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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 33827x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 13420x 52%
Adventure 1980 154976x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 34602x 65%
Air Raid 1982 3997x 58%
Air Raiders 1982 40142x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 56592x 65%
Airlock 1982 9587x 53%
Alien 1982 24422x 66%
Amidar 1983 29337x 62%
Armor Battle 1979 5278x 60%
Artillery Duel 1983 29836x 41%
Assault 1983 21432x 45%
Asteroids 1979 53555x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 5961x 66%
Atari Video Cube 1982 3566x 67%
Atlantis 1982 22792x 73%
BMX Air Master 1989 20609x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 13045x 32%
Backgammon 1979 17548x 55%
Bank Heist 1983 21830x 66%
Barnstorming 1982 18805x 60%
Basic Math 1977 17928x 58%
Basketball 1978 32909x 70%
Battlezone 1980 40039x 72%
Beamrider 1983 21172x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 10558x 74%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 50895x 52%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 4566x 50%
Berzerk 1982 57676x 77%
Blackjack 1977 13249x 57%
Blueprint 1982 7096x 48%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 24572x 78%
Boing! 1983 6915x 68%
Bowling 1979 24776x 67%
Boxing 1980 61840x 69%
Breakout 1978 83582x 56%
Bridge 1980 10142x 50%
Buck Rogers 1982 6797x 66%
Bugs 1982 1493x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 19202x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 10968x 54%
BurgerTime 1982 18764x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 18235x 46%
California Games 1987 15267x 62%
Canyon Bomber 1978 21423x 55%
Carnival 1982 22972x 75%
Casino 1978 17777x 53%
Centipede 1980 46648x 73%
Challenge 1980 6260x 73%
Checkers 1980 15368x 62%
Chopper Command 1982 24163x 63%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 3618x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 29120x 59%
CocoNuts 1982 9661x 51%
Combat 1977 44875x 70%
Combat Two 1982 15289x 71%
Commando 1985 13356x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 16058x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 29619x 71%
Condor Attack 1983 15169x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 14950x 70%
Conquest of Mars 1981 2354x 85%
Cosmic Ark 1982 14448x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 11959x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 9539x 43%
Crackpots 1983 15130x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 9951x 53%
Crossbow 1983 10262x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 2718x 63%
Crystal Castles 1983 19286x 55%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 119047x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 22605x 63%
Dark Chambers 1988 9872x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 20333x 64%
Decathlon 1983 51099x 61%
Defender 1980 35198x 70%
Defender II 1981 19815x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 9777x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 40118x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 3925x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 6084x 65%
Dig Dug 1982 28291x 70%
Dishaster 1983 9765x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 27121x 61%
Dolphin 1983 12243x 64%
Donkey Kong 1981 56084x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 24797x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 14717x 58%
Dragon Defender 1982 8948x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 38022x 67%
Dragonfire 1982 18058x 78%
Dragster 1980 31468x 66%
E.T. 1982 134227x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 5515x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 10925x 52%
Edtris 2600 1995 8622x 49%
Eggomania 1983 3638x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 16159x 53%
Enduro 1983 70021x 70%
Entombed 1982 10772x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 20489x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 14606x 56%
Fast Eddie 1982 19260x 73%
Fast Food 1982 18519x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 15423x 72%
Fathom 1983 2978x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 16222x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 8773x 43%
Fireball 1982 4615x 45%
Fishing Derby 1980 19477x 65%
Flag Capture 1978 11358x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 11744x 64%
Football 1978 31410x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 12053x 71%
Freeway 1981 29870x 74%
Frogger 1981 53110x 65%
Frogger 2 1984 17122x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 20561x 79%
Front Line 1982 12494x 62%
Frostbite 1983 46865x 75%
Galaxian 1979 90354x 69%
Gamma-Attack 1983 2696x 61%
Gangster Alley 1982 16728x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 9947x 61%
General Re-Treat 1982 18495x 51%
Ghostbusters 1984 13097x 56%
Gigolo 1982 12154x 53%
Glacier Patrol 1988 1142x 65%
Golf 1980 11714x 60%
Gopher 1982 14261x 70%
Gorf 1981 23757x 62%
Grand Prix 1982 22766x 67%
Gravitar 1982 14385x 64%
Gremlins 1984 7238x 70%
Ground Zero 1983 3153x 41%
Gyruss 1983 10538x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 63346x 80%
Halloween 1983 13131x 74%
Hangman 1978 19741x 58%
Haunted House 1981 28132x 66%
Home Run 1978 7735x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 16041x 59%
Ice Hockey 1981 21423x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 13962x 68%
International Soccer 1982 16136x 68%
James Bond 007 1983 4864x 28%
Jawbreaker 1982 35198x 68%
Journey Escape 1982 5240x 63%
Joust 1982 22817x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 54792x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 60148x 71%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 62%
Kangaroo 1983 28604x 61%
Karate 1982 21273x 53%
Keystone Kapers 1983 56549x 68%
King Kong 1982 37832x 57%
Klax 1989 11596x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 7539x 62%
Krull 1983 7521x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 17629x 77%
Lady Bug 1981 24773x 67%
Laser Blast 1981 18037x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 16168x 68%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 14616x 74%
Lost Luggage 1982 8742x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 17723x 62%
M.A.D. 1982 7060x 59%
Mangia' 1983 5340x 59%
Marauder 1982 3479x 58%
Mario Bros. 1983 52928x 58%
Master Builder 1983 12963x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 6939x 51%
Math Gran Prix 1982 6422x 60%
Maze Craze 1980 22874x 79%
Mega Force 1982 11536x 70%
Megamania 1982 65567x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 19758x 78%
Millipede 1982 15715x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 14715x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 9274x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 12632x 67%
Missile Command 1981 61275x 67%
Missile Control 1983 6294x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 150636x 66%
Moon Patrol 1982 46034x 72%
MotoRodeo 1990 3640x 78%
Motocross 1983 13328x 69%
Mountain King 1983 25335x 71%
Mouse Trap 1981 18151x 81%
Mr. Do! 1982 16237x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 4601x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 10175x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 32042x 74%
Name This Game 1982 15792x 59%
Nuts 1983 10119x 58%
Obelix 1983 8503x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 3399x 57%
Oink! 1983 14647x 58%
Othello 1980 13515x 65%
Outlaw 1977 23934x 58%
Pac Kong 1983 24410x 51%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 19537x 57%
Pengo 1983 17441x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 18458x 62%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 19192x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 3885x 70%
Phoenix 1980 47217x 69%
Pigs in Space 1983 1250x 53%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 50969x 74%
Pitfall! 1982 258759x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 13272x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 19693x 69%
Polaris 1980 5168x 68%
Pole Position 1982 75677x 69%
Pooyan 1982 13610x 73%
Popeye 1982 23798x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 16190x 73%
Private Eye 1983 8030x 67%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 12600x 51%
Q*bert 1982 20736x 71%
Racquetball 1981 12992x 55%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 33080x 56%
Rampage 1986 14170x 62%
Reactor 1982 7359x 66%
RealSports Baseball 1982 4194x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 68536x 62%
RealSports Football 1982 6772x 48%
RealSports Soccer 1982 13554x 64%
RealSports Tennis 1983 13496x 52%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 14761x 79%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 2186x 73%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 2649x 58%
River Raid 1982 431880x 65%
River Raid II 1988 34224x 57%
Road Runner 1985 19065x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 10120x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 19681x 71%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 4584x 59%
Room of Doom 1982 13753x 75%
Save Mary 1990 18687x 59%
Save Our Ship 1983 11808x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 16246x 66%
Seaquest 1983 59341x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 19553x 70%
Skeet Shoot 1981 7370x 40%
Skiing 1980 19161x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 13969x 78%
Sky Jinks 1982 11469x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 4017x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 9929x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 10504x 75%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 23474x 71%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 24108x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 18661x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 21372x 71%
Solar Storm 1983 2878x 84%
Solaris 1986 18072x 70%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 4926x 48%
Space Attack 1979 1314x 52%
Space Cavern 1982 44793x 50%
Space Invaders 1978 93737x 63%
Space Jockey 1982 18692x 69%
Space Shuttle 1983 11531x 55%
Space War 1978 19531x 59%
Spacechase 1981 5210x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 20419x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 37158x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 13612x 61%
Spy Hunter 1983 17252x 80%
Squeeze Box 1982 9659x 71%
Stampede 1981 20657x 64%
Star Fox 1983 12621x 49%
Star Raiders 1982 19528x 53%
Star Ship 1977 11308x 67%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 1650x 48%
Star Voyager 1982 6475x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 17837x 58%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 20636x 65%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 32933x 64%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 90438x 58%
Stargunner 1982 4236x 69%
Starmaster 1982 16909x 67%
Steeplechase 1975 8891x 59%
Stellar Track 1981 6812x 69%
Strategy X 1981 15160x 79%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 3234x 49%
Sub Scan 1982 16471x 56%
Subterranea 1983 12172x 70%
Summer Games 1984 2797x 70%
Super Breakout 1979 42897x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 11471x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 11752x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 18976x 57%
Superman 1978 34548x 82%
Surround 1977 18771x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 16430x 70%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 12632x 66%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 11330x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 2237x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 28737x 75%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 22629x 59%
Tapeworm 1982 8401x 79%
Tapper 1984 34090x 72%
Taz 1983 18237x 59%
Tennis 1981 30286x 60%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 25969x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 24815x 73%
Threshold 1981 1811x 23%
Thunderground 1983 13224x 68%
Time Pilot 1982 17199x 69%
Tom Boy 1982 21952x 70%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 5996x 59%
Towering Inferno 1982 9383x 57%
Track & Field 1984 13209x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 13788x 66%
Tunnel Runner 1983 17650x 82%
Turmoil 1982 15848x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 13964x 58%
Vanguard 1982 22759x 71%
Venture 1981 14495x 61%
Video Checkers 1980 12787x 59%
Video Chess 1979 16285x 60%
Video Olympics 1977 13890x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 24798x 64%
Wabbit 1982 13444x 60%
Walker 1983 9149x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 14976x 59%
Warlords 1981 24773x 71%
Wing War 1983 2998x 57%
Winter Games 1985 22615x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 14229x 60%
Word Zapper 1982 1489x 50%
Worm War I 1982 16008x 70%
X-Man 1983 66625x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 12407x 65%
Xevious 1982 15123x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 27768x 78%
Z-Tack 1983 15429x 51%
Zaxxon 1982 20546x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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