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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 24417x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 5413x 51%
Adventure 1980 87582x 70%
Adventures of TRON 1982 25308x 64%
Air Raiders 1982 29469x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 28173x 67%
Airlock 1982 5164x 55%
Alien 1982 17669x 71%
Amidar 1983 22032x 68%
Armor Battle 1979 1624x 43%
Artillery Duel 1983 21226x 49%
Assault 1983 16043x 46%
Asteroids 1979 42218x 71%
Astrosmash 1981 1530x 40%
Atlantis 1982 17268x 70%
BMX Air Master 1989 16078x 73%
Bachelor Party 1983 4331x 29%
Backgammon 1979 13560x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 16651x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 14284x 59%
Basic Math 1977 13186x 59%
Basketball 1978 24421x 74%
Battlezone 1980 27745x 71%
Beamrider 1983 16010x 71%
Beany Bopper 1982 7193x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 36695x 54%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 1128x 30%
Berzerk 1982 29119x 81%
Blackjack 1977 9384x 63%
Blueprint 1982 4054x 45%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 17844x 82%
Boing! 1983 3697x 70%
Bowling 1979 17008x 64%
Boxing 1980 43601x 68%
Breakout 1978 55993x 59%
Bridge 1980 7084x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 3511x 45%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 15431x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 6150x 55%
BurgerTime 1982 14134x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 11282x 53%
California Games 1987 10875x 59%
Canyon Bomber 1978 14465x 56%
Carnival 1982 18331x 76%
Casino 1978 12110x 48%
Centipede 1980 36913x 69%
Challenge 1980 3010x 70%
Checkers 1980 11412x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 17276x 63%
Circus Atari 1980 21109x 60%
CocoNuts 1982 6521x 50%
Combat 1977 31221x 72%
Combat Two 1982 11369x 72%
Commando 1985 9745x 65%
Commando Raid 1982 11431x 82%
Communist Mutants 1982 14452x 73%
Condor Attack 1983 11510x 71%
Congo Bongo 1983 10966x 70%
Cosmic Ark 1982 10686x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 9003x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 6470x 38%
Crackpots 1983 11703x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 6111x 63%
Crossbow 1983 7202x 59%
Crystal Castles 1983 13459x 63%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 96118x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 16605x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 6730x 56%
Deadly Duck 1982 9964x 64%
Decathlon 1983 34238x 60%
Defender 1980 25526x 65%
Defender II 1981 14984x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 6889x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 23955x 81%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 847x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 3178x 72%
Dig Dug 1982 18835x 71%
Dishaster 1983 6613x 34%
Dodge ’Em 1980 21439x 60%
Dolphin 1983 8779x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 40501x 65%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 18463x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 11231x 53%
Dragon Defender 1982 5974x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 14686x 63%
Dragonfire 1982 13146x 78%
Dragster 1980 21698x 68%
E.T. 1982 85157x 48%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 2302x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 7778x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 4189x 49%
Elevator Action 1983 12627x 53%
Enduro 1983 52379x 69%
Entombed 1982 5117x 79%
Escape from the M... 1982 10480x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 9997x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 14885x 73%
Fast Food 1982 14461x 79%
Fatal Run 1989 11483x 71%
Fire Fighter 1982 12212x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 5306x 47%
Fireball 1982 1363x 35%
Fishing Derby 1980 14085x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 7893x 68%
Flash Gordon 1983 7389x 63%
Football 1978 14134x 58%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 7741x 69%
Freeway 1981 18148x 76%
Frogger 1981 37301x 66%
Frogger 2 1984 12868x 72%
Frogs and Flies 1982 15333x 78%
Front Line 1982 9639x 64%
Frostbite 1983 32595x 72%
Galaxian 1979 69143x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 10626x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 6673x 59%
General Re-Treat 1982 11905x 51%
Ghostbusters 1984 8723x 55%
Gigolo 1982 6816x 57%
Golf 1980 7787x 61%
Gopher 1982 10832x 69%
Gorf 1981 17506x 69%
Grand Prix 1982 16914x 65%
Gravitar 1982 9405x 66%
Gremlins 1984 3203x 78%
Gyruss 1983 7849x 62%
H.E.R.O. 1984 39466x 81%
Halloween 1983 5231x 70%
Hangman 1978 15239x 57%
Haunted House 1981 19811x 62%
Home Run 1978 4499x 64%
Human Cannonball 1978 11843x 61%
Ice Hockey 1981 15675x 70%
Ikari Warriors 1986 10374x 70%
International Soccer 1982 12016x 68%
James Bond 007 1983 1216x 40%
Jawbreaker 1982 26232x 69%
Journey Escape 1982 1724x 56%
Joust 1982 17258x 69%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 38946x 73%
Jungle Hunt 1983 41339x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 18639x 60%
Kangaroo 1983 22185x 62%
Karate 1982 16463x 56%
Keystone Kapers 1983 35500x 67%
King Kong 1982 28470x 59%
Klax 1989 8105x 75%
Knight on the Town 1982 2903x 48%
Krull 1983 4670x 38%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 13500x 79%
Lady Bug 1981 16812x 69%
Laser Blast 1981 11164x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 11991x 64%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 10170x 75%
Lost Luggage 1982 2069x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 12272x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 3113x 56%
Mangia' 1983 2524x 55%
Mario Bros. 1983 38889x 60%
Master Builder 1983 9467x 75%
Masters of the Universe 1983 2203x 57%
Math Gran Prix 1982 3084x 60%
Maze Craze 1980 17025x 79%
Mega Force 1982 8611x 70%
Megamania 1982 44001x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 14698x 76%
Millipede 1982 12119x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 10958x 79%
Miner 2049er II 1983 6134x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 8982x 68%
Missile Command 1981 27921x 68%
Missile Control 1983 2788x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 102672x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 30366x 73%
Motocross 1983 9947x 67%
Mountain King 1983 9240x 68%
Mouse Trap 1981 11342x 82%
Mr. Do! 1982 12836x 76%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 1299x 50%
Mr. Postman 1983 6163x 71%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 19692x 77%
Name This Game 1982 11720x 59%
Nuts 1983 6670x 58%
Obelix 1983 4704x 51%
Oink! 1983 10959x 57%
Othello 1980 9432x 66%
Outlaw 1977 17616x 61%
Pac Kong 1983 17271x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 14368x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 15502x 58%
Pengo 1983 13219x 57%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 3704x 65%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 12183x 77%
Phoenix 1980 35414x 71%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 33330x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 172411x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 9798x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 14428x 69%
Polaris 1980 1562x 63%
Pole Position 1982 53092x 69%
Pooyan 1982 10878x 73%
Popeye 1982 16463x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 12521x 70%
Private Eye 1983 5104x 55%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 8674x 49%
Q*bert 1982 14483x 67%
Racquetball 1981 9039x 58%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 24991x 56%
Rampage 1986 10813x 62%
Reactor 1982 4132x 53%
RealSports Baseball 1982 1136x 65%
RealSports Boxing 1987 37428x 65%
RealSports Football 1982 932x 35%
RealSports Soccer 1982 9931x 62%
RealSports Tennis 1983 7060x 48%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 11174x 77%
River Raid 1982 279521x 65%
River Raid II 1988 23641x 62%
Road Runner 1985 14778x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 7138x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 14460x 71%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 1463x 56%
Room of Doom 1982 10056x 75%
Save Mary 1990 13761x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 8426x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 12627x 66%
Seaquest 1983 40591x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 12715x 72%
Skeet Shoot 1981 4121x 48%
Skiing 1980 13095x 76%
Sky Diver 1978 9521x 73%
Sky Jinks 1982 8464x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 1467x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 6610x 62%
Slot Racers 1978 7281x 70%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 17836x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 18941x 66%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 13189x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 15396x 74%
Solaris 1986 13479x 69%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 1917x 39%
Space Cavern 1982 21400x 48%
Space Invaders 1978 59866x 68%
Space Jockey 1982 7034x 71%
Space Shuttle 1983 5654x 47%
Space War 1978 12686x 64%
Spacechase 1981 2281x 70%
Spider Fighter 1982 14085x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 27277x 67%
Sprint Master 1988 9757x 62%
Spy Hunter 1983 13043x 83%
Squeeze Box 1982 6738x 69%
Stampede 1981 14691x 64%
Star Fox 1983 8796x 50%
Star Raiders 1982 14185x 55%
Star Ship 1977 7246x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 3379x 35%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 3944x 43%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 11994x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 20971x 68%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 22753x 61%
Starmaster 1982 11445x 68%
Steeplechase 1975 5339x 52%
Stellar Track 1981 3202x 74%
Strategy X 1981 11180x 83%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 429x 23%
Sub Scan 1982 12467x 59%
Subterranea 1983 9202x 68%
Super Breakout 1979 30967x 59%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 8015x 57%
Super Challenge Football 1982 8409x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 14698x 57%
Superman 1978 23251x 84%
Surround 1977 14092x 70%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 11330x 77%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 8571x 68%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 8067x 47%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 13532x 74%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 17487x 59%
Tapeworm 1982 2348x 80%
Tapper 1984 21308x 74%
Taz 1983 13569x 60%
Tennis 1981 21959x 64%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 19585x 70%
The Official Frogger 1984 17096x 74%
Thunderground 1983 9877x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 9772x 73%
Tom Boy 1982 16416x 72%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 2765x 57%
Towering Inferno 1982 6471x 48%
Track & Field 1984 9703x 60%
Trick Shot 1982 10513x 73%
Tunnel Runner 1983 13075x 80%
Turmoil 1982 11634x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 10383x 58%
Vanguard 1982 16885x 71%
Venture 1981 9271x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 8705x 58%
Video Chess 1979 10922x 61%
Video Olympics 1977 8126x 64%
Video Pinball 1980 17088x 61%
Wabbit 1982 9967x 60%
Walker 1983 5980x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 7196x 54%
Warlords 1981 17409x 68%
Winter Games 1985 18117x 61%
Wizard of Wor 1980 7711x 59%
Worm War I 1982 12097x 78%
X-Man 1983 50450x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 8545x 64%
Xevious 1982 9677x 59%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 18768x 76%
Z-Tack 1983 3027x 52%
Zaxxon 1982 15938x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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