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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 19295x 63%
Acid Drop 1992 1946x 48%
Adventure 1980 65188x 69%
Adventures of TRON 1982 20957x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 24850x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 18671x 63%
Airlock 1982 3023x 52%
Alien 1982 14846x 69%
Amidar 1983 18635x 69%
Artillery Duel 1983 17447x 51%
Assault 1983 13565x 46%
Asteroids 1979 33897x 69%
Atlantis 1982 14971x 73%
BMX Air Master 1989 13973x 76%
Backgammon 1979 11048x 57%
Bank Heist 1983 14552x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 12207x 61%
Basic Math 1977 11105x 61%
Basketball 1978 20487x 75%
Battlezone 1980 22913x 69%
Beamrider 1983 13377x 70%
Beany Bopper 1982 5840x 60%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 30399x 53%
Berzerk 1982 21245x 82%
Blackjack 1977 7772x 63%
Blueprint 1982 2639x 65%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 14276x 81%
Boing! 1983 2450x 60%
Bowling 1979 14245x 63%
Boxing 1980 35872x 71%
Breakout 1978 38590x 61%
Bridge 1980 5779x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 1957x 75%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 13638x 80%
Bumper Bash 1983 4084x 55%
BurgerTime 1982 12124x 66%
Burning Desire 1982 7890x 58%
California Games 1987 9058x 57%
Canyon Bomber 1978 12295x 54%
Carnival 1982 16315x 77%
Casino 1978 9809x 46%
Centipede 1980 28659x 70%
Challenge 1980 1810x 66%
Checkers 1980 9512x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 14500x 65%
Circus Atari 1980 17651x 61%
CocoNuts 1982 5292x 57%
Combat 1977 25657x 73%
Combat Two 1982 9495x 73%
Commando 1985 8162x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 9709x 78%
Communist Mutants 1982 10265x 70%
Condor Attack 1983 9821x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 9426x 73%
Cosmic Ark 1982 8976x 76%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 7543x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 5274x 30%
Crackpots 1983 9911x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 4533x 48%
Crossbow 1983 5938x 60%
Crystal Castles 1983 11312x 66%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 84537x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 14009x 60%
Dark Chambers 1988 5275x 54%
Deadly Duck 1982 8292x 63%
Decathlon 1983 28087x 62%
Defender 1980 20134x 66%
Defender II 1981 12978x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 5809x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 19894x 81%
Desert Falcon 1987 1970x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 15036x 68%
Dishaster 1983 5302x 30%
Dodge ’Em 1980 18259x 62%
Dolphin 1983 7056x 66%
Donkey Kong 1981 33532x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 16153x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 9783x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 4705x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 11086x 66%
Dragonfire 1982 11217x 82%
Dragster 1980 16503x 72%
E.T. 1982 70094x 48%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 997x 58%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 6384x 55%
Edtris 2600 1995 1947x 49%
Elevator Action 1983 11004x 53%
Enduro 1983 44098x 71%
Entombed 1982 3302x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 8259x 74%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 7954x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 13008x 75%
Fast Food 1982 12532x 79%
Fatal Run 1989 10060x 71%
Fire Fighter 1982 10404x 71%
Fire Fly 1983 3826x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 11784x 65%
Flag Capture 1978 6481x 60%
Flash Gordon 1983 5932x 72%
Football 1978 9740x 51%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 6171x 61%
Freeway 1981 15307x 78%
Frogger 1981 27193x 68%
Frogger 2 1984 11010x 70%
Frogs and Flies 1982 13238x 77%
Front Line 1982 8237x 69%
Frostbite 1983 27743x 72%
Galaxian 1979 59098x 68%
Gangster Alley 1982 8891x 61%
Gas Hog 1983 5117x 60%
General Re-Treat 1982 8434x 50%
Ghostbusters 1984 6971x 55%
Gigolo 1982 3828x 77%
Golf 1980 6319x 53%
Gopher 1982 9246x 69%
Gorf 1981 12624x 71%
Grand Prix 1982 14674x 65%
Gravitar 1982 7561x 66%
Gremlins 1984 1514x 70%
Gyruss 1983 6585x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 31429x 80%
Halloween 1983 2275x 65%
Hangman 1978 13039x 57%
Haunted House 1981 16182x 65%
Home Run 1978 3146x 52%
Human Cannonball 1978 10137x 59%
Ice Hockey 1981 13382x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 9084x 68%
International Soccer 1982 10224x 66%
Jawbreaker 1982 22125x 69%
Joust 1982 13674x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 32170x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 34599x 74%
Kaboom! 1981 15298x 62%
Kangaroo 1983 19509x 59%
Karate 1982 14056x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 29991x 68%
King Kong 1982 24052x 59%
Klax 1989 6887x 75%
Knight on the Town 1982 1012x 60%
Krull 1983 3437x 19%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 11710x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 13727x 64%
Laser Blast 1981 9110x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 10179x 62%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 7890x 62%
Lost Luggage 1982 908x 55%
M*A*S*H 1982 9874x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 1566x 52%
Mangia' 1983 1131x 52%
Mario Bros. 1983 32115x 61%
Master Builder 1983 7943x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 548x 27%
Math Gran Prix 1982 1746x 83%
Maze Craze 1980 14690x 78%
Mega Force 1982 7302x 67%
Megamania 1982 36522x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 12805x 76%
Millipede 1982 10082x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 9121x 81%
Miner 2049er II 1983 4944x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 7452x 73%
Missile Command 1981 19183x 71%
Missile Control 1983 1451x 59%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 84057x 64%
Moon Patrol 1982 23569x 78%
Motocross 1983 8576x 71%
Mountain King 1983 7421x 67%
Mouse Trap 1981 8475x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 11206x 76%
Mr. Postman 1983 4210x 74%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 14880x 73%
Name This Game 1982 9719x 59%
Nuts 1983 5350x 53%
Obelix 1983 3156x 48%
Oink! 1983 9364x 57%
Othello 1980 7696x 67%
Outlaw 1977 15020x 61%
Pac Kong 1983 14495x 55%
Pac-Man 1980 113378x 62%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 13542x 57%
Pengo 1983 11123x 59%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 1072x 76%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 10332x 79%
Phoenix 1980 29957x 70%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 26482x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 140005x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 8353x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 12360x 69%
Pole Position 1982 44102x 73%
Pooyan 1982 9756x 73%
Popeye 1982 14005x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 10572x 70%
Private Eye 1983 3987x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 6927x 51%
Q*bert 1982 11515x 63%
Racquetball 1981 7380x 57%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 21073x 57%
Rampage 1986 9339x 60%
Reactor 1982 2884x 53%
RealSports Boxing 1987 25939x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 8450x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 5535x 43%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 9608x 78%
River Raid 1982 226871x 65%
River Raid II 1988 19417x 61%
Road Runner 1985 12321x 83%
Robin Hood 1983 5739x 55%
Robot Tank 1983 11932x 72%
Room of Doom 1982 8388x 75%
Save Mary 1990 11697x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 6886x 58%
Sea Hawk 1982 10702x 62%
Seaquest 1983 33830x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 10501x 72%
Skeet Shoot 1981 2739x 48%
Skiing 1980 11110x 75%
Sky Diver 1978 7817x 69%
Sky Jinks 1982 7105x 72%
Slot Machine 1979 5079x 58%
Slot Racers 1978 5862x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 15462x 72%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 16840x 66%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 10715x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 13238x 75%
Solaris 1986 11362x 69%
Space Cavern 1982 12198x 38%
Space Invaders 1978 44518x 67%
Space Jockey 1982 5570x 60%
Space Shuttle 1983 3995x 49%
Space War 1978 9987x 63%
Spacechase 1981 1132x 60%
Spider Fighter 1982 12030x 77%
Spider-Man 1982 23153x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 8317x 62%
Spy Hunter 1983 11107x 81%
Squeeze Box 1982 5710x 69%
Stampede 1981 12602x 64%
Star Fox 1983 7105x 48%
Star Raiders 1982 11801x 49%
Star Ship 1977 5413x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 2139x 60%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 2008x 37%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 9733x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 15592x 60%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 13051x 64%
Starmaster 1982 9535x 66%
Steeplechase 1975 3976x 52%
Stellar Track 1981 1970x 74%
Strategy X 1981 9376x 83%
Sub Scan 1982 10629x 61%
Subterranea 1983 7893x 68%
Super Breakout 1979 24496x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 6485x 54%
Super Challenge Football 1982 6556x 48%
Super Cobra 1981 12725x 56%
Superman 1978 16730x 86%
Surround 1977 11847x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 8921x 79%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 6874x 52%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 4812x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 10687x 73%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 14710x 62%
Tapper 1984 16795x 73%
Taz 1983 11507x 59%
Tennis 1981 17504x 67%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 16231x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 14137x 79%
Thunderground 1983 8587x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 7982x 74%
Tom Boy 1982 13986x 72%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 1539x 61%
Towering Inferno 1982 5256x 60%
Track & Field 1984 8120x 60%
Trick Shot 1982 8663x 84%
Tunnel Runner 1983 10979x 78%
Turmoil 1982 9617x 66%
Universal Chaos 1983 8755x 57%
Vanguard 1982 14342x 70%
Venture 1981 7309x 59%
Video Checkers 1980 7036x 58%
Video Chess 1979 8606x 60%
Video Olympics 1977 5680x 59%
Video Pinball 1980 14318x 62%
Wabbit 1982 8391x 60%
Walker 1983 4690x 35%
Wall-Defender 1983 5703x 54%
Warlords 1981 14564x 65%
Winter Games 1985 15593x 65%
Wizard of Wor 1980 5150x 70%
Worm War I 1982 9800x 81%
X-Man 1983 41323x 56%
Xenophobe 1988 7296x 62%
Xevious 1982 8270x 59%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 14888x 74%
Z-Tack 1983 1476x 55%
Zaxxon 1982 13180x 64%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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