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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 16462x 67%
Adventure 1980 50549x 70%
Adventures of TRON 1982 17663x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 21750x 70%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 14589x 60%
Airlock 1982 1035x 36%
Alien 1982 12910x 70%
Amidar 1983 15918x 72%
Artillery Duel 1983 15299x 53%
Assault 1983 10899x 43%
Asteroids 1979 28201x 70%
Atlantis 1982 13266x 72%
BMX Air Master 1989 12425x 76%
Backgammon 1979 9609x 57%
Bank Heist 1983 13042x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 10729x 62%
Basic Math 1977 9499x 55%
Basketball 1978 17883x 75%
Battlezone 1980 19785x 73%
Beamrider 1983 11593x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 4927x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 25921x 57%
Berzerk 1982 16819x 80%
Blackjack 1977 6655x 67%
Blueprint 1982 1729x 65%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 12223x 81%
Boing! 1983 1462x 60%
Bowling 1979 12326x 63%
Boxing 1980 30687x 71%
Breakout 1978 28475x 59%
Bridge 1980 4926x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 813x 75%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 12205x 87%
Bumper Bash 1983 2797x 61%
BurgerTime 1982 10429x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 5479x 66%
California Games 1987 7981x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 10699x 55%
Carnival 1982 14706x 76%
Casino 1978 8129x 49%
Centipede 1980 21826x 74%
Challenge 1980 915x 62%
Checkers 1980 8246x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 12623x 65%
Circus Atari 1980 15199x 62%
CocoNuts 1982 4376x 60%
Combat 1977 21215x 74%
Combat Two 1982 8212x 74%
Commando 1985 7142x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 8738x 78%
Communist Mutants 1982 7125x 85%
Condor Attack 1983 8658x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 8116x 84%
Cosmic Ark 1982 7890x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 6578x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 4425x 30%
Crackpots 1983 8515x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 3495x 48%
Crossbow 1983 4875x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 9725x 67%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 76527x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 12269x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 4375x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 6528x 62%
Decathlon 1983 24116x 63%
Defender 1980 16198x 66%
Defender II 1981 11226x 85%
Demolition Herby 1982 4929x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 17146x 82%
Desert Falcon 1987 1161x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 12774x 75%
Dishaster 1983 4349x 16%
Dodge ’Em 1980 16372x 59%
Dolphin 1983 5691x 60%
Donkey Kong 1981 28460x 65%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 14213x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 8771x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 3890x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 9398x 71%
Dragonfire 1982 9725x 84%
Dragster 1980 13795x 71%
E.T. 1982 60755x 47%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 5516x 56%
Edtris 2600 1995 331x 30%
Elevator Action 1983 9847x 53%
Enduro 1983 38407x 73%
Entombed 1982 2498x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 7061x 73%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 6710x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 11673x 76%
Fast Food 1982 10751x 88%
Fatal Run 1989 9039x 85%
Fire Fighter 1982 9254x 72%
Fire Fly 1983 2826x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 10232x 68%
Flag Capture 1978 5519x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 4867x 66%
Football 1978 7983x 47%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 4967x 57%
Freeway 1981 13197x 78%
Frogger 1981 22348x 67%
Frogger 2 1984 9495x 85%
Frogs and Flies 1982 11670x 78%
Front Line 1982 7113x 86%
Frostbite 1983 23831x 72%
Galaxian 1979 53182x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 7703x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 4122x 50%
General Re-Treat 1982 5097x 53%
Ghostbusters 1984 5848x 54%
Gigolo 1982 1757x 77%
Golf 1980 5274x 49%
Gopher 1982 8137x 87%
Gorf 1981 10254x 72%
Grand Prix 1982 12914x 63%
Gravitar 1982 6580x 70%
Gremlins 1984 496x 70%
Gyruss 1983 5618x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 26208x 82%
Hangman 1978 11681x 58%
Haunted House 1981 13853x 66%
Home Run 1978 2209x 52%
Human Cannonball 1978 8948x 62%
Ice Hockey 1981 11959x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 8214x 74%
International Soccer 1982 8773x 78%
Jawbreaker 1982 19027x 75%
Joust 1982 10440x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 27730x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 29797x 77%
Kaboom! 1981 12364x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 16770x 60%
Karate 1982 11952x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 26263x 67%
King Kong 1982 20914x 58%
Klax 1989 6110x 75%
Krull 1983 2469x 33%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 10303x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 11997x 65%
Laser Blast 1981 7825x 64%
Laser Gates 1983 9054x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 6343x 69%
M*A*S*H 1982 8512x 63%
M.A.D. 1982 470x 35%
Mario Bros. 1983 27513x 62%
Master Builder 1983 6875x 70%
Maze Craze 1980 13110x 78%
Mega Force 1982 6399x 65%
Megamania 1982 32053x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 11394x 72%
Millipede 1982 8793x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 7968x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 4108x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 6469x 71%
Missile Command 1981 14390x 69%
Missile Control 1983 569x 59%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 69225x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 19561x 78%
Motocross 1983 7529x 71%
Mountain King 1983 4489x 90%
Mouse Trap 1981 6819x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 9854x 78%
Mr. Postman 1983 2770x 71%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 11742x 73%
Name This Game 1982 8595x 63%
Nuts 1983 4419x 53%
Obelix 1983 2027x 37%
Oink! 1983 8363x 59%
Othello 1980 6624x 68%
Outlaw 1977 13296x 64%
Pac Kong 1983 12564x 55%
Pac-Man 1980 95350x 61%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 12117x 55%
Pengo 1983 9705x 58%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 9054x 77%
Phoenix 1980 26052x 71%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 22747x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 116254x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 7413x 70%
Plaque Attack 1983 10749x 72%
Pole Position 1982 38198x 75%
Pooyan 1982 8833x 85%
Popeye 1982 11898x 88%
Pressure Cooker 1983 9086x 78%
Private Eye 1983 3169x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 5844x 48%
Q*bert 1982 9590x 66%
Racquetball 1981 6338x 59%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 18428x 55%
Rampage 1986 8185x 63%
Reactor 1982 2061x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 20625x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 7349x 58%
RealSports Tennis 1983 4547x 43%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 8422x 78%
River Raid 1982 191405x 66%
River Raid II 1988 16939x 61%
Road Runner 1985 10842x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 4781x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 10274x 75%
Room of Doom 1982 7260x 75%
Save Mary 1990 9808x 64%
Save Our Ship 1983 5345x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 8819x 64%
Seaquest 1983 29002x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 9109x 74%
Skeet Shoot 1981 1900x 60%
Skiing 1980 9687x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 6589x 69%
Sky Jinks 1982 6189x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 4086x 58%
Slot Racers 1978 4906x 66%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 13551x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 15278x 72%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 9195x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 11210x 74%
Solaris 1986 9844x 68%
Space Cavern 1982 6576x 26%
Space Invaders 1978 35062x 71%
Space Jockey 1982 4516x 55%
Space Shuttle 1983 2497x 51%
Space War 1978 8247x 67%
Spacechase 1981 344x 60%
Spider Fighter 1982 10621x 72%
Spider-Man 1982 20003x 70%
Sprint Master 1988 7332x 65%
Spy Hunter 1983 9754x 90%
Squeeze Box 1982 4173x 86%
Stampede 1981 11325x 64%
Star Fox 1983 5875x 49%
Star Raiders 1982 9993x 52%
Star Ship 1977 4342x 63%
Star Voyager 1982 1202x 60%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 734x 42%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 7763x 85%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 12703x 67%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 10680x 61%
Starmaster 1982 8229x 66%
Steeplechase 1975 2990x 53%
Stellar Track 1981 991x 70%
Strategy X 1981 8406x 83%
Sub Scan 1982 9264x 61%
Subterranea 1983 6866x 87%
Super Breakout 1979 20702x 60%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 5518x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 5363x 45%
Super Cobra 1981 11275x 56%
Superman 1978 13963x 69%
Surround 1977 10459x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 7178x 78%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 5798x 63%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 3847x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 8838x 71%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 12597x 63%
Tapper 1984 13770x 76%
Taz 1983 10206x 62%
Tennis 1981 14356x 69%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 13989x 73%
The Official Frogger 1984 12056x 81%
Thunderground 1983 7710x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 6765x 73%
Tom Boy 1982 12295x 75%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 687x 80%
Towering Inferno 1982 4408x 40%
Track & Field 1984 7079x 63%
Trick Shot 1982 7571x 83%
Tunnel Runner 1983 9646x 77%
Turmoil 1982 8422x 71%
Universal Chaos 1983 7568x 58%
Vanguard 1982 12604x 72%
Venture 1981 5909x 62%
Video Checkers 1980 5961x 61%
Video Chess 1979 7242x 64%
Video Olympics 1977 4052x 59%
Video Pinball 1980 12530x 63%
Wabbit 1982 7528x 64%
Walker 1983 3734x 36%
Wall-Defender 1983 4814x 53%
Warlords 1981 12643x 66%
Winter Games 1985 13960x 66%
Wizard of Wor 1980 3407x 75%
Worm War I 1982 8298x 79%
X-Man 1983 36074x 56%
Xenophobe 1988 6484x 66%
Xevious 1982 7327x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 12296x 75%
Z-Tack 1983 134x 50%
Zaxxon 1982 11417x 70%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids


 

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