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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 26483x 61%
Acid Drop 1992 7086x 54%
Adventure 1980 100976x 70%
Adventures of TRON 1982 27224x 64%
Air Raiders 1982 31619x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 32407x 66%
Airlock 1982 6031x 55%
Alien 1982 18683x 70%
Amidar 1983 23333x 67%
Armor Battle 1979 2246x 43%
Artillery Duel 1983 22844x 48%
Assault 1983 17068x 46%
Asteroids 1979 45209x 72%
Astrosmash 1981 2298x 40%
Atlantis 1982 18269x 71%
BMX Air Master 1989 16921x 73%
Bachelor Party 1983 6100x 24%
Backgammon 1979 14382x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 17495x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 15086x 59%
Basic Math 1977 13996x 60%
Basketball 1978 26134x 72%
Battlezone 1980 29905x 71%
Beamrider 1983 17006x 71%
Beany Bopper 1982 7768x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 38894x 53%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 1670x 43%
Berzerk 1982 32278x 81%
Blackjack 1977 10036x 63%
Blueprint 1982 4559x 45%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 19061x 81%
Boing! 1983 4214x 65%
Bowling 1979 18087x 65%
Boxing 1980 46821x 68%
Breakout 1978 62058x 58%
Bridge 1980 7550x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 4045x 45%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 16052x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 6997x 55%
BurgerTime 1982 14894x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 12466x 53%
California Games 1987 11434x 61%
Canyon Bomber 1978 15402x 56%
Carnival 1982 19084x 75%
Casino 1978 13067x 48%
Centipede 1980 39479x 70%
Challenge 1980 3526x 73%
Checkers 1980 12060x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 18391x 63%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 1025x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 22744x 59%
CocoNuts 1982 7140x 51%
Combat 1977 34021x 72%
Combat Two 1982 11984x 72%
Commando 1985 10444x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 12201x 81%
Communist Mutants 1982 16271x 72%
Condor Attack 1983 12141x 72%
Congo Bongo 1983 11612x 70%
Cosmic Ark 1982 11300x 76%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 9514x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 7003x 38%
Crackpots 1983 12264x 76%
Crazy Climber 1980 6652x 63%
Crossbow 1983 7683x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 537x 25%
Crystal Castles 1983 14182x 62%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 100846x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 17523x 62%
Dark Chambers 1988 7257x 56%
Deadly Duck 1982 10741x 64%
Decathlon 1983 37609x 60%
Defender 1980 27297x 67%
Defender II 1981 15788x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 7291x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 26154x 81%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 1381x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 3646x 76%
Dig Dug 1982 20188x 71%
Dishaster 1983 7076x 34%
Dodge ’Em 1980 22347x 59%
Dolphin 1983 9285x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 43238x 64%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 19374x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 11738x 53%
Dragon Defender 1982 6450x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 17243x 63%
Dragonfire 1982 13924x 77%
Dragster 1980 23533x 66%
E.T. 1982 91838x 48%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 2843x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 8333x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 4937x 49%
Eggomania 1983 633x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 13275x 53%
Enduro 1983 55701x 69%
Entombed 1982 5639x 79%
Escape from the M... 1982 11620x 69%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 10762x 59%
Fast Eddie 1982 15631x 74%
Fast Food 1982 15137x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 12017x 71%
Fathom 1983 673x 80%
Fire Fighter 1982 12909x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 5862x 47%
Fireball 1982 1783x 35%
Fishing Derby 1980 14969x 64%
Flag Capture 1978 8412x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 7967x 60%
Football 1978 16348x 55%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 8381x 69%
Freeway 1981 19344x 77%
Frogger 1981 40544x 65%
Frogger 2 1984 13618x 72%
Frogs and Flies 1982 16134x 80%
Front Line 1982 10091x 64%
Frostbite 1983 34752x 74%
Galaxian 1979 72958x 70%
Gangster Alley 1982 11262x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 7274x 59%
General Re-Treat 1982 13065x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 9324x 58%
Gigolo 1982 7771x 54%
Golf 1980 8486x 64%
Gopher 1982 11399x 69%
Gorf 1981 18772x 69%
Grand Prix 1982 17806x 65%
Gravitar 1982 10062x 70%
Gremlins 1984 3873x 75%
Gyruss 1983 8287x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 42786x 80%
Halloween 1983 6353x 72%
Hangman 1978 16036x 58%
Haunted House 1981 21249x 64%
Home Run 1978 4990x 58%
Human Cannonball 1978 12507x 61%
Ice Hockey 1981 16572x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 10894x 70%
International Soccer 1982 12691x 68%
James Bond 007 1983 1707x 40%
Jawbreaker 1982 27897x 70%
Journey Escape 1982 2221x 56%
Joust 1982 18219x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 41520x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 44396x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 19740x 62%
Kangaroo 1983 23342x 63%
Karate 1982 17306x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 37829x 67%
King Kong 1982 30285x 61%
Klax 1989 8776x 83%
Knight on the Town 1982 3693x 53%
Krull 1983 5119x 38%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 14170x 79%
Lady Bug 1981 17957x 70%
Laser Blast 1981 11952x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 12647x 64%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 10889x 75%
Lost Luggage 1982 2502x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 13340x 62%
M.A.D. 1982 3885x 56%
Mangia' 1983 2950x 55%
Mario Bros. 1983 41577x 60%
Master Builder 1983 10070x 75%
Masters of the Universe 1983 2904x 63%
Math Gran Prix 1982 3687x 67%
Maze Craze 1980 17976x 80%
Mega Force 1982 9053x 70%
Megamania 1982 47537x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 15533x 76%
Millipede 1982 12664x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 11577x 76%
Miner 2049er II 1983 6643x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 9634x 68%
Missile Command 1981 33653x 67%
Missile Control 1983 3302x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 112389x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 33641x 73%
Motocross 1983 10549x 67%
Mountain King 1983 10754x 67%
Mouse Trap 1981 12637x 84%
Mr. Do! 1982 13429x 75%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 1869x 50%
Mr. Postman 1983 6813x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 21516x 76%
Name This Game 1982 12448x 59%
Nuts 1983 7171x 58%
Obelix 1983 5347x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 509x 35%
Oink! 1983 11542x 57%
Othello 1980 10109x 66%
Outlaw 1977 18657x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 18648x 51%
Pac-Man 1980 21739x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 16226x 58%
Pengo 1983 13934x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 4976x 69%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 12855x 76%
Phoenix 1980 37762x 71%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 36102x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 187601x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 10389x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 15243x 69%
Polaris 1980 2098x 63%
Pole Position 1982 57201x 69%
Pooyan 1982 11252x 73%
Popeye 1982 17303x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 13113x 71%
Private Eye 1983 5504x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 9330x 51%
Q*bert 1982 15516x 67%
Racquetball 1981 9943x 57%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 26431x 55%
Rampage 1986 11415x 62%
Reactor 1982 4567x 53%
RealSports Baseball 1982 1571x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 42483x 65%
RealSports Football 1982 1583x 35%
RealSports Soccer 1982 10747x 62%
RealSports Tennis 1983 8135x 45%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 11777x 78%
River Raid 1982 306863x 65%
River Raid II 1988 25905x 60%
Road Runner 1985 15716x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 7620x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 15437x 71%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 2015x 56%
Room of Doom 1982 10667x 75%
Save Mary 1990 14508x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 9008x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 13177x 66%
Seaquest 1983 43027x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 13550x 74%
Skeet Shoot 1981 4586x 48%
Skiing 1980 14199x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 10277x 73%
Sky Jinks 1982 8888x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 1834x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 7126x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 7750x 70%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 18843x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 19855x 67%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 14074x 80%
Solar Fox 1983 16366x 69%
Solaris 1986 14239x 69%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 2338x 39%
Space Cavern 1982 24582x 48%
Space Invaders 1978 66342x 66%
Space Jockey 1982 7697x 71%
Space Shuttle 1983 6275x 50%
Space War 1978 13717x 62%
Spacechase 1981 2723x 70%
Spider Fighter 1982 14906x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 28896x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 10313x 62%
Spy Hunter 1983 13905x 83%
Squeeze Box 1982 7171x 69%
Stampede 1981 15597x 65%
Star Fox 1983 9419x 47%
Star Raiders 1982 15034x 56%
Star Ship 1977 7901x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 3866x 35%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 4984x 48%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 12856x 68%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 23147x 69%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 33005x 61%
Stargunner 1982 1406x 61%
Starmaster 1982 12081x 70%
Steeplechase 1975 5856x 48%
Stellar Track 1981 3741x 75%
Strategy X 1981 11877x 83%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 909x 32%
Sub Scan 1982 13174x 56%
Subterranea 1983 9711x 68%
Summer Games 1984 202x 60%
Super Breakout 1979 33446x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 8627x 57%
Super Challenge Football 1982 8942x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 15424x 58%
Superman 1978 25291x 83%
Surround 1977 14834x 69%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 12221x 73%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 9233x 71%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 8549x 47%
TMP Wrestling 1987 245x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 14698x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 18444x 60%
Tapeworm 1982 3116x 83%
Tapper 1984 23383x 72%
Taz 1983 14323x 59%
Tennis 1981 23419x 64%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 20730x 70%
The Official Frogger 1984 18406x 72%
Thunderground 1983 10374x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 10376x 73%
Tom Boy 1982 17394x 72%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 3205x 54%
Towering Inferno 1982 6892x 48%
Track & Field 1984 10231x 61%
Trick Shot 1982 11061x 73%
Tunnel Runner 1983 13901x 80%
Turmoil 1982 12297x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 10968x 58%
Vanguard 1982 17939x 71%
Venture 1981 10134x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 9402x 59%
Video Chess 1979 11751x 61%
Video Olympics 1977 9067x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 18123x 61%
Wabbit 1982 10533x 60%
Walker 1983 6450x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 7724x 54%
Warlords 1981 18433x 69%
Wing War 1983 404x 45%
Winter Games 1985 19059x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 8890x 61%
Worm War I 1982 12700x 73%
X-Man 1983 53997x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 9014x 65%
Xevious 1982 10211x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 20328x 76%
Z-Tack 1983 4101x 49%
Zaxxon 1982 16871x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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