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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 27689x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 8009x 56%
Adventure 1980 109390x 71%
Adventures of TRON 1982 28322x 64%
Air Raiders 1982 32875x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 36140x 66%
Airlock 1982 6580x 55%
Alien 1982 20307x 70%
Amidar 1983 24206x 67%
Armor Battle 1979 2669x 54%
Artillery Duel 1983 23793x 47%
Assault 1983 17742x 46%
Asteroids 1979 46533x 72%
Astrosmash 1981 2812x 46%
Atlantis 1982 19008x 71%
BMX Air Master 1989 17442x 73%
Bachelor Party 1983 7129x 32%
Backgammon 1979 14847x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 18237x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 15700x 59%
Basic Math 1977 14609x 61%
Basketball 1978 27174x 74%
Battlezone 1980 31467x 71%
Beamrider 1983 17668x 71%
Beany Bopper 1982 8219x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 40746x 54%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 2042x 43%
Berzerk 1982 34882x 80%
Blackjack 1977 10635x 56%
Blueprint 1982 4932x 45%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 20491x 81%
Boing! 1983 4603x 65%
Bowling 1979 19778x 66%
Boxing 1980 50531x 69%
Breakout 1978 65530x 57%
Bridge 1980 7945x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 4439x 45%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 16534x 79%
Bumper Bash 1983 7532x 53%
BurgerTime 1982 15462x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 13391x 52%
California Games 1987 11877x 61%
Canyon Bomber 1978 16008x 56%
Carnival 1982 19717x 75%
Casino 1978 13808x 48%
Centipede 1980 40707x 71%
Challenge 1980 3977x 73%
Checkers 1980 12548x 66%
Chopper Command 1982 19161x 60%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 1432x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 23692x 58%
CocoNuts 1982 7564x 51%
Combat 1977 36562x 71%
Combat Two 1982 12471x 72%
Commando 1985 10931x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 12818x 81%
Communist Mutants 1982 18380x 73%
Condor Attack 1983 12620x 72%
Congo Bongo 1983 12116x 70%
Cosmic Ark 1982 11839x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 9910x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 7375x 50%
Crackpots 1983 12746x 76%
Crazy Climber 1980 7167x 59%
Crossbow 1983 8087x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 920x 50%
Crystal Castles 1983 14754x 61%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 104220x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 18235x 62%
Dark Chambers 1988 7674x 57%
Deadly Duck 1982 11393x 64%
Decathlon 1983 39687x 61%
Defender 1980 29208x 67%
Defender II 1981 16388x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 7675x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 27722x 81%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 1733x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 4022x 76%
Dig Dug 1982 21002x 71%
Dishaster 1983 7459x 34%
Dodge ’Em 1980 23067x 61%
Dolphin 1983 9730x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 45622x 64%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 20093x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 12133x 53%
Dragon Defender 1982 6852x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 20326x 64%
Dragonfire 1982 14632x 77%
Dragster 1980 24774x 66%
E.T. 1982 96249x 48%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 3228x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 8748x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 5386x 49%
Eggomania 1983 1259x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 13713x 53%
Enduro 1983 58055x 69%
Entombed 1982 7386x 61%
Escape from the M... 1982 12514x 69%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 11327x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 16249x 75%
Fast Food 1982 15645x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 12449x 71%
Fathom 1983 971x 80%
Fire Fighter 1982 13422x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 6276x 47%
Fireball 1982 2157x 57%
Fishing Derby 1980 15613x 64%
Flag Capture 1978 8854x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 9067x 60%
Football 1978 18534x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 8947x 69%
Freeway 1981 20238x 75%
Frogger 1981 42618x 65%
Frogger 2 1984 14160x 72%
Frogs and Flies 1982 16808x 78%
Front Line 1982 10494x 63%
Frostbite 1983 36395x 73%
Galaxian 1979 76896x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 11751x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 7708x 59%
General Re-Treat 1982 13842x 53%
Ghostbusters 1984 9859x 56%
Gigolo 1982 8423x 54%
Golf 1980 9019x 66%
Gopher 1982 11819x 69%
Gorf 1981 19459x 69%
Grand Prix 1982 18579x 66%
Gravitar 1982 10618x 69%
Gremlins 1984 4370x 75%
Gyruss 1983 8624x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 45595x 81%
Halloween 1983 7988x 72%
Hangman 1978 16579x 58%
Haunted House 1981 22200x 64%
Home Run 1978 5403x 58%
Human Cannonball 1978 13027x 60%
Ice Hockey 1981 17297x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 11235x 70%
International Soccer 1982 13196x 69%
James Bond 007 1983 2071x 40%
Jawbreaker 1982 29335x 70%
Journey Escape 1982 2621x 56%
Joust 1982 18885x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 43356x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 47797x 71%
Kaboom! 1981 20492x 61%
Kangaroo 1983 24163x 62%
Karate 1982 17950x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 40044x 67%
King Kong 1982 31607x 61%
Klax 1989 9335x 83%
Knight on the Town 1982 4280x 53%
Krull 1983 5439x 38%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 14748x 79%
Lady Bug 1981 18764x 70%
Laser Blast 1981 12469x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 13092x 64%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 11397x 75%
Lost Luggage 1982 2827x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 13986x 62%
M.A.D. 1982 4374x 56%
Mangia' 1983 3267x 55%
Marauder 1982 1214x 50%
Mario Bros. 1983 43060x 60%
Master Builder 1983 10565x 75%
Masters of the Universe 1983 3429x 55%
Math Gran Prix 1982 4074x 61%
Maze Craze 1980 18909x 78%
Mega Force 1982 9407x 70%
Megamania 1982 50193x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 16145x 76%
Millipede 1982 13065x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 12056x 76%
Miner 2049er II 1983 7053x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 10098x 68%
Missile Command 1981 37265x 65%
Missile Control 1983 3748x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 118997x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 35930x 73%
Motocross 1983 10973x 69%
Mountain King 1983 11796x 67%
Mouse Trap 1981 13714x 82%
Mr. Do! 1982 13865x 75%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 2273x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 7296x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 23044x 76%
Name This Game 1982 12961x 59%
Nuts 1983 7596x 58%
Obelix 1983 5799x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 1043x 57%
Oink! 1983 12128x 57%
Othello 1980 10700x 67%
Outlaw 1977 19376x 61%
Pac Kong 1983 19513x 51%
Pac-Man 1980 26169x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 16775x 59%
Pengo 1983 14485x 52%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 6999x 68%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 13344x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 101x 90%
Phoenix 1980 39278x 70%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 37916x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 198692x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 10857x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 15937x 70%
Polaris 1980 2505x 63%
Pole Position 1982 60091x 68%
Pooyan 1982 11657x 73%
Popeye 1982 20450x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 13604x 71%
Private Eye 1983 5891x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 9906x 51%
Q*bert 1982 16331x 67%
Racquetball 1981 10411x 57%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 27310x 56%
Rampage 1986 11860x 62%
Reactor 1982 4936x 53%
RealSports Baseball 1982 1934x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 46962x 65%
RealSports Football 1982 2172x 35%
RealSports Soccer 1982 11243x 63%
RealSports Tennis 1983 8843x 45%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 12208x 78%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 810x 48%
River Raid 1982 325740x 65%
River Raid II 1988 27289x 60%
Road Runner 1985 16436x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 8030x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 16056x 71%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 2361x 56%
Room of Doom 1982 11112x 75%
Save Mary 1990 15096x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 9458x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 13645x 66%
Seaquest 1983 45153x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 16089x 74%
Skeet Shoot 1981 5000x 48%
Skiing 1980 15049x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 10881x 73%
Sky Jinks 1982 9310x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 2256x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 7583x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 8179x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 19507x 71%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 20492x 67%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 14827x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 17196x 69%
Solaris 1986 14817x 69%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 2682x 46%
Space Cavern 1982 27267x 43%
Space Invaders 1978 70358x 65%
Space Jockey 1982 9828x 71%
Space Shuttle 1983 7268x 53%
Space War 1978 14475x 60%
Spacechase 1981 3062x 70%
Spider Fighter 1982 16541x 77%
Spider-Man 1982 30069x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 10755x 62%
Spy Hunter 1983 14578x 83%
Squeeze Box 1982 7588x 69%
Stampede 1981 16236x 65%
Star Fox 1983 9928x 51%
Star Raiders 1982 15713x 55%
Star Ship 1977 8373x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 4231x 35%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 6781x 48%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 14442x 68%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 24700x 66%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 40848x 60%
Stargunner 1982 1795x 61%
Starmaster 1982 14060x 70%
Steeplechase 1975 6271x 48%
Stellar Track 1981 4154x 75%
Strategy X 1981 12319x 78%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 1226x 41%
Sub Scan 1982 13717x 56%
Subterranea 1983 10089x 70%
Summer Games 1984 459x 55%
Super Breakout 1979 34848x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 9034x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 9316x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 15979x 57%
Superman 1978 26896x 83%
Surround 1977 15534x 70%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 12798x 71%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 9658x 71%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 8977x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 572x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 16190x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 19064x 61%
Tapeworm 1982 3652x 83%
Tapper 1984 24581x 71%
Taz 1983 14940x 59%
Tennis 1981 24414x 59%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 21580x 71%
The Official Frogger 1984 19295x 73%
Thunderground 1983 10722x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 10957x 73%
Tom Boy 1982 18065x 72%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 3515x 54%
Towering Inferno 1982 7270x 48%
Track & Field 1984 10652x 61%
Trick Shot 1982 11478x 73%
Tunnel Runner 1983 14471x 77%
Turmoil 1982 12758x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 11470x 58%
Vanguard 1982 18717x 71%
Venture 1981 10779x 61%
Video Checkers 1980 9918x 59%
Video Chess 1979 12409x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 9614x 65%
Video Pinball 1980 18946x 62%
Wabbit 1982 10985x 60%
Walker 1983 6866x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 8134x 54%
Warlords 1981 20065x 69%
Wing War 1983 794x 57%
Winter Games 1985 20012x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 9651x 63%
Worm War I 1982 13208x 73%
X-Man 1983 56029x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 9306x 65%
Xevious 1982 10603x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 21322x 77%
Z-Tack 1983 5663x 49%
Zaxxon 1982 17486x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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