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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 15511x 68%
Adventure 1980 44812x 70%
Adventures of TRON 1982 16633x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 20603x 70%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 13738x 59%
Airlock 1982 534x 38%
Alien 1982 12151x 70%
Amidar 1983 15252x 73%
Artillery Duel 1983 14499x 50%
Assault 1983 10012x 47%
Asteroids 1979 25641x 70%
Atlantis 1982 12612x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 11886x 76%
Backgammon 1979 9145x 57%
Bank Heist 1983 12457x 66%
Barnstorming 1982 10154x 60%
Basic Math 1977 8855x 52%
Basketball 1978 16923x 75%
Battlezone 1980 18502x 73%
Beamrider 1983 10920x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 4548x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 24314x 60%
Berzerk 1982 15214x 80%
Blackjack 1977 6198x 67%
Blueprint 1982 1415x 65%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 11406x 81%
Boing! 1983 1091x 60%
Bowling 1979 11595x 63%
Boxing 1980 28884x 70%
Breakout 1978 24599x 64%
Bridge 1980 4571x 70%
Buck Rogers 1982 435x 75%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 11607x 87%
Bumper Bash 1983 2292x 61%
BurgerTime 1982 9751x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 4671x 66%
California Games 1987 7534x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 10097x 52%
Carnival 1982 14111x 76%
Casino 1978 7522x 52%
Centipede 1980 19975x 73%
Challenge 1980 549x 62%
Checkers 1980 7792x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 11969x 62%
Circus Atari 1980 14339x 64%
CocoNuts 1982 4021x 60%
Combat 1977 19455x 74%
Combat Two 1982 7689x 71%
Commando 1985 6708x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 8367x 78%
Communist Mutants 1982 6471x 85%
Condor Attack 1983 8210x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 7639x 84%
Cosmic Ark 1982 7489x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 6217x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 4032x 30%
Crackpots 1983 8005x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 3118x 48%
Crossbow 1983 4435x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 9129x 67%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 73456x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 11686x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 4046x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 6150x 62%
Decathlon 1983 22543x 64%
Defender 1980 14557x 67%
Defender II 1981 10678x 85%
Demolition Herby 1982 4531x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 16204x 83%
Desert Falcon 1987 843x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 11835x 75%
Dishaster 1983 3944x 16%
Dodge ’Em 1980 15345x 58%
Dolphin 1983 5243x 60%
Donkey Kong 1981 26123x 65%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 13268x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 8332x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 3543x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 8777x 71%
Dragonfire 1982 9144x 83%
Dragster 1980 12505x 71%
E.T. 1982 55593x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 5156x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 9408x 55%
Enduro 1983 36261x 73%
Entombed 1982 2215x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 6663x 73%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 6183x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 11225x 76%
Fast Food 1982 10199x 87%
Fatal Run 1989 8652x 85%
Fire Fighter 1982 8777x 76%
Fire Fly 1983 2390x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 9712x 66%
Flag Capture 1978 5040x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 4450x 66%
Football 1978 7199x 53%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 4493x 57%
Freeway 1981 12453x 78%
Frogger 1981 20661x 68%
Frogger 2 1984 9007x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 11080x 78%
Front Line 1982 6704x 86%
Frostbite 1983 22413x 73%
Galaxian 1979 50953x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 7278x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 3711x 50%
General Re-Treat 1982 4042x 53%
Ghostbusters 1984 5218x 54%
Gigolo 1982 894x 65%
Golf 1980 4806x 53%
Gopher 1982 7682x 87%
Gorf 1981 9596x 72%
Grand Prix 1982 12199x 64%
Gravitar 1982 6142x 74%
Gyruss 1983 5228x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 24401x 81%
Hangman 1978 11162x 58%
Haunted House 1981 13077x 67%
Home Run 1978 1815x 52%
Human Cannonball 1978 8490x 62%
Ice Hockey 1981 11308x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 7867x 74%
International Soccer 1982 8203x 78%
Jawbreaker 1982 17741x 76%
Joust 1982 9320x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 26081x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 27694x 76%
Kaboom! 1981 11621x 65%
Kangaroo 1983 15973x 59%
Karate 1982 11400x 56%
Keystone Kapers 1983 24828x 68%
King Kong 1982 19912x 60%
Klax 1989 5820x 75%
Krull 1983 2142x 30%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 9763x 79%
Lady Bug 1981 11263x 67%
Laser Blast 1981 7360x 64%
Laser Gates 1983 8630x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 5751x 69%
M*A*S*H 1982 8043x 66%
Mario Bros. 1983 25663x 62%
Master Builder 1983 6489x 70%
Maze Craze 1980 12437x 79%
Mega Force 1982 6091x 65%
Megamania 1982 30440x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 10876x 72%
Millipede 1982 8358x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 7522x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 3753x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 6064x 71%
Missile Command 1981 12747x 68%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 59525x 66%
Moon Patrol 1982 17928x 80%
Motocross 1983 7132x 78%
Mountain King 1983 3486x 90%
Mouse Trap 1981 6146x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 9349x 78%
Mr. Postman 1983 2306x 71%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 10522x 74%
Name This Game 1982 8157x 63%
Nuts 1983 4042x 53%
Obelix 1983 1635x 50%
Oink! 1983 8011x 59%
Othello 1980 6226x 67%
Outlaw 1977 12604x 66%
Pac Kong 1983 11848x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 88089x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 11537x 55%
Pengo 1983 9144x 58%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 8520x 76%
Phoenix 1980 24279x 74%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 21295x 75%
Pitfall! 1982 106077x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 7056x 70%
Plaque Attack 1983 10157x 68%
Pole Position 1982 35702x 73%
Pooyan 1982 8436x 85%
Popeye 1982 10940x 88%
Pressure Cooker 1983 8510x 78%
Private Eye 1983 2823x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 5403x 48%
Q*bert 1982 8748x 66%
Racquetball 1981 5929x 62%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 17294x 55%
Rampage 1986 7661x 63%
Reactor 1982 1733x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 18089x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 6941x 58%
RealSports Tennis 1983 4135x 49%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 7930x 77%
River Raid 1982 176963x 66%
River Raid II 1988 15886x 60%
Road Runner 1985 10369x 85%
Robin Hood 1983 4379x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 9600x 75%
Room of Doom 1982 6819x 72%
Save Mary 1990 9309x 63%
Save Our Ship 1983 4991x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 8367x 64%
Seaquest 1983 26951x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 8603x 79%
Skeet Shoot 1981 1530x 60%
Skiing 1980 9186x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 6134x 69%
Sky Jinks 1982 5829x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 3670x 58%
Slot Racers 1978 4504x 66%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 12797x 72%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 14606x 72%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 8598x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 10474x 74%
Solaris 1986 9246x 67%
Space Cavern 1982 4420x 26%
Space Invaders 1978 31278x 72%
Space Jockey 1982 4086x 55%
Space Shuttle 1983 1934x 51%
Space War 1978 7604x 65%
Spider Fighter 1982 10060x 71%
Spider-Man 1982 18406x 71%
Sprint Master 1988 6920x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 9057x 89%
Squeeze Box 1982 3799x 86%
Stampede 1981 10819x 64%
Star Fox 1983 5396x 49%
Star Raiders 1982 9297x 56%
Star Ship 1977 3893x 63%
Star Voyager 1982 843x 60%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 7034x 82%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 11649x 68%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 9683x 65%
Starmaster 1982 7706x 65%
Steeplechase 1975 2561x 53%
Stellar Track 1981 183x 30%
Strategy X 1981 8047x 90%
Sub Scan 1982 8797x 61%
Subterranea 1983 6478x 87%
Super Breakout 1979 19030x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 5141x 39%
Super Challenge Football 1982 4903x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 10716x 56%
Superman 1978 13088x 66%
Surround 1977 9922x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 6395x 78%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 5305x 63%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 3451x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 8131x 68%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 11979x 64%
Tapper 1984 13014x 76%
Taz 1983 9698x 62%
Tennis 1981 13268x 73%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 12932x 74%
The Official Frogger 1984 11265x 85%
Thunderground 1983 7359x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 6261x 64%
Tom Boy 1982 11693x 75%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 325x 80%
Towering Inferno 1982 4041x 40%
Track & Field 1984 6598x 66%
Trick Shot 1982 7171x 83%
Tunnel Runner 1983 9120x 77%
Turmoil 1982 7979x 71%
Universal Chaos 1983 7152x 58%
Vanguard 1982 11869x 71%
Venture 1981 5444x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 5544x 59%
Video Chess 1979 6813x 69%
Video Olympics 1977 3411x 59%
Video Pinball 1980 11851x 67%
Wabbit 1982 7181x 64%
Walker 1983 3322x 36%
Wall-Defender 1983 4404x 53%
Warlords 1981 11867x 65%
Winter Games 1985 13314x 66%
Wizard of Wor 1980 2781x 69%
Worm War I 1982 7738x 81%
X-Man 1983 34297x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 6172x 66%
Xevious 1982 6923x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 11421x 74%
Zaxxon 1982 10687x 70%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids


 

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