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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 20467x 63%
Acid Drop 1992 2744x 46%
Adventure 1980 70020x 69%
Adventures of TRON 1982 21818x 64%
Air Raiders 1982 25920x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 20940x 65%
Airlock 1982 3489x 52%
Alien 1982 15482x 66%
Amidar 1983 19410x 69%
Artillery Duel 1983 18356x 50%
Assault 1983 14181x 46%
Asteroids 1979 35802x 69%
Atlantis 1982 15520x 70%
BMX Air Master 1989 14526x 74%
Bachelor Party 1983 667x 17%
Backgammon 1979 11617x 57%
Bank Heist 1983 14994x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 12720x 61%
Basic Math 1977 11635x 58%
Basketball 1978 21430x 75%
Battlezone 1980 24080x 69%
Beamrider 1983 13999x 70%
Beany Bopper 1982 6138x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 32200x 53%
Berzerk 1982 22923x 83%
Blackjack 1977 8197x 63%
Blueprint 1982 3014x 47%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 15054x 82%
Boing! 1983 2777x 70%
Bowling 1979 15040x 63%
Boxing 1980 37582x 70%
Breakout 1978 41707x 61%
Bridge 1980 6113x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 2340x 53%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 14125x 79%
Bumper Bash 1983 4527x 53%
BurgerTime 1982 12727x 65%
Burning Desire 1982 8837x 53%
California Games 1987 9506x 57%
Canyon Bomber 1978 12783x 54%
Carnival 1982 16847x 76%
Casino 1978 10386x 46%
Centipede 1980 30482x 71%
Challenge 1980 2113x 70%
Checkers 1980 9955x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 15309x 64%
Circus Atari 1980 18586x 61%
CocoNuts 1982 5575x 50%
Combat 1977 26979x 73%
Combat Two 1982 9974x 72%
Commando 1985 8518x 65%
Commando Raid 1982 10120x 79%
Communist Mutants 1982 11113x 72%
Condor Attack 1983 10217x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 9862x 70%
Cosmic Ark 1982 9424x 71%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 7908x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 5586x 38%
Crackpots 1983 10349x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 4897x 56%
Crossbow 1983 6266x 56%
Crystal Castles 1983 11765x 66%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 87597x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 14626x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 5640x 54%
Deadly Duck 1982 8650x 64%
Decathlon 1983 29631x 61%
Defender 1980 21531x 65%
Defender II 1981 13467x 77%
Demolition Herby 1982 6047x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 20926x 81%
Desert Falcon 1987 2236x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 15977x 70%
Dishaster 1983 5606x 37%
Dodge ’Em 1980 18961x 62%
Dolphin 1983 7500x 66%
Donkey Kong 1981 35104x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 16730x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 10154x 55%
Dragon Defender 1982 4981x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 11894x 65%
Dragonfire 1982 11737x 80%
Dragster 1980 17819x 69%
E.T. 1982 73158x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 1310x 55%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 6644x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 2458x 46%
Elevator Action 1983 11402x 53%
Enduro 1983 46248x 71%
Entombed 1982 3544x 76%
Escape from the M... 1982 8659x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 8456x 57%
Fast Eddie 1982 13458x 73%
Fast Food 1982 12991x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 10404x 69%
Fire Fighter 1982 10927x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 4181x 42%
Fireball 1982 439x 35%
Fishing Derby 1980 12490x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 6817x 65%
Flash Gordon 1983 6293x 63%
Football 1978 10328x 51%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 6522x 65%
Freeway 1981 16002x 77%
Frogger 1981 28969x 69%
Frogger 2 1984 11489x 72%
Frogs and Flies 1982 13877x 78%
Front Line 1982 8543x 69%
Frostbite 1983 29075x 72%
Galaxian 1979 61574x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 9268x 61%
Gas Hog 1983 5420x 62%
General Re-Treat 1982 9622x 53%
Ghostbusters 1984 7385x 58%
Gigolo 1982 4792x 76%
Golf 1980 6675x 55%
Gopher 1982 9603x 69%
Gorf 1981 13646x 72%
Grand Prix 1982 15272x 65%
Gravitar 1982 8021x 66%
Gremlins 1984 1925x 70%
Gyruss 1983 6901x 62%
H.E.R.O. 1984 33577x 80%
Halloween 1983 2981x 66%
Hangman 1978 13562x 57%
Haunted House 1981 17008x 64%
Home Run 1978 3485x 52%
Human Cannonball 1978 10574x 59%
Ice Hockey 1981 13927x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 9397x 68%
International Soccer 1982 10741x 68%
Jawbreaker 1982 23138x 68%
Journey Escape 1982 639x 56%
Joust 1982 14671x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 33935x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 36210x 73%
Kaboom! 1981 16140x 61%
Kangaroo 1983 20230x 61%
Karate 1982 14629x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 31407x 68%
King Kong 1982 25207x 59%
Klax 1989 7160x 75%
Knight on the Town 1982 1533x 60%
Krull 1983 3724x 19%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 12182x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 14413x 65%
Laser Blast 1981 9604x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 10589x 62%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 8420x 62%
Lost Luggage 1982 1196x 55%
M*A*S*H 1982 10476x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 1962x 52%
Mangia' 1983 1492x 52%
Mario Bros. 1983 33872x 61%
Master Builder 1983 8283x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 962x 27%
Math Gran Prix 1982 2126x 65%
Maze Craze 1980 15282x 78%
Mega Force 1982 7615x 67%
Megamania 1982 38400x 79%
Midnight Magic 1984 13262x 76%
Millipede 1982 10594x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 9593x 81%
Miner 2049er II 1983 5223x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 7824x 69%
Missile Command 1981 20832x 71%
Missile Control 1983 1786x 59%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 88710x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 25051x 77%
Motocross 1983 8916x 69%
Mountain King 1983 7839x 69%
Mouse Trap 1981 9080x 81%
Mr. Do! 1982 11606x 76%
Mr. Postman 1983 4662x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 16066x 74%
Name This Game 1982 10192x 59%
Nuts 1983 5686x 53%
Obelix 1983 3525x 51%
Oink! 1983 9715x 57%
Othello 1980 8054x 67%
Outlaw 1977 15627x 61%
Pac Kong 1983 15204x 55%
Pac-Man 1980 119755x 62%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 14042x 58%
Pengo 1983 11584x 57%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 2149x 64%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 10831x 77%
Phoenix 1980 31160x 70%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 27843x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 148059x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 8685x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 12900x 69%
Pole Position 1982 46148x 73%
Pooyan 1982 10033x 73%
Popeye 1982 14572x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 11004x 70%
Private Eye 1983 4255x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 7324x 51%
Q*bert 1982 12167x 63%
Racquetball 1981 7812x 57%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 22006x 56%
Rampage 1986 9724x 60%
Reactor 1982 3183x 53%
RealSports Baseball 1982 354x 30%
RealSports Boxing 1987 28647x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 8803x 58%
RealSports Tennis 1983 5893x 43%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 10037x 78%
River Raid 1982 240733x 65%
River Raid II 1988 20310x 61%
Road Runner 1985 12927x 83%
Robin Hood 1983 6079x 55%
Robot Tank 1983 12498x 74%
Room of Doom 1982 8840x 75%
Save Mary 1990 12215x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 7238x 58%
Sea Hawk 1982 11181x 63%
Seaquest 1983 35490x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 10986x 72%
Skeet Shoot 1981 3110x 48%
Skiing 1980 11577x 75%
Sky Diver 1978 8251x 69%
Sky Jinks 1982 7481x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 745x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 5492x 62%
Slot Racers 1978 6187x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 16063x 72%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 17355x 67%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 11404x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 13771x 75%
Solaris 1986 11940x 69%
Space Cavern 1982 15062x 40%
Space Invaders 1978 47794x 66%
Space Jockey 1982 5905x 60%
Space Shuttle 1983 4400x 47%
Space War 1978 10592x 63%
Spacechase 1981 1425x 60%
Spider Fighter 1982 12613x 78%
Spider-Man 1982 24332x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 8655x 62%
Spy Hunter 1983 11603x 81%
Squeeze Box 1982 5949x 69%
Stampede 1981 13169x 65%
Star Fox 1983 7581x 48%
Star Raiders 1982 12406x 50%
Star Ship 1977 5804x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 2440x 60%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 2439x 37%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 10288x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 16757x 62%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 13881x 64%
Starmaster 1982 10010x 68%
Steeplechase 1975 4260x 52%
Stellar Track 1981 2238x 74%
Strategy X 1981 9740x 83%
Sub Scan 1982 11101x 61%
Subterranea 1983 8201x 68%
Super Breakout 1979 25953x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 6859x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 6964x 48%
Super Cobra 1981 13203x 56%
Superman 1978 18219x 87%
Surround 1977 12419x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 9568x 75%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 7222x 64%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 6954x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 11354x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 15381x 61%
Tapper 1984 17632x 73%
Taz 1983 11939x 59%
Tennis 1981 18705x 65%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 16991x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 14864x 79%
Thunderground 1983 8926x 67%
Time Pilot 1982 8417x 74%
Tom Boy 1982 14534x 71%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 1847x 61%
Towering Inferno 1982 5552x 60%
Track & Field 1984 8532x 60%
Trick Shot 1982 9182x 84%
Tunnel Runner 1983 11496x 78%
Turmoil 1982 10069x 62%
Universal Chaos 1983 9155x 57%
Vanguard 1982 14973x 70%
Venture 1981 7805x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 7432x 58%
Video Chess 1979 9101x 60%
Video Olympics 1977 6271x 58%
Video Pinball 1980 15014x 61%
Wabbit 1982 8759x 60%
Walker 1983 4971x 35%
Wall-Defender 1983 6040x 54%
Warlords 1981 15324x 66%
Winter Games 1985 16140x 65%
Wizard of Wor 1980 5746x 63%
Worm War I 1982 10327x 81%
X-Man 1983 43511x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 7594x 62%
Xevious 1982 8625x 59%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 15785x 75%
Z-Tack 1983 1847x 55%
Zaxxon 1982 13861x 64%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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