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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 39689x 61%
Acid Drop 1992 19371x 51%
Adventure 1980 206751x 73%
Adventures of TRON 1982 40229x 64%
Air Raid 1982 10056x 45%
Air Raiders 1982 45990x 67%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 77201x 68%
Airlock 1982 12868x 50%
Alien 1982 29078x 66%
Amidar 1983 34412x 62%
Armor Battle 1979 8127x 68%
Artillery Duel 1983 36284x 38%
Assault 1983 24870x 46%
Asteroids 1979 60930x 72%
Astrosmash 1981 9050x 69%
Atari Video Cube 1982 7793x 63%
Atlantis 1982 27102x 73%
BMX Air Master 1989 23804x 69%
Bachelor Party 1983 20304x 31%
Backgammon 1979 20695x 55%
Bank Heist 1983 25831x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 22295x 64%
Basic Math 1977 21732x 59%
Basketball 1978 39892x 69%
Battlezone 1980 48576x 72%
Beamrider 1983 25350x 69%
Beany Bopper 1982 13334x 78%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 61862x 52%
Bermuda Triangle 1982 7406x 43%
Berzerk 1982 73070x 76%
Blackjack 1977 16496x 55%
Blueprint 1982 9889x 52%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 28940x 79%
Boing! 1983 9796x 64%
Bowling 1979 31338x 68%
Boxing 1980 74288x 70%
Breakout 1978 99479x 56%
Bridge 1980 12350x 58%
Buck Rogers 1982 9467x 73%
Bugs 1982 3848x 60%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 22129x 78%
Bumper Bash 1983 14404x 52%
BurgerTime 1982 22293x 71%
Burning Desire 1982 23785x 43%
California Games 1987 18441x 64%
Canyon Bomber 1978 24620x 54%
Carnival 1982 26470x 76%
Casino 1978 21110x 51%
Centipede 1980 52609x 73%
Challenge 1980 8870x 73%
Checkers 1980 18422x 56%
Chopper Command 1982 29277x 61%
Chuck Norris Superkicks 1983 6146x 50%
Circus Atari 1980 34852x 60%
CocoNuts 1982 12065x 51%
Combat 1977 55105x 70%
Combat Two 1982 18134x 71%
Commando 1985 16288x 62%
Commando Raid 1982 18769x 80%
Communist Mutants 1982 41582x 69%
Condor Attack 1983 18031x 66%
Congo Bongo 1983 17982x 71%
Conquest of Mars 1981 6213x 81%
Cosmic Ark 1982 17388x 76%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 14121x 61%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 11880x 43%
Crack'ed 1988 2044x 50%
Crackpots 1983 17957x 77%
Crazy Climber 1980 12868x 53%
Crossbow 1983 12547x 59%
Crypts of Chaos 1982 5216x 63%
Crystal Castles 1983 24080x 55%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 140524x 62%
Dark Cavern 1982 25686x 63%
Dark Chambers 1988 12014x 59%
Deadly Duck 1982 28922x 64%
Decathlon 1983 61725x 62%
Defender 1980 42112x 71%
Defender II 1981 23307x 77%
Demolition Herby 1982 12576x 50%
Demon Attack 1982 51892x 80%
Demons to Diamonds 1982 6540x 64%
Desert Falcon 1987 8801x 66%
Dice Puzzle 1983 2264x 38%
Dig Dug 1982 34188x 71%
Dishaster 1983 12660x 39%
Dodge ’Em 1980 32637x 60%
Dolphin 1983 14896x 64%
Donkey Kong 1981 66488x 66%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 30021x 69%
Double Dragon 1987 17562x 62%
Dragon Defender 1982 11430x 62%
DragonStomper 1982 56936x 68%
Dragonfire 1982 21908x 79%
Dragster 1980 38304x 65%
E.T. 1982 168136x 46%
Earth Dies Screaming 1983 7925x 51%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 13542x 52%
Edtris 2600 1995 11888x 49%
Eggomania 1983 6754x 60%
Elevator Action 1983 18691x 51%
Enduro 1983 82485x 69%
Entombed 1982 13884x 64%
Escape from the M... 1982 26994x 71%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 18260x 57%
Fast Eddie 1982 22779x 73%
Fast Food 1982 21784x 77%
Fatal Run 1989 18551x 72%
Fathom 1983 5309x 67%
Fire Fighter 1982 19375x 63%
Fire Fly 1983 11356x 41%
Fireball 1982 7524x 45%
Fishing Derby 1980 23729x 62%
Flag Capture 1978 14191x 67%
Flash Gordon 1983 14361x 62%
Football 1978 44220x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 16102x 71%
Freeway 1981 44817x 67%
Frogger 1981 64090x 64%
Frogger 2 1984 20490x 73%
Frogs and Flies 1982 24311x 80%
Front Line 1982 14868x 61%
Frostbite 1983 55641x 74%
Galaxian 1979 101985x 70%
Gamma-Attack 1983 5707x 55%
Gangster Alley 1982 19890x 58%
Gas Hog 1983 12222x 64%
General Re-Treat 1982 24859x 56%
Ghost Manor 1983 1193x 60%
Ghostbusters 1984 16517x 56%
Gigolo 1982 16645x 60%
Glacier Patrol 1988 3325x 65%
Golf 1980 14918x 60%
Gopher 1982 17052x 71%
Gorf 1981 28041x 63%
Grand Prix 1982 27752x 65%
Gravitar 1982 18676x 64%
Gremlins 1984 10426x 69%
Ground Zero 1983 6355x 50%
Gyruss 1983 12834x 63%
H.E.R.O. 1984 90779x 80%
Halloween 1983 19409x 71%
Hangman 1978 23355x 57%
Haunted House 1981 34672x 67%
Home Run 1978 10838x 53%
Human Cannonball 1978 19499x 62%
Ice Hockey 1981 25426x 71%
Ikari Warriors 1986 16162x 68%
Infiltrate 1982 2266x 78%
International Soccer 1982 19509x 70%
James Bond 007 1983 7492x 41%
Jawbreaker 1982 42627x 69%
Journey Escape 1982 8060x 60%
Joust 1982 26615x 70%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 65527x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 73571x 72%
Kaboom! 1981 0x 62%
Kangaroo 1983 33341x 63%
Karate 1982 24923x 52%
Keystone Kapers 1983 82837x 69%
King Kong 1982 44133x 60%
Klax 1989 14209x 76%
Knight on the Town 1982 11197x 62%
Krull 1983 10243x 41%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 21037x 72%
Lady Bug 1981 31550x 67%
Laser Blast 1981 24102x 63%
Laser Gates 1983 19128x 71%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 18171x 74%
Lost Luggage 1982 18792x 35%
M*A*S*H 1982 21197x 63%
M.A.D. 1982 10131x 59%
Mangia' 1983 8111x 57%
Marauder 1982 5761x 58%
Mario Bros. 1983 65906x 59%
Master Builder 1983 15586x 61%
Masters of the Universe 1983 10212x 43%
Math Gran Prix 1982 8892x 51%
Maze Craze 1980 27418x 77%
Mega Force 1982 13742x 65%
Megamania 1982 83499x 81%
Midnight Magic 1984 23385x 79%
Millipede 1982 18580x 76%
Miner 2049er 1982 17211x 77%
Miner 2049er II 1983 12053x 43%
Miniature Golf 1979 15336x 67%
Missile Command 1981 81897x 68%
Missile Control 1983 9200x 58%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 183885x 65%
Moon Patrol 1982 57383x 73%
Moonsweeper 1983 2528x 53%
MotoRodeo 1990 6508x 84%
Motocross 1983 16040x 71%
Mountain King 1983 38078x 72%
Mouse Trap 1981 22254x 81%
Mr. Do! 1982 19191x 72%
Mr. Do!'s Castle 1983 6857x 63%
Mr. Postman 1983 12985x 72%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 40971x 74%
Name This Game 1982 18759x 59%
Night Driver 1976 1900x 50%
Nuts 1983 13124x 62%
Obelix 1983 11391x 54%
Off the Wall 1989 6294x 68%
Oink! 1983 17592x 59%
Othello 1980 17066x 65%
Outlaw 1977 29242x 60%
Pac Kong 1983 28883x 52%
Pac-Man 1980 0x 62%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 23346x 57%
Pengo 1983 20885x 53%
Pepsi Invaders 1983 26794x 66%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 22316x 77%
Phaser Patrol 1982 7477x 70%
Phoenix 1980 54582x 69%
Pigs in Space 1983 3435x 55%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 65658x 73%
Pitfall! 1982 317425x 76%
Planet Patrol 1982 15923x 75%
Plaque Attack 1983 23324x 70%
Polaris 1980 8317x 78%
Pole Position 1982 90533x 68%
Pooyan 1982 15876x 70%
Popeye 1982 27645x 75%
Pressure Cooker 1983 18890x 72%
Private Eye 1983 10280x 75%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 15584x 51%
Q*bert 1982 25507x 69%
Qb 1984 1332x 40%
Racquetball 1981 15627x 56%
Radar Lock 1989 1941x 40%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 39311x 56%
Ram It 1982 589x 45%
Rampage 1986 17040x 64%
Reactor 1982 10338x 69%
RealSports Baseball 1982 6891x 77%
RealSports Boxing 1987 91654x 58%
RealSports Football 1982 25275x 47%
RealSports Soccer 1982 16263x 64%
RealSports Tennis 1983 16965x 53%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 17731x 72%
Reindeer Rescue 2005 4291x 72%
Revenge of the Beef... 1983 4809x 65%
Riddle of the Sphinx 1982 2310x 60%
River Raid 1982 539053x 65%
River Raid II 1988 44843x 58%
Road Runner 1985 22048x 80%
Robin Hood 1983 12751x 67%
Robot Tank 1983 24167x 73%
Roc 'N Rope 1983 6963x 57%
Room of Doom 1982 16902x 75%
Save Mary 1990 22136x 59%
Save Our Ship 1983 14638x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 18877x 66%
Seaquest 1983 73285x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 23130x 68%
Shark Attack 1982 2608x 62%
Skeet Shoot 1981 10094x 40%
Skiing 1980 23306x 72%
Sky Diver 1978 16823x 78%
Sky Jinks 1982 13877x 72%
Sky Skipper 1983 6208x 70%
Slot Machine 1979 12431x 57%
Slot Racers 1978 13144x 78%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 28017x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 28538x 69%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 22947x 78%
Solar Fox 1983 25080x 72%
Solar Storm 1983 5811x 77%
Solaris 1986 21604x 72%
Sorcerer's Apprentice 1983 7693x 55%
Space Attack 1979 4710x 53%
Space Cavern 1982 64020x 52%
Space Invaders 1978 115827x 63%
Space Jockey 1982 27408x 72%
Space Shuttle 1983 17904x 57%
Space War 1978 24326x 52%
Spacechase 1981 7624x 74%
Spider Fighter 1982 24600x 76%
Spider-Man 1982 46133x 66%
Sprint Master 1988 16126x 61%
Spy Hunter 1983 20471x 76%
Squeeze Box 1982 11781x 71%
Stampede 1981 25262x 64%
Star Fox 1983 15253x 55%
Star Raiders 1982 24042x 52%
Star Ship 1977 14526x 75%
Star Trek: Strategic ... 1982 4128x 49%
Star Voyager 1982 9262x 57%
Star Wars: Jedi Arena 1983 31287x 54%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 25728x 66%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 40441x 65%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 100964x 61%
Stargunner 1982 6736x 63%
Starmaster 1982 20124x 62%
Steeplechase 1975 11691x 50%
Stellar Track 1981 9274x 72%
Strategy X 1981 18360x 78%
Strawberry Shortcake 1983 5822x 46%
Street Racer 1977 1268x 50%
Sub Scan 1982 19541x 61%
Submarine Commander 1982 3128x 57%
Subterranea 1983 14650x 72%
Suicide Mission 1982 2089x 50%
Summer Games 1984 5048x 75%
Super Breakout 1979 50925x 57%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 14542x 57%
Super Challenge Football 1982 14607x 54%
Super Cobra 1981 22196x 58%
Super Football 1989 1457x 80%
Superman 1978 43007x 83%
Surround 1977 22482x 69%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 23052x 68%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 15723x 66%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 14080x 51%
TMP Wrestling 1987 4316x 50%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 38301x 75%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 26726x 61%
Tapeworm 1982 11555x 81%
Tapper 1984 40466x 73%
Taz 1983 21900x 59%
Tennis 1981 36907x 59%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 31140x 69%
The Official Frogger 1984 29892x 73%
Threshold 1981 4644x 20%
Thunderground 1983 16167x 67%
Time Pilot 1982 20544x 68%
Tom Boy 1982 26186x 69%
Tomcat: The F-14 ... 1988 8162x 58%
Towering Inferno 1982 11687x 50%
Track & Field 1984 16404x 55%
Trick Shot 1982 16276x 61%
Tunnel Runner 1983 22169x 81%
Turmoil 1982 19286x 65%
Tutankham 1982 2934x 55%
Universal Chaos 1983 16790x 58%
Vanguard 1982 27222x 72%
Venture 1981 18359x 61%
Video Checkers 1980 16151x 57%
Video Chess 1979 20295x 59%
Video Olympics 1977 18211x 64%
Video Pinball 1980 29946x 64%
Wabbit 1982 16315x 59%
Walker 1983 11581x 41%
Wall-Defender 1983 22023x 60%
Warlords 1981 30037x 70%
Wing War 1983 5143x 57%
Winter Games 1985 25635x 61%
Wizard of Wor 1980 18794x 61%
Word Zapper 1982 3787x 75%
Worm War I 1982 19108x 72%
X-Man 1983 77460x 55%
Xenophobe 1988 14805x 65%
Xevious 1982 18086x 58%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 34143x 79%
Z-Tack 1983 25803x 51%
Zaxxon 1982 23806x 66%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Manual: Atari_2600.pdf
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids

Atari 2600: Custer's Revenge Custer's Revenge

Atari 2600: Breakout Breakout

Atari 2600: Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back

Atari 2600: RealSports Boxing RealSports Boxing

Atari 2600: Missile Command Missile Command


 

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