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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 32612x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 12306x 52%
Adventure 1980 144948x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 33431x 65%
Air Raid 1982 2711x 55%
Air Raiders 1982 38929x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 53213x 65%
Airlock 1982 9032x 53%
Alien 1982 23499x 68%
Amidar 1983 28431x 63%
Armor Battle 1979 4778x 60%
Artillery Duel 1983 28581x 42%
Assault 1983 20746x 45%
Asteroids 1979 52236x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 5359x 72%
Atari Video Cube 1982 2766x 67%
Atlantis 1982 22122x 72%
BMX Air Master 1989 19952x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 11848x 33%
Backgammon 1979 17049x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 21041x 66%
Barnstorming 1982 18264x 60%
Basic Math 1977 17274x 59%
Basketball 1978 31755x 71%
Battlezone 1980 38177x 72%
Beamrider 1983 20432x 69%
Beany Bopper 1982 10126x 74%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 48748x 53%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 4056x 50%
Berzerk 1982 54889x 77%
Blackjack 1977 12758x 57%
Blueprint 1982 6638x 48%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 23780x 77%
Boing! 1983 6402x 65%
Bowling 1979 23755x 67%
Boxing 1980 59594x 69%
Breakout 1978 80038x 56%
Bridge 1980 9715x 50%
Buck Rogers 1982 6305x 66%
Bugs 1982 1068x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 18642x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 10340x 51%
BurgerTime 1982 18085x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 17284x 46%
California Games 1987 14698x 62%
Canyon Bomber 1978 20750x 55%
Carnival 1982 22287x 74%
Casino 1978 17046x 53%
Centipede 1980 45515x 73%
Challenge 1980 5815x 73%
Checkers 1980 14803x 59%
Chopper Command 1982 23265x 62%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 3230x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 27984x 59%
CocoNuts 1982 9219x 51%
Combat 1977 43304x 69%
Combat Two 1982 14712x 71%
Commando 1985 12835x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 15186x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 27392x 71%
Condor Attack 1983 14671x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 14403x 70%
Conquest of Mars 1981 1675x 84%
Cosmic Ark 1982 13874x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 11524x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 9150x 43%
Crackpots 1983 14631x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 9270x 53%
Crossbow 1983 9817x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 2275x 50%
Crystal Castles 1983 18154x 56%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 116188x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 21883x 63%
Dark Chambers 1988 9411x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 18289x 64%
Decathlon 1983 48429x 62%
Defender 1980 34103x 71%
Defender II 1981 19030x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 9305x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 37799x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 3520x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 5591x 65%
Dig Dug 1982 27287x 72%
Dishaster 1983 9248x 40%
Dodge ’Em 1980 26448x 61%
Dolphin 1983 11702x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 54007x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 23830x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 14161x 51%
Dragon Defender 1982 8521x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 34439x 66%
Dragonfire 1982 17287x 78%
Dragster 1980 30172x 65%
E.T. 1982 127115x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 5108x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 10524x 53%
Edtris 2600 1995 8122x 49%
Eggomania 1983 3157x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 15647x 53%
Enduro 1983 67840x 69%
Entombed 1982 10177x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 19029x 69%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 13922x 57%
Fast Eddie 1982 18688x 73%
Fast Food 1982 17865x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 14170x 72%
Fathom 1983 2559x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 15680x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 8312x 43%
Fireball 1982 4043x 57%
Fishing Derby 1980 18704x 65%
Flag Capture 1978 10800x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 11113x 64%
Football 1978 28938x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 11402x 71%
Freeway 1981 27266x 77%
Frogger 1981 51189x 65%
Frogger 2 1984 16565x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 19547x 79%
Front Line 1982 12009x 61%
Frostbite 1983 45293x 74%
Galaxian 1979 87991x 69%
Gamma-Attack 1983 2134x 61%
Gangster Alley 1982 16116x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 9496x 61%
General Re-Treat 1982 17506x 52%
Ghostbusters 1984 12405x 54%
Gigolo 1982 11318x 53%
Glacier Patrol 1988 695x 65%
Golf 1980 11160x 60%
Gopher 1982 13771x 70%
Gorf 1981 22896x 62%
Grand Prix 1982 21886x 67%
Gravitar 1982 13563x 64%
Gremlins 1984 6581x 70%
Ground Zero 1983 2597x 41%
Gyruss 1983 10115x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 59503x 80%
Halloween 1983 11835x 74%
Hangman 1978 19152x 58%
Haunted House 1981 26945x 66%
Home Run 1978 7331x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 15390x 60%
Ice Hockey 1981 20701x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 13551x 68%
International Soccer 1982 15461x 68%
James Bond 007 1983 4239x 28%
Jawbreaker 1982 34084x 68%
Journey Escape 1982 4589x 63%
Joust 1982 22053x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 52372x 72%
Jungle Hunt 1983 57388x 71%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 61%
Kangaroo 1983 27728x 60%
Karate 1982 20624x 53%
Keystone Kapers 1983 53497x 68%
King Kong 1982 36682x 58%
Klax 1989 11051x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 6953x 62%
Krull 1983 7079x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 17072x 76%
Lady Bug 1981 23531x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 16658x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 15524x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 14121x 73%
Lost Luggage 1982 7156x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 16968x 62%
M.A.D. 1982 6516x 59%
Mangia' 1983 4880x 59%
Marauder 1982 3080x 58%
Mario Bros. 1983 50555x 59%
Master Builder 1983 12420x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 5907x 52%
Math Gran Prix 1982 5893x 60%
Maze Craze 1980 21979x 79%
Mega Force 1982 11094x 70%
Megamania 1982 62343x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 18814x 78%
Millipede 1982 15043x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 14221x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 8772x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 12160x 67%
Missile Command 1981 56629x 67%
Missile Control 1983 5775x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 144987x 66%
Moon Patrol 1982 43771x 71%
MotoRodeo 1990 3223x 78%
Motocross 1983 12833x 69%
Mountain King 1983 22769x 70%
Mouse Trap 1981 17270x 80%
Mr. Do! 1982 15786x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 4142x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 9597x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 30069x 73%
Name This Game 1982 15193x 59%
Nuts 1983 9540x 58%
Obelix 1983 7889x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 2862x 57%
Oink! 1983 14160x 58%
Othello 1980 12900x 65%
Outlaw 1977 22914x 58%
Pac Kong 1983 23653x 50%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 18928x 57%
Pengo 1983 16859x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 16485x 64%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 18584x 80%
Phaser Patrol 1982 2938x 70%
Phoenix 1980 45812x 69%
Pigs in Space 1983 703x 30%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 48415x 76%
Pitfall! 1982 247833x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 12764x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 18891x 69%
Polaris 1980 4587x 68%
Pole Position 1982 72802x 69%
Pooyan 1982 13217x 73%
Popeye 1982 22989x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 15491x 72%
Private Eye 1983 7562x 67%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 12100x 51%
Q*bert 1982 19931x 71%
Racquetball 1981 12438x 55%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 31983x 56%
Rampage 1986 13774x 62%
Reactor 1982 6829x 66%
RealSports Baseball 1982 3687x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 64691x 62%
RealSports Football 1982 5821x 53%
RealSports Soccer 1982 13051x 64%
RealSports Tennis 1983 12876x 45%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 14124x 79%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 1748x 63%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 2255x 48%
River Raid 1982 412383x 65%
River Raid II 1988 32893x 58%
Road Runner 1985 18417x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 9707x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 18861x 73%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 4135x 59%
Room of Doom 1982 13192x 75%
Save Mary 1990 18073x 60%
Save Our Ship 1983 11347x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 15624x 66%
Seaquest 1983 56806x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 18865x 70%
Skeet Shoot 1981 6811x 40%
Skiing 1980 18512x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 13432x 77%
Sky Jinks 1982 11053x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 3664x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 9482x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 9994x 75%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 22721x 71%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 23412x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 17825x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 20522x 70%
Solar Storm 1983 2299x 84%
Solaris 1986 17347x 70%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 4387x 48%
Space Cavern 1982 41365x 46%
Space Invaders 1978 89547x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 16803x 69%
Space Shuttle 1983 9891x 53%
Space War 1978 18550x 57%
Spacechase 1981 4768x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 19738x 75%
Spider-Man 1982 35641x 68%
Sprint Master 1988 13089x 61%
Spy Hunter 1983 16762x 80%
Squeeze Box 1982 9208x 71%
Stampede 1981 19446x 63%
Star Fox 1983 12036x 49%
Star Raiders 1982 18726x 52%
Star Ship 1977 10688x 60%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 1208x 50%
Star Voyager 1982 6015x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 15793x 58%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 19684x 65%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 31224x 64%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 77606x 60%
Stargunner 1982 3728x 69%
Starmaster 1982 16298x 67%
Steeplechase 1975 8333x 54%
Stellar Track 1981 6346x 75%
Strategy X 1981 14595x 77%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 2785x 49%
Sub Scan 1982 15915x 56%
Subterranea 1983 11679x 70%
Summer Games 1984 2188x 78%
Super Breakout 1979 41325x 59%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 10954x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 11236x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 18383x 57%
Superman 1978 33032x 82%
Surround 1977 18012x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 15479x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 11939x 71%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 10922x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 1833x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 26625x 75%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 21863x 60%
Tapeworm 1982 7888x 79%
Tapper 1984 32768x 71%
Taz 1983 17391x 59%
Tennis 1981 29075x 59%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 25033x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 23659x 73%
Threshold 1981 1282x 23%
Thunderground 1983 12600x 66%
Time Pilot 1982 14510x 69%
Tom Boy 1982 21207x 71%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 5580x 56%
Towering Inferno 1982 8945x 58%
Track & Field 1984 12579x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 13318x 66%
Tunnel Runner 1983 16839x 77%
Turmoil 1982 15213x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 13492x 58%
Vanguard 1982 21903x 71%
Venture 1981 13822x 62%
Video Checkers 1980 12230x 59%
Video Chess 1979 15557x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 13161x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 23805x 64%
Wabbit 1982 12940x 60%
Walker 1983 8693x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 12965x 59%
Warlords 1981 23875x 71%
Wing War 1983 2528x 57%
Winter Games 1985 22120x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 13461x 59%
Word Zapper 1982 1020x 50%
Worm War I 1982 15393x 70%
X-Man 1983 64424x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 11943x 65%
Xevious 1982 14551x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 26175x 79%
Z-Tack 1983 13089x 52%
Zaxxon 1982 19907x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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