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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 36594x 63%
Acid Drop 1992 16179x 51%
Adventure 1980 179164x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 37607x 64%
Air Raid 1982 6900x 52%
Air Raiders 1982 42845x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 65798x 68%
Airlock 1982 10975x 53%
Alien 1982 26548x 67%
Amidar 1983 31704x 62%
Armor Battle 1979 6532x 64%
Artillery Duel 1983 32996x 40%
Assault 1983 22990x 46%
Asteroids 1979 57209x 72%
Astrosmash 1981 7419x 69%
Atari Video Cube 1982 5481x 64%
Atlantis 1982 24753x 73%
BMX Air Master 1989 22116x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 16205x 29%
Backgammon 1979 18768x 55%
Bank Heist 1983 23667x 66%
Barnstorming 1982 20398x 64%
Basic Math 1977 19631x 59%
Basketball 1978 36393x 69%
Battlezone 1980 44156x 72%
Beamrider 1983 23121x 69%
Beany Bopper 1982 11961x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 55869x 53%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 5845x 43%
Berzerk 1982 64319x 76%
Blackjack 1977 14622x 55%
Blueprint 1982 8287x 52%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 26412x 79%
Boing! 1983 8255x 64%
Bowling 1979 27844x 67%
Boxing 1980 67336x 70%
Breakout 1978 91849x 57%
Bridge 1980 11110x 50%
Buck Rogers 1982 8103x 72%
Bugs 1982 2551x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 20572x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 12619x 54%
BurgerTime 1982 20279x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 20764x 45%
California Games 1987 16646x 63%
Canyon Bomber 1978 22959x 55%
Carnival 1982 24611x 76%
Casino 1978 19447x 51%
Centipede 1980 49617x 74%
Challenge 1980 7568x 73%
Checkers 1980 16741x 56%
Chopper Command 1982 26568x 62%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 4786x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 31516x 60%
CocoNuts 1982 10697x 51%
Combat 1977 49351x 69%
Combat Two 1982 16562x 71%
Commando 1985 14681x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 17422x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 34162x 71%
Condor Attack 1983 16398x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 16306x 70%
Conquest of Mars 1981 4477x 81%
Cosmic Ark 1982 15893x 77%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 12950x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 10573x 43%
Crack'ed 1988 1072x 50%
Crackpots 1983 16474x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 11431x 53%
Crossbow 1983 11277x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 4011x 63%
Crystal Castles 1983 21676x 55%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 129469x 62%
Dark Cavern 1982 24091x 63%
Dark Chambers 1988 10873x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 24302x 64%
Decathlon 1983 55904x 61%
Defender 1980 38523x 70%
Defender II 1981 21558x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 11149x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 45399x 81%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 5070x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 7318x 65%
Dice Puzzle 1983 1138x 38%
Dig Dug 1982 30920x 70%
Dishaster 1983 11108x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 28894x 61%
Dolphin 1983 13410x 64%
Donkey Kong 1981 61096x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 27196x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 16010x 62%
Dragon Defender 1982 10088x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 47368x 67%
Dragonfire 1982 19706x 77%
Dragster 1980 34534x 66%
E.T. 1982 150013x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 6598x 51%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 12119x 52%
Edtris 2600 1995 9958x 49%
Eggomania 1983 5064x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 17342x 51%
Enduro 1983 75489x 69%
Entombed 1982 12196x 65%
Escape from the M... 1982 23098x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 16225x 57%
Fast Eddie 1982 20810x 73%
Fast Food 1982 19981x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 16908x 72%
Fathom 1983 4070x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 17637x 65%
Fire Fly 1983 9905x 43%
Fireball 1982 6105x 45%
Fishing Derby 1980 21365x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 12739x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 12913x 62%
Football 1978 36821x 53%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 13574x 71%
Freeway 1981 38040x 70%
Frogger 1981 58305x 64%
Frogger 2 1984 18871x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 22447x 79%
Front Line 1982 13569x 62%
Frostbite 1983 50614x 74%
Galaxian 1979 95743x 70%
Gamma-Attack 1983 4158x 61%
Gangster Alley 1982 18130x 58%
Gas Hog 1983 11007x 64%
General Re-Treat 1982 21280x 54%
Ghostbusters 1984 14624x 56%
Gigolo 1982 14106x 54%
Glacier Patrol 1988 2048x 65%
Golf 1980 13138x 60%
Gopher 1982 15471x 71%
Gorf 1981 25808x 62%
Grand Prix 1982 24983x 65%
Gravitar 1982 16519x 61%
Gremlins 1984 8614x 70%
Ground Zero 1983 4665x 50%
Gyruss 1983 11480x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 74983x 80%
Halloween 1983 16002x 72%
Hangman 1978 21462x 57%
Haunted House 1981 30998x 66%
Home Run 1978 9111x 57%
Human Cannonball 1978 17594x 61%
Ice Hockey 1981 23082x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 14959x 68%
International Soccer 1982 17722x 69%
James Bond 007 1983 6065x 41%
Jawbreaker 1982 38591x 69%
Journey Escape 1982 6541x 60%
Joust 1982 24591x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 59747x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 65721x 71%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 63%
Kangaroo 1983 30778x 61%
Karate 1982 22976x 52%
Keystone Kapers 1983 69698x 69%
King Kong 1982 40683x 59%
Klax 1989 12684x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 9267x 62%
Krull 1983 8626x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 19146x 72%
Lady Bug 1981 27943x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 21454x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 17601x 70%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 16051x 74%
Lost Luggage 1982 12645x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 19397x 62%
M.A.D. 1982 8519x 59%
Mangia' 1983 6443x 57%
Marauder 1982 4560x 58%
Mario Bros. 1983 59431x 59%
Master Builder 1983 14220x 61%
Masters of the Universe 1983 8549x 47%
Math Gran Prix 1982 7607x 55%
Maze Craze 1980 24946x 78%
Mega Force 1982 12471x 70%
Megamania 1982 73409x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 21481x 81%
Millipede 1982 16991x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 15847x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 10507x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 13838x 68%
Missile Command 1981 71273x 67%
Missile Control 1983 7638x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 166715x 66%
Moon Patrol 1982 51573x 73%
Moonsweeper 1983 1393x 53%
MotoRodeo 1990 4967x 82%
Motocross 1983 14538x 71%
Mountain King 1983 31643x 72%
Mouse Trap 1981 20164x 81%
Mr. Do! 1982 17390x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 5570x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 11387x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 36703x 74%
Name This Game 1982 17259x 59%
Nuts 1983 11445x 62%
Obelix 1983 9904x 54%
Off the Wall 1989 4707x 68%
Oink! 1983 16051x 59%
Othello 1980 15147x 65%
Outlaw 1977 26533x 58%
Pac Kong 1983 26456x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 62%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 21125x 57%
Pengo 1983 19083x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 23115x 65%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 20583x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 5674x 70%
Phoenix 1980 50601x 69%
Pigs in Space 1983 2268x 53%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 57046x 74%
Pitfall! 1982 284826x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 14442x 74%
Plaque Attack 1983 21326x 70%
Polaris 1980 6680x 78%
Pole Position 1982 82990x 69%
Pooyan 1982 14690x 73%
Popeye 1982 25597x 76%
Pressure Cooker 1983 17417x 74%
Private Eye 1983 9001x 75%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 13854x 51%
Q*bert 1982 22808x 68%
Racquetball 1981 14198x 56%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 36024x 56%
Rampage 1986 15536x 64%
Reactor 1982 8714x 66%
RealSports Baseball 1982 5358x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 77973x 58%
RealSports Football 1982 19968x 47%
RealSports Soccer 1982 14773x 64%
RealSports Tennis 1983 15076x 52%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 16101x 76%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 3084x 78%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 3735x 65%
Riddle of the Sphinx 1982 820x 60%
River Raid 1982 481136x 65%
River Raid II 1988 38466x 58%
Road Runner 1985 20453x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 11339x 67%
Robot Tank 1983 21927x 70%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 5659x 57%
Room of Doom 1982 15150x 75%
Save Mary 1990 20244x 59%
Save Our Ship 1983 13076x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 17545x 66%
Seaquest 1983 65009x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 21453x 68%
Skeet Shoot 1981 8709x 40%
Skiing 1980 21307x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 15260x 78%
Sky Jinks 1982 12411x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 4982x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 11113x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 11681x 78%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 25578x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 25989x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 20559x 77%
Solar Fox 1983 23092x 72%
Solar Storm 1983 4515x 77%
Solaris 1986 19846x 71%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 6201x 55%
Space Attack 1979 2851x 53%
Space Cavern 1982 54795x 50%
Space Invaders 1978 104222x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 21965x 69%
Space Shuttle 1983 14553x 57%
Space War 1978 21909x 55%
Spacechase 1981 6323x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 22168x 74%
Spider-Man 1982 41366x 66%
Sprint Master 1988 14803x 61%
Spy Hunter 1983 18602x 76%
Squeeze Box 1982 10589x 71%
Stampede 1981 22823x 62%
Star Fox 1983 13891x 52%
Star Raiders 1982 21597x 53%
Star Ship 1977 12831x 71%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 2753x 49%
Star Voyager 1982 7600x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 23539x 57%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 22742x 69%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 36535x 65%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 97569x 60%
Stargunner 1982 5422x 69%
Starmaster 1982 18458x 62%
Steeplechase 1975 10165x 59%
Stellar Track 1981 7976x 69%
Strategy X 1981 16522x 77%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 4346x 46%
Sub Scan 1982 17834x 59%
Submarine Commander 1982 1511x 57%
Subterranea 1983 13178x 72%
Suicide Mission 1982 662x 60%
Summer Games 1984 3815x 75%
Super Breakout 1979 46847x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 12749x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 13071x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 20549x 57%
Superman 1978 38524x 83%
Surround 1977 20434x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 19424x 70%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 14263x 66%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 12508x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 3137x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 32729x 74%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 24635x 60%
Tapeworm 1982 9869x 78%
Tapper 1984 37320x 73%
Taz 1983 19911x 59%
Tennis 1981 33227x 60%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 28492x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 27382x 72%
Threshold 1981 3046x 23%
Thunderground 1983 14430x 67%
Time Pilot 1982 18717x 66%
Tom Boy 1982 23994x 69%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 6919x 59%
Towering Inferno 1982 10411x 57%
Track & Field 1984 14611x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 14942x 61%
Tunnel Runner 1983 19957x 81%
Turmoil 1982 17398x 66%
Tutankham 1982 1477x 60%
Universal Chaos 1983 15230x 58%
Vanguard 1982 24790x 72%
Venture 1981 16109x 61%
Video Checkers 1980 14291x 57%
Video Chess 1979 18137x 60%
Video Olympics 1977 15893x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 27026x 65%
Wabbit 1982 14639x 59%
Walker 1983 10138x 41%
Wall-Defender 1983 18645x 60%
Warlords 1981 27159x 69%
Wing War 1983 4022x 57%
Winter Games 1985 24037x 61%
Wizard of Wor 1980 16256x 62%
Word Zapper 1982 2509x 50%
Worm War I 1982 17484x 70%
X-Man 1983 71695x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 13602x 65%
Xevious 1982 16446x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 31058x 79%
Z-Tack 1983 20702x 51%
Zaxxon 1982 22065x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout

Atari 2600: Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back

Atari 2600: RealSports Boxing RealSports Boxing

Atari 2600: Missile Command Missile Command


 

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