639x 74%
Name This Game 1982 6227x 64%
Nuts 1983 2408x 30%
Oink! 1983 6078x 59%
Othello 1980 4293x 65%
Outlaw 1977 9488x 64%
Pac Kong 1983 8686x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 62044x 65%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 9133x 56%
Pengo 1983 6937x 72%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 6252x 78%
Phoenix 1980 18560x 76%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 15222x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 71305x 78%
Planet Patrol 1982 5350x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 7662x 68%
Pole Position 1982 26948x 74%
Pooyan 1982 6507x 89%
Popeye 1982 7656x 86%
Pressure Cooker 1983 6299x 74%
Private Eye 1983 1486x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 3595x 51%
Q*bert 1982 6233x 70%
Racquetball 1981 4118x 62%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 13189x 58%
Rampage 1986 5384x 53%
RealSports Boxing 1987 4527x 80%
RealSports Soccer 1982 5163x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 2514x 53%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 6095x 77%
River Raid 1982 127041x 67%
River Raid II 1988 11854x 62%
Road Runner 1985 7604x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 2609x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 7014x 80%
Room of Doom 1982 5095x 66%
Save Mary 1990 6990x 60%
Save Our Ship 1983 3249x 56%
Sea Hawk 1982 6290x 67%
Seaquest 1983 19630x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 6376x 83%
Skiing 1980 6884x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 4238x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 4096x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 2013x 43%
Slot Racers 1978 2844x 65%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 9621x 76%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 12091x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 6047x 75%
Solar Fox 1983 7392x 79%
Solaris 1986 7083x 65%
Space Cavern 1982 2313x 23%
Space Invaders 1978 20231x 73%
Space Jockey 1982 2246x 53%
Space War 1978 4957x 62%
Spider Fighter 1982 7690x 73%
Spider-Man 1982 13635x 73%
Sprint Master 1988 5188x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 5489x 90%
Squeeze Box 1982 2050x 86%
Stampede 1981 8412x 63%
Star Fox 1983 3416x 27%
Star Raiders 1982 6522x 54%
Star Ship 1977 2069x 70%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 4539x 83%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 7492x 81%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 6130x 63%
Starmaster 1982 5722x 61%
Steeplechase 1975 845x 50%
Strategy X 1981 5757x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 6612x 66%
Subterranea 1983 4472x 87%
Super Breakout 1979 14235x 56%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 3380x 34%
Super Challenge Football 1982 3111x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 8084x 60%
Superman 1978 9747x 64%
Surround 1977 7652x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 3411x 74%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 3261x 80%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 1841x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 5262x 68%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 9011x 68%
Tapper 1984 10008x 77%
Taz 1983 7589x 62%
Tennis 1981 9367x 78%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 9282x 80%
The Official Frogger 1984 7723x 83%
Thunderground 1983 5586x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 4303x 78%
Tom Boy 1982 8940x 69%
Towering Inferno 1982 2487x 40%
Track & Field 1984 4853x 80%
Trick Shot 1982 5512x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 6744x 81%
Turmoil 1982 6099x 76%
Universal Chaos 1983 5270x 60%
Vanguard 1982 8705x 71%
Venture 1981 3276x 58%
Video Checkers 1980 3762x 59%
Video Chess 1979 4620x 71%
Video Olympics 1977 1229x 23%
Video Pinball 1980 8793x 67%
Wabbit 1982 5449x 64%
Walker 1983 1486x 11%
Wall-Defender 1983 2669x 55%
Warlords 1981 8700x 63%
Winter Games 1985 10338x 77%
Worm War I 1982 5732x 79%
X-Man 1983 26585x 60%
Xenophobe 1988 4755x 66%
Xevious 1982 5216x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 7994x 71%
Zaxxon 1982 8189x 71%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing


 

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