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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 18425x 64%
Acid Drop 1992 1172x 55%
Adventure 1980 60828x 69%
Adventures of TRON 1982 20122x 64%
Air Raiders 1982 23923x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 16790x 60%
Airlock 1982 2599x 52%
Alien 1982 14180x 70%
Amidar 1983 17995x 69%
Artillery Duel 1983 16759x 52%
Assault 1983 13055x 44%
Asteroids 1979 32112x 69%
Atlantis 1982 14414x 73%
BMX Air Master 1989 13489x 76%
Backgammon 1979 10569x 57%
Bank Heist 1983 14003x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 11731x 61%
Basic Math 1977 10611x 58%
Basketball 1978 19631x 75%
Battlezone 1980 22002x 69%
Beamrider 1983 12786x 70%
Beany Bopper 1982 5565x 60%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 28814x 54%
Berzerk 1982 19862x 82%
Blackjack 1977 7367x 63%
Blueprint 1982 2320x 65%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 13585x 81%
Boing! 1983 2124x 60%
Bowling 1979 13581x 63%
Boxing 1980 34213x 71%
Breakout 1978 34983x 61%
Bridge 1980 5472x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 1584x 75%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 13236x 80%
Bumper Bash 1983 3676x 55%
BurgerTime 1982 11575x 72%
Burning Desire 1982 7051x 60%
California Games 1987 8700x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 11696x 54%
Carnival 1982 15874x 77%
Casino 1978 9310x 49%
Centipede 1980 26628x 71%
Challenge 1980 1504x 66%
Checkers 1980 9103x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 13844x 64%
Circus Atari 1980 16858x 60%
CocoNuts 1982 5001x 58%
Combat 1977 24377x 73%
Combat Two 1982 9107x 73%
Commando 1985 7849x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 9394x 78%
Communist Mutants 1982 9274x 68%
Condor Attack 1983 9447x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 9068x 73%
Cosmic Ark 1982 8599x 76%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 7254x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 4997x 30%
Crackpots 1983 9483x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 4220x 48%
Crossbow 1983 5645x 60%
Crystal Castles 1983 10806x 66%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 81878x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 13444x 60%
Dark Chambers 1988 5010x 54%
Deadly Duck 1982 7975x 63%
Decathlon 1983 26843x 62%
Defender 1980 18861x 66%
Defender II 1981 12496x 75%
Demolition Herby 1982 5534x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 19064x 81%
Desert Falcon 1987 1717x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 14320x 69%
Dishaster 1983 4994x 30%
Dodge ’Em 1980 17664x 60%
Dolphin 1983 6619x 71%
Donkey Kong 1981 32033x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 15606x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 9462x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 4436x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 10492x 66%
Dragonfire 1982 10722x 82%
Dragster 1980 15691x 72%
E.T. 1982 67292x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 701x 58%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 6128x 55%
Edtris 2600 1995 1483x 53%
Elevator Action 1983 10649x 54%
Enduro 1983 42386x 72%
Entombed 1982 3038x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 7902x 74%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 7517x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 12584x 75%
Fast Food 1982 12096x 79%
Fatal Run 1989 9745x 71%
Fire Fighter 1982 10038x 71%
Fire Fly 1983 3493x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 11265x 67%
Flag Capture 1978 6195x 60%
Flash Gordon 1983 5596x 72%
Football 1978 9150x 51%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 5822x 61%
Freeway 1981 14626x 78%
Frogger 1981 25630x 68%
Frogger 2 1984 10603x 70%
Frogs and Flies 1982 12726x 77%
Front Line 1982 7950x 69%
Frostbite 1983 26484x 72%
Galaxian 1979 57370x 68%
Gangster Alley 1982 8529x 61%
Gas Hog 1983 4836x 58%
General Re-Treat 1982 7325x 51%
Ghostbusters 1984 6652x 55%
Gigolo 1982 3169x 77%
Golf 1980 5955x 53%
Gopher 1982 8935x 69%
Gorf 1981 11889x 73%
Grand Prix 1982 14100x 64%
Gravitar 1982 7239x 66%
Gremlins 1984 1174x 70%
Gyruss 1983 6248x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 29922x 80%
Halloween 1983 1739x 65%
Hangman 1978 12631x 57%
Haunted House 1981 15452x 65%
Home Run 1978 2836x 52%
Human Cannonball 1978 9702x 59%
Ice Hockey 1981 12895x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 8811x 68%
International Soccer 1982 9702x 74%
Jawbreaker 1982 21314x 69%
Joust 1982 12750x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 30672x 70%
Jungle Hunt 1983 33219x 74%
Kaboom! 1981 14480x 62%
Kangaroo 1983 18897x 59%
Karate 1982 13553x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 28881x 67%
King Kong 1982 23003x 59%
Klax 1989 6633x 75%
Knight on the Town 1982 124x 30%
Krull 1983 3089x 24%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 11244x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 13142x 64%
Laser Blast 1981 8677x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 9813x 62%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 7425x 62%
Lost Luggage 1982 641x 55%
M*A*S*H 1982 9454x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 1160x 52%
Mangia' 1983 797x 52%
Mario Bros. 1983 30777x 61%
Master Builder 1983 7610x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 179x 30%
Math Gran Prix 1982 1386x 83%
Maze Craze 1980 14201x 78%
Mega Force 1982 7021x 67%
Megamania 1982 35009x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 12343x 76%
Millipede 1982 9675x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 8766x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 4686x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 7131x 71%
Missile Command 1981 17738x 72%
Missile Control 1983 1149x 59%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 80047x 64%
Moon Patrol 1982 22433x 77%
Motocross 1983 8227x 71%
Mountain King 1983 6967x 67%
Mouse Trap 1981 7966x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 10791x 79%
Mr. Postman 1983 3773x 71%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 13773x 75%
Name This Game 1982 9347x 59%
Nuts 1983 5052x 53%
Obelix 1983 2805x 48%
Oink! 1983 9063x 57%
Othello 1980 7364x 67%
Outlaw 1977 14512x 63%
Pac Kong 1983 13843x 55%
Pac-Man 1980 107859x 61%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 13096x 56%
Pengo 1983 10676x 60%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 9956x 79%
Phoenix 1980 28923x 70%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 25329x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 133299x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 8071x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 11792x 69%
Pole Position 1982 42455x 74%
Pooyan 1982 9486x 73%
Popeye 1982 13414x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 10117x 70%
Private Eye 1983 3724x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 6560x 51%
Q*bert 1982 10947x 63%
Racquetball 1981 7075x 57%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 20296x 56%
Rampage 1986 8948x 60%
Reactor 1982 2591x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 24262x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 8095x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 5221x 43%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 9195x 78%
River Raid 1982 216681x 66%
River Raid II 1988 18694x 60%
Road Runner 1985 11836x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 5409x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 11392x 72%
Room of Doom 1982 8022x 75%
Save Mary 1990 11249x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 6601x 58%
Sea Hawk 1982 10337x 62%
Seaquest 1983 32392x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 10059x 72%
Skeet Shoot 1981 2460x 60%
Skiing 1980 10627x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 7435x 69%
Sky Jinks 1982 6791x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 4757x 58%
Slot Racers 1978 5522x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 14910x 71%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 16365x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 10203x 75%
Solar Fox 1983 12692x 74%
Solaris 1986 10902x 68%
Space Cavern 1982 10475x 38%
Space Invaders 1978 41709x 68%
Space Jockey 1982 5244x 55%
Space Shuttle 1983 3597x 52%
Space War 1978 9420x 67%
Spacechase 1981 874x 60%
Spider Fighter 1982 11570x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 22131x 66%
Sprint Master 1988 7982x 65%
Spy Hunter 1983 10708x 81%
Squeeze Box 1982 5448x 69%
Stampede 1981 12153x 64%
Star Fox 1983 6708x 51%
Star Raiders 1982 11248x 49%
Star Ship 1977 5052x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 1762x 60%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 1592x 37%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 9252x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 14555x 63%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 12315x 63%
Starmaster 1982 9124x 66%
Steeplechase 1975 3661x 53%
Stellar Track 1981 1687x 74%
Strategy X 1981 9066x 82%
Sub Scan 1982 10196x 61%
Subterranea 1983 7607x 68%
Super Breakout 1979 23317x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 6165x 54%
Super Challenge Football 1982 6184x 45%
Super Cobra 1981 12287x 56%
Superman 1978 15670x 81%
Surround 1977 11323x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 8320x 79%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 6531x 52%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 4525x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 10085x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 14173x 61%
Tapper 1984 16106x 72%
Taz 1983 11074x 59%
Tennis 1981 16527x 65%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 15570x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 13473x 79%
Thunderground 1983 8284x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 7608x 74%
Tom Boy 1982 13494x 73%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 1270x 57%
Towering Inferno 1982 4972x 60%
Track & Field 1984 7805x 60%
Trick Shot 1982 8243x 83%
Tunnel Runner 1983 10569x 78%
Turmoil 1982 9224x 66%
Universal Chaos 1983 8319x 57%
Vanguard 1982 13813x 69%
Venture 1981 6897x 61%
Video Checkers 1980 6650x 58%
Video Chess 1979 8141x 60%
Video Olympics 1977 5178x 59%
Video Pinball 1980 13685x 61%
Wabbit 1982 8115x 60%
Walker 1983 4422x 35%
Wall-Defender 1983 5398x 54%
Warlords 1981 13930x 65%
Winter Games 1985 15109x 65%
Wizard of Wor 1980 4567x 76%
Worm War I 1982 9322x 81%
X-Man 1983 39489x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 7023x 62%
Xevious 1982 7985x 61%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 14093x 74%
Z-Tack 1983 1137x 55%
Zaxxon 1982 12655x 64%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids


 

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