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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 14725x 68%
Adventure 1980 38522x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 15943x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 19822x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 13146x 57%
Alien 1982 11573x 70%
Amidar 1983 14749x 73%
Artillery Duel 1983 13893x 50%
Assault 1983 9433x 47%
Asteroids 1979 24103x 71%
Atlantis 1982 12115x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 11493x 76%
Backgammon 1979 8776x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 12075x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 9804x 59%
Basic Math 1977 8441x 52%
Basketball 1978 16191x 75%
Battlezone 1980 17637x 72%
Beamrider 1983 10429x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 4319x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 23358x 60%
Berzerk 1982 14079x 81%
Blackjack 1977 5938x 68%
Blueprint 1982 1142x 65%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 10708x 83%
Boing! 1983 755x 60%
Bowling 1979 11123x 65%
Boxing 1980 27501x 70%
Breakout 1978 23038x 66%
Bridge 1980 4296x 70%
Buck Rogers 1982 176x 75%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 11218x 87%
Bumper Bash 1983 1876x 61%
BurgerTime 1982 9355x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 4097x 74%
California Games 1987 7301x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 9650x 52%
Carnival 1982 13651x 76%
Casino 1978 6971x 52%
Centipede 1980 18822x 73%
Checkers 1980 7491x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 11398x 62%
Circus Atari 1980 13554x 64%
CocoNuts 1982 3770x 60%
Combat 1977 18148x 72%
Combat Two 1982 7364x 71%
Commando 1985 6399x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 7988x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 5987x 85%
Condor Attack 1983 7933x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 7322x 84%
Cosmic Ark 1982 7179x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 5965x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 3708x 30%
Crackpots 1983 7712x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 2786x 30%
Crossbow 1983 4137x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 8773x 67%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 70360x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 11235x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 3800x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 5871x 62%
Decathlon 1983 21262x 64%
Defender 1980 13275x 65%
Defender II 1981 10296x 88%
Demolition Herby 1982 4278x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 15546x 83%
Desert Falcon 1987 564x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 11266x 73%
Dishaster 1983 3657x 16%
Dodge ’Em 1980 14858x 58%
Dolphin 1983 4892x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 24322x 64%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 12511x 71%
Double Dragon 1987 8016x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 3272x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 8344x 71%
Dragonfire 1982 8652x 83%
Dragster 1980 11392x 72%
E.T. 1982 52868x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 4839x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 9111x 55%
Enduro 1983 34366x 72%
Entombed 1982 1983x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 6362x 73%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 5868x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 10840x 74%
Fast Food 1982 9743x 87%
Fatal Run 1989 8389x 84%
Fire Fighter 1982 8424x 76%
Fire Fly 1983 2118x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 9327x 69%
Flag Capture 1978 4732x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 4074x 66%
Football 1978 6593x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 4182x 57%
Freeway 1981 11879x 80%
Frogger 1981 19426x 68%
Frogger 2 1984 8677x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 10572x 78%
Front Line 1982 6346x 86%
Frostbite 1983 21178x 73%
Galaxian 1979 49365x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 6988x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 3445x 50%
General Re-Treat 1982 3365x 41%
Ghostbusters 1984 4881x 54%
Gigolo 1982 267x 30%
Golf 1980 4505x 53%
Gopher 1982 7351x 87%
Gorf 1981 9230x 73%
Grand Prix 1982 11710x 65%
Gravitar 1982 5854x 74%
Gyruss 1983 4922x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 23040x 81%
Hangman 1978 10795x 58%
Haunted House 1981 12520x 67%
Home Run 1978 1520x 63%
Human Cannonball 1978 8176x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 10851x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 7608x 74%
International Soccer 1982 7885x 78%
Jawbreaker 1982 16434x 76%
Joust 1982 8589x 67%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 24894x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 26178x 76%
Kaboom! 1981 11079x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 15354x 59%
Karate 1982 11042x 56%
Keystone Kapers 1983 23656x 68%
King Kong 1982 19109x 60%
Klax 1989 5596x 75%
Krull 1983 1798x 30%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 9357x 81%
Lady Bug 1981 10863x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 6991x 64%
Laser Gates 1983 8317x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 5406x 73%
M*A*S*H 1982 7625x 63%
Mario Bros. 1983 24451x 63%
Master Builder 1983 6208x 70%
Maze Craze 1980 12006x 79%
Mega Force 1982 5844x 65%
Megamania 1982 29135x 79%
Midnight Magic 1984 10474x 78%
Millipede 1982 7947x 82%
Miner 2049er 1982 7168x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 3487x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 5766x 71%
Missile Command 1981 11761x 71%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 54114x 67%
Moon Patrol 1982 16776x 80%
Motocross 1983 6803x 78%
Mountain King 1983 3002x 87%
Mouse Trap 1981 5715x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 9011x 79%
Mr. Postman 1983 1857x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 9619x 74%
Name This Game 1982 7858x 63%
Nuts 1983 3775x 53%
Obelix 1983 1356x 50%
Oink! 1983 7768x 59%
Othello 1980 5940x 65%
Outlaw 1977 12058x 66%
Pac Kong 1983 11332x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 82793x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 11076x 55%
Pengo 1983 8749x 60%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 8153x 78%
Phoenix 1980 23179x 74%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 20181x 74%
Pitfall! 1982 98946x 78%
Planet Patrol 1982 6773x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 9677x 68%
Pole Position 1982 33693x 74%
Pooyan 1982 8153x 85%
Popeye 1982 10266x 87%
Pressure Cooker 1983 8131x 78%
Private Eye 1983 2600x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 5104x 48%
Q*bert 1982 8260x 68%
Racquetball 1981 5624x 62%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 16424x 53%
Rampage 1986 7197x 63%
Reactor 1982 1470x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 15533x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 6653x 57%
RealSports Tennis 1983 3867x 49%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 7616x 77%
River Raid 1982 167142x 66%
River Raid II 1988 15065x 60%
Road Runner 1985 9945x 85%
Robin Hood 1983 4088x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 9111x 76%
Room of Doom 1982 6554x 72%
Save Mary 1990 8972x 63%
Save Our Ship 1983 4701x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 8045x 64%
Seaquest 1983 25406x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 8247x 77%
Skeet Shoot 1981 1280x 40%
Skiing 1980 8857x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 5795x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 5575x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 3363x 52%
Slot Racers 1978 4193x 65%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 12132x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 14150x 71%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 8074x 76%
Solar Fox 1983 9849x 74%
Solaris 1986 8799x 67%
Space Cavern 1982 3788x 26%
Space Invaders 1978 28969x 74%
Space Jockey 1982 3736x 55%
Space Shuttle 1983 1587x 51%
Space War 1978 7138x 62%
Spider Fighter 1982 9642x 69%
Spider-Man 1982 17188x 72%
Sprint Master 1988 6668x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 8590x 89%
Squeeze Box 1982 3556x 86%
Stampede 1981 10340x 64%
Star Fox 1983 5067x 47%
Star Raiders 1982 8783x 56%
Star Ship 1977 3579x 70%
Star Voyager 1982 582x 60%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 6573x 82%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 10879x 69%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 9015x 62%
Starmaster 1982 7382x 63%
Steeplechase 1975 2157x 65%
Strategy X 1981 7637x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 8417x 56%
Subterranea 1983 6173x 87%
Super Breakout 1979 17725x 55%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 4873x 39%
Super Challenge Football 1982 4609x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 10268x 56%
Superman 1978 12502x 67%
Surround 1977 9517x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 5736x 78%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 4972x 63%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 3217x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 7604x 68%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 11492x 65%
Tapper 1984 12492x 76%
Taz 1983 9330x 62%
Tennis 1981 12415x 74%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 12201x 76%
The Official Frogger 1984 10615x 85%
Thunderground 1983 7048x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 5912x 64%
Tom Boy 1982 11214x 75%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 80x 80%
Towering Inferno 1982 3796x 40%
Track & Field 1984 6310x 66%
Trick Shot 1982 6922x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 8738x 77%
Turmoil 1982 7717x 71%
Universal Chaos 1983 6873x 58%
Vanguard 1982 11257x 71%
Venture 1981 5053x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 5312x 59%
Video Chess 1979 6467x 71%
Video Olympics 1977 2989x 59%
Video Pinball 1980 11323x 67%
Wabbit 1982 6930x 64%
Walker 1983 2948x 31%
Wall-Defender 1983 4163x 55%
Warlords 1981 11214x 64%
Winter Games 1985 12866x 66%
Wizard of Wor 1980 2228x 70%
Worm War I 1982 7310x 81%
X-Man 1983 32742x 58%
Xenophobe 1988 5970x 66%
Xevious 1982 6661x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 10831x 74%
Zaxxon 1982 10191x 70%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids


 

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