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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 47013x 60%
Acid Drop 1992 25794x 52%
Adventure 1980 277591x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 46467x 64%
Air Raid 1982 17870x 48%
Air Raiders 1982 52335x 67%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 94594x 66%
Airlock 1982 17027x 49%
Alien 1982 35384x 64%
Amidar 1983 39559x 62%
Armor Battle 1979 11853x 70%
Artillery Duel 1983 43913x 37%
Assault 1983 29238x 48%
Asteroids 1979 70022x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 12992x 71%
Atari Video Cube 1982 12369x 66%
Atlantis 1982 32745x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 26976x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 25718x 35%
Backgammon 1979 23585x 55%
Bank Heist 1983 29991x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 25932x 64%
Basic Math 1977 28464x 52%
Basketball 1978 45582x 70%
Battlezone 1980 58632x 72%
Beamrider 1983 30379x 69%
Beany Bopper 1982 16055x 76%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 72243x 52%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 10634x 43%
Berzerk 1980 90308x 76%
Blackjack 1977 19564x 54%
Blueprint 1982 13058x 52%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 35537x 80%
Boing! 1983 12560x 64%
Bowling 1979 37220x 68%
Boxing 1980 90467x 70%
Breakout 1978 117660x 56%
Bridge 1980 15168x 53%
Buck Rogers 1982 12350x 76%
Bugs 1982 6672x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 25469x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 18471x 52%
BurgerTime 1982 26377x 68%
Burning Desire 1982 29288x 43%
California Games 1987 21326x 64%
Canyon Bomber 1978 28165x 55%
Carnival 1982 31271x 74%
Casino 1978 24476x 53%
Centipede 1980 61371x 72%
Challenge 1980 12532x 75%
Checkers 1980 21277x 58%
Chopper Command 1982 34794x 60%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 9605x 70%
Circus Atari 1980 42379x 60%
CocoNuts 1982 14707x 54%
Combat 1977 70904x 70%
Combat Two 1982 21493x 71%
Commando 1985 20239x 63%
Commando Raid 1982 21558x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 55429x 67%
Condor Attack 1983 20722x 64%
Congo Bongo 1983 21527x 71%
Conquest of Mars 1981 9723x 78%
Cosmic Ark 1982 20772x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 16663x 66%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 14406x 43%
Crack'ed 1988 3980x 50%
Crackpots 1983 20992x 77%
Crash Dive 1983 3372x 66%
Crazy Climber 1980 16476x 53%
Cross Force 1983 3590x 43%
Crossbow 1983 15005x 57%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 7575x 63%
Crystal Castles 1983 28816x 57%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 174184x 61%
Dark Cavern 1982 30370x 64%
Dark Chambers 1988 14392x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 39923x 64%
Decathlon 1983 327461x 62%
Defender 1980 50747x 71%
Defender II 1981 26501x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 14853x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 68299x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 9140x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 11902x 66%
Dice Puzzle 1983 4352x 38%
Dig Dug 1982 42701x 72%
Dishaster 1983 15398x 39%
Dodge ’Em 1980 40327x 60%
Dolphin 1983 18528x 67%
Donkey Kong 1981 80881x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 36678x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 20490x 59%
Dragon Defender 1982 13908x 63%
DragonStomper 1982 380260x 68%
Dragonfire 1982 26986x 78%
Dragster 1980 46548x 65%
E.T. 1982 202137x 46%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 10785x 56%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 16567x 53%
Edtris 2600 1995 17750x 48%
Eggomania 1983 10124x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 22572x 51%
Eli's Ladder 1982 2592x 68%
Enduro 1983 99137x 70%
Entombed 1982 17038x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 37700x 71%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 21774x 59%
Fast Eddie 1982 27551x 72%
Fast Food 1982 26389x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 21819x 72%
Fathom 1983 7854x 53%
Fire Fighter 1982 23797x 63%
Fire Fly 1983 14226x 41%
Fireball 1982 10259x 44%
Fishing Derby 1980 27688x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 17596x 67%
Flash Gordon 1983 17268x 69%
Football 1978 58328x 53%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 20091x 69%
Freeway 1981 356985x 68%
Frogger 1981 78367x 66%
Frogger 2 1984 24047x 71%
Frogs and Flies 1982 29972x 81%
Front Line 1982 17303x 61%
Frostbite 1983 65918x 75%
Galaxian 1979 117071x 70%
Gamma-Attack 1983 10056x 55%
Gangster Alley 1982 23148x 58%
Gas Hog 1983 14710x 65%
General Re-Treat 1982 32188x 57%
Ghost Manor 1983 3811x 75%
Ghostbusters 1984 20541x 57%
Gigolo 1982 21279x 56%
Glacier Patrol 1988 5653x 65%
Golf 1980 18188x 59%
Gopher 1982 20047x 72%
Gorf 1981 32611x 61%
Grand Prix 1982 34350x 65%
Gravitar 1982 22778x 64%
Gremlins 1984 13958x 69%
Ground Zero 1983 9612x 48%
Guardian 1982 4176x 40%
Gyruss 1983 15978x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 122279x 80%
Halloween 1983 26972x 72%
Hangman 1978 26946x 57%
Haunted House 1981 42996x 68%
Home Run 1978 14084x 59%
Human Cannonball 1978 23397x 62%
Ice Hockey 1981 30283x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 19297x 68%
Infiltrate 1982 4995x 78%
International Soccer 1982 23728x 70%
James Bond 007 1983 10605x 38%
Jawbreaker 1982 52228x 70%
Journey Escape 1982 11738x 64%
Joust 1982 30580x 70%
Jr. Pac-Man 1983 80122x 70%
Jungle Hunt 1983 93913x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 40643x 63%
Karate 1982 28740x 52%
Keystone Kapers 1983 108851x 71%
King Kong 1982 52228x 61%
Klax 1989 16558x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 15013x 66%
Krull 1983 13124x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 25295x 71%
Lady Bug 1981 39760x 67%
Laser Blast 1981 29111x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 22624x 71%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 22053x 74%
Lost Luggage 1982 34017x 31%
M*A*S*H 1982 26371x 63%
M.A.D. 1982 14320x 56%
Mangia' 1983 11088x 57%
Marauder 1982 8208x 62%
Marine Wars 1983 3663x 81%
Mario Bros. 1983 83948x 59%
Master Builder 1983 18149x 61%
Masters of the Universe 1983 14795x 56%
Math Gran Prix 1982 12885x 48%
Maze Craze 1980 31719x 77%
Mega Force 1982 16327x 65%
Megamania 1982 103498x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 27188x 79%
Millipede 1982 22175x 72%
Miner 2049er 1982 19968x 78%
Miner 2049er II 1983 15162x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 18664x 67%
Missile Command 1981 109097x 69%
Missile Control 1983 12957x 57%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 217473x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 72452x 74%
Moonsweeper 1983 5048x 46%
MotoRodeo 1990 9702x 79%
Motocross 1983 19153x 72%
Mountain King 1983 48382x 69%
Mouse Trap 1981 27816x 82%
Mr. Do! 1982 21888x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 10381x 58%
Mr. Postman 1983 17191x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 51779x 73%
Name This Game 1982 23226x 60%
Night Driver 1976 6431x 55%
Nuts 1983 15971x 53%
Obelix 1983 15289x 61%
Off the Wall 1989 9311x 64%
Oink! 1983 20705x 59%
Othello 1980 20575x 66%
Outlaw 1977 35290x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 35296x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 62%
Pelé's Soccer 1981 28889x 58%
Pengo 1983 25155x 55%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 39539x 65%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 25814x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 11567x 79%
Phoenix 1980 64696x 70%
Pigs in Space 1983 6161x 55%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 84107x 74%
Pitfall! 1982 406301x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 18448x 75%
Plaque Attack 1983 27548x 71%
Polaris 1980 11666x 76%
Pole Position 1982 109479x 68%
Pooyan 1982 18044x 70%
Popeye 1982 32912x 75%
Pressure Cooker 1983 22523x 73%
Princess Rescue 2013 7219x 71%
Private Eye 1983 12805x 64%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 20270x 53%
Q*bert 1982 31976x 67%
Qb 1984 4590x 57%
Racquetball 1981 18298x 56%
Radar Lock 1989 4518x 45%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 47003x 55%
Ram It 1982 2897x 45%
Rampage 1986 19664x 52%
Reactor 1982 13978x 63%
RealSports Baseball 1982 10792x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 443833x 63%
RealSports Football 1982 35351x 41%
RealSports Soccer 1982 19177x 66%
RealSports Tennis 1983 21004x 53%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 21033x 73%
Red Sea Crossing 1983 3322x 60%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 6725x 72%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 6919x 65%
Riddle of the Sphinx 1982 5882x 60%
River Raid 1982 1198058x 65%
River Raid II 1988 54674x 57%
Road Runner 1985 25795x 78%
Robin Hood 1983 16113x 71%
Robot Tank 1983 28392x 74%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 11201x 61%
Room of Doom 1982 20676x 76%
Save Mary 1990 27286x 58%
Save Our Ship 1983 17564x 60%
Sea Hawk 1982 21650x 67%
Seaquest 1983 97179x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 26396x 69%
Shark Attack 1982 5115x 62%
Shootin' Gallery 1983 3160x 70%
Skeet Shoot 1981 12552x 40%
Skiing 1980 28302x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 19770x 79%
Sky Jinks 1982 16429x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 8461x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 16297x 61%
Slot Racers 1978 16592x 78%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 34680x 72%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 33834x 70%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 28437x 77%
Solar Fox 1983 29472x 72%
Solar Storm 1983 8385x 71%
Solaris 1986 25908x 74%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 11746x 62%
Space Attack 1979 9139x 58%
Space Cavern 1982 76937x 52%
Space Invaders 1978 144451x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 380940x 74%
Space Shuttle 1983 415184x 59%
Space War 1978 29262x 51%
Spacechase 1981 9904x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 29496x 75%
Spider-Man 1982 56233x 65%
Sprint Master 1988 19449x 63%
Spy Hunter 1983 23673x 76%
Squeeze Box 1982 14994x 71%
Stampede 1981 30986x 64%
Star Fox 1983 17966x 55%
Star Raiders 1982 29932x 54%
Star Ship 1977 18468x 78%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 7635x 49%
Star Voyager 1982 12064x 56%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 107571x 56%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 340772x 64%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 49002x 66%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 108729x 60%
Stargunner 1982 9961x 63%
Starmaster 1982 24485x 60%
Stay Frosty 2007 2164x 60%
Steeplechase 1975 15514x 51%
Stellar Track 1981 11997x 72%
Strategy X 1981 22020x 78%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 8647x 46%
Street Racer 1977 4503x 50%
Sub Scan 1982 22511x 61%
Submarine Commander 1982 7498x 46%
Subterranea 1983 18094x 72%
Suicide Mission 1982 4445x 43%
Summer Games 1984 8216x 79%
Super Breakout 1979 59427x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 17642x 57%
Super Challenge Football 1982 18633x 56%
Super Cobra 1981 26651x 59%
Super Football 1989 4272x 80%
Superman 1978 54089x 84%
Surround 1977 26657x 70%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 30463x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 18482x 66%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 17670x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 6809x 65%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 50985x 76%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 31167x 60%
Tapeworm 1982 15207x 74%
Tapper 1984 48396x 72%
Taz 1983 26264x 58%
Tennis 1981 44443x 60%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 37066x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 36400x 73%
Threshold 1981 7282x 30%
Thunderground 1983 20350x 65%
Time Pilot 1982 26034x 68%
Tom Boy 1982 31429x 67%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 11702x 58%
Towering Inferno 1982 14903x 45%
Track & Field 1984 20405x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 19606x 55%
Tunnel Runner 1983 25781x 83%
Turmoil 1982 23314x 66%
Tutankham 1982 6204x 55%
Universal Chaos 1983 19663x 58%
Vanguard 1982 32356x 73%
Venture 1981 22879x 63%
Video Checkers 1980 19530x 57%
Video Chess 1979 24744x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 23875x 64%
Video Pinball 1980 36693x 64%
Wabbit 1982 19061x 57%
Walker 1983 14877x 41%
Wall-Defender 1983 119789x 60%
Warlords 1981 35926x 71%
Wing War 1983 7487x 57%
Winter Games 1985 29400x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 24640x 60%
Word Zapper 1982 7635x 78%
Worm War I 1982 22374x 68%
X-Man 1983 86642x 56%
Xenophobe 1988 17497x 65%
Xevious 1982 21550x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 42279x 79%
Z-Tack 1983 37400x 54%
Zaxxon 1982 27933x 65%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout

Atari 2600: Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back

Atari 2600: RealSports Boxing RealSports Boxing

Atari 2600: Missile Command Missile Command

Atari 2600: Air-Sea Battle Air-Sea Battle


 

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