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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 28951x 61%
Acid Drop 1992 9103x 54%
Adventure 1980 118332x 71%
Adventures of TRON 1982 29653x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 34290x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 41341x 67%
Airlock 1982 7165x 55%
Alien 1982 21158x 70%
Amidar 1983 25349x 66%
Armor Battle 1979 3192x 62%
Artillery Duel 1983 25025x 44%
Assault 1983 18556x 46%
Asteroids 1979 48139x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 3444x 61%
Atari Video Cube 1982 399x 83%
Atlantis 1982 19813x 71%
BMX Air Master 1989 18095x 71%
Bachelor Party 1983 8332x 30%
Backgammon 1979 15350x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 18916x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 16314x 60%
Basic Math 1977 15274x 60%
Basketball 1978 28258x 73%
Battlezone 1980 32920x 71%
Beamrider 1983 18402x 70%
Beany Bopper 1982 8725x 74%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 43196x 53%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 2539x 50%
Berzerk 1982 37478x 80%
Blackjack 1977 11201x 57%
Blueprint 1982 5361x 45%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 21368x 80%
Boing! 1983 5053x 65%
Bowling 1979 20493x 65%
Boxing 1980 52950x 69%
Breakout 1978 69887x 57%
Bridge 1980 8379x 33%
Buck Rogers 1982 4900x 56%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 17016x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 8281x 53%
BurgerTime 1982 16148x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 14395x 52%
California Games 1987 12432x 62%
Canyon Bomber 1978 16655x 57%
Carnival 1982 20447x 75%
Casino 1978 14571x 48%
Centipede 1980 42116x 74%
Challenge 1980 4444x 73%
Checkers 1980 13096x 62%
Chopper Command 1982 20550x 64%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 1875x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 24739x 59%
CocoNuts 1982 8012x 51%
Combat 1977 38356x 70%
Combat Two 1982 13024x 72%
Commando 1985 11425x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 13349x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 20368x 72%
Condor Attack 1983 13147x 72%
Congo Bongo 1983 12789x 70%
Cosmic Ark 1982 12403x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 10345x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 7782x 50%
Crackpots 1983 13251x 76%
Crazy Climber 1980 7674x 53%
Crossbow 1983 8515x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 1306x 50%
Crystal Castles 1983 15428x 61%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 107703x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 18967x 62%
Dark Chambers 1988 8153x 57%
Deadly Duck 1982 12903x 64%
Decathlon 1983 42018x 61%
Defender 1980 30474x 68%
Defender II 1981 17056x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 8103x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 30203x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 2186x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 4404x 79%
Dig Dug 1982 21963x 72%
Dishaster 1983 7933x 34%
Dodge ’Em 1980 23945x 61%
Dolphin 1983 10208x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 48034x 65%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 21006x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 12626x 51%
Dragon Defender 1982 7304x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 24097x 64%
Dragonfire 1982 15282x 77%
Dragster 1980 25973x 66%
E.T. 1982 105759x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 3650x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 9192x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 5922x 49%
Eggomania 1983 1700x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 14208x 53%
Enduro 1983 60577x 69%
Entombed 1982 8322x 63%
Escape from the M... 1982 13844x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 11917x 56%
Fast Eddie 1982 16854x 75%
Fast Food 1982 16213x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 12873x 71%
Fathom 1983 1478x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 13983x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 6807x 46%
Fireball 1982 2641x 57%
Fishing Derby 1980 16360x 65%
Flag Capture 1978 9345x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 9555x 60%
Football 1978 21322x 54%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 9633x 71%
Freeway 1981 22100x 76%
Frogger 1981 45009x 65%
Frogger 2 1984 14767x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 17441x 78%
Front Line 1982 10891x 63%
Frostbite 1983 37895x 74%
Galaxian 1979 80556x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 12312x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 8188x 59%
General Re-Treat 1982 14751x 53%
Ghostbusters 1984 10506x 56%
Gigolo 1982 9146x 51%
Golf 1980 9544x 63%
Gopher 1982 12319x 69%
Gorf 1981 20274x 65%
Grand Prix 1982 19356x 66%
Gravitar 1982 11327x 67%
Gremlins 1984 4918x 70%
Gyruss 1983 9018x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 48226x 81%
Halloween 1983 9041x 72%
Hangman 1978 17227x 58%
Haunted House 1981 23322x 65%
Home Run 1978 5882x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 13591x 60%
Ice Hockey 1981 17945x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 11678x 70%
International Soccer 1982 13775x 67%
James Bond 007 1983 2540x 34%
Jawbreaker 1982 30481x 70%
Journey Escape 1982 3160x 56%
Joust 1982 19696x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 45486x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 49920x 71%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 60%
Kangaroo 1983 25016x 61%
Karate 1982 18605x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 41985x 67%
King Kong 1982 33066x 61%
Klax 1989 9762x 78%
Knight on the Town 1982 5035x 53%
Krull 1983 5889x 36%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 15380x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 19819x 70%
Laser Blast 1981 13070x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 13573x 65%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 11989x 76%
Lost Luggage 1982 3258x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 14705x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 4894x 56%
Mangia' 1983 3666x 55%
Marauder 1982 1827x 50%
Mario Bros. 1983 45125x 60%
Master Builder 1983 11042x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 4121x 59%
Math Gran Prix 1982 4582x 55%
Maze Craze 1980 19731x 78%
Mega Force 1982 9821x 70%
Megamania 1982 52883x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 16778x 77%
Millipede 1982 13627x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 12680x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 7533x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 10591x 69%
Missile Command 1981 43486x 67%
Missile Control 1983 4330x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 124903x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 37862x 72%
MotoRodeo 1990 2111x 78%
Motocross 1983 11448x 68%
Mountain King 1983 13097x 68%
Mouse Trap 1981 14667x 82%
Mr. Do! 1982 14382x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 2816x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 7934x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 24772x 73%
Name This Game 1982 13486x 59%
Nuts 1983 8035x 58%
Obelix 1983 6361x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 1463x 57%
Oink! 1983 12625x 58%
Othello 1980 11216x 67%
Outlaw 1977 20225x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 20476x 50%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 17360x 59%
Pengo 1983 15163x 52%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 10550x 63%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 13902x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 1730x 85%
Phoenix 1980 40845x 70%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 40907x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 212480x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 11344x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 16737x 70%
Polaris 1980 3060x 63%
Pole Position 1982 63076x 69%
Pooyan 1982 12080x 73%
Popeye 1982 21086x 76%
Pressure Cooker 1983 14130x 71%
Private Eye 1983 6297x 60%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 10452x 51%
Q*bert 1982 17207x 70%
Racquetball 1981 10895x 55%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 28508x 56%
Rampage 1986 12435x 62%
Reactor 1982 5405x 53%
RealSports Baseball 1982 2392x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 51861x 65%
RealSports Football 1982 2914x 35%
RealSports Soccer 1982 11721x 63%
RealSports Tennis 1983 9775x 45%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 12696x 79%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 1218x 48%
River Raid 1982 346553x 65%
River Raid II 1988 28630x 59%
Road Runner 1985 16938x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 8506x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 16731x 71%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 2826x 56%
Room of Doom 1982 11612x 75%
Save Mary 1990 15659x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 9916x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 14161x 66%
Seaquest 1983 47902x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 16742x 71%
Skeet Shoot 1981 5436x 48%
Skiing 1980 15886x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 11529x 76%
Sky Jinks 1982 9739x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 2628x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 8065x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 8605x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 20324x 71%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 21201x 68%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 15596x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 18158x 70%
Solar Storm 1983 1049x 80%
Solaris 1986 15438x 69%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 3127x 48%
Space Cavern 1982 31635x 44%
Space Invaders 1978 76261x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 11652x 69%
Space Shuttle 1983 8009x 53%
Space War 1978 15475x 55%
Spacechase 1981 3431x 76%
Spider Fighter 1982 17272x 77%
Spider-Man 1982 31370x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 11691x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 15109x 80%
Squeeze Box 1982 8007x 69%
Stampede 1981 17035x 67%
Star Fox 1983 10506x 51%
Star Raiders 1982 16440x 55%
Star Ship 1977 8950x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 4670x 35%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 8819x 57%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 16158x 68%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 26446x 66%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 52815x 60%
Stargunner 1982 2283x 61%
Starmaster 1982 14640x 70%
Steeplechase 1975 6792x 47%
Stellar Track 1981 4731x 75%
Strategy X 1981 12931x 77%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 1686x 41%
Sub Scan 1982 14281x 56%
Subterranea 1983 10511x 70%
Summer Games 1984 899x 55%
Super Breakout 1979 36489x 59%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 9531x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 9757x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 16567x 58%
Superman 1978 28605x 82%
Surround 1977 16139x 70%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 13507x 69%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 10265x 71%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 9446x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 927x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 18768x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 19816x 61%
Tapeworm 1982 4135x 78%
Tapper 1984 26119x 71%
Taz 1983 15561x 59%
Tennis 1981 25491x 58%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 22447x 70%
The Official Frogger 1984 20335x 73%
Thunderground 1983 11209x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 11630x 69%
Tom Boy 1982 18853x 73%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 3940x 54%
Towering Inferno 1982 7662x 48%
Track & Field 1984 11160x 56%
Trick Shot 1982 11952x 66%
Tunnel Runner 1983 15051x 77%
Turmoil 1982 13291x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 11956x 58%
Vanguard 1982 19506x 71%
Venture 1981 11610x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 10444x 59%
Video Chess 1979 13188x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 10227x 65%
Video Pinball 1980 19780x 63%
Wabbit 1982 11501x 60%
Walker 1983 7322x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 8601x 52%
Warlords 1981 20945x 70%
Wing War 1983 1186x 57%
Winter Games 1985 20573x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 10565x 63%
Worm War I 1982 13804x 73%
X-Man 1983 58298x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 9660x 65%
Xevious 1982 11082x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 22548x 78%
Z-Tack 1983 7391x 52%
Zaxxon 1982 18121x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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