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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 38068x 61%
Acid Drop 1992 17743x 51%
Adventure 1980 192634x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 38848x 64%
Air Raid 1982 8434x 51%
Air Raiders 1982 44411x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 72117x 68%
Airlock 1982 11784x 50%
Alien 1982 27783x 66%
Amidar 1983 32923x 62%
Armor Battle 1979 7236x 68%
Artillery Duel 1983 34572x 38%
Assault 1983 23832x 46%
Asteroids 1979 59181x 72%
Astrosmash 1981 8154x 69%
Atari Video Cube 1982 6657x 63%
Atlantis 1982 25825x 73%
BMX Air Master 1989 22918x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 18343x 31%
Backgammon 1979 19773x 55%
Bank Heist 1983 24714x 66%
Barnstorming 1982 21389x 64%
Basic Math 1977 20621x 58%
Basketball 1978 38284x 69%
Battlezone 1980 46243x 72%
Beamrider 1983 24110x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 12594x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 58850x 52%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 6613x 43%
Berzerk 1982 68673x 76%
Blackjack 1977 15613x 55%
Blueprint 1982 9064x 52%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 27647x 79%
Boing! 1983 9072x 64%
Bowling 1979 29613x 67%
Boxing 1980 70754x 69%
Breakout 1978 95900x 57%
Bridge 1980 11672x 58%
Buck Rogers 1982 8715x 72%
Bugs 1982 3170x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 21303x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 13431x 53%
BurgerTime 1982 21216x 71%
Burning Desire 1982 22290x 44%
California Games 1987 17615x 63%
Canyon Bomber 1978 23754x 55%
Carnival 1982 25504x 76%
Casino 1978 20307x 51%
Centipede 1980 51051x 73%
Challenge 1980 8137x 73%
Checkers 1980 17456x 56%
Chopper Command 1982 27910x 62%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 5407x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 33219x 59%
CocoNuts 1982 11381x 51%
Combat 1977 52055x 70%
Combat Two 1982 17216x 71%
Commando 1985 15428x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 18044x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 38626x 71%
Condor Attack 1983 17173x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 17047x 71%
Conquest of Mars 1981 5334x 81%
Cosmic Ark 1982 16596x 76%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 13479x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 11145x 43%
Crack'ed 1988 1514x 50%
Crackpots 1983 17123x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 12108x 53%
Crossbow 1983 11876x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 4563x 63%
Crystal Castles 1983 22874x 55%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 135541x 62%
Dark Cavern 1982 24805x 63%
Dark Chambers 1988 11398x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 26713x 64%
Decathlon 1983 58981x 61%
Defender 1980 40164x 71%
Defender II 1981 22444x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 11913x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 48780x 81%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 5803x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 8107x 66%
Dice Puzzle 1983 1676x 38%
Dig Dug 1982 32603x 71%
Dishaster 1983 11876x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 30059x 61%
Dolphin 1983 14158x 64%
Donkey Kong 1981 63787x 67%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 28651x 71%
Double Dragon 1987 16754x 62%
Dragon Defender 1982 10706x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 52511x 67%
Dragonfire 1982 20832x 79%
Dragster 1980 36324x 66%
E.T. 1982 158580x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 7235x 51%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 12771x 52%
Edtris 2600 1995 10814x 49%
Eggomania 1983 5923x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 17965x 51%
Enduro 1983 78944x 69%
Entombed 1982 12982x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 24793x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 17201x 57%
Fast Eddie 1982 21594x 73%
Fast Food 1982 20931x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 17728x 72%
Fathom 1983 4663x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 18462x 63%
Fire Fly 1983 10570x 43%
Fireball 1982 6853x 45%
Fishing Derby 1980 22520x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 13460x 65%
Flash Gordon 1983 13551x 62%
Football 1978 40217x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 14916x 71%
Freeway 1981 41738x 68%
Frogger 1981 61149x 64%
Frogger 2 1984 19614x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 23342x 79%
Front Line 1982 14211x 62%
Frostbite 1983 52986x 74%
Galaxian 1979 98801x 70%
Gamma-Attack 1983 4846x 61%
Gangster Alley 1982 18971x 58%
Gas Hog 1983 11608x 64%
General Re-Treat 1982 22996x 55%
Ghostbusters 1984 15538x 58%
Gigolo 1982 15395x 59%
Glacier Patrol 1988 2645x 65%
Golf 1980 14053x 60%
Gopher 1982 16221x 71%
Gorf 1981 26927x 62%
Grand Prix 1982 26434x 65%
Gravitar 1982 17688x 63%
Gremlins 1984 9498x 70%
Ground Zero 1983 5473x 50%
Gyruss 1983 12114x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 82472x 80%
Halloween 1983 17631x 72%
Hangman 1978 22437x 57%
Haunted House 1981 32871x 66%
Home Run 1978 9936x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 18544x 61%
Ice Hockey 1981 24278x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 15485x 68%
Infiltrate 1982 1530x 80%
International Soccer 1982 18532x 70%
James Bond 007 1983 6771x 41%
Jawbreaker 1982 40585x 69%
Journey Escape 1982 7312x 60%
Joust 1982 25663x 70%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 62628x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 69099x 71%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 63%
Kangaroo 1983 31972x 63%
Karate 1982 23938x 52%
Keystone Kapers 1983 75035x 69%
King Kong 1982 42348x 60%
Klax 1989 13485x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 10223x 62%
Krull 1983 9396x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 20059x 72%
Lady Bug 1981 29813x 67%
Laser Blast 1981 22790x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 18293x 70%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 17037x 74%
Lost Luggage 1982 15094x 40%
M*A*S*H 1982 20285x 62%
M.A.D. 1982 9388x 59%
Mangia' 1983 7327x 57%
Marauder 1982 5090x 58%
Mario Bros. 1983 62444x 59%
Master Builder 1983 14872x 61%
Masters of the Universe 1983 9284x 45%
Math Gran Prix 1982 8185x 51%
Maze Craze 1980 26257x 78%
Mega Force 1982 13005x 70%
Megamania 1982 78008x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 22310x 79%
Millipede 1982 17757x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 16450x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 11204x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 14568x 67%
Missile Command 1981 76203x 68%
Missile Control 1983 8349x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 174638x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 54463x 73%
Moonsweeper 1983 1879x 53%
MotoRodeo 1990 5666x 84%
Motocross 1983 15269x 71%
Mountain King 1983 35065x 72%
Mouse Trap 1981 21139x 81%
Mr. Do! 1982 18344x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 6112x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 12093x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 38978x 74%
Name This Game 1982 17989x 59%
Nuts 1983 12219x 62%
Obelix 1983 10575x 54%
Off the Wall 1989 5471x 68%
Oink! 1983 16785x 59%
Othello 1980 16113x 65%
Outlaw 1977 27930x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 27600x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 62%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 22142x 57%
Pengo 1983 19979x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 25212x 66%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 21427x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 6412x 70%
Phoenix 1980 52409x 68%
Pigs in Space 1983 2776x 55%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 60755x 74%
Pitfall! 1982 299158x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 15206x 74%
Plaque Attack 1983 22198x 70%
Polaris 1980 7426x 78%
Pole Position 1982 86934x 68%
Pooyan 1982 15241x 70%
Popeye 1982 26560x 76%
Pressure Cooker 1983 18147x 72%
Private Eye 1983 9577x 75%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 14719x 51%
Q*bert 1982 24169x 69%
Qb 1984 712x 40%
Racquetball 1981 14875x 56%
Radar Lock 1989 1279x 40%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 37621x 56%
Rampage 1986 16348x 64%
Reactor 1982 9463x 69%
RealSports Baseball 1982 6119x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 85148x 60%
RealSports Football 1982 22173x 47%
RealSports Soccer 1982 15451x 64%
RealSports Tennis 1983 15964x 53%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 16866x 73%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 3573x 78%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 4192x 65%
Riddle of the Sphinx 1982 1529x 60%
River Raid 1982 509065x 65%
River Raid II 1988 42314x 58%
Road Runner 1985 21223x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 12022x 67%
Robot Tank 1983 23037x 73%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 6200x 57%
Room of Doom 1982 16071x 75%
Save Mary 1990 21119x 59%
Save Our Ship 1983 13858x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 18155x 66%
Seaquest 1983 68583x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 22245x 68%
Shark Attack 1982 1891x 61%
Skeet Shoot 1981 9342x 40%
Skiing 1980 22269x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 16005x 78%
Sky Jinks 1982 13155x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 5611x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 11737x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 12312x 78%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 26674x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 27146x 68%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 21849x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 23978x 72%
Solar Storm 1983 5083x 77%
Solaris 1986 20676x 72%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 6905x 55%
Space Attack 1979 3788x 53%
Space Cavern 1982 60671x 52%
Space Invaders 1978 109847x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 24609x 72%
Space Shuttle 1983 16181x 57%
Space War 1978 23087x 52%
Spacechase 1981 6911x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 23547x 74%
Spider-Man 1982 43680x 66%
Sprint Master 1988 15453x 61%
Spy Hunter 1983 19458x 76%
Squeeze Box 1982 11113x 71%
Stampede 1981 23889x 63%
Star Fox 1983 14549x 52%
Star Raiders 1982 22780x 52%
Star Ship 1977 13622x 75%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 3422x 49%
Star Voyager 1982 8431x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 27096x 57%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 24039x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 38548x 65%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 99266x 61%
Stargunner 1982 6085x 69%
Starmaster 1982 19296x 62%
Steeplechase 1975 10846x 50%
Stellar Track 1981 8589x 70%
Strategy X 1981 17474x 78%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 5083x 46%
Sub Scan 1982 18653x 59%
Submarine Commander 1982 2300x 57%
Subterranea 1983 13830x 72%
Suicide Mission 1982 1425x 50%
Summer Games 1984 4417x 75%
Super Breakout 1979 49162x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 13673x 57%
Super Challenge Football 1982 13774x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 21283x 57%
Super Football 1989 237x 80%
Superman 1978 40768x 83%
Surround 1977 21435x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 21298x 69%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 14960x 66%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 13293x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 3690x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 35229x 74%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 25645x 60%
Tapeworm 1982 10683x 80%
Tapper 1984 38864x 73%
Taz 1983 20977x 59%
Tennis 1981 35039x 59%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 29887x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 28552x 73%
Threshold 1981 3851x 20%
Thunderground 1983 15160x 67%
Time Pilot 1982 19609x 68%
Tom Boy 1982 25039x 69%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 7513x 61%
Towering Inferno 1982 10987x 50%
Track & Field 1984 15548x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 15541x 61%
Tunnel Runner 1983 21203x 81%
Turmoil 1982 18370x 66%
Tutankham 1982 2192x 55%
Universal Chaos 1983 16004x 58%
Vanguard 1982 26075x 72%
Venture 1981 17243x 61%
Video Checkers 1980 15098x 57%
Video Chess 1979 19165x 58%
Video Olympics 1977 17034x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 28459x 65%
Wabbit 1982 15525x 59%
Walker 1983 10809x 41%
Wall-Defender 1983 20597x 60%
Warlords 1981 28648x 70%
Wing War 1983 4536x 57%
Winter Games 1985 24820x 61%
Wizard of Wor 1980 17507x 61%
Word Zapper 1982 3114x 75%
Worm War I 1982 18209x 70%
X-Man 1983 74567x 56%
Xenophobe 1988 14165x 65%
Xevious 1982 17222x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 32504x 79%
Z-Tack 1983 22990x 51%
Zaxxon 1982 22921x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout

Atari 2600: Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back

Atari 2600: RealSports Boxing RealSports Boxing

Atari 2600: Missile Command Missile Command


 

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