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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 49602x 60%
Acid Drop 1992 28411x 53%
Adventure 1980 318949x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 48896x 64%
Air Raid 1982 20173x 50%
Air Raiders 1982 54470x 67%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 100824x 66%
Airlock 1982 18489x 49%
Alien 1982 37570x 64%
Amidar 1983 41376x 62%
Armor Battle 1979 13291x 70%
Artillery Duel 1983 46382x 37%
Assault 1983 30647x 48%
Asteroids 1979 73019x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 14516x 71%
Atari Video Cube 1982 14294x 66%
Atlantis 1982 34375x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 28289x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 27845x 34%
Backgammon 1979 24846x 55%
Bank Heist 1983 31537x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 27782x 64%
Basic Math 1977 32284x 50%
Basketball 1978 47948x 71%
Battlezone 1980 62026x 72%
Beamrider 1983 31946x 69%
Beany Bopper 1982 18002x 76%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 77816x 52%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 12676x 43%
Berzerk 1980 104288x 76%
Blackjack 1977 20700x 54%
Blueprint 1982 14321x 52%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 37853x 80%
Boing! 1983 14453x 64%
Bowling 1979 39258x 68%
Boxing 1980 95105x 71%
Breakout 1978 121936x 56%
Bridge 1980 16872x 53%
Buck Rogers 1982 13359x 78%
Bugs 1982 8316x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 26836x 77%
Bumper Bash 1983 19907x 52%
BurgerTime 1982 27859x 68%
Burning Desire 1982 31362x 41%
California Games 1987 22553x 65%
Canyon Bomber 1978 29594x 55%
Carnival 1982 32808x 74%
Casino 1978 25954x 53%
Centipede 1980 65821x 72%
Challenge 1980 13825x 75%
Checkers 1980 22495x 58%
Chopper Command 1982 36661x 60%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 10877x 68%
Circus Atari 1980 44839x 60%
CocoNuts 1982 16320x 54%
Combat 1977 75285x 71%
Combat Two 1982 22694x 71%
Commando 1985 21389x 63%
Commando Raid 1982 22777x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 62942x 67%
Condor Attack 1983 21846x 64%
Congo Bongo 1983 22903x 72%
Conquest of Mars 1981 10785x 78%
Cosmic Ark 1982 22230x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 17647x 66%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 15368x 43%
Crack'ed 1988 4960x 50%
Crackpots 1983 22239x 77%
Crash Dive 1983 4454x 66%
Crazy Climber 1980 17852x 58%
Cross Force 1983 4820x 43%
Crossbow 1983 15999x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 8548x 63%
Crystal Castles 1983 30373x 57%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 200009x 60%
Dark Cavern 1982 32501x 64%
Dark Chambers 1988 15551x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 43870x 64%
Decathlon 1983 470299x 62%
Defender 1980 53176x 71%
Defender II 1981 27638x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 16368x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 73724x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 10191x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 12989x 66%
Dice Puzzle 1983 5284x 33%
Dig Dug 1982 45345x 72%
Dishaster 1983 17040x 39%
Dodge ’Em 1980 42406x 60%
Dolphin 1983 19657x 67%
Donkey Kong 1981 85324x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 38690x 71%
Double Dragon 1987 21771x 61%
Dragon Defender 1982 14926x 63%
DragonStomper 1982 558802x 68%
Dragonfire 1982 28655x 78%
Dragster 1980 50004x 64%
E.T. 1982 215075x 45%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 11830x 58%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 17814x 53%
Edtris 2600 1995 20142x 51%
Eggomania 1983 11510x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 23823x 51%
Eli's Ladder 1982 3770x 68%
Enduro 1983 104817x 71%
Entombed 1982 18339x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 42243x 71%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 23585x 59%
Fast Eddie 1982 29815x 72%
Fast Food 1982 27710x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 26574x 72%
Fathom 1983 9500x 53%
Fire Fighter 1982 25042x 63%
Fire Fly 1983 15317x 40%
Fireball 1982 11477x 44%
Fishing Derby 1980 29180x 63%
Flag Capture 1978 19233x 67%
Flash Gordon 1983 18429x 71%
Football 1978 66324x 54%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 21547x 70%
Freeway 1981 506469x 68%
Frogger 1981 82901x 66%
Frogger 2 1984 25340x 71%
Frogs and Flies 1982 32048x 81%
Front Line 1982 18248x 61%
Frostbite 1983 69688x 75%
Galaxian 1979 122047x 70%
Gamma-Attack 1983 11562x 59%
Gangster Alley 1982 24327x 58%
Gas Hog 1983 15774x 65%
General Re-Treat 1982 34644x 57%
Ghost Manor 1983 5029x 75%
Ghostbusters 1984 22008x 53%
Gigolo 1982 22689x 57%
Glacier Patrol 1988 7165x 65%
Golf 1980 19562x 58%
Gopher 1982 21126x 72%
Gorf 1981 34365x 61%
Grand Prix 1982 36597x 65%
Gravitar 1982 24100x 65%
Gremlins 1984 15222x 61%
Ground Zero 1983 11158x 50%
Guardian 1982 5721x 47%
Gyruss 1983 17261x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 129944x 80%
Halloween 1983 29018x 71%
Hangman 1978 28627x 56%
Haunted House 1981 46027x 69%
Home Run 1978 15303x 59%
Human Cannonball 1978 24827x 64%
Ice Hockey 1981 32091x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 20446x 68%
Infiltrate 1982 6033x 78%
International Soccer 1982 25041x 70%
James Bond 007 1983 11734x 38%
Jawbreaker 1982 55020x 69%
Journey Escape 1982 12919x 64%
Joust 1982 32161x 70%
Jr. Pac-Man 1983 84497x 70%
Jungle Hunt 1983 100474x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 43371x 61%
Karate 1982 30115x 52%
Keystone Kapers 1983 118656x 71%
King Kong 1982 55549x 60%
Klax 1989 17507x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 16957x 66%
Krull 1983 14336x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 26961x 71%
Lady Bug 1981 42889x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 30739x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 23774x 71%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 23927x 74%
Lost Luggage 1982 38416x 29%
M*A*S*H 1982 27984x 63%
M.A.D. 1982 15532x 58%
Mangia' 1983 12245x 57%
Marauder 1982 9254x 62%
Marine Wars 1983 4820x 81%
Mario Bros. 1983 92659x 59%
Master Builder 1983 19107x 61%
Masters of the Universe 1983 16391x 56%
Math Gran Prix 1982 14208x 48%
Maze Craze 1980 33396x 77%
Mega Force 1982 17479x 65%
Megamania 1982 110935x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 28534x 77%
Millipede 1982 23321x 72%
Miner 2049er 1982 21202x 78%
Miner 2049er II 1983 16438x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 19905x 67%
Missile Command 1981 119205x 69%
Missile Control 1983 14732x 55%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 224612x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 77390x 74%
Moonsweeper 1983 6540x 46%
MotoRodeo 1990 10629x 79%
Motocross 1983 20484x 72%
Mountain King 1983 52101x 69%
Mouse Trap 1981 29997x 83%
Mr. Do! 1982 23465x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 11798x 58%
Mr. Postman 1983 18585x 73%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 55416x 73%
Name This Game 1982 24564x 60%
Night Driver 1976 8156x 55%
Nuts 1983 17045x 53%
Obelix 1983 16469x 61%
Off the Wall 1989 10953x 64%
Oink! 1983 21799x 60%
Othello 1980 22467x 66%
Outlaw 1977 38020x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 37835x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 62%
Pelé's Soccer 1981 30827x 58%
Pengo 1983 26662x 55%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 45852x 64%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 27179x 75%
Phaser Patrol 1982 12992x 76%
Phoenix 1980 67850x 69%
Pigs in Space 1983 7239x 55%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 92928x 75%
Pitfall! 1982 434950x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 19574x 75%
Plaque Attack 1983 29596x 72%
Polaris 1980 12981x 76%
Pole Position 1982 123691x 68%
Pooyan 1982 18982x 70%
Popeye 1982 34536x 75%
Pressure Cooker 1983 24275x 73%
Princess Rescue 2013 11404x 76%
Private Eye 1983 13906x 59%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 21651x 53%
Q*bert 1982 33901x 68%
Qb 1984 6131x 57%
Racquetball 1981 19371x 55%
Radar Lock 1989 5569x 40%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 49202x 56%
Ram It 1982 4412x 57%
Rampage 1986 20749x 52%
Reactor 1982 15369x 64%
RealSports Baseball 1982 12594x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 578898x 61%
RealSports Football 1982 40854x 38%
RealSports Soccer 1982 20394x 66%
RealSports Tennis 1983 24467x 53%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 22246x 73%
Red Sea Crossing 1983 4486x 64%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 7797x 72%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 7805x 65%
Riddle of the Sphinx 1982 7069x 60%
River Patrol 1981 2775x 50%
River Raid 1982 1420542x 65%
River Raid II 1988 57670x 57%
Road Runner 1985 27490x 78%
Robin Hood 1983 17917x 71%
Robot Tank 1983 29923x 72%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 12824x 61%
Room of Doom 1982 22197x 76%
Save Mary 1990 28913x 58%
Save Our Ship 1983 18472x 62%
Sea Hawk 1982 22753x 67%
Seaquest 1983 105131x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 28108x 69%
Shark Attack 1982 6240x 62%
Shootin' Gallery 1983 4408x 70%
Sir Lancelot 1983 624x 57%
Skeet Shoot 1981 13609x 37%
Skiing 1980 29835x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 21129x 79%
Sky Jinks 1982 17914x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 9396x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 18023x 61%
Slot Racers 1978 17791x 79%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 36852x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 35409x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 30879x 76%
Solar Fox 1983 31082x 71%
Solar Storm 1983 9836x 71%
Solaris 1986 27461x 74%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 13179x 62%
Space Attack 1979 10435x 58%
Space Cavern 1982 81847x 52%
Space Invaders 1978 152909x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 546761x 76%
Space Shuttle 1983 624940x 57%
Space War 1978 30983x 51%
Spacechase 1981 10916x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 31252x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 59238x 65%
Sprint Master 1988 20762x 63%
Spy Hunter 1983 24874x 76%
Squeeze Box 1982 16081x 72%
Stampede 1981 33565x 64%
Star Fox 1983 18995x 55%
Star Raiders 1982 31895x 55%
Star Ship 1977 20364x 78%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 8840x 55%
Star Voyager 1982 13728x 56%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 218403x 58%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 449900x 65%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 51936x 66%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 111147x 60%
Stargunner 1982 10997x 63%
Starmaster 1982 25869x 60%
Stay Frosty 2007 3202x 55%
Steeplechase 1975 16808x 51%
Stellar Track 1981 13034x 72%
Strategy X 1981 23389x 78%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 10174x 43%
Street Racer 1977 5808x 50%
Sub Scan 1982 23655x 61%
Submarine Commander 1982 8793x 46%
Subterranea 1983 19349x 72%
Suicide Mission 1982 5466x 39%
Summer Games 1984 9333x 79%
Super Breakout 1979 62135x 56%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 19445x 57%
Super Challenge Football 1982 20262x 56%
Super Cobra 1981 28551x 59%
Super Football 1989 5311x 80%
Superman 1978 57745x 84%
Surround 1977 28245x 69%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 34102x 66%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 19763x 62%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 19854x 50%
TMP Wrestling 1987 7898x 65%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 57162x 76%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 32613x 61%
Tapeworm 1982 16464x 75%
Tapper 1984 50935x 72%
Taz 1983 27878x 59%
Tennis 1981 47704x 61%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 39009x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 38642x 73%
Threshold 1981 8333x 27%
Thunderground 1983 21739x 65%
Time Pilot 1982 29197x 68%
Tom Boy 1982 33145x 67%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 12911x 58%
Towering Inferno 1982 16155x 41%
Track & Field 1984 21882x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 20868x 55%
Tunnel Runner 1983 27526x 81%
Turmoil 1982 24635x 66%
Tutankham 1982 7356x 33%
Universal Chaos 1983 20762x 58%
Vanguard 1982 34843x 73%
Venture 1981 24352x 63%
Video Checkers 1980 20845x 57%
Video Chess 1979 26557x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 26556x 65%
Video Pinball 1980 38983x 64%
Wabbit 1982 20302x 57%
Walker 1983 15980x 41%
Wall-Defender 1983 272243x 60%
Warlords 1981 38205x 71%
Wing War 1983 8985x 57%
Winter Games 1985 30705x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 26918x 60%
Word Zapper 1982 9013x 78%
Worm War I 1982 23882x 68%
X-Man 1983 89556x 55%
Xenophobe 1988 18667x 65%
Xevious 1982 23265x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 45361x 80%
Z-Tack 1983 57918x 54%
Zaxxon 1982 29232x 65%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout

Atari 2600: Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back

Atari 2600: RealSports Boxing RealSports Boxing

Atari 2600: Missile Command Missile Command

Atari 2600: Air-Sea Battle Air-Sea Battle


 

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