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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 21609x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 3535x 46%
Adventure 1980 74964x 69%
Adventures of TRON 1982 23259x 64%
Air Raiders 1982 26977x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 23240x 67%
Airlock 1982 3977x 55%
Alien 1982 16237x 73%
Amidar 1983 20281x 69%
Armor Battle 1979 838x 40%
Artillery Duel 1983 19265x 50%
Assault 1983 14755x 44%
Asteroids 1979 38004x 70%
Atlantis 1982 16128x 70%
BMX Air Master 1989 15042x 74%
Bachelor Party 1983 2006x 42%
Backgammon 1979 12229x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 15587x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 13259x 61%
Basic Math 1977 12115x 60%
Basketball 1978 22416x 74%
Battlezone 1980 25245x 69%
Beamrider 1983 14608x 71%
Beany Bopper 1982 6544x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 33734x 53%
Berzerk 1982 24748x 83%
Blackjack 1977 8598x 63%
Blueprint 1982 3373x 47%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 15913x 82%
Boing! 1983 3083x 70%
Bowling 1979 15611x 64%
Boxing 1980 39546x 70%
Breakout 1978 45908x 61%
Bridge 1980 6449x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 2798x 45%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 14534x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 5006x 53%
BurgerTime 1982 13233x 65%
Burning Desire 1982 9667x 53%
California Games 1987 9941x 58%
Canyon Bomber 1978 13284x 55%
Carnival 1982 17299x 76%
Casino 1978 10919x 46%
Centipede 1980 33066x 71%
Challenge 1980 2370x 70%
Checkers 1980 10453x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 15955x 64%
Circus Atari 1980 19443x 61%
CocoNuts 1982 5899x 50%
Combat 1977 28477x 73%
Combat Two 1982 10460x 72%
Commando 1985 8925x 72%
Commando Raid 1982 10485x 79%
Communist Mutants 1982 12131x 73%
Condor Attack 1983 10620x 69%
Congo Bongo 1983 10241x 70%
Cosmic Ark 1982 9820x 69%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 8293x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 5893x 38%
Crackpots 1983 10774x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 5262x 56%
Crossbow 1983 6585x 56%
Crystal Castles 1983 12339x 66%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 90366x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 15247x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 5983x 54%
Deadly Duck 1982 9020x 64%
Decathlon 1983 31082x 61%
Defender 1980 22973x 65%
Defender II 1981 13941x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 6316x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 21854x 81%
Desert Falcon 1987 2551x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 16855x 68%
Dishaster 1983 5991x 37%
Dodge ’Em 1980 19638x 62%
Dolphin 1983 7982x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 37042x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 17331x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 10535x 55%
Dragon Defender 1982 5338x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 12542x 66%
Dragonfire 1982 12216x 78%
Dragster 1980 19177x 70%
E.T. 1982 76511x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 1632x 55%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 6956x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 3015x 46%
Elevator Action 1983 11795x 53%
Enduro 1983 48482x 70%
Entombed 1982 4275x 74%
Escape from the M... 1982 9079x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 8965x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 13924x 73%
Fast Food 1982 13505x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 10766x 70%
Fire Fighter 1982 11349x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 4563x 42%
Fireball 1982 774x 35%
Fishing Derby 1980 13022x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 7197x 65%
Flash Gordon 1983 6663x 63%
Football 1978 11073x 56%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 6982x 69%
Freeway 1981 16814x 78%
Frogger 1981 31524x 68%
Frogger 2 1984 11979x 72%
Frogs and Flies 1982 14378x 78%
Front Line 1982 8907x 69%
Frostbite 1983 30253x 73%
Galaxian 1979 64073x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 9685x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 5781x 59%
General Re-Treat 1982 10443x 52%
Ghostbusters 1984 7833x 58%
Gigolo 1982 5401x 65%
Golf 1980 7052x 61%
Gopher 1982 9992x 70%
Gorf 1981 14868x 68%
Grand Prix 1982 15866x 65%
Gravitar 1982 8422x 66%
Gremlins 1984 2375x 70%
Gyruss 1983 7229x 62%
H.E.R.O. 1984 35482x 80%
Halloween 1983 3742x 68%
Hangman 1978 14046x 57%
Haunted House 1981 17912x 63%
Home Run 1978 3813x 59%
Human Cannonball 1978 11005x 59%
Ice Hockey 1981 14489x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 9676x 68%
International Soccer 1982 11163x 68%
James Bond 007 1983 310x 60%
Jawbreaker 1982 24056x 68%
Journey Escape 1982 1072x 56%
Joust 1982 15759x 70%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 35599x 74%
Jungle Hunt 1983 37859x 73%
Kaboom! 1981 16898x 60%
Kangaroo 1983 20878x 62%
Karate 1982 15232x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 32729x 68%
King Kong 1982 26233x 61%
Klax 1989 7429x 75%
Knight on the Town 1982 1989x 48%
Krull 1983 4084x 19%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 12637x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 15080x 67%
Laser Blast 1981 10103x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 10985x 62%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 9066x 73%
Lost Luggage 1982 1478x 40%
M*A*S*H 1982 11016x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 2280x 52%
Mangia' 1983 1843x 55%
Mario Bros. 1983 35647x 61%
Master Builder 1983 8706x 73%
Masters of the Universe 1983 1393x 45%
Math Gran Prix 1982 2441x 65%
Maze Craze 1980 15845x 78%
Mega Force 1982 7961x 67%
Megamania 1982 40016x 79%
Midnight Magic 1984 13709x 78%
Millipede 1982 11105x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 10081x 81%
Miner 2049er II 1983 5498x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 8223x 69%
Missile Command 1981 22935x 69%
Missile Control 1983 2137x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 92719x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 26768x 75%
Motocross 1983 9291x 69%
Mountain King 1983 8285x 69%
Mouse Trap 1981 9745x 84%
Mr. Do! 1982 12046x 76%
Mr. Postman 1983 5171x 68%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 17163x 78%
Name This Game 1982 10652x 59%
Nuts 1983 5996x 53%
Obelix 1983 3876x 51%
Oink! 1983 10102x 57%
Othello 1980 8562x 67%
Outlaw 1977 16346x 61%
Pac Kong 1983 15804x 55%
Pac-Man 1980 125888x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 14554x 57%
Pengo 1983 12184x 57%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 2612x 68%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 11229x 77%
Phoenix 1980 32552x 71%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 29483x 77%
Pitfall! 1982 155461x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 9088x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 13392x 69%
Polaris 1980 744x 63%
Pole Position 1982 48472x 70%
Pooyan 1982 10350x 73%
Popeye 1982 15223x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 11534x 70%
Private Eye 1983 4538x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 7740x 51%
Q*bert 1982 12956x 65%
Racquetball 1981 8212x 58%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 22985x 56%
Rampage 1986 10075x 60%
Reactor 1982 3494x 53%
RealSports Baseball 1982 568x 65%
RealSports Boxing 1987 31656x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 9177x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 6277x 48%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 10400x 78%
River Raid 1982 253331x 65%
River Raid II 1988 21234x 62%
Road Runner 1985 13560x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 6460x 55%
Robot Tank 1983 13152x 74%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 766x 56%
Room of Doom 1982 9243x 75%
Save Mary 1990 12659x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 7601x 58%
Sea Hawk 1982 11645x 66%
Seaquest 1983 37292x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 11525x 72%
Skeet Shoot 1981 3464x 48%
Skiing 1980 12033x 75%
Sky Diver 1978 8691x 73%
Sky Jinks 1982 7797x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 1009x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 5894x 62%
Slot Racers 1978 6596x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 16611x 72%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 17866x 67%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 12026x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 14276x 74%
Solaris 1986 12531x 69%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 720x 42%
Space Cavern 1982 17121x 40%
Space Invaders 1978 51372x 66%
Space Jockey 1982 6303x 67%
Space Shuttle 1983 4838x 47%
Space War 1978 11275x 63%
Spacechase 1981 1713x 70%
Spider Fighter 1982 13124x 78%
Spider-Man 1982 25296x 68%
Sprint Master 1988 8998x 62%
Spy Hunter 1983 12029x 81%
Squeeze Box 1982 6220x 69%
Stampede 1981 13722x 65%
Star Fox 1983 7990x 48%
Star Raiders 1982 13077x 50%
Star Ship 1977 6449x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 2746x 60%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 2864x 34%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 10809x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 17955x 62%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 16384x 61%
Starmaster 1982 10616x 68%
Steeplechase 1975 4628x 52%
Stellar Track 1981 2544x 74%
Strategy X 1981 10276x 83%
Sub Scan 1982 11594x 56%
Subterranea 1983 8517x 68%
Super Breakout 1979 27448x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 7261x 54%
Super Challenge Football 1982 7439x 51%
Super Cobra 1981 13665x 56%
Superman 1978 20024x 86%
Surround 1977 12964x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 10243x 75%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 7642x 64%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 7386x 47%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 12057x 74%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 16038x 61%
Tapper 1984 18624x 73%
Taz 1983 12492x 59%
Tennis 1981 20013x 64%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 17853x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 15588x 79%
Thunderground 1983 9224x 67%
Time Pilot 1982 8863x 67%
Tom Boy 1982 15186x 71%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 2163x 61%
Towering Inferno 1982 5886x 60%
Track & Field 1984 8916x 60%
Trick Shot 1982 9690x 84%
Tunnel Runner 1983 12039x 79%
Turmoil 1982 10496x 62%
Universal Chaos 1983 9543x 57%
Vanguard 1982 15575x 70%
Venture 1981 8279x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 7836x 60%
Video Chess 1979 9722x 62%
Video Olympics 1977 6795x 65%
Video Pinball 1980 15694x 61%
Wabbit 1982 9150x 60%
Walker 1983 5354x 35%
Wall-Defender 1983 6411x 54%
Warlords 1981 16013x 66%
Winter Games 1985 16722x 65%
Wizard of Wor 1980 6325x 68%
Worm War I 1982 10888x 78%
X-Man 1983 45655x 56%
Xenophobe 1988 7888x 62%
Xevious 1982 8978x 59%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 16687x 76%
Z-Tack 1983 2169x 51%
Zaxxon 1982 14546x 63%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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