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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 31283x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 11268x 53%
Adventure 1980 136894x 72%
Adventures of TRON 1982 32357x 66%
Air Raid 1982 1709x 57%
Air Raiders 1982 37492x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 48720x 64%
Airlock 1982 8377x 53%
Alien 1982 22701x 68%
Amidar 1983 27495x 64%
Armor Battle 1979 4230x 54%
Artillery Duel 1983 27481x 42%
Assault 1983 20124x 45%
Asteroids 1979 50954x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 4823x 69%
Atari Video Cube 1982 2042x 67%
Atlantis 1982 21370x 72%
BMX Air Master 1989 19346x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 10722x 30%
Backgammon 1979 16471x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 20243x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 17670x 59%
Basic Math 1977 16544x 59%
Basketball 1978 30641x 71%
Battlezone 1980 36575x 72%
Beamrider 1983 19727x 69%
Beany Bopper 1982 9646x 74%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 46901x 53%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 3526x 50%
Berzerk 1982 49387x 77%
Blackjack 1977 12219x 57%
Blueprint 1982 6258x 45%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 22991x 79%
Boing! 1983 5902x 65%
Bowling 1979 22614x 66%
Boxing 1980 57381x 70%
Breakout 1978 76932x 57%
Bridge 1980 9252x 33%
Buck Rogers 1982 5836x 60%
Bugs 1982 520x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 18072x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 9698x 51%
BurgerTime 1982 17372x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 16305x 47%
California Games 1987 14207x 62%
Canyon Bomber 1978 20050x 55%
Carnival 1982 21711x 74%
Casino 1978 16297x 48%
Centipede 1980 44481x 73%
Challenge 1980 5381x 73%
Checkers 1980 14249x 59%
Chopper Command 1982 22429x 63%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 2813x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 27057x 58%
CocoNuts 1982 8819x 51%
Combat 1977 41853x 69%
Combat Two 1982 14174x 69%
Commando 1985 12369x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 14451x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 25025x 71%
Condor Attack 1983 14154x 70%
Congo Bongo 1983 13838x 68%
Conquest of Mars 1981 877x 80%
Cosmic Ark 1982 13393x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 11149x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 8700x 43%
Crackpots 1983 14187x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 8713x 53%
Crossbow 1983 9365x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 1937x 50%
Crystal Castles 1983 17048x 60%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 113622x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 20650x 63%
Dark Chambers 1988 9028x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 15979x 64%
Decathlon 1983 46228x 62%
Defender 1980 32986x 71%
Defender II 1981 18327x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 8897x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 35239x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 3056x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 5172x 66%
Dig Dug 1982 26239x 72%
Dishaster 1983 8861x 34%
Dodge ’Em 1980 25717x 61%
Dolphin 1983 11183x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 51829x 65%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 22724x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 13573x 51%
Dragon Defender 1982 8168x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 31188x 65%
Dragonfire 1982 16692x 78%
Dragster 1980 28776x 66%
E.T. 1982 120435x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 4724x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 10100x 53%
Edtris 2600 1995 7536x 49%
Eggomania 1983 2673x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 15154x 53%
Enduro 1983 65547x 69%
Entombed 1982 9600x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 17166x 69%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 13250x 57%
Fast Eddie 1982 18093x 75%
Fast Food 1982 17342x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 13671x 72%
Fathom 1983 2183x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 15122x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 7888x 43%
Fireball 1982 3523x 57%
Fishing Derby 1980 17784x 63%
Flag Capture 1978 10215x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 10566x 64%
Football 1978 26410x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 10861x 71%
Freeway 1981 25644x 77%
Frogger 1981 49421x 66%
Frogger 2 1984 15946x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 18855x 79%
Front Line 1982 11630x 61%
Frostbite 1983 43684x 74%
Galaxian 1979 85733x 69%
Gamma-Attack 1983 1703x 61%
Gangster Alley 1982 15539x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 9072x 61%
General Re-Treat 1982 16558x 51%
Ghostbusters 1984 11745x 56%
Gigolo 1982 10565x 53%
Golf 1980 10584x 60%
Gopher 1982 13283x 70%
Gorf 1981 22084x 63%
Grand Prix 1982 21040x 66%
Gravitar 1982 12825x 64%
Gremlins 1984 5971x 70%
Ground Zero 1983 1995x 41%
Gyruss 1983 9765x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 55615x 81%
Halloween 1983 10969x 74%
Hangman 1978 18541x 57%
Haunted House 1981 25680x 65%
Home Run 1978 6821x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 14754x 60%
Ice Hockey 1981 19738x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 13159x 68%
International Soccer 1982 14853x 67%
James Bond 007 1983 3478x 30%
Jawbreaker 1982 32957x 68%
Journey Escape 1982 4134x 56%
Joust 1982 21328x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 49985x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 54889x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 61%
Kangaroo 1983 26860x 60%
Karate 1982 19995x 54%
Keystone Kapers 1983 50163x 68%
King Kong 1982 35460x 60%
Klax 1989 10551x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 6381x 58%
Krull 1983 6706x 36%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 16534x 76%
Lady Bug 1981 22533x 69%
Laser Blast 1981 15291x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 14823x 65%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 13320x 76%
Lost Luggage 1982 5046x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 16324x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 5931x 59%
Mangia' 1983 4433x 55%
Marauder 1982 2669x 50%
Mario Bros. 1983 48717x 59%
Master Builder 1983 11950x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 5291x 55%
Math Gran Prix 1982 5471x 60%
Maze Craze 1980 21306x 79%
Mega Force 1982 10643x 70%
Megamania 1982 59564x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 18088x 77%
Millipede 1982 14562x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 13710x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 8300x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 11599x 67%
Missile Command 1981 52684x 67%
Missile Control 1983 5300x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 139226x 66%
Moon Patrol 1982 41782x 72%
MotoRodeo 1990 2876x 78%
Motocross 1983 12449x 69%
Mountain King 1983 19397x 70%
Mouse Trap 1981 16459x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 15312x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 3718x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 9044x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 28283x 73%
Name This Game 1982 14597x 59%
Nuts 1983 8980x 58%
Obelix 1983 7397x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 2407x 57%
Oink! 1983 13604x 58%
Othello 1980 12285x 65%
Outlaw 1977 22139x 59%
Pac Kong 1983 22720x 51%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 18436x 58%
Pengo 1983 16298x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 14691x 63%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 17989x 80%
Phaser Patrol 1982 2611x 70%
Phoenix 1980 44319x 69%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 46059x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 237331x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 12261x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 18194x 68%
Polaris 1980 4078x 68%
Pole Position 1982 69821x 69%
Pooyan 1982 12869x 73%
Popeye 1982 22390x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 15065x 72%
Private Eye 1983 7136x 67%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 11493x 51%
Q*bert 1982 19028x 71%
Racquetball 1981 11963x 55%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 30858x 57%
Rampage 1986 13371x 62%
Reactor 1982 6336x 61%
RealSports Baseball 1982 3231x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 60914x 62%
RealSports Football 1982 4771x 47%
RealSports Soccer 1982 12608x 64%
RealSports Tennis 1983 11830x 45%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 13680x 79%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 1325x 63%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 1923x 48%
River Raid 1982 392991x 65%
River Raid II 1988 31603x 58%
Road Runner 1985 17888x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 9327x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 18086x 73%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 3695x 59%
Room of Doom 1982 12629x 75%
Save Mary 1990 17495x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 10842x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 15046x 66%
Seaquest 1983 53940x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 18174x 69%
Skeet Shoot 1981 6343x 40%
Skiing 1980 17777x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 12953x 77%
Sky Jinks 1982 10582x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 3373x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 9066x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 9471x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 21966x 70%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 22748x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 17140x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 19732x 70%
Solar Storm 1983 1910x 80%
Solaris 1986 16746x 71%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 3985x 48%
Space Cavern 1982 38087x 49%
Space Invaders 1978 85706x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 14996x 69%
Space Shuttle 1983 9322x 53%
Space War 1978 17592x 55%
Spacechase 1981 4326x 75%
Spider Fighter 1982 18965x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 34225x 68%
Sprint Master 1988 12594x 61%
Spy Hunter 1983 16262x 80%
Squeeze Box 1982 8779x 71%
Stampede 1981 18607x 65%
Star Fox 1983 11539x 49%
Star Raiders 1982 17964x 52%
Star Ship 1977 10139x 73%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 760x 50%
Star Voyager 1982 5615x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 14000x 58%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 18534x 65%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 29734x 64%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 67782x 60%
Stargunner 1982 3288x 69%
Starmaster 1982 15787x 70%
Steeplechase 1975 7795x 54%
Stellar Track 1981 5881x 75%
Strategy X 1981 14013x 77%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 2397x 49%
Sub Scan 1982 15369x 56%
Subterranea 1983 11343x 70%
Summer Games 1984 1764x 70%
Super Breakout 1979 39841x 59%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 10450x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 10759x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 17887x 57%
Superman 1978 31718x 83%
Surround 1977 17336x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 14836x 69%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 11297x 71%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 10457x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 1521x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 23847x 75%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 21153x 61%
Tapeworm 1982 7427x 77%
Tapper 1984 31506x 71%
Taz 1983 16779x 59%
Tennis 1981 27850x 59%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 24288x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 22542x 74%
Threshold 1981 816x 27%
Thunderground 1983 12144x 66%
Time Pilot 1982 13327x 69%
Tom Boy 1982 20372x 71%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 5188x 56%
Towering Inferno 1982 8453x 58%
Track & Field 1984 12133x 56%
Trick Shot 1982 12872x 66%
Tunnel Runner 1983 16205x 77%
Turmoil 1982 14569x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 13011x 58%
Vanguard 1982 21146x 71%
Venture 1981 13146x 62%
Video Checkers 1980 11643x 59%
Video Chess 1979 14841x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 12458x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 22896x 63%
Wabbit 1982 12483x 60%
Walker 1983 8214x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 11495x 57%
Warlords 1981 22863x 71%
Wing War 1983 2109x 57%
Winter Games 1985 21647x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 12516x 58%
Word Zapper 1982 645x 50%
Worm War I 1982 14821x 73%
X-Man 1983 62464x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 11516x 65%
Xevious 1982 13964x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 24908x 78%
Z-Tack 1983 11185x 52%
Zaxxon 1982 19265x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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