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Video game console - Atari 2600

    Atari 2600 was one of the first video-gaming consoles using changeable modules with games so-called cartridges. Until then, the majority of consoles was dedicated and have built in one or more games without replacement options. The console was constructed by Joe DeCuir and Jay Miner during 1976, who later worked on the development of 8-bit Atari computers. The console went on sale in 1977 under the name Atari VCS (Video Computer System). In the eighties, it was renamed to Atari 2600 and stayed on the market until the early nineties of the 20th century. Until today, the console still belongs to the best-selling video game systems ever.
    Its hardware was fairly simple. As the CPU, processor MOS 6507 from MOS Technology company was used. This processor is stripped-down version of the 6502. It had 128 bytes of RAM memory, which was integrated in the chip RIOT (MOS6532). The graphics and sound were contolled by chip TIA. As a controller 8 directional digital joysticks with one trigger, paddle and trackball numeric keypad with 12 keys were used.
    The consoles were manufactured separately in version NTSC, PAL and SECAM. Games from individual regions were not compatible and if were used in the console from another region, the colors were displayed badly. Cartridges (modules) with games contained mostly ROM memory of 2 or 4 kilobytes. Later games were up to 32 kb in size. System of cartridges at the time was not encrypted, which allowed third companies to easily develop and sell their games. The most famous example of such producer was Activision company. Thanks to zero encryption, the library of games for the Atari 2600 has more than 1,000 titles.
    The initial price of game consoles in 1977 was set at 199 dollars and was supplied with two joysticks and game cartridges with Combat game. Almost immediately it noticed phenomenal success, and in 1979 these consoles were sold over a million copies, in 1980 two million and in 1982 even eight million. In 1985, an improved version of the console unofficially known as the Atari 2600 Jr. was released. This new variant was smaller and was sold for only $ 50. Its development was a result of the commercial failure of the Atari 5200 console (released in 1982), which should replace the popular 2600 version.
    Since today, Atari 2600 is for many people unforgettable symbol of its time. There are still a lot of fans producing new games, despite the fact that in 2007 the Atari 2600, celebrated his incredible 30th birthday.

Alphabetical list of the games for Atari 2600 hosted at RetroGames.cz:

Name Released Number of hits User rating
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe 1980 14320x 68%
Adventure 1980 36089x 72%
Adventures of TRON 1982 15569x 66%
Air Raiders 1982 19423x 69%
Air-Sea Battle 1977 12791x 57%
Alien 1982 11265x 70%
Amidar 1983 14427x 73%
Artillery Duel 1983 13524x 52%
Assault 1983 9125x 47%
Asteroids 1979 23476x 71%
Atlantis 1982 11804x 74%
BMX Air Master 1989 11194x 76%
Backgammon 1979 8552x 58%
Bank Heist 1983 11831x 67%
Barnstorming 1982 9601x 59%
Basic Math 1977 8235x 52%
Basketball 1978 15799x 75%
Battlezone 1980 17219x 72%
Beamrider 1983 10152x 68%
Beany Bopper 1982 4162x 50%
Beat ’Em & Eat ’Em 1982 22808x 61%
Berzerk 1982 13485x 81%
Blackjack 1977 5764x 68%
Blueprint 1982 986x 60%
Bobby is Going Home 1983 10357x 82%
Boing! 1983 560x 60%
Bowling 1979 10877x 65%
Boxing 1980 26901x 70%
Breakout 1978 22466x 67%
Bridge 1980 4120x 70%
Bump ’N’ Jump 1982 10943x 86%
Bumper Bash 1983 1648x 57%
BurgerTime 1982 9090x 74%
Burning Desire 1982 3798x 40%
California Games 1987 7129x 56%
Canyon Bomber 1978 9389x 52%
Carnival 1982 13370x 76%
Casino 1978 6653x 52%
Centipede 1980 18291x 72%
Checkers 1980 7313x 71%
Chopper Command 1982 11111x 62%
Circus Atari 1980 13208x 65%
CocoNuts 1982 3606x 60%
Combat 1977 17634x 72%
Combat Two 1982 7120x 71%
Commando 1985 6240x 53%
Commando Raid 1982 7766x 85%
Communist Mutants 1982 5682x 85%
Condor Attack 1983 7747x 67%
Congo Bongo 1983 7128x 84%
Cosmic Ark 1982 6923x 78%
Cosmic Commuter 1984 5801x 63%
Cosmic Swarm 1982 3544x 30%
Crackpots 1983 7483x 81%
Crazy Climber 1980 2573x 30%
Crossbow 1983 3947x 85%
Crystal Castles 1983 8538x 67%
Custer’s Revenge 1982 69193x 64%
Dark Cavern 1982 10927x 61%
Dark Chambers 1988 3619x 53%
Deadly Duck 1982 5664x 62%
Decathlon 1983 20644x 63%
Defender 1980 12756x 65%
Defender II 1981 10026x 88%
Demolition Herby 1982 4140x 48%
Demon Attack 1982 15167x 83%
Desert Falcon 1987 429x 70%
Dig Dug 1982 10907x 68%
Dishaster 1983 3483x 16%
Dodge ’Em 1980 14544x 59%
Dolphin 1983 4672x 85%
Donkey Kong 1981 23601x 65%
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982 12136x 71%
Double Dragon 1987 7826x 64%
Dragon Defender 1982 3107x 58%
DragonStomper 1982 8055x 70%
Dragonfire 1982 8398x 83%
Dragster 1980 10860x 70%
E.T. 1982 51567x 48%
Eddy Langfinger 1983 4660x 58%
Elevator Action 1983 8897x 55%
Enduro 1983 33548x 72%
Entombed 1982 1817x 73%
Escape from the M... 1982 6158x 72%
Fantastic Voyage 1982 5647x 55%
Fast Eddie 1982 10553x 74%
Fast Food 1982 9453x 87%
Fatal Run 1989 8198x 84%
Fire Fighter 1982 8195x 76%
Fire Fly 1983 1947x 58%
Fishing Derby 1980 9136x 69%
Flag Capture 1978 4544x 64%
Flash Gordon 1983 3844x 66%
Football 1978 6325x 52%
Frankenstein’s Monster 1983 3967x 57%
Freeway 1981 11607x 80%
Frogger 1981 18743x 67%
Frogger 2 1984 8453x 83%
Frogs and Flies 1982 10302x 78%
Front Line 1982 6130x 86%
Frostbite 1983 20594x 74%
Galaxian 1979 48633x 69%
Gangster Alley 1982 6780x 65%
Gas Hog 1983 3283x 50%
General Re-Treat 1982 2999x 32%
Ghostbusters 1984 4680x 54%
Golf 1980 4320x 53%
Gopher 1982 7163x 87%
Gorf 1981 8990x 73%
Grand Prix 1982 11449x 65%
Gravitar 1982 5652x 74%
Gyruss 1983 4750x 59%
H.E.R.O. 1984 22328x 81%
Hangman 1978 10547x 58%
Haunted House 1981 12181x 67%
Home Run 1978 1321x 50%
Human Cannonball 1978 7963x 66%
Ice Hockey 1981 10556x 73%
Ikari Warriors 1986 7394x 74%
International Soccer 1982 7642x 78%
Jawbreaker 1982 16035x 76%
Joust 1982 8258x 67%
Jr. Pac-Man 1984 24334x 71%
Jungle Hunt 1983 25217x 76%
Kaboom! 1981 10755x 64%
Kangaroo 1983 15024x 59%
Karate 1982 10797x 56%
Keystone Kapers 1983 23085x 67%
King Kong 1982 18686x 60%
Klax 1989 5450x 75%
Krull 1983 1616x 30%
Kung-Fu Master 1984 9126x 81%
Lady Bug 1981 10602x 68%
Laser Blast 1981 6741x 64%
Laser Gates 1983 8109x 66%
Lock ’n’ Chase 1981 5215x 73%
M*A*S*H 1982 7398x 63%
Mario Bros. 1983 23857x 63%
Master Builder 1983 6012x 70%
Maze Craze 1980 11759x 79%
Mega Force 1982 5699x 65%
Megamania 1982 28445x 79%
Midnight Magic 1984 10224x 78%
Millipede 1982 7734x 82%
Miner 2049er 1982 6967x 80%
Miner 2049er II 1983 3342x 53%
Miniature Golf 1979 5563x 71%
Missile Command 1981 11331x 71%
Montezuma’s Revenge 1984 48503x 68%
Moon Patrol 1982 16172x 80%
Motocross 1983 6582x 78%
Mountain King 1983 2725x 87%
Mouse Trap 1981 5464x 79%
Mr. Do! 1982 8786x 79%
Mr. Postman 1983 1619x 80%
Ms. Pac-Man 1982 9210x 77%
Name This Game 1982 7672x 63%
Nuts 1983 3604x 30%
Obelix 1983 1141x 50%
Oink! 1983 7536x 59%
Othello 1980 5768x 65%
Outlaw 1977 11780x 66%
Pac Kong 1983 11038x 54%
Pac-Man 1980 80698x 63%
Pelé’s Soccer 1980 10805x 55%
Pengo 1983 8508x 72%
Pete Rose Baseball 1988 7942x 78%
Phoenix 1980 22628x 74%
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns 1984 19372x 74%
Pitfall! 1982 96023x 77%
Planet Patrol 1982 6600x 73%
Plaque Attack 1983 9408x 68%
Pole Position 1982 33001x 74%
Pooyan 1982 7936x 85%
Popeye 1982 9877x 87%
Pressure Cooker 1983 7917x 78%
Private Eye 1983 2442x 57%
Q*Bert’s Qubes 1983 4926x 48%
Q*bert 1982 7972x 67%
Racquetball 1981 5427x 62%
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 16013x 52%
Rampage 1986 6930x 63%
Reactor 1982 1304x 50%
RealSports Boxing 1987 14445x 65%
RealSports Soccer 1982 6464x 57%
RealSports Tennis 1983 3700x 49%
RealSports Volleyball 1982 7410x 77%
River Raid 1982 162955x 66%
River Raid II 1988 14688x 59%
Road Runner 1985 9683x 89%
Robin Hood 1983 3883x 50%
Robot Tank 1983 8841x 76%
Room of Doom 1982 6361x 70%
Save Mary 1990 8728x 63%
Save Our Ship 1983 4516x 59%
Sea Hawk 1982 7844x 64%
Seaquest 1983 24632x 74%
Secret Quest 1989 8017x 77%
Skeet Shoot 1981 1131x 40%
Skiing 1980 8657x 74%
Sky Diver 1978 5601x 68%
Sky Jinks 1982 5385x 73%
Slot Machine 1979 3188x 52%
Slot Racers 1978 4029x 65%
Smurf: Rescue ... 1982 11811x 73%
Sneak ’n Peek 1982 13911x 71%
Snoopy and the Red Baron 1983 7800x 76%
Solar Fox 1983 9530x 74%
Solaris 1986 8564x 67%
Space Cavern 1982 3599x 26%
Space Invaders 1978 27788x 74%
Space Jockey 1982 3573x 55%
Space Shuttle 1983 1360x 51%
Space War 1978 6854x 62%
Spider Fighter 1982 9378x 69%
Spider-Man 1982 16725x 73%
Sprint Master 1988 6491x 64%
Spy Hunter 1983 8295x 89%
Squeeze Box 1982 3349x 86%
Stampede 1981 10014x 64%
Star Fox 1983 4850x 24%
Star Raiders 1982 8467x 56%
Star Ship 1977 3389x 70%
Star Voyager 1982 293x 60%
Star Wars: Return of ... 1983 6347x 82%
Star Wars: The Arcade ... 1983 10496x 69%
Star Wars: The Empire ... 1982 8700x 62%
Starmaster 1982 7174x 63%
Steeplechase 1975 1974x 65%
Strategy X 1981 7441x 88%
Sub Scan 1982 8100x 56%
Subterranea 1983 5949x 87%
Super Breakout 1979 17349x 55%
Super Challenge Baseball 1982 4683x 39%
Super Challenge Football 1982 4403x 47%
Super Cobra 1981 10028x 55%
Superman 1978 12137x 67%
Surround 1977 9286x 71%
SwordQuest: EarthWorld 1982 5384x 73%
SwordQuest: FireWorld 1982 4747x 63%
SwordQuest: WaterWorld 1983 3061x 45%
TRON: Deadly Discs 1982 7292x 66%
Tanks But No Tanks 1982 11237x 65%
Tapper 1984 12189x 75%
Taz 1983 9073x 62%
Tennis 1981 12004x 74%
Texas Chainsaw Massacre 1983 11879x 76%
The Official Frogger 1984 10284x 85%
Thunderground 1983 6892x 64%
Time Pilot 1982 5739x 64%
Tom Boy 1982 10928x 74%
Towering Inferno 1982 3633x 40%
Track & Field 1984 6127x 66%
Trick Shot 1982 6742x 77%
Tunnel Runner 1983 8521x 77%
Turmoil 1982 7511x 71%
Universal Chaos 1983 6670x 60%
Vanguard 1982 10920x 72%
Venture 1981 4771x 60%
Video Checkers 1980 5123x 59%
Video Chess 1979 6260x 71%
Video Olympics 1977 2727x 45%
Video Pinball 1980 11017x 67%
Wabbit 1982 6746x 64%
Walker 1983 2706x 19%
Wall-Defender 1983 3973x 55%
Warlords 1981 10892x 63%
Winter Games 1985 12658x 66%
Wizard of Wor 1980 1942x 70%
Worm War I 1982 7072x 81%
X-Man 1983 32020x 58%
Xenophobe 1988 5780x 66%
Xevious 1982 6501x 63%
Yars’ Revenge 1981 10482x 74%
Zaxxon 1982 9868x 70%

All information in this article are taken from the servers: http://www.wikipedia.org/, http://www.root.cz/ and http://www.atariportal.cz/.


Atari 2600 four-switch 'wood veneer' version, dating from 1980–82
 

Technical data:
Manufacturer: Atari, Inc.
Generation: second
Retail availability: September 1977 (USA)
January 1978 (Europe)
October 1983 (Japan)
Discontinued: January 1992
Units sold: 30 million (As of 2004)
Media: ROM cartridge, Tape
Processor (CPU): MOS 6507 @ 1,19 MHz
Screen resolution: 192 x 160
Colors: 128 (max 4 per line)
Controller input: Joystick
Paddles
Driving Controller
Trak-Ball
Keypad
Best-selling game: Pac-Man (7 million)
Predecessor: Atari Pong (1972)
Successor: Atari 5200 (1982)

 

Most popular games:

Atari 2600: Pac-Man Pac-Man

Atari 2600: River Raid River Raid

Atari 2600: Pitfall! Pitfall!

Atari 2600: Keystone Kapers Keystone Kapers

Atari 2600: Enduro Enduro

Atari 2600: Galaxian Galaxian

Atari 2600: E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

Atari 2600: Frostbite Frostbite

Atari 2600: Frogger Frogger

Atari 2600: Adventure Adventure

Atari 2600: Megamania Megamania

Atari 2600: Berzerk Berzerk

Atari 2600: Montezuma's Revenge Montezuma's Revenge

Atari 2600: Pole Position Pole Position

Atari 2600: Jungle Hunt Jungle Hunt

Atari 2600: Space Invaders Space Invaders

Atari 2600: Seaquest Seaquest

Atari 2600: H.E.R.O. H.E.R.O.

Atari 2600: Boxing Boxing

Atari 2600: Asteroids Asteroids


 

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