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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 30160x 62%
Acid Drop 1992 10256x 53%
Adventure 1980 127809x 72%
Adventures of TRON 1982 31116x 66%
Air Raid 1982 643x 48%
Air Raiders 1982 35841x 68%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 44808x 64%
Airlock 1982 7809x 53%
Alien 1982 21990x 69%
Amidar 1983 26522x 64%
Armor Battle 1979 3711x 54%
Artillery Duel 1983 26302x 44%
Assault 1983 19412x 46%
Asteroids 1979 49776x 73%
Astrosmash 1981 4221x 65%
Atari Video Cube 1982 1316x 72%
Atlantis 1982 20624x 71%
BMX Air Master 1989 18771x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 9531x 30%
Backgammon 1979 15903x 56%
Bank Heist 1983 19559x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 17065x 59%
Basic Math 1977 15889x 59%
Basketball 1978 29467x 73%
Battlezone 1980 34691x 71%
Beamrider 1983 19086x 70%
Beany Bopper 1982 9167x 74%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 45073x 53%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 3047x 50%
Berzerk 1982 44186x 78%
Blackjack 1977 11713x 57%
Blueprint 1982 5855x 45%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 22234x 79%
Boing! 1983 5465x 65%
Bowling 1979 21525x 65%
Boxing 1980 55302x 69%
Breakout 1978 73829x 57%
Bridge 1980 8842x 33%
Buck Rogers 1982 5382x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 17535x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 8986x 52%
BurgerTime 1982 16832x 69%
Burning Desire 1982 15348x 52%
California Games 1987 13580x 62%
Canyon Bomber 1978 19326x 55%
Carnival 1982 21094x 74%
Casino 1978 15457x 48%
Centipede 1980 43387x 73%
Challenge 1980 4990x 73%
Checkers 1980 13691x 59%
Chopper Command 1982 21550x 63%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 2354x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 26012x 58%
CocoNuts 1982 8422x 51%
Combat 1977 40280x 71%
Combat Two 1982 13655x 73%
Commando 1985 11908x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 13939x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 22265x 72%
Condor Attack 1983 13691x 72%
Congo Bongo 1983 13340x 68%
Cosmic Ark 1982 12978x 75%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 10767x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 8245x 43%
Crackpots 1983 13744x 76%
Crazy Climber 1980 8252x 53%
Crossbow 1983 8932x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 1626x 50%
Crystal Castles 1983 16221x 60%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 111217x 63%
Dark Cavern 1982 19724x 62%
Dark Chambers 1988 8631x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 14014x 64%
Decathlon 1983 44256x 61%
Defender 1980 31847x 70%
Defender II 1981 17736x 76%
Demolition Herby 1982 8523x 42%
Demon Attack 1982 32506x 82%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 2647x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 4793x 79%
Dig Dug 1982 25318x 72%
Dishaster 1983 8420x 34%
Dodge ’Em 1980 24929x 61%
Dolphin 1983 10732x 70%
Donkey Kong 1981 50076x 64%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 21924x 70%
Double Dragon 1987 13118x 51%
Dragon Defender 1982 7742x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 27660x 64%
Dragonfire 1982 16032x 77%
Dragster 1980 27559x 66%
E.T. 1982 113424x 47%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 4286x 54%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 9636x 54%
Edtris 2600 1995 7019x 49%
Eggomania 1983 2159x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 14706x 53%
Enduro 1983 63302x 69%
Entombed 1982 9046x 63%
Escape from the M... 1982 15232x 70%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 12553x 56%
Fast Eddie 1982 17498x 75%
Fast Food 1982 16755x 78%
Fatal Run 1989 13309x 72%
Fathom 1983 1830x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 14579x 68%
Fire Fly 1983 7483x 44%
Fireball 1982 3112x 57%
Fishing Derby 1980 17034x 63%
Flag Capture 1978 9811x 62%
Flash Gordon 1983 10073x 60%
Football 1978 24118x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 10173x 71%
Freeway 1981 23904x 77%
Frogger 1981 47421x 66%
Frogger 2 1984 15361x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 18192x 78%
Front Line 1982 11245x 63%
Frostbite 1983 42247x 74%
Galaxian 1979 83524x 69%
Gamma-Attack 1983 1231x 61%
Gangster Alley 1982 14984x 60%
Gas Hog 1983 8669x 61%
General Re-Treat 1982 15639x 53%
Ghostbusters 1984 11152x 56%
Gigolo 1982 9869x 54%
Golf 1980 10085x 60%
Gopher 1982 12828x 69%
Gorf 1981 21299x 63%
Grand Prix 1982 20319x 66%
Gravitar 1982 12072x 67%
Gremlins 1984 5463x 70%
Ground Zero 1983 1322x 32%
Gyruss 1983 9446x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 51767x 81%
Halloween 1983 10166x 74%
Hangman 1978 17899x 57%
Haunted House 1981 24584x 65%
Home Run 1978 6381x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 14176x 60%
Ice Hockey 1981 18747x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 12720x 70%
International Soccer 1982 14355x 67%
James Bond 007 1983 3065x 33%
Jawbreaker 1982 31650x 70%
Journey Escape 1982 3651x 56%
Joust 1982 20555x 68%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 47864x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 52262x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 61%
Kangaroo 1983 25949x 61%
Karate 1982 19284x 55%
Keystone Kapers 1983 46756x 67%
King Kong 1982 34252x 61%
Klax 1989 10185x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 5719x 53%
Krull 1983 6335x 36%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 15939x 78%
Lady Bug 1981 21501x 70%
Laser Blast 1981 14308x 62%
Laser Gates 1983 14291x 65%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 12629x 76%
Lost Luggage 1982 3616x 48%
M*A*S*H 1982 15596x 61%
M.A.D. 1982 5446x 59%
Mangia' 1983 4099x 55%
Marauder 1982 2242x 50%
Mario Bros. 1983 47052x 60%
Master Builder 1983 11525x 70%
Masters of the Universe 1983 4741x 55%
Math Gran Prix 1982 5082x 60%
Maze Craze 1980 20617x 79%
Mega Force 1982 10246x 70%
Megamania 1982 55887x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 17455x 77%
Millipede 1982 14125x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 13235x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 7955x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 11121x 69%
Missile Command 1981 48231x 67%
Missile Control 1983 4907x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 132652x 66%
Moon Patrol 1982 40012x 73%
MotoRodeo 1990 2535x 78%
Motocross 1983 11955x 68%
Mountain King 1983 15199x 68%
Mouse Trap 1981 15659x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 14884x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 3257x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 8554x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 26563x 73%
Name This Game 1982 14100x 59%
Nuts 1983 8509x 58%
Obelix 1983 6894x 52%
Off the Wall 1989 1955x 57%
Oink! 1983 13138x 58%
Othello 1980 11749x 65%
Outlaw 1977 21250x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 21868x 51%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 17910x 58%
Pengo 1983 15765x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 12836x 64%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 17474x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 2222x 70%
Phoenix 1980 42759x 70%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 43393x 78%
Pitfall! 1982 225979x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 11825x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 17530x 68%
Polaris 1980 3634x 68%
Pole Position 1982 67031x 69%
Pooyan 1982 12494x 73%
Popeye 1982 21757x 77%
Pressure Cooker 1983 14620x 71%
Private Eye 1983 6702x 67%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 11010x 51%
Q*bert 1982 18168x 71%
Racquetball 1981 11457x 55%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 29775x 56%
Rampage 1986 12922x 62%
Reactor 1982 5911x 61%
RealSports Baseball 1982 2805x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 55995x 62%
RealSports Football 1982 3887x 47%
RealSports Soccer 1982 12196x 63%
RealSports Tennis 1983 10763x 45%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 13198x 79%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 642x 85%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 1594x 48%
River Raid 1982 371217x 65%
River Raid II 1988 30206x 59%
Road Runner 1985 17456x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 8958x 60%
Robot Tank 1983 17447x 73%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 3255x 59%
Room of Doom 1982 12145x 75%
Save Mary 1990 16978x 62%
Save Our Ship 1983 10379x 61%
Sea Hawk 1982 14620x 66%
Seaquest 1983 50617x 75%
Secret Quest 1989 17507x 71%
Skeet Shoot 1981 5942x 48%
Skiing 1980 16891x 71%
Sky Diver 1978 12230x 77%
Sky Jinks 1982 10189x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 2984x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 8603x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 9022x 73%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 21213x 72%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 22052x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 16460x 77%
Solar Fox 1983 18984x 70%
Solar Storm 1983 1528x 80%
Solaris 1986 16139x 69%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 3561x 48%
Space Cavern 1982 35092x 49%
Space Invaders 1978 81446x 64%
Space Jockey 1982 13245x 69%
Space Shuttle 1983 8754x 55%
Space War 1978 16661x 55%
Spacechase 1981 3906x 75%
Spider Fighter 1982 18170x 77%
Spider-Man 1982 32878x 68%
Sprint Master 1988 12154x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 15565x 80%
Squeeze Box 1982 8412x 71%
Stampede 1981 17911x 66%
Star Fox 1983 11040x 51%
Star Raiders 1982 17256x 54%
Star Ship 1977 9557x 73%
Star Voyager 1982 5168x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 11475x 57%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 17718x 65%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 28248x 65%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 58363x 60%
Stargunner 1982 2822x 69%
Starmaster 1982 15229x 70%
Steeplechase 1975 7303x 54%
Stellar Track 1981 5291x 74%
Strategy X 1981 13513x 77%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 2047x 49%
Sub Scan 1982 14838x 56%
Subterranea 1983 10933x 70%
Summer Games 1984 1369x 55%
Super Breakout 1979 38338x 59%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 10010x 55%
Super Challenge Football 1982 10292x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 17236x 57%
Superman 1978 30309x 82%
Surround 1977 16721x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 14225x 69%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 10823x 71%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 9973x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 1253x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 20543x 74%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 20501x 61%
Tapeworm 1982 6928x 77%
Tapper 1984 30189x 71%
Taz 1983 16155x 59%
Tennis 1981 26668x 58%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 23530x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 21586x 74%
Thunderground 1983 11693x 69%
Time Pilot 1982 12527x 69%
Tom Boy 1982 19635x 73%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 4794x 56%
Towering Inferno 1982 8081x 58%
Track & Field 1984 11667x 56%
Trick Shot 1982 12456x 66%
Tunnel Runner 1983 15613x 77%
Turmoil 1982 13911x 61%
Universal Chaos 1983 12498x 58%
Vanguard 1982 20327x 71%
Venture 1981 12432x 62%
Video Checkers 1980 11066x 59%
Video Chess 1979 14051x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 11761x 63%
Video Pinball 1980 22047x 63%
Wabbit 1982 12006x 60%
Walker 1983 7776x 37%
Wall-Defender 1983 9616x 52%
Warlords 1981 21988x 71%
Wing War 1983 1626x 57%
Winter Games 1985 21110x 60%
Wizard of Wor 1980 11568x 59%
Worm War I 1982 14365x 73%
X-Man 1983 60435x 57%
Xenophobe 1988 11131x 65%
Xevious 1982 13486x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 23697x 77%
Z-Tack 1983 9060x 52%
Zaxxon 1982 18719x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout


 

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