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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 17385x 67%
Adventure 1980 56005x 70%
Adventures of TRON 1982 18548x 65%
Air Raiders 1982 22880x 70%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 15311x 60%
Airlock 1982 1460x 47%
Alien 1982 13543x 70%
Amidar 1983 16558x 72%
Artillery Duel 1983 16013x 53%
Assault 1983 11710x 43%
Asteroids 1979 30195x 70%
Atlantis 1982 13833x 72%
BMX Air Master 1989 12965x 76%
Backgammon 1979 10055x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 13480x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 11231x 62%
Basic Math 1977 10056x 55%
Basketball 1978 18753x 75%
Battlezone 1980 20920x 73%
Beamrider 1983 12150x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 5264x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 27236x 55%
Berzerk 1982 18350x 81%
Blackjack 1977 7007x 63%
Blueprint 1982 1988x 65%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 12878x 81%
Boing! 1983 1776x 60%
Bowling 1979 12964x 63%
Boxing 1980 32573x 72%
Breakout 1978 31948x 62%
Bridge 1980 5188x 45%
Buck Rogers 1982 1168x 75%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 12716x 87%
Bumper Bash 1983 3239x 52%
BurgerTime 1982 11019x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 6201x 66%
California Games 1987 8309x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 11125x 55%
Carnival 1982 15249x 76%
Casino 1978 8741x 49%
Centipede 1980 24503x 73%
Challenge 1980 1182x 62%
Checkers 1980 8621x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 13187x 65%
Circus Atari 1980 15988x 63%
CocoNuts 1982 4676x 60%
Combat 1977 22816x 74%
Combat Two 1982 8645x 73%
Commando 1985 7474x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 9042x 78%
Communist Mutants 1982 7753x 85%
Condor Attack 1983 9022x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 8590x 84%
Cosmic Ark 1982 8215x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 6906x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 4710x 30%
Crackpots 1983 8952x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 3838x 48%
Crossbow 1983 5280x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 10306x 69%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 79202x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 12810x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 4673x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 6904x 62%
Decathlon 1983 25530x 63%
Defender 1980 17656x 65%
Defender II 1981 11865x 85%
Demolition Herby 1982 5210x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 18063x 81%
Desert Falcon 1987 1447x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 13552x 76%
Dishaster 1983 4693x 27%
Dodge ’Em 1980 16992x 60%
Dolphin 1983 6142x 68%
Donkey Kong 1981 30343x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 14938x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 9107x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 4164x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 9937x 71%
Dragonfire 1982 10201x 83%
Dragster 1980 14838x 74%
E.T. 1982 64279x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 383x 75%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 5821x 56%
Edtris 2600 1995 976x 30%
Elevator Action 1983 10231x 53%
Enduro 1983 40456x 74%
Entombed 1982 2734x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 7490x 74%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 7116x 58%
Fast Eddie 1982 12102x 76%
Fast Food 1982 11418x 88%
Fatal Run 1989 9394x 85%
Fire Fighter 1982 9624x 76%
Fire Fly 1983 3146x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 10714x 68%
Flag Capture 1978 5857x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 5205x 66%
Football 1978 8577x 51%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 5359x 61%
Freeway 1981 13954x 78%
Frogger 1981 23935x 68%
Frogger 2 1984 10062x 85%
Frogs and Flies 1982 12191x 78%
Front Line 1982 7540x 86%
Frostbite 1983 25167x 71%
Galaxian 1979 55348x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 8062x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 4458x 75%
General Re-Treat 1982 6185x 49%
Ghostbusters 1984 6277x 59%
Gigolo 1982 2538x 77%
Golf 1980 5626x 49%
Gopher 1982 8531x 87%
Gorf 1981 11049x 73%
Grand Prix 1982 13453x 63%
Gravitar 1982 6916x 66%
Gremlins 1984 813x 70%
Gyruss 1983 5934x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 28180x 81%
Halloween 1983 1122x 62%
Hangman 1978 12157x 57%
Haunted House 1981 14732x 67%
Home Run 1978 2523x 52%
Human Cannonball 1978 9306x 62%
Ice Hockey 1981 12420x 74%
Ikari Warriors 1986 8507x 74%
International Soccer 1982 9223x 78%
Jawbreaker 1982 20018x 75%
Joust 1982 11537x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 29166x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 31737x 75%
Kaboom! 1981 13064x 65%
Kangaroo 1983 17483x 60%
Karate 1982 12376x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 27685x 69%
King Kong 1982 21943x 58%
Klax 1989 6389x 75%
Krull 1983 2770x 24%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 10745x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 12547x 66%
Laser Blast 1981 8195x 64%
Laser Gates 1983 9412x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 6872x 62%
Lost Luggage 1982 168x 40%
M*A*S*H 1982 8980x 63%
M.A.D. 1982 774x 35%
Mario Bros. 1983 29337x 62%
Master Builder 1983 7245x 70%
Math Gran Prix 1982 1017x 83%
Maze Craze 1980 13648x 78%
Mega Force 1982 6660x 65%
Megamania 1982 33527x 80%
Midnight Magic 1984 11912x 74%
Millipede 1982 9315x 78%
Miner 2049er 1982 8357x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 4415x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 6800x 71%
Missile Command 1981 16096x 71%
Missile Control 1983 838x 59%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 75420x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 21015x 75%
Motocross 1983 7850x 71%
Mountain King 1983 6486x 85%
Mouse Trap 1981 7360x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 10309x 78%
Mr. Postman 1983 3170x 71%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 12700x 75%
Name This Game 1982 8962x 59%
Nuts 1983 4741x 53%
Obelix 1983 2396x 30%
Oink! 1983 8694x 59%
Othello 1980 6957x 67%
Outlaw 1977 13854x 63%
Pac Kong 1983 13186x 55%
Pac-Man 1980 101884x 61%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 12625x 56%
Pengo 1983 10197x 60%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 9511x 77%
Phoenix 1980 27593x 71%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 24107x 77%
Pitfall! 1982 125714x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 7714x 70%
Plaque Attack 1983 11257x 69%
Pole Position 1982 40632x 74%
Pooyan 1982 9166x 85%
Popeye 1982 12696x 87%
Pressure Cooker 1983 9625x 73%
Private Eye 1983 3434x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 6214x 48%
Q*bert 1982 10241x 66%
Racquetball 1981 6688x 58%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 19452x 54%
Rampage 1986 8577x 63%
Reactor 1982 2303x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 22597x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 7710x 60%
RealSports Tennis 1983 4926x 43%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 8801x 78%
River Raid 1982 205350x 66%
River Raid II 1988 17913x 62%
Road Runner 1985 11350x 82%
Robin Hood 1983 5081x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 10879x 75%
Room of Doom 1982 7653x 75%
Save Mary 1990 10364x 65%
Save Our Ship 1983 5622x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 9241x 64%
Seaquest 1983 30673x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 9553x 72%
Skeet Shoot 1981 2165x 60%
Skiing 1980 10146x 75%
Sky Diver 1978 6978x 69%
Sky Jinks 1982 6481x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 4445x 58%
Slot Racers 1978 5211x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 14262x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 15857x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 9681x 79%
Solar Fox 1983 11918x 73%
Solaris 1986 10378x 68%
Space Cavern 1982 8950x 38%
Space Invaders 1978 38523x 69%
Space Jockey 1982 4879x 55%
Space Shuttle 1983 3003x 51%
Space War 1978 8853x 67%
Spacechase 1981 578x 50%
Spider Fighter 1982 11073x 73%
Spider-Man 1982 21184x 66%
Sprint Master 1988 7612x 65%
Spy Hunter 1983 10315x 81%
Squeeze Box 1982 4477x 86%
Stampede 1981 11751x 64%
Star Fox 1983 6260x 49%
Star Raiders 1982 10631x 52%
Star Ship 1977 4695x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 1469x 60%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 1169x 37%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 8571x 85%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 13644x 66%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 11552x 59%
Starmaster 1982 8673x 66%
Steeplechase 1975 3326x 53%
Stellar Track 1981 1356x 74%
Strategy X 1981 8735x 83%
Sub Scan 1982 9752x 61%
Subterranea 1983 7190x 87%
Super Breakout 1979 22099x 58%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 5869x 54%
Super Challenge Football 1982 5791x 45%
Super Cobra 1981 11743x 55%
Superman 1978 14841x 76%
Surround 1977 10863x 72%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 7719x 79%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 6151x 63%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 4180x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 9420x 72%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 13238x 63%
Tapper 1984 14537x 76%
Taz 1983 10619x 62%
Tennis 1981 15694x 65%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 14753x 70%
The Official Frogger 1984 12736x 79%
Thunderground 1983 7995x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 7188x 73%
Tom Boy 1982 12926x 75%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 976x 80%
Towering Inferno 1982 4684x 40%
Track & Field 1984 7445x 63%
Trick Shot 1982 7856x 83%
Tunnel Runner 1983 10112x 78%
Turmoil 1982 8804x 66%
Universal Chaos 1983 7887x 58%
Vanguard 1982 13192x 72%
Venture 1981 6357x 64%
Video Checkers 1980 6283x 61%
Video Chess 1979 7669x 64%
Video Olympics 1977 4609x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 13104x 63%
Wabbit 1982 7817x 64%
Walker 1983 4089x 36%
Wall-Defender 1983 5112x 55%
Warlords 1981 13303x 67%
Winter Games 1985 14582x 67%
Wizard of Wor 1980 4022x 75%
Worm War I 1982 8769x 81%
X-Man 1983 37770x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 6744x 66%
Xevious 1982 7681x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 13232x 75%
Z-Tack 1983 714x 50%
Zaxxon 1982 12088x 69%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids


 

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